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Wow... Good One
Nokia to offer free navigation in 74 countries

Nokia will follow Google, offering free maps on its cellphones, in a move to boost handset sales but one that will hit other satnav players, the 'San Francisco Chronicle' reported on Thursday, citing the Finnish company.

"Nokia used to charge for navigation packages that included turn-by-turn directions. That all goes away now. Now you can get turn-by-turn directions covering 74 countries in 46 languages," the report said.

A spokesman for Nokia declined to comment. The firm is scheduled to hold news conferences related to its services offering around the world from 0930 GMT onwards.

In 2008 Nokia bought for $8.1 billion digital mapping firm Navteq -- a rival to navigation specialist TomTom's Tele Atlas unit.

Analysts said free navigation could enable Nokia to support its flagging position in the global smartphone market. It still sells more smartphones than any of its rivals, but it has lost ground to Apple and RIM.
Full-body scanners cleared, trials in Delhi soon

The government today decided to introduce full-body scanners at airports across the country in a phased manner to secure them against potential terrorist attacks. The US and Israel are already using full-body scanners at some of their airports, and more such scanners are on their way to airports in the US, England, Japan and the EU.

The proposal, cleared by a technical specification committee under the Ministry of Civil Aviation and comprising representatives from all security agencies, comes in the backdrop of a recent attempt by a Nigerian man to blow up a Detroit-bound aircraft using explosives attached to his body. Security checks at Lagos or Amsterdam's Schiphol airport, where the would-be bomber boarded planes, failed to detect the explosives.

The scanners have been at the centre of privacy and health concerns for several years across the world. The panel has debated all these issues at length, a government official told The Indian Express.
Lumix Cameras Released by Panasonic

The DMC-FS15 is the most capable model release by Panasonic yesterday. The camera comes with a 12.1 Megapixel sensor and a wide-angle 29mm Leica DC lens with 5x optical zoom, being the equivalent of 29-145mm on a regular film camera).

Even though it is oriented to get users take photos easy, the FS15 model comes with several appealing features, even for the more experience individuals. As an example, the intelligent auto mode, or iA, analyses the image ready to be taken and automatically adjusts the most appropriate settings.

Basically, with the iA mode, the user only has to seize the moment and press the shutter, as anything ranging from autofocus, automatic red-eye reduction, face detection, image stabilizer and ISO control will do all the necessary work in order to get the most out of the picture.

Another feature of the camera is the new face detection technology, which is actually a new algorithm of the autofocus feature. This means that that the focus is maintained on the subject, even if he moves after the user presses the capture button. This feature will certainly be appreciated in sport scenarios.

Even though the camera is very compact, it still sports a generous 2.7-inch screen. Moreover, the big display features a light sensor that automatically adjusts the brightness level between eleven values. Another sought-after feature is the start-up time, which takes just over one second, much to the delight of the spontaneous user.

There is also the Intelligent Scene Selector, which chooses the best mode between Macro, Portrait, Scenery, Night Portrait, and Night Scenery. The lock feature of the auto focus also works in recording mode and, hence, the image will be automatically adjusted depending on the position of the subject of the video.

Along with the $200 FS15 model, Panasonic is also offering the FS7, which essentially shares most of the functionality of the former, but lacking the wide-angle lens and the full Intelligent Auto and the Intelligent Exposure modes. Still, the FS7 will be even more affordable, with a price tag of only $160.

Last, but not the least, the LS85 model off the Lumix line-up is a budget camera that runs on standard AA batteries and sports an 8 Megapixel sensor. The camera will have limited version of iA and Intelligent Exposure, in a similar manner as the FS7.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Dec 27, 2008, 11:15 AM
I would to go with

Mahendra Singh Dhoni

Sensex opens 1.2% lower on global cues

The BSE Sensex opened 1.2 percent lower on Tuesday on deepening worries about the global economic outlook, with index heavyweight Reliance Industries leading the losses.
At 9:56 a.m., the 30-share BSE index was down 0.96 percent, or 95.66 points, at 9,832.69, with 27 of its stocks losing ground.
The broader 50-share NSE index was down 0.8 percent at 3,010.85.
Asia stock markets retreated for a third straight day as more investors locked in profits on a year-end rally, while U.S. stocks slid on Monday on more evidence a recession will keep eating into corporate profits.
Trading volume is expected to dwindle as the festive season nears, while the settlement of monthly derivatives contracts on Wednesday may keep the market choppy, traders said.
"The markets are looking tired and people expect this quarter to be one of the worst quarters in terms of results," said Neeraj Dewan, director at Quantum Securities. "So at this point of time, you won't see fresh money coming until there is some clarity."
Dewan said rate cut expectations could help banking stocks, with the market betting for a reduction in cash reserve requirement or lower short-term lending rate, or both, after inflation dropped to a nine-month low in early December.
The 30-share BSE index ended down 1.7 percent on Monday at 9,928.35, after seesawing during the first half. The index had risen 4.2 percent last week, taking its gains in December to more than 11 percent, but is down more than 51 percent in 2008.
Japanese markets were closed on Tuesday for a holiday. By 0329 GMT, Hong Kong fell 2.4 percent, Australia shed 1.7 percent, while Seoul's KOSPI was down 3.1 percent.
* Jaiprakash Associates after the board of the construction firm approved acquisition of its unit Jaypee Hotels.
* National Aluminium Co after the firm said it had signed an initial agreement to sell 24 percent stake in its Indonesian project to United Arab Emirates-based RAK Minerals and Metals Investments.
* Parsvnath Developers Ltd after the firm said it is in the process of acquiring land for special economic zones at 11 locations across India.
* Pidilite Industries Ltd after the firm said it raised 750 million rupees by privately placing debentures with banks, insurers and mutual funds.


Student-scientist hopes his cells may light up villages

Young Vishnu Jayaprakash's innovation in the Cowdung Microbial Fuel Cells won him the national prize at the IRIS 2008 National Science fair, the Indian chapter of the world's largest science talent discovery initiative, in Kolkata recently.
Vishnu, who is dreaming of lighting Indian villages using Cowdung Microbial Fuel cells, will now represent the country at the prestigeous ISEF (Intel International Science and Engineering Fair) in the USA, Nevada in May 2009 and all the international science fairs next year.
The 10th standard student of the Chettinad Vidyashram used locally available graphite paper to replace the expensive Toray carbon paper in cells, which made the cells cheaper.
He fabricated Flexible Material for Chambers and indigenous material for electrodes, so that it can be adopted on the walls of the huts to light their lives. The innovation is villager-friendly as it requires no great technical assistance.
With just one innovation, the cost of the cell has come down from Rs 2625 to Rs 180! Vishnu is confident that he would be able to light up the villages with his Cowdung Microbial Fuel Cells. He is now aiming at implementing it in the villages. The cells use cow dung, which undergoes anaerobic respiration to get energy out of glucose, which in turn releases high energy electrons, that causes the electricity.
Vishnu was guided in his project by Dr T S Natarajan, Professor, Department of Physics, IIT Madras. Natarajan praised his ward for his scientific inquisitiveness and said the day is not far off that his youngest research student would make the country proud with more such discoveries. Vishnu, who thanked his parents, school teachers and Dr Natarajan, said he would continue his research work in future. The Chennai lad is the brother of up and coming swimmer Agnishwaran.
Mozilla has recently released its latest browser update, Firefox 3.05, which fixes several security issues and offers a few other changes, including a clearer way to communicate to users about their rights. There are eight security issues, three of them being rated "critical", one rated "high" and one rated "moderate".

The other rated are rated as "low." The security fixes address cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in SessionStore. This basically reloads Web pages that were open during a previous session. XSS flaws could allow JavaScript privilege escalation and crashes with memory corruption.

Furthermore, the update addresses several stability issues, too, and is now available for the Bengali, Esperanto, Galician, Hindi and Latvian languages. However, the most interesting change in Firefox 3.05 is that it does away with the End User License Agreement (EULA), replacing it with a "Know Your Rights" info bar that gets loaded when the browser is first installed. In order to display it, a user must type "about:rights" into the location bar. Even if this is not an important change for the many Firefox users who never bother to read legalese, the change addresses criticism from the free open source software community.

Mozilla also launched a patch for Firefox, but an error caused the company to omit one of the key components. Mozilla will release Firefox, which will include the omitted patch, as early as Friday and no later than Monday. Yesterday's update was supposed to be the last for Firefox 2.0, which is slated for retirement. Only the Windows version was affected by this mistake, as the Mac and Linux editions contain all 10 fixes.
Sprint Nextel Launches 3G/4G Wireless Modem For Laptops

Sprint Nextel has just announced that it will start selling dual-mode 3G/4G wireless broadband modems for laptops starting on Sunday. This new device will allow users to access both Sprint's 3G cellular data network and the new 4G WiMax wireless network the company is currently building. The modem is known as Sprint 3G/4G USB Modem U300 and it will use the new 4G Clearwire network with download speeds between 2 Mbps and 4Mbps where that network is available. However, if users can't access the 4G network, the will automatically be able to access the 3G one, which offers average downloads of between 600 Kbps and 1.4 Mbps.

The company launched the 4G WiMax network called Xohm in Baltimore in October, just months before it officially merged its WiMax network with Clearwire's network. The service will be launched in other markets across the country throughout 2009. However, it will take a while for the new 4G network to be built ubiquitously, as there's a large area to cover.

The new wireless modem connects via a standard USB port and costs $149.99 after a $50 mail-in rebate and with a two year subscription to the wireless data service. Customers can find the wireless modem at Sprint's direct business sales force and at most Baltimore-area Sprint stores and select Baltimore-area retailers. It really looks like it's an excellent service, one which offers the best coverage at the best price. In addition, several notebook manufacturers, such as Acer or Toshiba, are including Intel's WiMax/Wi-Fi module in new laptops, so users can access the 4G WiMax network. Prior to FCC's approval of Sprint's merge with Clearwire, the second company told the media it hoped to introduce commercial WiMax services in several US cities during 2009, such as Portland or Las Vegas.
BlackBerry will launch its most advanced push-to-talk smart phone, the Curve 8350i. Recently, BlackBerry lost from its credibility after releasing Storm, a touchscreen phone that had a lot of issues and which users identified of not being worthy of being named a BlackBerry.

Research In Motion seems to have learnt its lesson and has announced the release of Curve 8350i, a push-to-talk smart phone that will appeal to a large spectrum of people. The Curve will appeal to both business users and normal ones and because of its push-to-talk capabilities it can also be used for quickly communicating on construction sites.

BlackBerry promised the Curve 8350i will be very advanced and will be very rich in features and from the look of it, they were not kidding. The new device comes equipped with Wi-Fi for accessing the web, Group Connect, allowing users to communicate simultaneously with other 20 people, GPRS, International Direct Connect, establishing direct links between the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru, Talkgroup, which can connect 200 people at once, provided they are in the same market.

The Curve 8350i is surely rich in options and if these were not enough where do you add that the new phone will also have integrated GPS, an advanced media player for entertainment, 2 megapixel camera, DataViz Documents for editing Microsoft Office documents and a memory that can be uploaded to support up to 16 GB of storage space.

The curve 8350i will have a full Qwerty keyboard and this seems to please the fans of BlackBerry a lot.


Chat Box / Re: Find As Many As Possible
Dec 15, 2008, 04:23 PM

Talappa cuttu BRIYANI :canadian :canadian :canadian
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Jokes & Funny Images / Re: The difference
Dec 12, 2008, 12:54 AM
very funny !!   lucky obama !!

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Jokes & Funny Images / Re: True Resume !!
Dec 11, 2008, 11:29 PM
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Xbox 360 Fall 2008 Dashboard - Installing X360 Games
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Nicknamed 'Koobface' – see what they did there? – the virus can't actually be downloaded on the site itself, but through a link to a bogus Flash player upgrade site.

The makers of the virus have tried to make the link look as legitimate as possible by hiding it among wall posts. The most popular being the following message: 'You look just awesome in this new movie.'

Awesome virus

As a rule of thumb, TechRadar suggests that if you have never starred in a movie, then it is highly unlikely that you would look 'awesome' in one. So, don't let vanity get the better of you.

If you do click on the link, then you will be directed to a fake Adobe Flash Player upgrade site. This is where your computer could get infected and all your personal details, including credit card numbers and passwords cloned. Facebook has released details on how to get rid of the virus on its security pages.

Chris Boyd, a researcher with FaceTime Security Labs, told Reuters news: "People tend to let their guard down. They think you've got to log in with an account, so there is no way that worms and other viruses could infect them."
Opera 10 should benefit from the new Presto 2.2 rendering engine by offering a 30 per cent increase in speed from Opera 9.5.

More features

The new browser will also offer fine-tuned standards support, spell checker, auto-updates and support for HTML formatting in emails.

"My favourite development in this release is the support for new web technologies, which allows people to explore new ways of using the Internet," says Johan Borg, Vice President of Consumer Engineering, Opera Software.

"Our 100/100 Acid3 Test score is only a first indication of the impact these new web technologies will have. We look forward to your feedback on Opera 10."
IBM pushes virtual desktops without Microsoft

IBM is looking to convince companies to run "Microsoft-free" virtual desktops.

Big Blue is partnering with Ubuntu distributor, Canonical, and virtual desktop firm Virtual Bridges to deliver an all-in-one package for companies.

The trio hope to persuade recession-stricken companies of the cost benefits of moving to the "Microsoft-free" virtual environment.

The offering sees employees run an Ubuntu Linux virtual desktop that comes pre-installed with IBM's Symphony office suite, and Lotus Notes and Sametime for email, calendaring and business communications.

The virtual desktops are supported by a Linux-based server, with costs starting from $49 (£33) per seat in a 1,000-seat deployment.

Users could access their virtual desktop on dedicated thin clients, or any conventional PC or laptop with a network connection.

Virtual Bridges, which is providing its VERDE virtual desktop software, claimed companies will make huge savings on desktop management and provisioning. "By consolidating these desktop sessions on to centrally-managed servers, users no longer have to self-maintain their desktops or put unnecessary burdens on the help desk," it claimed in a statement.

"This is literally putting your desktops in the data center and allowing access to them securely over the network."

However, it's by no means the first time that Microsoft has faced the threat of virtual desktops. Competitors including Sun and IBM itself have been pushing the thin-client philosophy for more than a decade, without ever seriously denting Microsoft's core operating-system business.
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Speed camera tech helps prevent cot deaths

The radar technology that enables speed cameras to save lives on the roads could soon be doing the same in nurseries.

Researchers at the University of Florida have built a prototype baby monitor that uses Doppler radar to detect a sleeping child's breathing and heartbeat.

If the infant's chest stops moving, the crib-mounted monitor detects the problem and sends an alarm to a portable wireless unit kept by the parents.

"It's the same Doppler radar that police use to catch speeders, but in our case, we don't measure constant speed, but rather back-and-forth motion — sort of like vibration," said Professor Jenshan Lin.

Radiation reassurances

The crib monitor's signals are very low power and not harmful to the baby or parents, Lin added. While a standard mobile phone emits about one watt of power, the Doppler radar emits just one ten-thousandth of a watt of power, he said.

Lin is also pursuing other applications for his technology. He already has a small working prototype search-and-rescue robot equipped with the Doppler system to find living people in structures damaged by earthquakes or explosions.

"Or the military could use it to find enemy soldiers," Lin said, noting that the Doppler radar easily penetrates walls or other structural components.

Lin has also miniaturised the electronics to fit on a fruit fly-sized microchip, enabling the remote monitor to be used in mobile phones. This could turn the phones into portable life detectors useful, for example, for friends and family who wish to keep tabs on elderly relatives living alone, he said.

YouTube embeds get search and widescreen

YouTube may have announced recently that it has switched to widescreen, but the website failed to roll-out this function to embedded videos – until now.

Now, every time you embed a YouTube video to your website, it will pop up in glorious 16:9.

Well, it is glorious if the original video has been shot this way, otherwise unsightly black borders appear – something that has riled many a YouTube user.

YouTube search

A new search function has also been added to embedded video. It's not hard to miss – the semi-transparent search bar sits at the top of an embedded video.

This means you don't have to point your browser to YouTube to search for more videos, but you can do it right there on your own website.

The new layouts are not retrospective, so don't expect the search function to appear on old embeds.

Samsung Tobi Phone

Samsung announces the release of its latest mobile phone, called Samsung Tobi for pre-teens and young adults. Also known as S3030, the handset comes with safety functions such as SOS Call, SOS Message and Fake Call to directly get in touch with family members during an emergency.

Based on a friendly graphical user interface (GUI), it is said to be designed for people who are looking for fun and safety features. It sports affable animated characters in three themes that include Monster theme, Snowman theme and Ocean World theme. For personalization, the Samsung Tobi bundles a changeable backside cover and even allow users to insert their favorite photo or image under the see-through protective sleeve at the back.

Engg student electrocuted; campus tense

Death of an engineering college student due to electrocution had left the campus tense on Tuesday.

Prasanth (18) of first year electrical and electronic engineering at Satyabhama Engineering College
, who stayed in the college hostel, had come in contact with a live wire in the campus and died in the hospital on Monday.

The college authorities asked other hostel students to vacate it for the time-being following the incident and asked them to return once the situation was back to normal, the police said. Around 12.00 pm in the night, the students called the fire service and said that their was fire in the 4th block in the inside the college premises. Though the fire engine rushed to the spot, the students didn't allow the vehicle inside the campus, said the police.
Liberty Wire & Cable Introduces Revolutionary HDMI Over COAX Transmitter/Receiver System

Liberty Wire & Cable introduces a revolutionary new HDMI over COAX Transmitter/Receiver System at INFOCOMM International 2008, the annual convention of the International Communications Industries Association, beginning here later this month. Liberty's HDMI Over COAX System Connects Digital Signal Sources with Analog Displays The HDMI over COAX Transmitter/Receiver is the newest addition to Liberty's extensive DigitaLinx family of products, further enhancing Liberty's position as the industry leader in long-distance HDMI technology.

Devices like Liberty's compact new Transmitter/Receiver system transmit true HDMI signals, not an analog version of a digital signal, over already installed coaxial cable, eliminating the need to run all-new wires throughout a home or office. Liberty's device is easy to install and use, works perfectly with the RGBHV coax cables typically used for VGA or component signals, and provides A/V professionals with unparalleled flexibility. Also significant: Liberty's system is the only HDMI extender designed to function using the HDMI 1.3 standard at a high enough speed (10.2 Gbps) to future-proof new installations.

Tests indicate 1080p performance at distances over 300 feet with common cables. "Liberty's new HDMI over COAX device is ideal for retrofitting existing analog A/V systems," says Kirk Horlbeck, Senior Vice President of Marketing. "With the switch from analog to digital picking up speed, and Blu-Ray and 1080p being adopted as industry standards, it's quickly becoming essential to provide custom professionals with an HDMI 1.3 Category 2 solution utilizing existing cables."

Consisting of a transmitter module and a receiver module, the HDMI Over COAX system uses conventional HDMI cable to connect to sources and displays. Four or five conductor coax cables are used to connect the transmitter to the receiver, and the power plug can work at either end. There are LED status indicators for Display, Source and Power. With its small form-factor and ease of use, it significantly extends the reach of HDMI over existing coax cabling.

"Liberty's HDMI Over COAX will help build our customers businesses and their bottom lines," says John Dace, Vice President of Sales. "HDMI over COAX allows A/V professionals to move their current analog customer base to HDMI signal distribution by executing a Liberty HDMI upgrade.

With a simple on-site visit, they will be able to extend the life-spans of their customers' current analog installations while providing AV professionals with opportunities to upgrade displays, entertainment sources, cables, and switchers.
The second service pack for Microsoft's Vista operating system will be made available to the public tomorrow.

The Redmond giant opened beta testing back in October to a small group of Technology Adoption Program customers, however it has now announced the general public will be offered the beta through Windows Update.

Disk images and stand alone downloads will be added Thursday to both TechNet and MSDN, though Microsoft has warned casual users away from the download.

"The customer preview program is intended for technology enthusiasts, developers, and IT pros who would like to test Service Pack 2 in their environments and with their applications prior to final release," said Microsoft vice president Mike Nash. "For most customers, our best advice would be to wait until the final release prior to installing this service pack."

The service pack updates Vista and Windows Server 2008, bringing a host of performance tweaks, as well as support for Blu-ray and Bluetooth 2.1.
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The gadget, which will be priced at 550 euros ($693) before taxes and subsidies, is fitted with a large touch screen and is aimed at trying to help the company regain lost market share.

Nokia's new N97 will go head-to-head with Sony Ericsson's X1, HTC's Touch Pro, Apple's iPhone 3G, T-Mobile's G1 and Research In Motion's BlackBerry Storm, although as analysts have stated, by the time the device is released, other rivals would have surfaced.

Nokia introduced N97 on Tuesday, during the Nokia World 2008 conference in Barcelona, Spain, where participants were offered a peak into the device's features. The latter include slide-out full QWERTY keyboard, the aforementioned 3.5-inch touch screen and a Web browser that supports streaming Flash videos and enables access to several social networking websites. Moreover, N97 brings forth a tool called ,,social location," which by using the integrated A-GPS sensors and electronic compass, is able to update users' social networks or to allow them to share their location through photos or videos.

Furthermore, the gadget is compatible with Nokia's Ovi Internet services, including the Nokia Music Store, Nokia Maps and the N-Gage gaming platform. Nevertheless, the latter have not yet been released in the United States.

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Post the Pictures of NOKIA 6600 fold

Intel dual- socket Nehalem EP benchmarked

Intel's new Nehalem-based Core i7 desktop processor is nippy. And now we can exclusively reveal that the upcoming dual-socket server variant of the Nehalem architecture is so fast it's almost silly.

We know this because we're the first in the world to test it.

Unsurprisingly, our time with this top secret rig was rather limited. But we have managed to squeeze in a single full run of arguably the most important test of processor performance – SPECfp_rate_base2006. Full details of the testing scenario can be found here.

We got our filthy paws on a fully operational dual-socket Nehalem EP platform for a spot of guerrilla benchmarking. Our test system was trimmed out with a pair of 2.8GHz Nehalem EP chips, likely to be sold as Xeon X5560 CPUs when Nehalem EP launches in the first quarter of 2009.

For the record, the system is based on essentially the same Tylersburg chipset as used with the first "Bloomfield" Core i7 desktop chips. For our testing it was configured with 24GB of 1,066MHz DDR3 memory.

The really important figure for Intel here is the base floating point metric. That's a test existing Xeons struggle with largely thanks to the weaknesses of their ancient front side bus and discreet memory controller architecture.

Epic scaling

All of that is gone with Nehalem EP, replaced with the sleek new Quick Path Interconnect and on-die memory controllers. The result is truly epic bandwidth and performance scaling. The big number many will be waiting for is the SPECfp_base_rate base rate. So here it is: 160.

To put that into context, the Intel's current Penryn-based Xeon dual-socket platform fails to hit 90, even running at 3.4GHz. Perhaps even more significantly, AMD's shiny new 45nm Shanghai chips in dual-socket 2.7GHz trim score just 105 points. Even a four-socket Shanghai rig is only good for just under 190. (Competitive data retrieved from on 24 November 2008.)

And remember, Nehalem EP's 160 point score is for a pre-production system running at 2.8GHz. Models humming a 3.2GHz tune will be available when the chip launches early next year. What's more, our testing was carried out on Windows Server 2008.

Run the same benchmark courtesy of the leaner, meaner Linux OS and you'd be looking at an even higher score.

In other words, as good as AMD's new Shanghai chip is, it appears that Nehalem EP will slap it around with a wet fish.

Just to confirm that our eyes did not deceive us, we also gave Nehalem EP a quick going over with the Stars Euler3D benchmark. It's a computational fluid dynamics simulation that majors on floating point performance.

Sure enough, Nehalem EP roasts all comers in this benchmark, too – it's twice as quick as a pair of 2.7GHz Shanghai processors (14.34 seconds to complete five instances versus 30.32 seconds).

Source:techradar(Jeremy Laird)
Chat Box / Re: Learn How To Solve Problems
Dec 01, 2008, 07:28 PM
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Chat Box / Re: Reason behind US Crisis
Dec 01, 2008, 01:55 PM
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Honda Fest to start during new Honda City deliveries

Honda outlets in India will get decked up for a new customer-centric concept called Honda Fest.

Honda Siel Cars has announced that  Honda Fest would open at its dealerships across India, to coincide with the start of deliveries of its recently launched all-new Honda City.

To be held between November 28 and 30, the Honda Fest has been planned as fun-filled weekend for the customers, their families and those who aspire for a Honda car, said a report. The deliveries of the all-new City will begin from this month. The company has already got bookings of nearly 4,000 cars since the launch of the new model.

The festival is part of the Honda fests organized by the company in various countries with the aim of involving customers in important occasions for the company and establish a bond with them. Those who arrive to be part of the Honda Fest will be offered a test drive of the all-new City and other Honda car. Besides, it will feature entertainment activities such as music, dance, painting competitions, puppet shows and quiz competitions.

After its stint in Germany and Japan, the new concept has been brought into India as the new City rolls out. The company plans to organise similar such events as part of other important launches in future.  Honda Siel Cars India has already sold 45,388 units during the January–October period this year. This is as against 52,599 units sold during the corresponding period of last year. The company said that it had sold as many as 24,952 units in April – October 2008 as against 34,578 units in the corresponding period last year. Meanwhile in October, HSCI sold 1,476 units as against 5,287 units sold last year.

With a slowdown affecting the industry in general, there have been factors like liquidity crunch, difficulty in getting finance, high rate of interest and negative sentiment. The company added that Honda Siel's sales performance had been lying low ever since the Honda City ZX was put on the run out phase. It may be recalled that the company had stopped production of the model last month.
Good Computer Joke.... why you hurting Grandma
Hot News - InFocus / Re: Nokia quits Japan
Nov 29, 2008, 06:00 PM
Nokia to stop selling phones in Japan

Fortunately for worldwide fans of the Finns, the move applies only to Japan, where Nokia has long been an insignificant supplier of handsets.

Not sustainable

Nokia vice president Timo Ihamuotila explained, "In the current global economic climate, we have concluded that the continuation of our investment in Japan-specific localised products is no longer sustainable."

Hard as it may be to believe for the world's leading phone manufacturer (38 per cent of global sales), Nokia accounts for just 0.3 per cent of mobiles sold in Japan.

High-touch label instead

That's essentially because it doesn't customise models with hardware, such as RFID chips for e-cash applications, seen as necessary in that market. Instead, it merely customises the software to facilitate the Japanese language and some local online services.

Nokia says it will no longer supply phones to NTT DoCoMo and Softbank Mobile, but it seems likely that it will go ahead with its Vertu virtual carrier as planned early next year.
I Need a Job

I will be available in January 2009, and I am willing to relocate.

1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, DC 20520


* I was arrested in Kennebunkport , Maine , in 1976 for driving under the influence of alcohol. I plead guilty, paid a fine, and had my driver's license suspended for 30 days. My Texas driving record has been 'lost' and is not available.


* I joined the Texas Air National Guard and went AWOL. I refused to take a drug test or answer any questions about my drug use. By joining the Texas Air National Guard, I was able to avoid combat duty in Vietnam .


* I graduated from Yale University with a low C average. I was a cheerleader.


* I ran for U.S. Congress and lost.
* I began my career in the oil business in Midland , Texas , in 1975. I bought an oil company, but couldn't find any oil in Texas . The company went bankrupt shortly after I sold all my stock.
* I bought the Texas Rangers baseball team in a sweetheart deal that took land using taxpayer money.
* With the help of my father and our friends in the oil industry
(including Enron CEO Ken Lay), I was elected governor of Texas .


* I changed Texas pollution laws to favor power and oil companies, making Texas the most polluted state in the Union . During my tenure, Houston  replaced Los Angeles as the most smog-ridden city in America .
* I cut taxes and bankrupted the Texas treasury to the tune of
billions in borrowed money.
* I set the record for the most executions by any governor in American history.
* With the help of my brother, the governor of Florida , and my
father's appointments to the Supreme Court, I became President of the United States , after losing by over 500,000 votes.


* I am the first President in U.S. history to enter office with a criminal record.

* I invaded and occupied two countries at a continuing cost of over one billion dollars per week.
*I spent the U.S. surplus and effectively bankrupted the U.S. Treasury.
* I shattered the record for the largest annual deficit in U.S. history.
* I set an economic record for most private bankruptcies filed in any 12-month period.
* I set the all-time record for most foreclosures in a 12-month period.
* I set the all-time record for the biggest drop in the history of the U.S. stock market.
* In my first year in office, over 2 million Americans lost their jobs and that trend continues.
* I'm proud that the members of my cabinet are the richest of any administration in U.S. history. My 'poorest millionaire, 'Condoleezza
Rice, has a Chevron oil tanker named after her.
* I set the record for most campaign fund-raising trips by a U.S.
President. I am the all-time U.S. and world record -holder for receiving the most corporate campaign donations. My largest lifetime campaign contributor, and one of my best friends, Kenneth Lay, presided over the largest corporate bankruptcy fraud in U.S. history, Enron.
* My political party used Enron private jets and corporate attorneys to assure my success with the U.S. Supreme Court during my election decision.
* I have protected my friends at Enron and Halliburton against investigation or prosecution.
* More time and money was spent investigating the Monica Lewinsky affair than has been spent investigating one of the biggest corporate rip-offs in history.
* I presided over the biggest energy crisis in U.S. history and refused to intervene when corruption involving the oil industry was revealed..
* I presided over the highest gasoline prices in U.S. history.
* I changed the U.S. policy to allow convicted criminals to be awarded government contracts.
* I appointed more convicted criminals to my administration than any President in U.S. history.
* I created the Ministry of Homeland Security, the largest bureaucracy in the history of the United States Government.
* I've broken more international treaties than any President in U.S. history.
* I am the first President in U.S. history to have the United Nations remove the U.S. from the Human Rights Commission.
* I withdrew the U.S. from the World Court of Law.
* I refused to allow inspector's access to U.S. 'prisoners of war' detainees and thereby have refused to abide by the Geneva Convention.
* I am the first President in history to refuse United Nations election inspectors (during the 2002 US election).
* I set the record for fewest numbers of press conferences of any President since the advent of television.
* I set the all-time record for most days on vacation in any one-year period.
* After taking off the entire month of August, I presided over the worst security failure in U.S. history.
* I garnered the most sympathy ever for the U.S. after the World Trade Center attacks and less than a year later made the U.S. the most hated country in the world, the largest failure of diplomacy in world history.
* I have set the all-time record for most people worldwide to simultaneously protest me in public venues (15 million people), shattering the record for protests against any person in the history of mankind.
* I am the first President in U.S. history to order an unprovoked, preemptive attack and the military occupation of a sovereign nation. I did so against the will of the United Nations, the majority of U.S. Citizens and the world community.
* I have cut health care benefits for war veterans and support a cut in duty benefits for active duty troops and their families in wartime.
* In my State of the Union Address, I lied about our reasons for attacking Iraq and then blamed the lies on our British friends.
* I am the first President in history to have a majority of Europeans (71%) view my presidency as the biggest threat to world peace and security.
* I am supporting development of a nuclear 'Tactical Bunker Buster,' aWMD.
* I have so far failed to fulfill my pledge to bring Osama Bin Laden to justice.


* All records of my tenure as governor of Texas are now in my father's library, sealed and unavailable for public view.
* All records of SEC investigations into my insider trading and my bankrupt companies are sealed in secrecy and unavailable for public view.
* All records or minutes from meetings that I, or my Vice-President attended, regarding public energy policy are sealed in secrecy and unavailable for public review.
* I specified that my sealed documents will not be available for 50 years.

Funny Wording makes jokes....
Thats good ....

Thanks for the Post   :yes
Suzuki Hayabusa and Intruder launched in India

Suzuki Motorcycle India launched two superbikes in new Delhi, India. The Suzuki Hayabusa is an iconic superbike, made famous in India by the improbable stunts in the movie Dhoom. The movie was a horror, the stunts were worse, but India came to know about that Hayabusa as the ultimate motorcycle to own.

The other motorcycle launched is the Suzuki Intruder M1800R, a cruiser motorcycle with a massive 1783 cc V-Twin engine.

The Suzuki Hayabusa (earlier called GSXR1300 in some markets) has a 1340 cc engine churning out 194 bhp that can propel it to 60 MPH in 2.6 seconds! Note that that's miles, not kilometers. That would be 96.5 kilometers per hour in 2.6 seconds! Top speed is an electronically restricted 299 kmph.

We really, really hope the few rich kids and motorcycle enthusiasts who can pony up the money for this motorcycle rides it responsibly.

Almost forgot - the price for both the Hayabusa and the Intruder M1800R motorcycles in India will be Rs 12.5 lakh. Definitely not cheap. That's a bit more than a normal petrol Civic's price in India, by the way. We had reported on the expected launch of the Suzuki Hayabusa in India earlier.

The Suzuki Intruder M1800R is a 1783cc V-twin cruiser, DOHC, 54 degree, liquid-cooled, fuel injected V-twin engine designed for strong throttle response and quick acceleration. Maximum power produced is 125bhp @6,200 rpm and maximum torque: 160Nm @3,200 rpm. The M1800R intruder features a final shaft drive instead of a chain.
Braveheart dies in rescue operation

"Tigers, it is action time," shouted major Sandeep Unikrishnan, on deputation with the National Security Guards (NSG), while entering the dimly lit lobby of Taj Mahal Hotel on Thursday morning. Leading from the front, he had a mission to rescue those trapped inside the hotel.

However, on Friday afternoon, Unikrishnan died a hero's death while fighting terrorists.
Soaked in blood and pierced with bullets, Unikrishnan's body was found around 1.30 pm on the third floor of the hotel. "We lost contact with him around noon which means he fought alone before the terrorists killed him," an NSG official told DNA.

"There was blood all around and they were firing at us from all directions. The burst of gunshots were specifically aimed at the commandos positioned in and around the hotel," the officer said, adding that it took nearly half-an hour to take possession of the body.

"One has to be very careful since the terrorists specifically target members of the combat unit who come to collect the body," the officer said.

He said that even after identifying the body it took sometime to take it out since the terrorists were still firing at them. "We took the body to JJ hospital for embalming," he added. The major's family in Bangalore was informed about the death and his body was flown in a special IAF aircraft on Friday night. 
நன்றே குத்திக் காட்டியது

தமிழ்  வாழ்க  ;)

Hot News - InFocus / Re: Nokia quits Japan
Nov 27, 2008, 05:50 PM
Vertu phones .... is it mobile brand ? like Nokia

How it looks
Chat Box / Re: How Cyclone Nisha got named
Nov 27, 2008, 05:46 PM
Hey this is good post

Thanks for the Post !!


Engineers what they will do in BPO company ?

Chat Box / Re: Boss Reaction During Recession
Nov 27, 2008, 11:21 AM
Thats good Gif animation and thinking

;) ;)

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Nov 25, 2008, 04:58 PM
Hi Acumens

Google's Voice Search App For iPhone To Roll Out On Monday?

Google said they were prepared to ring their bells for the new voice search app for the iPhone as early as Friday, Apple's App Store remained silent to the matter all through the week-end, since the feature was nowhere to be found.

Now sources say that iPhone users should look for the application on Monday, when Apple is expected to render the voice search to go live on their App Store. The reason: some communication issues between the two companies.

The search giant submitted the app for review to Apple Incorporated earlier this week, while on Friday, the latter gave the go-ahead to the voice search tool, leaving everybody to believe that it would hit the App Store that same day.

Nevertheless, the update to the Google Mobile App for the iPhone is conspicuously missing in action, raising questions about Apple's procedures with regards to third-party developers and their applications for the company's gadgets.
SuperSpeed USB 3.0 officially arrives

Speedy transfer

While the first gadgets that will house USB 3.0 have not been announced, it is likely to be a range of external hard drives and flash drives.

The speed of the format is immense. As we reported on TechRadar just last week, the transfer speed is around 25GB a minute.

USB 3.0 has been created in conjunction with the Hewlett-Packard Company, Intel Corporation, Microsoft Corporation, NEC Corporation, ST-NXP Wireless and Texas Instruments.
That good news ...Thanks for POsting the News...

Most Expected Movie.... Waiting For its Release

Its a good Game...

Thanks for Sharing the INformation
Suggestions & Feedback / Not Working Games
Nov 18, 2008, 06:01 AM
Hi Admin

Admin In the online gaming world Games are not working

Plz Check it..this board contains my favorite Games,57.0.html

Check this Link

Kindly Get those Favorite Games Again
Can you post the Pictures of that LCD TV
NIce Photography..

Good Post..Thanks for Sharing the Photos
Its a good Smartphone.. Can you post the Pictures of that Smartphone
Jokes & Funny Images / Re: high phone bill?
Nov 18, 2008, 05:34 AM
Its a nice Joke..

Thanks for sharing the joke
Chat Box / What's Next for Sun?
Nov 18, 2008, 05:28 AM
What's Next for Sun?

After several months of turmoil, things came to a head at Sun Microsystems with the unpleasant pre-holiday news that around 6,000 people, 15 to 18 percent of its workforce, would be cut in a restructuring plan that the firm hoped would save $700 million to $800 million annually.

The Santa Clara, California-based company declined to comment to on the specifics of the cuts, such as where they will come and what divisions may be pared down or eliminated.

This has led to inevitable speculation of Sun being bought, either whole or in pieces. Southeastern Asset Management, one of Sun's largest shareholders, has been increasing its holdings and changed its ownership status to one more actively involved in the company's affairs.

Sun's primary problem has long been attributed to the fact it sells a proprietary RISC (define) chip when the market is moving rapidly to the x86 platform. It is probably all the more frustrating for Sun, as it has a very powerful offering in its UltraSPARC servers, which can outperform x86-based servers, but the last few quarter show fewer and fewer customers are buying.

Sun has offered both AMD Opteron and Intel Xeon-based servers for more than a few years, but the x86 business is only a fraction of its overall sales, and its growth is nowhere near enough to offset losses in SPARC sales.

But it's not just rejection of UltraSPARC, Sun has failed to execute when it needed to, such as the slow move to build on international markets. Sun is heavily dependent on the U.S. market, and the U.S. economy is under severe strain this year. Josh Farina, an analyst with Technology Business Research, said Sun has faltered in its global execution.

"They launched some teams to focus on emerging markets this year, but they are late to it," he told "HP and IBM have been in those markets for years and are well entrenched, and they're not going to give that up."
Hit by massive losses, banking giant Citigroup Monday announced to cut about 53,000 jobs in the coming months and slash its expenditure by 20 percent next year.

The measures are part of the Citigroup's efforts to overcome the huge losses it has suffered in the last four straight quarters, including $2.8 billion in the third quarter.

The company, headed by Indian American Vikram Pandit, posted its plans on its website Monday morning. This was also discussed by Pandit, the Citigroup CEO, at a town hall meeting with its employees in New York.

With this, the strength of Citigroup would come down from its peak of 375,000 in 2007 to 300,000 employees. In October, the company announced to cut 22,000 jobs.

Hey Thanks for the Information  ;) ;)

Last Sunday i watched this Exciting MOvie

WOW It is Wonderful experience !!  ... I love this Movie

It was a colorful Feeling between the Son And his Father... Good Story And A decent Screenplay By Director Gautam

The Seven Songs are look like Rainbow !!

Superb Movie ....Watch it Soon !!

The CAT exams are Questions are tough this time as i Heard !!!

Do any one attend ?

The Common Admission Test (CAT) lived up to its reputation of unpredictability again this year with the number of questions being increased for the first time since the three-section format was introduced in 1999. This year's paper saw an increase in the number of questions from 25 questions in 2007 to 40 this year.
Nearly 2.76 lakh students across 23 cities had signed up to take up CAT this year, vying for 1,784 seats across seven IIMs in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calcutta, Indore, Lucknow, Kozhikode and Shillong. Bangalore alone had nearly 26,500 candidates who had signed up to take the test, the second highest in the country after New Delhi.

Speaking to the Express, chairperson (admissions) IIM-Bangalore, Subhashish Gupta said that the test went on smoothly in Bangalore. On publishing answer keys, he said: "We will scan the answer sheets and only then put up the solution keys. The solution keys will be ready in a month's time." The final scores will be published on January 9, 2009. Besides the IIMs, CAT scores will be used by 118 institutions for choosing candidates.

CAT-2008 saw a total of 90 questions being posed to candidates, up from 75 in 2007.

The additional questions appeared in the verbal section of the paper, which had 40 questions, while the sections on Data Interpretation and Quantitative Ability had 25 questions each. The previous two editions of CAT featured a total of 75 questions, with 25 questions in each section.

Since the three-section format was introduced in 1999, the total number of questions featured in the CAT has dropped progressively from 165 questions in 1999 to 75 in 2007. This is the first time in the past 10 years CAT has increased the number of questions.

Other than the additional questions in the verbal section, CAT did not spring any new surprise. Just as in 2007, the paper was of two-and-ahalf hours duration, and correct answers got the candidates four marks, while wrong answers entailed one mark off.

Quant tough, verbal & DI easy Most candidates that this website's newspaper   spoke to felt that Quantitative Ability was the toughest of the three sections. "The quant section has been tougher this year compared to the last two years," said R Kumar, an IT employee.

Several candidates pointed out that this year's paper featured more questions in algebra than usual. Data Interpretation was felt to be the easiest, with 'nothing out of the ordinary,' said Vishal Sabharwal, another CAT-taker.
The questions in the verbal section were felt to be less ambiguous than previous years.
Hi Sajiv thanks for sharing the News.

Hope many of the persons will get the Placements..

Very funny thinking !!

Good Post..
Set up own power stations

The Chairman of St. Joseph's College of Engineering, Dr Jeppiar recently urged industrialists in the state to allocate 25 per cent of the cost of a project for establishing an exclusive in-house power generating facility to meet their energy requirements.

He was speaking at the Rs 1.39 crore Merit Scholarship Award function on the occasion of the XV anniversary celebrations of St Joseph's College for Engineering.
HI Acumens

Taking a serious note of the thrashing of a youth by fellow students in Chennai, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Friday asked the Tamil Nadu government to submit a report on the issue within four weeks.

The Commission asked Chief Secretary and Director General of Police of Tamil Nadu to submit a report on the beating of the youth by fellow students at Dr Ambedkar Law College in Chennai on Thursday.

The notice has been issued on a complaint filed by Chennai-based NGOs World Human Rights Commission and Rescue Centre.
How Can i Get free Download  OF this G mail Voice Chat
Nokia re-ignites BlackBerry war with E63

Nokia has released another QWERTY-based phone, the E63, aimed at the business market and hopes to steal some of RIM's BlackBerry Storm customers in the process.

It's pretty cheap as well, coming in at just €199 (c. £160), which is a lot less than the similarly specified handsets from RIM.

For instance, the Bold is going to cost around £400 if you want to pick it up SIM free, although subsidies from Vodafone will knock that down considerably.

Lots of fun

The E63 runs on the S60 system, which means a lot of the 'fun' applications and tricks we're used to from Nokia will be present on this handset too.

To that end, Nokia is offering both a professional and personal mode, allowing users to switch off from the daily grind when they get home with just the press of a single button.

It also offers Wi-Fi, a 3.5mm headphone port (a first for the E-Series) and 1GB of free storage on Nokia's Files on Ovi site, as well as being 3G-enabled for super zippy web browsing.

A 2MP camera is adequate (you hear that Apple? Adequate. Have a think about that. Just about good enough) for day to day snaps, and it comes with a microSD slot to add to the pitiful 110MB internal memory.

Shipping in blue and red, this handset will likely be available in time for Christmas, so you've got something to buy for the business person in your life.

Source: Techradar(Gareth Beavis)

Thanks for the Information

Good Post


Microsoft's results better than expected

Microsoft's profit climbed two per cent last quarter – cheerful news given the current state of the economy.

Profit for the quarter ending 30 September hit $4.37 billion (£2.81 billion). The software giant also posted record first quarter revenue up nine per cent from the same quarter last year, topping $15 billion and beating analysts expectations

"In a challenging economic environment, the first-quarter results exhibit the strength and diversity of our business model," claimed Chris Liddell, Microsoft's chief financial officer.

And while the firm did reduce its outlook, it was by less than many had feared. Liddell said: "We feel extremely good about our relative competitive position and our ability to continue outgrowing IT spend. We believe our exceptionally strong cash flow, product pipeline and financial strength will allow us to weather economic conditions well."

My Best Wishes  For the CHANDRAYAAN....

And to all the scientist and developers of "Chandrayaan"

Very eager to watch the launch

:howdy :howdy
Hi Acumen

Thanks for sharing the news..can you show me the pictures of those bikes,,,,

Good Post !!

Hi can you show me in pictures

so that i can get an idea !!!
Cinema Shooting -- "Pollachi"
Oct 15, 2008, 08:47 AM
Definitely the Chennai the Virtual City

Thanks for Sharing the Article

:yes :yes
Hey This is nice post..

Good news for students..

Thanks for Sharing the News


Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 14, 2008, 11:25 AM

- Name of the city
Good information...

If possible post the Train schedule(time table) and available


Thanks for the Post
Good Joke ...

But also the truth

Its Interesting and funny

Good Joke...  :laugh: :laugh:


Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 11, 2008, 07:45 PM

-  a girl name
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 11, 2008, 06:17 PM

- Its a Name
Oracle and SAP Keep Hammering Each Other

Oracle on Wednesday filed the third amendment of its lawsuit against SAP over allegations of industrial espionage. However, it may have breached some provisions of the agreement between the two that allowed it to file the amendment.

SAP, which is scheduled to file its response to the amended complaint by October 15, declined to discuss the issue. An SAP spokesperson said in an e-mailed statement that the firm will not comment on Oracle's filing until after its own filing is delivered to the court and "court filings are the most appropriate place for SAP to respond to Oracle's allegations."

Oracle did not respond to requests for comment by press time

Last month, both parties filed a stipulation that would let Oracle file the third amended complaint (available here in PDF format). In return, Oracle agreed not to expand the scope of the case's evidence-gathering phase through its additional amendment and also pledged not to change the overall schedule of the case.

That would benefit SAP, which is being financially drained by the lawsuit. "Defendants continue to expend millions of dollars each month timely meeting its discovery obligations in this case," SAP said in a joint discovery conference statement.

Although it had pledged not to broaden the scope of evidence, Oracle, which has already deposed 12 executives of SAP and SAP America, including co-CEOs Leo Apotheker and Henning Kagermann, has served another 10 deposition notices and "anticipates 25 to 30 more, not counting third party depositions," according to a joint deposition statement filed with the court October 3.

Just slow going

And Oracle now wants documents related to additional software lines -- Siebel, eBusiness Suite, Hyperion and Retek, according to the joint discovery statement. Despite this, Oracle contends in the joint discovery statement that the delays in discovery might jeopardize the case schedule.
Web Technology Cuts Mobile Calling Fees

The cost of talking on the go is coming down, thanks to an increasing number of options for using Internet calling services on mobile phones as an alternative to traditional cellular service plans.

Nokia is one of the biggest makers of mobile phones with Wi-Fi chips. Some high-profile devices are equipped with the short-range wireless technology, including Apple Inc's iPhone and some BlackBerry models from Research in Motion Ltd.

The soon-to-be-released G1 Google phone from HTC Corp and T-Mobile also sports a Wi-Fi chip.

For Mark Laris, a Dallas-based nuclear engineer who travels the world running his consulting business, the technology saves him thousands of dollars a year on international phone bills.

Wi-Fi chips and Voice over Internet Protocol, or VoIP, let him do most of his business and personal calls over cut-rate phone services that work over the Web. His only mobile phone bill is a 1,400-minute-per-month family plan from AT&T that he shares with a business partner.

"I always make VoIP calls," he says, adding that the call quality is as good as a traditional mobile phone service.

He accesses the VoIP services using a Nokia phone loaded with a Wi-Fi chip similar to ones that that allow laptops to access the Web in smaller venues like coffee shops.

The new phones are capable of operating just on Wi-Fi -- they don't necessarily have to use a mobile phone carrier at all -- and when you're not in a Wi-Fi "hot spot" they ring through to your Wi-Fi carrier's voice mail.


One advantage that these new companies have in competing with established VoIP services such as eBay's Skype and Vonage is that old-style Internet calling required users to be sitting in front of a computer or hooked up to a laptop to make calls.

Mobile handsets with Wi-Fi chips free them from their PCs.

Ivan Domaniewicz, a commercial airline pilot with homes in Miami and Barcelona, recently switched to DeFi Mobile from eBay's Skype VoIP service. His $40-per-month DeFi plan gives him unlimited Internet calls, voice mail and phone numbers in Argentina and Spain that ring through to his Nokia handset.

"It's really helped me keep in touch with my family and friends in Argentina and Spain," said Domaniewicz, who shuttles between the United States, Japan, Europe and the South Pacific.

"What's nice is that I don't have to take my computer out and start Skype-ing to talk to them. I just turn on my phone," he said.

Jeb Brilliant, an event planner from Long Beach, California, cut his monthly AT&T plan down to 700 minutes from a more expensive unlimited access plan after he got comfortable using mobile VoIP.

He uses Truphone, which charges 6 cents per minute to call landlines in most countries and 30 cents a minute to call mobile numbers. It also sells bundles of minutes that are discounted over its a la carte rates.
Apple Updates to Fix Open Source Security Issues

Though Apple's Mac OS X operating system itself is not open source, it does include many components that are -- which also means that it's potentially susceptible to the same vulnerabilities that have affect open source projects.

As a result, open source applications in particular are strongly represented on the list of patched items in Apple's latest security update, 2008-007.

Among the open source applications patched in the update is the Apache Web server. Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) is updating Mac users to Apache HTTP version 2.29 from the 2.28 version that had potential Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) issues.

Apple also updated the Apache Tomcat Java middleware server. Tomcat 6.0.18 addresses CSRF issues in the prior version of Tomcat that Apple had been providing to Mac OS X Server v10.5.5 users.

Open source antivirus application ClamAV received an update to version 0.94 to protect Mac users against multiple vulnerabilities in the earlier 0.93.3 version. The vulnerabilities could have potentially led to an arbitrary code execution issue on Mac OS X servers.

The open source Common Unix Printing System (CUPS) is being updated by Apple to protect against a remote arbitrary code execution issue. According to Apple's advisory, a vulnerability in the Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language (HPGL) filter could cause arbitrary memory to be overwritten with controlled data.

"If Printer Sharing is enabled, a remote attacker may be able to cause arbitrary code execution," Apple said in its advisory. "If Printer Sharing is not enabled, a local user may be able to obtain elevated privileges."

Apple's security update 2008-007 also includes updates to the open source MySQL database, bringing it to version 5.0.67 to protect against issues that exist in MySQL 5.0.45, the most recent version for Mac OS X Server v10.5.5.
Apple to Spotlight New MacBooks

Apple will turn its attention to its notebooks after letting its product lineup languish for more than a year without an update.

As always, Apple gave only a teaser of what's to come: In this case, the press invites to an event at its Cupertino campus on Tuesday, Oct. 14, bore an image of a laptop with the words, "The spotlight turns to notebooks." And little else.

The rumor mill, though, is working overtime on what may be coming out.

A refresh of the line may be sorely needed. The last major revision of the MacBook Pro lineup, Apple's higher-end models, came out in 2006. There have been tweaks to the line, such as larger hard drives and newer-generation processors, but there have been more significant advances in mobility since then, such as Intel's Montevina platform.

However, one current rumor is that Apple, which uses nVidia  graphics, will use an nVidia chipset in its new notebooks, rather than Montevina.

The rumors are all over the place, and if history is any guide, at least some of them will be true. The Inquisitr blog reported that Apple will launch an $800 laptop, citing pricing sheets sent to the company's retail stores, describing models ranging from $800 up to $3,100.

Currently, Apple's cheapest notebook, the MacBook, sells for $1,099. If the rumor were true, it would make the new model Apple's first sub-$1,000 notebook, which will better position it to compete with the numerous laptops from Dell, HP and Acer, which all have laptops for as low as $599 in stores like Best Buy and Staples.

The new models, as the rumor goes, include a 13-inch MacBook and a MacBook Pro with 15- and 17-inch screens.

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 10, 2008, 11:16 AM

- Its name of medicine company
Good information

Thanks for Sharing the News, Freshers and Students beware of those Companies..

Oh Thats a shocking News..

Very Good Information and I agree with you !

Good POst

Thanks for this Information Mani


Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 09, 2008, 07:59 PM

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 09, 2008, 05:38 PM

- Pertaining to or engraved on stone
YouTube Sees Dollars in E-Commerce

YouTube, the world's most popular video-sharing site, will start to sell music and video games and experiment with new advertising formats to grow revenue, executives said on Tuesday.

The Google-owned business is taking the first steps toward building an e-commerce service through which it will sell music, films, TV shows, video games, books, concert tickets and other media-related products featured on the millions of videos on YouTube.

Visitors to can buy songs from music videos they watch on the site by clicking on buttons that take them either to's MP3 store or Apple's iTunes store.

YouTube users will also be able to buy video games, such as Electronic Arts's sci-fi game "Spore" through the Amazon link.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 08, 2008, 12:01 PM

- Its a form of government
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 08, 2008, 11:17 AM

Its a Name of My Neighbour s  Pet DOG

Vimukti Technologies

Experience:0 - 1 Years

Location:Hyderabad / Secunderabad

(Written test timing: Monday-Saturday, 11am-4pm)

Education:UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Computers, Electronics/Telecomunication PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area:Application Programming, Maintenance

Job Description

As a software developer, you will be involved into development (coding) of different projects on different platforms. You may need to work in any of Java/PHP/Ruby/Python etc
The platform on which you work is decided by Vimukti depending on your skill

Desired Candidate Profile

Have excellent programming skills
Be able to quickly understand new IT packages and technique
Have good communication skills
Enjoy problem-solving.

Company Profile

Vimukti (Vimukti Technologies Pvt Ltd) is a software development company founded in 2001.Company is mainly involved in product development and development services. Vimukti developed a collaboration product called Collaber.

Contact Details

Company Name:Vimukti Technologies

Executive Name:Kisor Biswal

Email Address:
ealNetworks To Halt DVD Ripping Software

San Francisco - RealNetworks said Monday that it had stopped distribution of a software program to rip off DVDs, in compliance with a temporary injunction issued Friday by a federal court in California.

The injunction was issued in response to a lawsuit by the Motion Pictures Association of America which alleged that the program, RealDVD, circumvented laws against illegal DVD copying. The organization of Hollywood studios fears that if the software becomes widely available it would harm sales of DVDs and online movie downloads in the same way that music-copying software hastened the demise of CD sales.

"Due to recent legal action taken by the Hollywood movie studios against us, RealDVD is temporarily unavailable," said RealNetworks on its website. "Rest assured, we will continue to work diligently to provide you with software that allows you to make a legal copy of your DVDs for your own use."

The RealDVD software claims to be a legal means of copying DVDs that a user already owns to a hard drive and includes strong encryption to prevent the files from being burned to a new DVD or traded over the internet.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 07, 2008, 10:55 AM

- A Company Name
Software Professionals Death

November will mark the debut of the second entry in Sony's e-book reader range, the PRS-700, which will come with more features than its predecessor the PRS-505, such as a touch panel and a reading light.

The PRS-505 has so far been the only e-book solution available from Sony, and it has been on par with other 6 inch display e-book readers from competitors, such as the Kindle or the iRex iLiad. It sports an e-ink display which allows it to be read in sunlight, and does not consume power except when turning the page. But it does not include what some would call essential features present on older readers. The Ebookwise 1150 comes to mind here, which had a backlight and a touch screen, and it was released in 2004.

Enter the PRS-700. The device, which weighs 10 ounces, or 280 grams – compared to the 260 grams weighed by the 505 – now brandishes a touch-screen and a stylus to use it. The 6 inch display uses e-ink technology like its predecessor, but now has an added backlight that automatically turns on in bright light (to improve readability in direct sunlight) or in darkness ( to allow one to read in, well, darkness). Its internal memory can store around 350 books reportedly; we were unable to obtain an estimate in megabytes. It can be extended, however, by as much as an SD card or USB memory stick can hold.

The device will be available for $400, which is $100 more than the PRS-505, which will remain on sale as an entry-level alternative to the new reader.


United States - India Educational Foundation (USIEF) is happy to annouce the Teaching Excellence and Achievement (TEA) program for secondary-level school teachers (classes 9 to 12), teaching English and Social Science at Schools in South India (Andhrapradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu and Union Territories in South India).

Selected Teachers will participate in a six-week professional development program in fall 2009 (September to November) that will further develop expertise in their subject areas, enhance their teaching skils, and increase their knowledge about the United States

For more details and application material please contact or

Application material is also available on-line at APPLICATION DEADLINE : Friday, November 28, 2008
M.Phil / Ph.D

(Inter-State UGC University formed by Govt. of Andhra Pradesh vide Legislative Act No: 17 of 1997)

Admission Notification for 2008-2009



ON 5th and 7th October 2008

M.Phil / Ph.D
{Telugu/TAmil/Kannada/Malayalam/English/History/Sociology/Economics/Political Science/ Public Administration/ Anthropology/ Education/ Philosophy/ Psychology /Commerce and Management/ Fine-Arts/Jyothisyam/Physical Education/Dance and Music/Journalis.}

Under Off-Campus External Part Time Mode

UG and PG Distance Courses are also available

Lan eseda Computer Centre, Amalankara Plaza
Main Road, Marthandam, KK Dist, TN
Tel: (04651) 270705 , Mob: 09845023360 , 09443449474
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 06, 2008, 10:56 AM

-  Huge Price

:confused :confused

Netcarnation Requires Customer Support Executive

Job Description     

Manage customer relationships and communications.
Should be able to handle customer escalations.
Should be able to support customers via email, chat and telephone.

Work timings: 9 am - 6 pm.

Job Function    Customer Support

Company Details

Company Name    Netcarnation

Company Profile    We are an IT product company. For more details, please visit

Candidate Details

Desired profile    The ideal candidiate must be computer and internet savvy. The person must possess good communications skills and have a pleasing personality.

Experience    0-1yrs

Location    Bangalore

Contact Information

Apply Details    Email to with subject "Customer Support Executive"

Apply Email
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 04, 2008, 04:24 PM

- Dread of crowds
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 03, 2008, 07:36 PM

- - copyrightable
Your You Tube video: Hot or Not?

YouTube Insight has helped millions of you learn more about your YouTube videos and figure out when, where, and why your videos are popular. But what if you could learn not just which of your videos are hot on the site, but which specific parts of those videos are hotter than others? What if you could know exactly when viewers tend to leave your videos, or which scenes within a video they watch again and again?

This information is now available to all YouTube video uploaders with an innovative new feature for Insight called "Hot Spots." The Hot Spots tab in Insight plays your video alongside a graph that shows the ups-and-downs of viewership at different moments within the video. We determine "hot" and "cold" spots by comparing your video's abandonment rate at that moment to other videos on YouTube of the same length, and incorporating data about rewinds and fast-forwards. So what does that mean? Well, when the graph goes up, your video is hot: few viewers are leaving, and many are even rewinding on the control bar to see that sequence again. When the graph goes down, your content's gone cold: many viewers are moving to another part of the video or leaving the video entirely.

For example, users can figure out which scenes in their videos are the "hottest" and edit those videos, or include well-timed annotations, to keep their audience more engaged. Partners might similarly create better content -- like more exciting promotional trailers -- for use on and off YouTube, and advertisers and agencies can study the effectiveness of their creative, to make sure they keep viewers' attention throughout an ad. Now that Insight shows what parts of videos viewers are watching and skipping, creators no longer have to play guessing games. YouTube, the world's largest focus group, provides them with answers. You can find this new feature under the "Hot Spots" tab within the Insight Dashboard.

As with all of Insight's features, we learn about the most creative examples from you. We can't wait to see what you come up with next.

Jokes & Funny Images / Mother In LAW
Oct 03, 2008, 04:47 PM
A young man excitedly tells his mother he`s fallen in love and that he is going to get married. He says just for fun,
"Ma, I'm going to bring over 3 women and
you try and guess which one I'm going to marry."

The mother agrees.
The next day, he brings three beautiful women to the house and sits them down on the couch and they chat for a while.

He then says"Okay, Ma, guess which one I'm going to marry?"

She immediately replies: "The one on the right."
''That's amazing, Ma! You're right. How did you guess?'

The mother replies,
I didn't like her!

:laugh: :laugh: :laugh:


Experience: 0 - 3 Years

Location: Chennai


UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization

PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type: IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area: E-Commerce, Internet Technologies

Job Description
Design web pages in Flash and Photoshop based upon the requirement.Should have good communication skills.Willing to adopt and learn new technologies.Required work experience in flash and Photoshop.Self motivated person with positive attitude.
Desired Candidate Profile
1.Should have good communication skill.
2.Should have sound knowledge in Flash and Photoshop.
3.Positive attitude
4.Willing to learn and adopt to new technologies.


6.Chennai candidate who can join immediatly is mostly prefered.
Company Profile
K Square India Technologies Pvt Ltd is a fast growing technology company. Which offers competitive services in consulting, technology , outsourcing and Call centre / BPO. Our mission is to provide value-added and differentiated solutions.
Contact Details

Company Name:
K Square India Technologies Private Limited


Executive Name:

K Square Management & Technical Consultants Pvt Ltd
No:13/5,Moosa Street,
Chennai - 600017
Chennai,tamilnadu,INDIA 600017

Email Address:


Cars and Bikes / 2011 Chevy Volt Unveiled
Oct 03, 2008, 03:11 PM
2011 Chevy Volt Unveiled

General Motors unveiled the final design for the car that it hopes will save the company: the 2011 Chevrolet Volt, the world's first production plug-in hybrid. The Volt is designed to drive 40 miles on a single charge of its giant lithium-ion battery; after that, an onboard 1.4-liter four-cylinder flex-fuel engine kicks in to power the electric motors that drive the car.

GM will most likely make 10,000 of the cars in the first year of production; it's expected to go on sale in November 2010. It's unclear how much the car will cost, though the relatively unproven lithium-ion batteries could drive the cost close to $40,000. Government incentives could help drive that cost down closer to the $30,000 mark.

It's not an exaggeration to say that the Volt is probably the most important car in the company's history. At a time when GM is hemorrhaging billions of dollars each quarter, the Volt is an attempt to revive the company's reputation and steer it in a "greener" direction. For the past five years, GM has been best known in some circles as the giant corporation that killed the electric car; the Volt, GM hopes, will change that.

Today's reveal was widely expected. Last week someone at GM accidentally posted several photos of Volt execs posing with the production design, and the photos quickly spread across the Internet. Bloggers and online commenters pretty much panned the production design, which is a major departure from the "electric Camaro" look of the concept car that GM unveiled at the 2007 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

But the design's dramatic lurch toward normalcy was probably inevitable. The Volt concept had terrible aerodynamics, and to get 40 miles of range off a battery pack small enough to allow for a backseat, GM designers had to do all kinds of aerodynamic tweaking and polishing on the way to the design you see today. Our take: While the production Volt doesn't look like the plasma-powered time-traveling car of the future, it's a fine looking compact car.

And did we mention that it goes 40 miles without using any gas at all? No telling what will happen to oil prices between now and November 2010, but we'd bet that they'll continue to rise, and that the Volt's detractors will soon get over their disappointment.
Why Artificial Intelligence Threatens Actual Intelligence
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 03, 2008, 12:08 PM

- Perfect Measurement


Microsoft to Announce 'Windows Cloud'

Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer announced yesterday at a Software plus Services partner event in the British capital that the company will launch, as has been suspected in the past, a new cloud-based operating system, most likely a cloud variant of Windows Server. Ballmer gave it a temporary name of 'Windows Cloud', although this is not going to be its official designation.

"We need a new operating system designed for the cloud and we will introduce one in about four weeks, we'll even have a name to give you by then," Ballmer said. He hinted that the Cloud will even look a lot like Windows Server, essentially being to it what Windows Server was to the desktop version of windows.

Meanwhile Amazon is not idle, and has announced that their rival cloud computing service, the application development-oriented Elastic Computer Cloud (EC2) would, starting this fall, be able to run on Windows Server and the SQL server database. It has already been upgraded since August with Elastic Block Storage (EBS), a system which allows stored data to persist after an EC2 virtual machine (called an Instance) is terminated. Amazon's EC2 as well as its Simple Storage Service (S3) have come to be considered essential cloud services. They have set a standard that Microsoft and any starting companies will have to meet and exceed.

Microsoft, who will launch the new Windows Cloud and reveal more about their ideas with software-as-services in late October at the Professional Developers Conference (PDC). Microsoft will have 33 sessions at PDC that deal with cloud computing. One of the most notable is Architecting Services for the Cloud. According to its description, "This session discusses the impact that designing for the cloud has on all stages of the service lifecycle, and how the Microsoft cloud platform works for you to meet the scaling and availability goals of your service." More information is available at

As noted before, the established big boys are not the only ones playing on the clouds, as the new expanding field is giving other stars a chance to shine. One of these is California-based 3tera, who announced on Wednesday the release of the test version of their distributed operating system, AppLogic's version 2.4. The system, which has been around since 2006 and is used by certain cloud service providers, only supported Linux and Solaris apps so far. With the release of 2.4, Windows applications are supported as well, which is an "important requirement for an open cloud computing environment robust enough to take on any Web or enterprise application," said Bert Armijo, senior vice president of sales and marketing for 3Tera, in a statement.

V2soft Freshers Walkin

Experience: Freshers - 1 Yr

Location: Bangalore

Education: Graduates

Company: V2soft Pvt. Ltd

We are glad to inform you that currently we do have openings with our firm for Freshers.

Walk-in Welcome

Interview Date: 3rd October 2008 [ Friday ]

Interview Time: 12.00 PM to 5.00 PM

Key skills:

    * Lead generation (online) & supporting Business Development Managers.
    * Having a good knowledge about IT Sector (computers and upcoming technologies)
    * Preparation of introductory documents for online prospects
    * Excellent written & verbal communication skills
    * Expressive and ability to articulate
    * Ability to handle challenging assignments, multiple functions and assigned priorities
    * Proficiency in soft skills - MS Office tools
    * E-mail, and Internet usage and research savvy
    * Knowledge on Search engines will add an advantage
    * Self-starter who requires minimum supervision and adapts easily to changing work environments and priorities
    * Possess excellent interpersonal and organizational skills

Venue Details :

V2soft Pvt. Ltd
#16, 3rd Floor,80 Ft Road,
4th Block,Koramangala,
Bangalore - 560034
Karnataka, INDIA

Land Mark:
Maharaja Hotel, HP Petrol,
Exactly opposite to Kerala Ayurvedic(Health Way)

Contact Person  : Subalakshmi

"Kindly bring the hard copy of your profile"
To know more about the company kindly logon to
Online banking redefined with new service

BANGALORE: To add credit to its focus on innovative banking, YES Bank has launched a new online service called Money Monitor for its customers. The new online account aggregation service allows YES Bank customers to control and monitor multiple bank accounts from other financial institutions as well.

The platform, which can be accessed using a single sign on, was implemented by Yodlee Inc – a banking solutions company headquartered in Redwood City, California.   

For first time in India, through the online platform YES Bank customers will be able to manage their finances across multiple savings, loan, investment and credit card accounts, thus enabling them to assess their net worth regularly.  Customers can access, view, print and receive alerts of all their financial information including online banking, bill payments, brokerage, loans, credit cards, insurance, fixed deposits and reward points information from both YES Bank and other financial institutions though a single user interface.

In order to register for the services the user has to enter the account information of all his/her accounts while signing in.

Demonstrating the new service at a press conference in Bangalore, Ravi Shankar, EVP & country head, Direct Banking & Cash Management, YES Bank said, "It is very important how services will differentiate and help customers choose a bank."

With people banking from home, offices, mobile and ATM's, the new service is considered a major initiative to drive revenue thorough online banking.

According to research estimates, out of the 100 million Internet users 16 million are expected to be banking users.

Kapoor believes that at least 60 percent of banking users have multiple banking relationships which gives them more reason to use a tool such as the money monitor to control the family's finances. "With the transition technology is driving, customers want more flexibility, more real- time information and info on their finger tips," he said.

For the spendthrift, the platform lst the user keep track of spending and fix budgets for various kinds of expenses such as shopping, petrol etc, which the user can keep track of through graphs and pie charts.

According to YES Bank's research,  customers want  - better control of their banking accounts; control over how everybody's money is doing; bills due on various dates and keep a track of spending.

According to R Subramaniam, Vice President and Managing Director, Yodlee India, "Customers want an open finance model. Aggregation transforms the bank's online banking website into the consumer's primary financial portal."

Yodlee has around 11 million registered users on its platforms. The company also has a mobile version of the personal finance platform called Yodlee personal finance mobile for mobile banking and says it is in talks with other finance institutions and cellular service providers to implement the service.

Online banking redefined with new service

BANGALORE: To add credit to its focus on innovative banking, YES Bank has launched a new online service called Money Monitor for its customers. The new online account aggregation service allows YES Bank customers to control and monitor multiple bank accounts from other financial institutions as well.

The platform, which can be accessed using a single sign on, was implemented by Yodlee Inc – a banking solutions company headquartered in Redwood City, California.   

For first time in India, through the online platform YES Bank customers will be able to manage their finances across multiple savings, loan, investment and credit card accounts, thus enabling them to assess their net worth regularly.  Customers can access, view, print and receive alerts of all their financial information including online banking, bill payments, brokerage, loans, credit cards, insurance, fixed deposits and reward points information from both YES Bank and other financial institutions though a single user interface.

In order to register for the services the user has to enter the account information of all his/her accounts while signing in.

Demonstrating the new service at a press conference in Bangalore, Ravi Shankar, EVP & country head, Direct Banking & Cash Management, YES Bank said, "It is very important how services will differentiate and help customers choose a bank."

With people banking from home, offices, mobile and ATM's, the new service is considered a major initiative to drive revenue thorough online banking.

According to research estimates, out of the 100 million Internet users 16 million are expected to be banking users.

Kapoor believes that at least 60 percent of banking users have multiple banking relationships which gives them more reason to use a tool such as the money monitor to control the family's finances. "With the transition technology is driving, customers want more flexibility, more real- time information and info on their finger tips," he said.

For the spendthrift, the platform lst the user keep track of spending and fix budgets for various kinds of expenses such as shopping, petrol etc, which the user can keep track of through graphs and pie charts.

According to YES Bank's research,  customers want  - better control of their banking accounts; control over how everybody's money is doing; bills due on various dates and keep a track of spending.

According to R Subramaniam, Vice President and Managing Director, Yodlee India, "Customers want an open finance model. Aggregation transforms the bank's online banking website into the consumer's primary financial portal."

Yodlee has around 11 million registered users on its platforms. The company also has a mobile version of the personal finance platform called Yodlee personal finance mobile for mobile banking and says it is in talks with other finance institutions and cellular service providers to implement the service.

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Oct 01, 2008, 10:54 AM

- a winning Moment
The man who calls himself the third co-founder of Google

A man, who calls himself Hubert Chang, has released a web video published on Vimeo, in which he has claimed that he is one of the co-founders of Google.

However, his authenticity is being questioned as to why he waited 11 years to make his declaration.

In the video, Chang has claimed that he helped Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page design the search giant in February 1997.

"The design includes the search engine algorithm, the business model (also called AdSense and AdWords), the name of the company, the outline of the system architecture, a corporation culture like a grad school, and Google's growing path," Sydney Morning Herald quoted Chang, as saying.

Google has already released a statement claiming that Chang''s claims are completely baseless, but it did not deny that Page and Brin had met him.

Chang claims that he abandoned Google 11 years back because of his father's desire for him to complete his PhD at New York University.

Today, though, Google has a market capitalisation of 138 billion US dollars. And Page and Brin are worth 16 billion US dollars each, according to Forbes.

Chang says that Page and Brin asked him in September 1997 whether he would like to put his name on the academic paper that first described the Google search system, but he declined the offer so he could focus on his studies.

He said that the decision was difficult, uncomfortable and, in hindsight, unwise, but it "made sense" at the time.

Chang says that it was Stanford computer science professor Rajeev Motwani, who first introduced him to Brin and Page.

However, Motwani told InformationWeek that though he may have passed on a few emails but Chang's claims were "completely unfounded in reality".

"After viewing this tape, some people might think I'm lying, some might think I'm crazy, some might be upset, while others will consider I'm honest. But the tape has to be made," said Chang.

Chang has also claimed that he did try to contact Page and Brin after finishing his PhD in 2002 but they ignored him. Chang claims that it may be because they were either busy, did not know how to position him or did not want to "fully acknowledge the past".

In the video he does not explain why he waited 11 years to come forward and neither did he respond to a request for an interview.

On the other hand Google said that Page and Brin had "no recollection" of meeting Chang, "however, given the number of people they've met in the last decade it's impossible to say categorically that they never have".

Google said: "Rajeev Motwani, the Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at Stanford, believes he may have shared some emails from Mr Chang with Larry and Sergey in 1997 or 1998. But in any case PageRank had already been developed by that time and was a working prototype."
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 30, 2008, 08:40 PM

Its a Accounting Software
What are optional packages?

Optional Packages are created by Java developers much like any other Java code. Optional Packages are then made available to the Java Virtual Machine.
Java classes stored within Optional Packages can be used by the JVM without the need to be explicitly included in the CLASSPATH.
Optional Packages are usually stored in JAR files.

In earlier versions of Java, Optional Packages were known as Standard Extensions.

Installed Optional Packages

Installed Optional Packages are optional packages which have been copied into the JRE or JVM.

JAR files containing Installed Optional Packages are copied into the lib/ext subdirectory.

Download Optional Packages

Download Optional Packages are optional packages which are loaded from outside the JRE/JVM file structure via a Class-Path header in a Manifest file.
Uninstall and remove any software program forcefully from XP and Vista with tricks

If  you are unable to uninstall any softawre, you can remove it with this tricks. In your PC, there should be an msi file that you can use to uninstall the program properly if you are not able to delete it from control panel.

It's a bit tricky to find exactly which msi it is though so be VERY CAREFUL when doing it cause if you delete something by accident, you could cause yourself SERIOUS problems.

Please follow this CAREFULLY.

Go to C:\Windows\Installer  ( or D:\Windows\Installer ) (type in RUN or address bar of windows )

If you can't see the 'Installer' folder, go to the 'Tools' menu and choose 'Folder Options', click on the View tab and choose to 'Show hidden files and folders' and remove the ticks (if present) from 'Hide protected operating system files' and 'Hide extensions for known file types'. Click on 'Apply' and then 'OK'.
Go to the 'View' menu and choose 'Details'

Above the list of files and folders is a heading called 'Name', right click on this and choose to also show the 'Author' field. Right click on 'Name' again and choose to show the 'Subject' field if it's not already visible (You may have to select 'more' if it's not already in the list).
The column headings (e.g. Name, Size etc) can be moved by left clicking and dragging the heading. Arrange these headings so that you have, from left to right 'Name' then 'Subject' then 'Author', this will make life a little easier.

Left click on the 'Author' heading to sort them alphabetically by author.

Locate the files where the author is 'Your Program'. To the left in the Subject heading will be a description of this file and to the left again is the file name. Any files where the name is xxxxxxx.msi and the author is Your Program, right click  on it/them in turn and choose UNINSTALL (DO NOT DELETE ANYTHING FROM THIS FOLDER).

Once that's been done, go to the 'Tools' menu again and choose 'Folder Options', click on the View tab and choose NOT TO 'Show hidden files and folders' and REPLACE the ticks in 'Hide protected operating system files' and 'Hide extensions for known file types'. Click on 'Apply' and then 'OK'.
Once you've done that, restart your machine.Your unwanted program have gone!

Free Airtel GPRS Access for Internet on mobile by using TeaShark Browser

Now you can surf unlimited Internet on your mobile phone  by FREE AIRTEL GPRS activation (access) if you use free TeaShark Browser for your mobile handset.
Teakshark is a free browser for mobile phone. you can download this Teakshark browser from here. Remember that this Teakshark browser is made for smart phones only. Few handsets may not be able to run this browser.

After installing Teakshark browser on you mobile hand set, just do
following to surf Internet on your mobile free of cost. This is  useful for all including  Airtel Blackberry users.

1. you need to have Airtel Sim card on your mobile phone.
2. After installing, open it on your mobile, it will ask for access point, choose Airtel Live as access point. you need not to activate GPRS through SMS for using it, just choose Airtel Live as access point.
3. After finishing settings, open any website. All website will open in it.
You will find that your money will not be debited from your Airtel account.

The exact mechanism of how it is working is  still not known, It may be due to some unseen programs. It is expected that in future this facility will not be available for free.

You need not to set any configuration of Airtel GPRS for this facility. Use it with cautious, you may be debited in future (no evidence found yet).
At least 144 people were killed in a stampede early Tuesday in this Rajasthan town when hundreds of devotees rushed down a narrow pathway from a hilltop temple located in the Mehrangarh fort, the police said.

Almost all the dead were believed to be males because the stampede took place in the male section of the two parallel and winding barricades authorities at the Chamunda Mata temple had set up on the mountain slope for devotees to walk up and down the hill.

It was one of the worst tragedies of its kind in Rajasthan. It was also the worst temple tragedy in the country after 145 people died in a similar stampede at the Naina Devi shrine in Himachal Pradesh this year.

State home secretary S.N. Thanvi told IANS that at least 144 people had been killed in the tragedy and the toll was likely to rise. He added that 300 people were injured in the accident.

The stampede occurred around 5.30 a.m. and about 150 feet from the shrine when the devotees were rushing downhill on their way back to the town.
The dead and the barely living had been taken to several hospitals in Jodhpur town, about 330 km from Jaipur, the state capital.
Home Minister G.C. Kataria called it "a massive tragedy" and said the stampede happened when a male devotee slipped and fell on the narrow path, triggering panic run that eventually led to so many deaths.

According to Kataria, after one man fell, the barricades gave away and the others coming down the hill also began to roll down the pathway.
"People just kept falling over one another," he said.

Police sources and residents said there were 8,000-10,000 people in the temple when the tragedy struck.
The temple is located in the massive Mehrangarh fort in Jodhpur. It is one of the best maintained forts in the whole of India and is one of the major tourist attractions in Rajasthan.

On Tuesday, thousands had gathered at the temple to pray to mark the beginning of the Navratri festival.
"There were at least 10,000 people when the incident occurred at around 5.30 a.m. I suddenly saw people running and falling on one another. There was complete chaos," a young man, Sharat, told IANS.

Once the stampede ended, others from down the hill rushed up and started carrying the victims to the base of the hill.
Chamunda was the favourite goddess of Rao Jodha, the king of Jodhpur. He brought her idol from his old capital of Mandore in 1460 and installed it at the Mehrangarh fort. The goddess remains the patron deity of Jodhpur's royal family.

Source:express Buzz
Laptop owners face problems that desktop users don't have. Concerns, for example, over battery life and preservation, an insufficient number of USB ports, and how best to transfer files from one notebook to another are common. Read on for some answers.

Q: Can my notebook computer be operated without the battery?

A: Most likely, yes. In fact, using your notebook without its battery may serve to extend the life of the battery. The reason is that some notebook batteries last longer when they are allowed to fully discharge before being recharged. If you use your notebook with the battery in, you're allowing your notebook to charge the battery automatically, and it is probably doing so well before the battery is fully discharged.

Q: My notebook's battery only lasts about half an hour when the notebook is unplugged. It used to last a lot longer. How long are notebook batteries supposed to last before I need a new one?

A: The life span of a typical rechargeable notebook battery is usually measured in discharge cycles - or how many times the battery is run down and then recharged. Most batteries are expected to last between 500 and 800 discharge cycles. That translates into between 1.5 and three years for most notebook users.

A reduction in the effective running time provided by your battery is most surely a sign that the battery is getting old. Unfortunately, once the battery starts exhibiting signs of aging, there's not a lot you can do to revive it. You should probably consider replacing the battery if you intend to keep the notebook.

The good news is that by the time most notebook users need to replace their battery, the notebook model is no longer current, and prices for replacement batteries may have come down. While notebook batteries aren't cheap - often they cost as much as 100 dollars or more - you may find good deals on original batteries by comparison shopping online. Parts dealers selling on eBay, for instance, often offer original batteries at substantial discounts. Just be sure that the battery you're buying is new and that is was made for the specific notebook model that you own.

Q: My notebook only has two USB ports. Is there a way that I can add more?

A: Yes. You'll need to look at notebook USB hubs, which are small devices that contain additional USB ports. The USB hub itself receives power from a single USB port in your notebook. In effect, then, a USB hub converts one USB port into several. Most USB hubs themselves contain four USB ports.

USB hubs come in a wide variety of shapes and configurations. There are wireless USB hubs, ones that clamp to the side of a desk, and some that can be tilted and swiveled in several directions for easy of access. Most are freestanding. The prices of USB hubs range from 10 to 40 dollars. Things to look for include whether the hub supports USB 2.0 and whether the individual ports themselves provide enough power to run more demanding peripherals such as external hard drives.

Q: I just bought my daughter a new notebook computer that runs Vista. Her old notebook runs Windows XP. What's the easiest way to transfer all of her applications and files to the new machine?

A: One of the most underreported - but helpful - features of Vista is the Easy Transfer wizard, which performs exactly the type of operating you're asking about. Easy Transfer works like this: you connect the two computers, and then run the Easy Transfer wizard from the machine running Vista. Follow the prompts, and several hours later you're done.

Sounds easy, but there are some details you need to attend to for a completely seamless transfer. First, you have to determine whether you can hook the computers up in some fashion - either by putting them on the same network so that they can see each other or by using an easy transfer cable, which you can find at many computer stores. A third option is to have and use an external hard drive to accomplish the transfer. This will require the most manual labour from you, however, as you'll first have to allow Easy Transfer to copy the necessary files to the external disk and then take the disk to the new computer to restore the files. If you have a wireless network at home, the easiest way to perform the transfer might be to hook up both notebooks to the router with an Ethernet cable, ensure that they can see each other, and then run the wizard.

Q: I have an older laptop with a 1.4 GHz Pentium M processor and 512 megabytes of RAM. I'd like to install Vista on this machine, but I'm afraid it isn't fast enough. Can I upgrade just the processor?

A: Perhaps. You'll have to determine a couple of things, though. First, is the processor soldered to your motherboard? While central processing units (CPUs) are typically inserted into a socket on the motherboard, making them candidates for relatively easy replacement, some notebook manufacturers solder the processor to the motherboard in order to avoid the cost of the socket. If it's soldered, you can't upgrade it.

Second, you would have to be sure that a processor of equivalent voltage is available. You should be able to check the support Web site of the manufacturer of your notebook to find out exactly the type of CPU that's in your machine and then purchase a faster model with the same voltage characteristics. While you're at the Web site, look for instructions on upgrading the CPU for your model. Some Pentium M to upgrade the processor
Restore Your Computers Performance

Remove Unused Programs : Now this is the most common tip that must be followed to make a good start. As soon as you decide that you wont be using that software anymore, go ahead and uninstall it from Control Panel –> Add/Remove Programs. These softwares when unused remains in your computer and lowers its performance. You might need to restart your computer in some cases, do restart and follow the same if you have any other unused programs.

Run Disk Cleanup : Removing unused files like Temporary Internet Files, Recycle Bin and other files with the help of Disk cleanup. You can access it by going into My computer –> Local Drive Properties –> Disk Cleanup.

Click this button and it will analyze your computer and show you that which all files can be deleted and how much space can be taken out from it. Click on OK and your files will be removed by the tool. You must run this cleanup at least once in a Month. Also If you are having multiple drives, do perform the same operation on others.
Defragment Your Drives : Lets first see that what is fragmented files and Defragmented files.
Fragmented files would be the one which we can say as scattered. As these files are saved and edited from time to time therefore they get saved onto different sectors of Hard Drive. This makes computer more time to search for it and show the correct page.
This image will make things more clear.

You can run this tool once in six months, also depending on your usage. You can access this tool by going onto Start –> Programs –> Accessories –> System Tools –> Disk Defragmenter.

Remove Unused Network Connections : If you have ever made a network with one or more than one computers then you must have realized that it is really easy to share data. Now the problem is that when Windows boots, it patiently waits for the other computer to respond on the network, if not then it keeps on waiting, making you irate, untill it gets a proper answer from the other computer or till the time outs.

This makes the system really slow specially during Boot process. Now to disable that, Right click on "My network places" and click "Disconnect Network Drive", it will show you all the drive to disconnect and you can choose from there, which are of no use.

Remove Startup Items : When computer Boots, you would be able to see the some icons in the System Tray, these might look to you as shortcuts but they are like Burden on your computer as computer has to start each of these application and thus making it slower.

These Startup items can be removed by a called "msconfig". Go to Run –> type msconfig and click Startup tab. In that tab click "Disable all" and the Restart you computer. Now this will make the booting of your computer real fast.

These were some of the tips to restore your computers performance levels. Do try them at your computer and see the difference.

Syncfusion, Inc requires Graphics Designer

Experience: 1 - 3 Years



UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization

PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type: IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area: Web, Graphic Design, Visualiser

Job Description

- Design original cutting edge user interfaces for Windows and Web applications.
- Produce Flash movies that highlight features of our products.

Desired Candidate Profile

* Excellent Photoshop skills required
* Excellent Flash skills required
* CSS experience is desired
* Work experience with vector images is a plus
* Only candidates who provide links to current portfolio will be considered.

Company Profile

Syncfusion produces .NET class libraries for the Microsoft Windows development market. Our products are used by several fortune 100 companies to power critical business applications. We are among the leading providers of enterprise grade components and have been consistently named to the SD Times 100 (The editors of SD Times identify the software industry's top leaders, innovators and influencers every year)

Contact Details

Company Name:
Syncfusion, Inc


Executive Name:
Syncfusion HR

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 30, 2008, 11:31 AM

- Dont Loose your Hope    >:(
How 'Technical' Do You Need To Be?

Technology executives have to strike the right balance between being technically brilliant, and letting go of enough detail to have the time and energy to invest in leading. Of course, some level of technical competence is required to be in the game, but it becomes a problem if it comes at the expense of leadership effectiveness.

One of the first things to focus on is that each step up in management requires a step up and away from detail, and the addition of new necessary and important process, managerial, and organizational development work.

For example, as an individual in a technology organization your success depends on how well you know your stuff and do the technical work.

But as a manager, success depends on new set of skills that have more to do with how well you know the business and the people, and execute on communication, processes, business outcomes, and developing others. As you become a functional or general manager, you need to master skills around organizational alignment, program management, multi-function/multi-layer communications, planning frameworks, client service, partnerships, etc.

At each level, your competence and credibility needs to be built from excelling at the new higher level tasks that are required for that level role, and by being known for building a high performing team. Building a high performing team adds way more value to the company then adding one more expert (you) in the low level detail.

Why people have trouble with this transition:

▫       They enjoy the detail.

▫       They wouldn't know what else to do, if they don't do the detail.

▫       They have not built a team they trust to handle the detail without their involvement.

▫       They are afraid they will lose the respect of their subordinates if they can't keep up with them technically.

▫       They are afraid they will lose the respect of management and peers if they get caught out by a random technology question they can't answer.

Executives who get stuck thinking that they must maintain the same mastery of the details and content as the people who work for them do not build credibility or big success. Instead they typically:

▫       End up competing with their subordinates about who is smarter.

▫       Continue to torture their team for inappropriate amounts of detail.

▫       Waste everyone's time doing deep dives into content.

▫       Develop a culture around being a brilliant hero vs. building a high performing team.

▫       Miss the opportunity to set strategic direction, lead the organization, and develop future leaders. 

Letting Go

As an IT executive, certainly you need to maintain a working knowledge of the technology, but that is different than competing with your team to be as versed in the detail as they are. You still need to deliver the results. So you need to create processes and frameworks to measure and track technical progress that you will feel comfortable with.

You need to build a system to ensure that the right things are getting done, so you know what you need to know, even though you are not working in the details anymore. You need to put your people in charge of delivering the technology program, be clear about the desired outcomes, and with the right tracking mechanisms in place, trust them to deliver.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 30, 2008, 11:01 AM

- Its a Telecasting services
What is a Mondex Smart Card?

Mondex is a specific smart card which was developed by England's National Westminster Bank in 1990. Its design was intended to serve as electronic cash or a virtual electronic wallet. Any amount of money can be transferred to the Mondex smart card. MasterCard international bought controlling interest in the resulting firm, Mondex International, in 1997 joining such companies as AT&T and Wells Fargo in the pursuit of this advanced technology.

The design of a Mondex smart card allows end users to transfer funds electronically onto the card and then utilize the Mondex smart card to make purchases up to the total cash value held on the card. Mondex smart cards provide an electronic payment system using all the capabilities associated with smart card technology. The Mondex smart card can be a convenient alternative to cash.
Although the design was five years old at the time, the Mondex smart card was actually launched in 1995 - two years before MasterCard assumed control of the technology.

The banks that currently support the Mondex smart card include National Bank of Canada, Scotiabank, Canada Trust, Bank of Montreal, Le Mouvement des caisses Desjardins, and Toronto Dominion Bank. With so many respected lending institutions banking on the idea, the Mondex smart card is worth a closer look.
The Mondex smart card has the ability to make card-to-card transfers which is not possible with standard credit or debit cards. When you use a credit/debit card to make a purchase, communication is required between the bank and your card.

However, Mondex cards contain an embedded microprocessor, with sophisticated encryption methods and tamper-proof hardware designed to protect them from hackers. The ability of the Mondex smart card to do offline transactions means they are less dependent on expensive network infrastructure, reducing transaction costs. Offline transactions may seem anonymous, however they actually are recorded in the digital memory of the card's microprocessor and remain retrievable the next time the card is used at an ATM, or as soon as the retailer uploads transaction data to the bank computer.

A significant disadvantage with Mondex is that transactions aren't truly anonymous. Unlike pre-paid phone cards, which are also based on smart card technology, you can't purchase a Mondex card without revealing your identity. Each card has a unique identification number through which owners can easily be identified. Mondex smart cards have not been as successful as originally predicted. Customers have not been especially satisfied with the card and its services. Unlike a credit or debit card, your money may be lost forever if you should lose a Mondex smart card. Losing a Mondex card is just like losing a wallet full of cash. With a credit card you're protected against any loss exceeding $50 dollars. This protection is not currently available with a Mondex smart card.

According to the Mondex smart card system, it is fully auditable. There is a log of the time, date, amount, and participants of each transaction which hampers the privacy of users. Technically, however, Mondex can't claim to be a fully auditable system. After a number of transactions, overflow can occur as a result of limited memory in the Mondex smart-cards. This means that significant data may be lost before Mondex is able to retrieve it. Critics say this loss of data is a critical design flaw making it difficult for Mondex to reliably detect fraud.

While Mondex smart cards are not a hundred percent secure they do possess the ability to tolerate minor fraud loss.

Mondex believes their electronic payment system is secure. They are convinced that critics who have voice concern over security issues are mistaken and misinformed. Perhaps the use of a Mondex smart card depends on a personal level of trust.
What is an ATM Skimmer?

An ATM skimmer is a portable card reader that thieves attach to the front of a legitimate ATM (Automatic Teller Machine).

The ATM skimmer is disguised as a normal ATM card reader. ATM customers are tricked into inserting their ATM cards into the skimmer and entering their PIN codes on the keypads.
The keypads are either replaced, or a hidden camera is placed to record the customers PIN as it is entered on the keypad.
The ATM skimmer either stores the card data, or uses a wireless transmitter to send it to a nearby receiver.
Once the thieves have the data from the ATM card and the PIN, they can create a duplicate card and use it to withdraw money from the customers accounts.
What is Smart Card Software?

A smart card contains an integrated circuit (IC) chip containing a central processing unit (CPU), random access memory (RAM) and non-volatile data storage. Data stored in the smart card's microchip can be accessed only through the chip operating system (COS). Smart cards provide a secure, portable platform for "any time, anywhere" computing that can contain and manipulate substantial amounts of data, especially an individual's personal digital identity.

Smart cards are a type of mini computer with an operating system capable of running a variety of applications. JavaCard is a multi-application smart card operating system which provides an API with a set of standard classes through which common java applets can be loaded and executed on the smart card. Java's portability allows smart cards to become a general-purpose computing platform while creating a potentially huge market for application software and development. Due to the increasing demand for smart card applications, businesses and service providers are constantly looking for innovations and applications for available services that could utilize smart card technology.
There are various business interests who provide custom software for smart cards. Smart cards can bring security, convenience and ease-of-use to millions worldwide. With a growing market and technological advances, smart cards can be placed in a wide and growing range of applications from mobile telephony, CRM, rewards programs, as well as the development of next-generation applications and services. Smart cards are playing a growing role in application fields like electronic cash, bill pay, purchase, as well as security and access control.

Contemporary services provided by smart card solutions include:

Fleet control and management
Student and campus management
Electronic cash (Mondex)
Transportation charge applications
Automatic fare collection applications
Security and access management
Financial services
Affinity programs
Cellular phones
Set-top boxes
Secure network access
Communications applications
Government programs
Information security
Physical access
Consumer reward/redemption tracking
Health card
All-purpose student ID card

Other applications of smart cards and JavaCard technology include: mobile communication, mass transit, driving licensing, electronic toll collection, healthcare, information technology, etc...
How do I determine if I have a valid credit card

Credit cards use the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm. The main purpose of the Luhn Check Digit Algorithm is to catch data entry errors, but it does double duty here as a weak security tool.

The Luhn Check Digit Algorithm

For a card with an even number of digits, double every odd numbered digit (1st digit, 3rd digit, 5th digit, etc...) and subtract 9 if the product is greater than 9. Add up all the even digits (2nd digit, 4th digit, 6th digit, etc...) as well as the doubled-odd digits, and the result must be a multiple of 10 or it's not a valid card. If the card has an odd number of digits, perform the same addition doubling the even numbered digits instead.

For your convenience, we have examples of the Luhn Check Data Algorithm in C and the Luhn Check Data Algorithm in Java.
How does a Magnetic Card Reader work?

A magnetic card is a rectangular plastic object (think credit/debit card) that contains either a magnetic object embedded within the card or a magnetic stripe on the exterior of the card. A magnetic card can store any form of digital data.

The electronic devices designed to read stored information from a magnetic card do so by either swiping the card through a slot in the reading device or holding the card next to a magnetic card reader. About a hundred bytes of information can be stored on a magnetic card.
Because of their extensive use, most magnetic cards employ standards that describe the physical and magnetic characteristics for a magnetic stripe on a plastic card. Specifications for a storage format and information exchange are also defined by these standards.

Before describing how a magnetic card reader works, let's look at how data is stored on a magnetic card and the format of data storage collected.
According to existing standards, a magnetic card stores information in three separate tracks. All three tracks possess different bit densities and encoded character sets. The average bit density of the first track is 210 bits per inch (bpi). A 64-bit character dataset is used to store information in track 1. The characters are made up of six data bits and an odd parity bit. The encoding format grants the least-significant bit to come first and the parity bit, last. So, track one can hold around 79 characters.
The information density of the second and third tracks is around 75 and 210 bpi respectively. Only numeric data can be stored on the second and third track. 4-bit binary encoding is used as a decimal subset with odd parity and it is encoded with the least significant bit first and the parity bit last. The second and third tracks hold 40 and 107 characters respectively. The actual usable data stored will be minimized as the Start Sentinel, End Sentinel, and LRC characters are added.

"Two-Frequency, Coherent Phase Recording" is used for encoding magnetic cards. It is also called as F/2F sampling-encoding. By using combined data and clock bits self-clocking is achieved.

For all 3 tracks, the data storage format is as follows: Leading zero bits are encoded to specify the presence of an encoded magnetic card and provide synchronization pulses to the read head electronics and, ultimately, to the controller. The Start Sentinel character then indicates the initiation of actual data. The coded data follows the Start Sentinel character which is followed by the End Sentinel character. The End Sentinel character terminates the data portion of the card and is followed by an LRC byte (used for error detection). The remaining card is filled by zero bits.
Now that we understand how data is stored on a magnetic card it's a bit easier to build on that foundation to gain an understanding of how the reader actually works.

The magnetic card reader uses a specific component to read data from a magnetic card which is referred to as the read head. The magnetic card reader is a microcontroller-based device. The read heads contain signal amplifiers and line drivers. All modern magnetic read heads contain integrated F/2F bit recovery circuitry and interface with the host controller.

Using good coding techniques, interrupt driven sampling can be used to read and handle the data. Most of the head will read the first and second tracks simultaneously. Some of advanced read heads can read all three tracks simultaneously. Linear conditioning is used for noise reduction and signal conditioning.
The reader also contains an oscillator section which is used to provide the clocks for the recovery section and for the enable/disable timers. The enable/disable counters provide initialization for the recovery section. The recovery section locks onto the data rate and recovers the individual data bits from the data stream.

The magnetic card reader is a microcontroller-based device and has been programmed for a specific application. That program simply reads the card in a forward direction in a simple data format or it can be complex enough to read the card in any direction with a corresponding encoding format.
How does a Smart Card Reader work?

Smart Card Readers are also known as card programmers (because they can write to a card), card terminals, card acceptance device (CAD) or an interface device (IFD). There is a slight difference between the card reader and the terminal. The term 'reader' is generally used to describe a unit that interfaces with a PC for the majority of its processing requirements. In contrast, a 'terminal' is a self-contained processing device.

Smart cards are portable data cards that must communicate with another device to gain access to a display device or a network. Cards can be plugged into a reader, commonly referred to as a card terminal, or they can operate using radio frequencies (RF).
When the smart card and the card reader come into contact, each identifies itself to the other by sending and receiving information. If the messages exchanged do not match, no further processing takes place. So, unlike ordinary bank cards, smart cards can defend themselves against unauthorized users and uses in innovative security measures.

Communicating with a Smart Card Reader

The reader provides a path for your application to send and receive commands from the card. There are many types of readers available, such as serial, PCCard, and standard keyboard models. Unfortunately, the ISO group was unable to provide a standard for communicating with the readers so there is no one-size-fits-all approach to smart card communication.
Each manufacturer provides a different protocol for communication with the reader.
First you have to communicate with the reader.

Second, the reader communicates with the card, acting as the intermediary before sending the data to the card.
Third, communication with a smart card is based on the APDU format. The card will process the data and return it to the reader, which will then return the data to its originating source.

The following classes are used for communicating with the reader:

ISO command classes for communicating with 7816 protocol
Classes for communicating with the reader
Classes for converting data to a manufacturer-specific format

An application for testing and using the cards for an intended and specific purpose

Readers come in many forms, factors and capabilities. The easiest way to describe a reader is by the method of its interface to a PC. Smart card readers are available that interface to RS232 serial ports, USB ports, PCMCIA slots, floppy disk slots, parallel ports, infrared IRDA ports and keyboards and keyboard wedge readers. Card readers are used to read data from - and write data to - the smart card. Readers can easily be integrated into a PC utilizing Windows 98/Me, 2000, or XP platforms. However, some computer systems already come equipped with a built-in smart card reader. Some card readers come with advanced security features such as secure PIN entry, secure display and an integrated fingerprint scanners for the next-generation of multi-layer security and three-factor authentication.

Another difference in reader types is on-board intelligence and capabilities. An extensive price and performance difference exists between an industrial strength reader that supports a wide variety of card protocols and the less expensive win-card reader that only works with microprocessor cards and performs all processing of the data in the PC.

The options in terminal choices are just as varied. Most units have their own operating systems and development tools. They typically support other functions such as magnetic-stripe reading, modem functions and transaction printing.

To process a smart card the computer has to be equipped with a smart card reader possessing the following mandatory features:
Smart Card Interface Standard - ISO 7816 is an international standard that describes the interface requirements for contact-type smart cards. These standards have multiple parts. For instance, part 1, 2 and 3 are applicable to card readers. Part 1 defines the physical characteristics of the card. Part 2 defines dimension and location of smart card chip contacts. Part 3 defines the electronic signals and transmission protocols of the card. Card readers may be referred to as conforming to ISO 7816 1/2/3, or in its simplified term, ISO 7816.

Driver - This refers to the software used by the operating system (OS) of a PC for managing a smart card and applicable card reader. To read a smart ID card, the driver of the card reader must be PC/SC compliant which is supported by most card reader products currently available. It should be noted that different OS would require different drivers. In acquiring card readers, the compatibility between the driver and the OS has to be determined and ensured.

Desirable Features in a Smart Card Reader

Card Contact Types refers to how the contact between a card reader and a smart card is physically made. There are two primary types of contact: landing contact and friction contact (also known as sliding or wiping). For card readers featuring friction contact, the contact part is fixed. The contact wipes on the card surface and the chip when a card is inserted. For card readers featuring the landing type, the contact part is movable. The contact "lands" on the chip after a card is wholly inserted. In general, card readers of the landing type provide better protection to the card than that of the friction type.
Smart card readers are also used as smart card programmers to configure and personalize integrated circuit cards. These programmers not only read data, but also put data into the card memory. This means that not only CPU based smart cards, but also simple memory cards can be programmed using a smart card reader. Of course the card reader must support the appropriate protocol such as the asynchronous T=0, T=1 or synchronous I2C protocols.
It won't take long before smart card readers become an integral part of every computer - and, subsequently, the lives of computer users. Computer systems with keyboards that have smart card reader/writer integration are also available.

Smart card readers are also accessible in the form of USB dongle. USB dongles are frequently used with GSM phones, which contain a SIM smart card. Additionally, phone numbers can be edited on a PC using the USB smart card dongle.
GMAT Test Prep : Quantitative Data Sufficiency Test

Is the data given in the two statements, labeled (1) and (2), sufficient for answering the question?
All numbers used are real numbers.

1. Is −x < (1/x) ?
(1) x < −1
(2) |x| > 0

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (1) specifies that x < −1, which implies −x > 1, −1 < (1/x) < 0 and −x > (1/x).
Thus, statement (1) ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies that |x| > 0, which impliesx > 0 or x < 0.
If x > 0, then −x is negative, (1/x) is positive and −x < (1/x).
If x < 0, then −x is positive, (1/x) is negative and −x > (1/x).
Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.

What is the area of Δ ABC?
(1) Δ ABC is isosceles.
(2) AB= 10 and BC = 12

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (1) only tells us that Δ ABC is isosceles which is not enough to find the area of the triangle. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies the length of the base, but does not specify the altitude (or height) of the triangle. Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
triangleIn an isosceles triangle, the altitude from the vertex angle bisects the base (as shown in the figure alongside). So, BD = ½ BC. Knowing ABand BD, the altitude AD can be found by the Pythagorean theorem. Since area of triangle = ½ base x altitude, the area can be determined as ½ BC x AD. Thus, BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient.

What is the perimeter of square KLMN?
(1) KL = 4 inches
(2) Its diagonal is √32 inches.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.


EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
To find the perimeter of square, its side must be known because
Perimeter of square = 4 x Side.
Statement (1) specifies the side. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies the diagonal. The side of the square may be found using the Pythagorean theorem and then the perimeter calculated as follows:
KL2 + LM2 = (√32)2
Since KL = LM, 2LM2 = 32 or LM = √16 = 4 inches.
Perimeter of square = 4 x 4 inches = 16 inches.
Thus, statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.

8. A company prepares a consignment by packing 20 compact discs in each small box. If the same consignment was to be packed in big boxes with 50 discs in each box, how many big boxes would be required ?
(1) The consignment is for a total of 6000 compact discs.
(2) The ratio of the number of big boxes to the number of small boxes is 2 : 5.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.


Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Let sand b be the number of small and big boxes, respectively.
Then, total number of discs t = 20s = 50b.
Statement (1) specifies t = 6000, which gives b = 6000/50.Thus, statement (1) ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies b/s = 2/5; however, this information is already known from 20s = 50b. Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.

What is the length of side RS in the right-angled triangle PQR in the figure above ?
(1) x = 30
(2) Line segment PS has length 5.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.


Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
From the figure, ∠ PSQ measures (180 − 2x)o. Since the angles of the triangle PSQ must add to 180o, ∠ PQS must measure xo. Thus, PQS is an isosceles triangle with PS = QS.
In the figure, ∠ PQR measures 90o. Since ∠ PQS measures xo, ∠ RQS measures (90 − x)o. Now, the angles of the triangle RQS must add to 180o; so, ∠ QRS must measure (90 − x)o. Thus, RQS is an isosceles triangle with RS = QS.
It may be therefore concluded that RS = QS = PS.
Statement (1) specifies ∠ QPS; however, the above analysis shows that the actual numerical value of the angle is not required to determineRS. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies PS, and RS = PS from the preceding analysis. Thus, statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.

In the triangle ABC in the figure above, ∠ B measures 36o. How much does ∠ A measure ?
(1) ∠ B = ∠ C
(2) AB = AC

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.


EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Since the angles of a triangle add to 180o, ∠ A + ∠ B + ∠ C = 180o.
Statement (1) states that ∠ B = ∠ C. Since∠ B = 36o, ∠ A may be calculated from∠ A = 180o − 2 ∠ B.Thus, statement (1) ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (2) states that two sides of the triangle are equal in length,which implies the triangle is isosceles with ∠ B = ∠ C.As before, given ∠ B = 36o, ∠ A may be calculated from ∠ A = 180o − 2 ∠ B.Thus, statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.
Therefore, EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
GMAT Test Prep : Quantitative Data Sufficiency Test

Is the data given in the two statements, labeled (1) and (2), sufficient for answering the question?
All numbers used are real numbers.

1. A building has two types of apartments, big and small. 65 percent of the apartments are small. The number of occupied big apartments is twice the number of unoccupied small apartments. What percent of the apartments in the building are occupied ?
(1) The number of occupied big apartments is six times the number of unoccupied big apartments.
(2) The building has a total of 160 apartments.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
If 65% of the apartments are small, then 35% are big.Statement (1) specifies the ratio of occupied to unoccupied in big apartments is 6:1. This implies that 30% of the building is occupied big apartments. Since it is given that the number of occupied big apartments is twice the number of unoccupied small apartments, 15% of the building is unoccupied small apartments. If 65% of the building is small apartments, then 50% is occupied small apartments. Adding 30% (for occupied big apartments) to 50% (for occupied small apartments) gives 80% for the occupied apartments in the building. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (2) ALONE is insufficient because the question pertains to percent occupancy, where the actual number of apartments is irrelevant as demonstrated through equations below.
Let S denote the number of small apartments, B the number of big apartments and T the total number of apartments. Further, let subscripts O and U denote occupied and unoccupied. Then, the following equations can be formulated.
SO + SU = 0.65 T (given)
BO + BU = 0.35 T (given)
BO = 2 SU (given)
BO = 6 BU (Statement 1)
The above four equations can be solved to obtain SO and BO in terms of T, and then calculate the required occupancy percent from (SO + BO)/T.
Clearly, the value of T = 160 as given in Statement (2) is not required.

3. A certain electronics store sold 60 percent of the computers in its inventory during the month. What was the total revenue from the sale of the computers?
(1) The computers were sold for an average price of $875 during the month.
(2) All but 34 computers in the store's inventory were sold during the month.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (1) specifies the average price, but not the number of computers sold. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) allows calculation of the number of computers sold, but not the price. Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Since 34 computers are left (which corresponds to 40% of the inventory), the inventory may be calculated (as 85). Then, 60% of this inventory may be multiplied by the average price to obtain the total revenue. Thus, BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient.

What is the area of square KLMN?
(1) KL = 7 inches.
(2) Its diagonal is √98 inches.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
To find the area of square, its side must be known because
Area of square = Side x Side.
Statement (1) specifies the side. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (2) specifies the diagonal. The side can be found using the Pythagorean theorem and then the area calculated as follows:
KL2 + LM2 = (√98)2
Since KL = LM, 2LM2 = 98 or LM = √49 = 7 inches.
Area of square = 7 x 7 square inches = 49 square inches.
Thus, statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.

8. Is the integer n divisible by 30 ?
(1) n is divisible by 18.
(2) n is divisible by 20.

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
If an integer is divisible by 18, it may or may not be divisible by 30. For example, 36 is divisible by 18 but not by 30, whereas 90 is divisible by 18 as well as 30. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
If an integer is divisible by 20, it may or may not be divisible by 30. For example, 40 is divisible by 20 but not by 30, whereas 60 is divisible by 20 as well as 30. Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
If an integer is divisible by both 18 and 20, then it is necessarily divisible by 30. Since 18 = 2 x 3 x 3 and 20 = 2 x 2 x 5, their LCM (least common multiple) is 180 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 5. Multiples of 180 are divisible by 30.Thus, BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient.

11. A terminating decimal is defined as any decimal that has a finite number of nonzero digits. When the ratio of two positive integers m and n is
expressed as a decimal, is m/n a terminating decimal?
(1) 330 < m < 333
(2) n = 3

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Statement (1) states that m is either 331 or 332. Now, 332/2 (= 166) is a terminating decimal, but 332/3 (= 110.666...) is a recurring decimal (and not a terminating decimal). Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) states that n is 3. If m is a multiple of 3, then m/n is a terminating decimal; otherwise, it is a recurring decimal (ending in .333... or .666...). Thus, statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
If m is either 331 or 332 and n is 3, then m/n is necessarily a recurring decimal. Since 331/3 = 110.333... and 332/3 = 110.666..., m/n is not a terminating decimal. Thus, BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient.

13. Is x negative ?
(1) x2 > 0
(2) x3 > 0

Ο Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Ο BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο EACH statement ALONE is sufficient.
Ο Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient.
Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (1) states that the square of the number x is positive, which implies that x may be positive or negative. Thus, statement (1) ALONE is not sufficient.
Statement (2) states that the cube of the number x is positive, which necessarily implies that x is necessarily positive (and not negative). Thus, statement (2) ALONE is sufficient.
Apple Shows Commitment To Offering iTunes Assistance For Blind

Apple will be addressing the needs of blind consumers, under an agreement with the National Federation of the Blind and Massachusetts Attorney General Martha Coakley. The Cupertino-based company will use a screen access software which will turn information on iTunes into speech or Braille, allowing blind consumers to conduct searches by using their keyboard.

Visually impaired consumers will benefit from the new technology starting December 31, 2008, and according to the agreement, Apple will make sure that by June 30, 2009, all the iTunes applications and the iTunes store will use the same technology.

In addition to that, Apple will also make a $250,000 donation to the Massachusetts Commission for the Blind, in order to help the agency to purchase new software that can provide assistance for the blind and visually impaired.

On September 9, Apple released iTunes 8, offering an improved access for blind people, and according to Attorney General Martha Coakley, this agreement will enable blind consumers to obtain the same educational, cultural and other information available to sighted consumers on iTunes.

The National Federation for the Blind is already working on extending the availability of Internet services for the blind and visually impaired, and a proof of that is the lawsuit against, which they filed in 2006.

NFB is trying to make such services just as accessible for blind people as they are for people with no visual-related problems. The lawsuit between NFB and Target ended with a three year agreement to ensure access to the site for visually impaired users, through screen access software.



Application on the prescribed form are invited for the following postdoctoral/postgraduate courses and Ph.D programme for the academic session starting from Ist January 2009. INCOMPLETE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ENTERTAINED AND NO CORRESPONDENCE WILL BE MADE IN THIS REGARD.




4. DM/M.Ch




* For all courses, where MBBS/BDS is an eligible requirment, the candidate who have made more than one attempt (ie. have more than one failure,compartment or reappear) during their MBBS/BDS career, are not eligible. For DM/M.Ch Courses, the candidate who have made more than one attempt in MBBS/MD/MS career are not eligible. However those belonging to Sch.caste/Tribes with upto two attempts in thir MBBS.BDS career will be eligible for MD/MS and House Job in Oral Health Sciences.
New Honda City i-VTEC launched! Price: Rs 7.7 - 8.9

Honda has launched their third generation Honda City in India. The new model is a massive improvement over the earlier version of the City, though slightly pricier.

The new Honda City comes with a 1500 cc i-VTEC engine, with both automatic and manual transmissions and comes at a price of rs Rs 7.7 lakh and Rs 8.9 lakh (ex-showroom Delhi). Honda hopes that the new City would help the company arrest the ongoing sales decline in the Indian car market and improve sales. Diwali and the festive season is approaching, and this is the right time to launch cars in India as purchases go up - and Honda wants to cash in on whatever is possible at this time.

The earlier Hodna City was not to everyone's liking - some called it space-age, but any thought it was just odd. With the new Honda City, you would not have any such complaints. This truly is a space-age dsign from the front, and evokes images of the Honda FCX Clarity fuel cell car as well as the new Accord or Acura, while from the side, it is quite like a Honda Civic.

The headlights are sharp and angular, there is a lot of steel on the grill, rear combination lights look sharp and snazzy. Flanks are neat and clean. Honda calls the design of the new City an 'arrow shot form'.

The new Honda City is longer, wider and sturdier, says Honda. It is 4420 mm long - 5 mm longer than the old City, it is wider  by 5 mm (1695 mm) and 15mm shorter while still giving you the same ground clearance and headspace. Wheelbase is now longer by 100 mm.

Interiors are much improved and smarter with a steering wheel that is borrowed from the Civic (but with added steeign wheel controls - aargh! - I don't have that even in my Civic!), 5 Speed Automatic Transmission with a Paddle Shift option like in the Civic (as I said earlier, a first in its class), dual tone interiors, integrated audio system, great looking meters and dials. The interior design matches or even beats the Honda Civic.

New Honda City - i-VTEC engine

The 1500 cc i-VTEC engine in the new Honda City produces 118 PS - I think that is somewhat close to 115 or so bhp. Everyone, stand up and bow to the new mid-size emperor.
Honda Jazz India launch advanced

Honda's maiden small car, named Jazz, will be rolled out in India by mid-2009. Honda Siel Cars India has decided on the tentative date following the realization that the small car segment in the domestic automobile sector has been seeing an unprecedented boom. The company is expected to price the vehicle at around Rs 5.5 lakh.

Honda has already started displaying the Honda Jazz at select showrooms. It would be difficult to decide which class the car belongs to size-wise - Jazz is quite bigger than a Skoda Fabia externally, almost the same size as one would expect a Honda City hatchback to be. Now that the new third generation Honda City has been officially launched in India at the very top end of the mid-size class, the Jazz may take its place which the current Honda City would vacate in Honda's line-up in India.

The Honda Jazz is very snazzy to look at, especially in red. And it is much bigger than you can make out from the photos.

The Jazz, which was earlier planned to be rolled out of the proposed Honda plant in Tapukara , will now be made at its mother plant at Greater Noida. The enthusiasm in the market for small cars was evident when the Jazz was showcased at the Auto Expo in New Delhi early this year. The decision to advance the date of launch has come about following this. Jazz was scheduled for an exclusive launch from the Tapukara plant but the company  changed it to aid market conditions.

Available worldwide in three different variants, namely GLi, VTi and for those who demand the complete package, the Jazz VTi-S, the Jazz has been a widely acclaimed small car.  The company has further stated that Jazz does its part for a cleaner, greener world with Euro 4 compliant emissions, advanced technology for cleaner exhausts, and heaps of recyclable parts. The aerodynamic shape, innovative engine design and light, high-tensile steel make the Jazz an efficient machine, it claims.

Honda Siel produces the flagship City, Civic and Accord sedans from its Greater Noida plant whose capacity was recently increased to 1 lakh units per annum. It is expected that the plant would the Honda City mode and the Jazz in a 60-40 ratio from the plant. Meanwhile, the Tapukara plant will take a while before being commissioned. It is expected to boast of a capacity of 60,000 units per annum. In all probability it would go on stream by end of year 2009.

According to Honda top brass, the taxation structure in India today has spurred great demand for small cars. The company is looking to make full use of this potential with the Jazz. It expects to cash in on the festive season and if that is to happen it has to launch the car by mid next year.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 29, 2008, 02:59 PM

One of the Community Name
:D :D

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 29, 2008, 02:07 PM
Lady  - a Women

Any one

Get me a Ticket for this ride  ;)


Job Description   Should be a graduate/diploma holder with the basic programming knowledge

Experience :  0- 1 yr

Skills :  .net,html,javascript,CSS

Interested candidates send your updated profile to :

Job Function    Programmer

Education    Graduate/Diplamo

Company Details

Company Name    Berylpro

Company Profile   Berylpro :

The main aim of our company is to innovating new things and reducing the work load of a person. We are working in different fields and doing research in that then we developing the software what they need. So we decide to put the company name"neoclassicism" its meaning is "Creating new from old one"

Candidate Details

Desired profile    Graduate/ Diploma

Experience    Fresher - 1 Yr

Location    Chennai
HP Talks Up Rewards of Data Center Revamp

The explosion of data and staggering energy costs most enterprises face are creating the need for modernized data centers, and Hewlett-Packard is concentrating on this market, Ann Livermore, HP's executive vice president, told a packed hall at Oracle OpenWorld 2008.

"By 2010, more than one-third of CEOs and CIOs say their current data center will be unable to meet growing demands, and 51 percent today say they have an urgent need to transform and modernize their data center," Livermore said.

HP is investing in cloud computing and virtualization to help transform the data center, and investing in green technologies to help customers cut the costs of running their infrastructure.

Many technologies come out of its own experience, Livermore said, making HP the latest major tech vendor to take a page from of its own playbook, following the steps of IBM, Oracle and a slew of others.

HP "has been on a journey the last three years transforming our own data centers because they needed it, and we're implementing and using our own products," Livermore said.

HP, which has teamed up with Intel and Yahoo to build cloud computing laboratories, has invested "significantly" in cloud computing technologies in particular, Livermore said. Although its blade and x86 technologies are "very popular," its recently unveiled Performance Optimized Datacenters, or PODs, are important as well, she added.

A POD is a 40-foot shipping container with up to 22 racks of servers inside, creating a "very scalable, flexible environment," Livermore said. They're being purchased by cloud service providers as part of their data centers, and HP has had interest from "a few financial institutions," according to Livermore.

POD-style data centers have become popularized by vendors like Sun Microsystems and Rackable Systems. HP joined the fray in July, hot on the heels of IBM, which had entered the market for mobile data centers earlier that month.
Nokia Tube To be Released On October 2?

Apparently, while everyone is busy to judge the lows and ups of Google's G1 against the iPhone, Nokia is quietly preparing to launch its own response to Apple's iPhone.

Reuters is quoting two sources that said that Nokia's first touch screen, which goes under the code-name Tube, will be unveiled as early as October 2 in London.

In addition, the Czech mobile site has published a leaked picture of a new Nokia phone, dubbed Nokia 5800 XpressMusic, which apparently will be the official name of Nokia Tube.

In fact, Tom Libretto, vice president of Forum Nokia, confirmed Nokia's first touch screen phone in April.

He said that the device, which he was referring as Nokia Tube, will be powered by a new version of Symbian operating system and he also hinted about a Java built in support as a standard.

Also, Libretto said that the new phone will include support for the DVB-H mobile TV standard for Europe and mobile video.

In March, the European Commission decided to add the Digital Video Broadcasting Handheld standard (DVB-H) to the EU List of Standards, which serves as a basis for encouraging the harmonised provision of telecommunications across the EU.

DVB-H is largely based on the DVB-T specification for digital terrestrial television, adding to it a number of features designed to take account of the limited battery life of small handheld devices, and the particular environments in which such receivers must operate.

Libretto also said that the Nokia Tube will include also a feature which will allow its users to upload to the web, which means that the new device will integrate Wi-Fi or HSDPA connectivity.

If the phone pictured in the photo from is indeed the future Nokia Tube, than apparently iPhone will have soon a powerful competitor.

The phone measures 111 x 52 x 15,5 mm, it has a 640×360 touch screen, GPS, Wi-Fi and an 8GB SD card for music.
Sep 26, 2008, 09:02 PM
The next Internet

Historically, the Internet has been all about connectivity between computers and among people. The World Wide Web opened enormous opportunities and motivations for the injection of content into the Internet, and search engines, such as Google's, provided a way for people to find the right content for their interests. Of course, the Internet continues to develop: new devices will find their way onto the net and new ways to access it will evolve.

In the next decade, around 70% of the human population will have fixed or mobile access to the Internet at increasingly high speeds, up to gigabits per second. We can reliably expect that mobile devices will become a major component of the Internet, as will appliances and sensors of all kinds. Many of the things on the Internet, whether mobile or fixed, will know where they are, both geographically and logically. As you enter a hotel room, your mobile will be told its precise location including room number. When you turn your laptop on, it will learn this information as well--either from the mobile or from the room itself. It will be normal for devices, when activated, to discover what other devices are in the neighborhood, so your mobile will discover that it has a high resolution display available in what was once called a television set. If you wish, your mobile will remember where you have been and will keep track of RFID-labeled objects such as your briefcase, car keys and glasses. "Where are my glasses?" you will ask. "You were last within RFID reach of them while in the living room," your mobile or laptop will say.

The Internet will transform the video medium as well. From its largely programmed, scheduled and streamed delivery today, video will become an interactive medium in which the choice of content and advertising will be under consumer control. Product placement will become an opportunity for viewers to click on items of interest in the field of view to learn more about them including but not limited to commercial information. Hyperlinks will associate the racing scene in Star Wars I with the chariot race in Ben Hur. Conventional videoconferencing will be augmented by remotely controlled robots with an ability to move around, focus cameras and microphones, and perhaps even directly interact with the local environment under user control.

The Internet will also become more closely integrated with other parts of our daily lives, and it will change them accordingly. Power distribution grids, for example, will become a part of the Internet's information universe. We will be able to track and manage electrical power demand and our automobiles will participate in the generation as well as the consumption of electricity. By sharing information through the Internet about energy-consuming and energy-producing devices and systems, we will be able to make them more efficient.

A box of washing machine soap will become part of a service as Internet-enabled washing machines are managed by Web-based services that can configure and activate your washing machine. Scientific measurements and experimental results will be blogged and automatically entered into common data archives to facilitate the distribution, sharing and reproduction of experimental results. One might even imagine that scientific instruments could generate their own data blogs.

These are but a few examples of the way in which the Internet will continue to surround and serve us in the future. The flexibility we have seen in the Internet is a consequence of one simple observation: the Internet is essentially a software artifact. As we have learned in the past several decades, software is an endless frontier. There is no limit to what can be programmed. If we can imagine it, there's a good chance it can be programmed. The Internet of the future will be suffused with software, information, data archives, and populated with devices, appliances, and people who are interacting with and through this rich fabric.

And Google will be there, helping to make sense of it all, helping to organize and make everything accessible and useful.
Sony Ericsson has introduced the latest and unique Bluetooth watch for ladies, called the MBW-200, which comes in three sophisticated designs. This elegant collection of Bluetooth watch comes in Sparkling Allure, Contemporary Elegance and Evening Classic designs.

Promising to carry forward all the possible phone-features, the watch utilizes Bluetooth technology to display the caller ID, vibrate at the time of incoming call and SMS, and even allow you to reject or mute the call. As an option, you can use the Bluetooth headset for operations instead of a button on the watch.

"The MBW-200 series is the next step in the development of Bluetooth wireless technology. Now women can buy a Bluetooth watch that gives them both wireless functionality and an opportunity to express their personal taste. We're all looking for products that make our lives more convenient. With a glance at your watch you can see who is calling, what the time is and with a push of a button you can change your music or use it as a music remote control when your phone is on the other side of the room– all in one stylish device," commented Karmen Mandic, Product Business Manager, at Sony Ericsson.

The Sony Ericsson MBW-200 Bluetooth watches sport:
# Ability to operate within 10 m range
# Discreet yet clear caller ID - OLED display
# Play, pause, stop or skip a track on your phone's music player
# Quartz movements for exact time keeping – both digital and analogue
# Auto pairing - easier to connect the watch to your phone
# Water resistant up to 3 ATM
# Allergy safe stainless steel
# Mineral crystal scratch resistant face with antiglare coating

Apart from features, here are the stylish designs that Sony Ericsson offer:

The glamorous yet sporty Sparkling Allure Edition comes bundled with trendy white leather strap, Rose gold rim and a display with crystal décor stones. It is designed for funky youngsters.

Next is the dazzling Contemporary Elegance Edition, which is created for the young professionals. It helps the targeted audience to stay focused on the job and stay connected concurrently. It features the stainless steel body and crystal décor stone.

Lastly, the classic yet casual Evening Classic Edition comes packed with stylish leather strap, black dial with crystal décor, and black detail on crown.

Sony Ericsson will roll out the MBW-200 Bluetooth watches for ladies in selected markets by early Q4 2008. Price is not yet known.
HCL Technologies Walkin Interview 27th Sept at Chennai

Exciting Opportunities beckon Software Engineers, Lead Engineers, and

Technical Lead with experience of 2-8yrs for our Chennai facility.

We require candidates with development expertise in VC++, MFC & Winforms
Technologies for our Offshore Development centre.

Candidates who cannot attend the walkin can send your resume to .


1) VC++, MFC, ATL, COM
2) Winforms

Experience: 2-8yrs

Job Location: Chennai

Walk-in Interview Details:

Date: 27-Sep-08 (Saturday)
Time: 10.00AM to 3.00PM
HCL Technologies,
PM Towers, 6th floor,
37, Greams Road,

Contact: Sunil.N
.Net Software Engineers - 0-10 yrs Exp

SunInfo Technologies

Experience:0 - 5 Years

Location:Bengaluru/Bangalore, Hyderabad / Secunderabad, Pune

Education:UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Any Specialization;BCA - Computers;Diploma - Any Specialization PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type:IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area:Application Programming, Maintenance

Job Description

Identify the necessary design components within software proposals for successful delivery of the functionality, Business Requirements are translated into High Level designs that can be easily understood and meet the business requirements.

Desired Candidate Profile

Minimum 2 years of actual coding & designing experience, Experience in database applications programming, Experience in Analysis/Design role in client/server environment. Strong understanding of SQL queries, stored procedures.

Company Profile

We are a Software Development Company since 1993. We work for reputed MNC & large corporate clients in the area of Software.

Contact Details

Company Name:SunInfo Technologies

Executive Name:Adithi Jaju HR


Accountant - Male - Chennai

Subrahmanyan Constructions Co (P) Ltd

Experience: [blink]5 - 8 Years[/blink]

Location: Chennai

Education: UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type :Construction/ Engineering/Cement/Metals

Functional Area:Accounts, Finance, Tax, CS, Audit

Job Description
Not less than 5 yrs of exp in a construction company. Knowledge of PWR (Piece Rate Workers) Bill and other accounting procedures.
Computer knowledge is a must

Desired Candidate Profile

Not less than 5 yrs of exp in a construction company. Knowledge of PWR (Piece Rate Workers) Bill and other accounting procedures.
Computer knowledge is a must

Company Profile

M/s.S.Subrahmanyan Construction Co. (P) Ltd., was established in the year 1947. It is managed by qualified Civil Engineers with wide experience in construction

Contact Details

Company Name:Subrahmanyan Constructions Co (P) Ltd


Executive Name:Mr.Damodran

Address:Subrahmanyan Constructions Co (P) Ltd
No.20, Sir.C.V. Raman Road, Alwarpet
Chennai,Tamil Nadu,INDIA 600018

Email Address :

Sales Engineer / Sales Executive

Rathi Industries

Experience:[blink]2 - 7 Years[/blink]


Education:UG - B.Sc - Any Specialization;B.Tech/B.E. - Any Specialization, Mechanical;Diploma - Any Specialization, Mechanical PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization;Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:Construction/ Engineering/Cement/Metals

Functional Area:Sales, BD

Job Description

Product's coverage in specified areas and coordinating other techno commercial aspects involved.

Desired Candidate Profile

The candidate should be from a mechanical engineering background, with basic mathematical and scientific knowledge.
Company Profile
At RATHI INDUSTRIES, we are environmental engineering professionals designing, manufacturing, marketing and installing one of the best systems for Air Pollution Control, Ventilation and bulk material handling. Our products houses a wide range of variety of Fans, Fabric Dust Collectors, Scrubbers, Evaporative cooling systems, Pneumatic conveying systems, Filtered Air Supply for extreme health consciousness, and also accessories for the above like filter bags, cages, precision made Rotary valves, screw conveyors & other related ones.

For the past three decades, we have been helping our industrial customers in India and overseas combat the distressing challenges of pollution. At RATHI INDUSTRIES, we offer a wide gamut of products for air pollution. Hardly surprising then, that we are the largest producer of filter bags of all qualities and for any kind of industrial application.

Contact Details

Company Name:Rathi Industries


Executive Name:Gunja Gupta

Senior Project Engineer

L & W Construction

Experience:5 - 10 Years


Education:UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Civil PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type:Construction/ Engineering/Cement/Metals

Functional Area:Site Engg., Project Management

Job Description

Experience in Structural works, Civil construction

Desired Candidate Profile

experience in structural works, worked in multi storey building

Company Profile

Unit of ( Lee Kim Tah - Woh Hup ) Singapore
Contact Details

Company Name:L & W Construction


Executive Name:Subramanian

Address:L & W Construction

Pentaford Tower, 3rd Floor,
No. 8/3-1, Langford Road
Bangalore,Karnataka,INDIA 560025


HR outsourcing: Balancing the value equation

Whether for specific processes, or across the full range of Human Resources (HR) activities, outsourcing is a proven and viable strategy to increase the performance of the H-R function. HRO is being used to address varying strategic objectives.

WHETHER FOR specific processes, or across the full range of Human Resources (HR) activities, outsourcing is a proven and viable strategy to increase the performance of the HR function. However, there is no single formula that applies to all organisations; HR Outsourcing (HRO) is being used to address varying strategic objectives and its scope will differ in terms of HR processes and geographies involved. Organisations need a framework to help them consider the value of HRO to their organisation and their specific circumstances.

The HRO Value Equation

Traditionally, business processing outsourcing is seen as a means of driving efficiency through cost reduction. Whilst the financial business case is important and should always be understood, forward thinking organisations will consider other factors, in addition to cost reduction, when evaluating and designing HRO solutions. HRO value can be considered to be a function of a number of interrelated factors. Different organisations will have different drivers and choices for each of these factors, resulting in different HRO value propositions. We can refer to this wider view as ’balancing the HRO value equation’, to provide the specific HRO value proposition that is right for your organisation.

Cost Reduction

Cost reduction will almost certainly be a key factor for HRO and is generally delivered via labour arbitrage when moving HR work to lower cost locations. HRO should also provide efficiency savings through the aggregation and consolidation of work into fewer locations using specialised delivery resources. Indeed, most HRO solutions have some elements of work that cannot be easily moved out of the home country and so aggregation becomes an important source of labour cost saving.

Though less often included as hard savings in a business case, HR costs opportunities can also go beyond the HR function and into the wider business when HRO provides an improved HR service model and a more effective retained HR organisation, eg, through more effective recruiting, reduced attrition and more efficient manager-employee interaction.

Organisations need to be realistic when estimating the degree of cost reduction that can be achieved; this requires a detailed understanding of the current HR baseline and the extent of the work that an outsourcing service provider will take on, and also that work which will be retained.

HR Service Model

The first consideration has to be what to outsource and to whom. For some it will be about outsourcing single or specific processes to specialised suppliers, eg, for payroll, HR data management, benefits administration, or recruitment. For others a full scope outsourcing to a single generalist supplier will be the right model. Part of this, consideration needs to take account of the extent of HR process standardisation and how technology can be used to transform HR services.

The quickest way to cost reduction might be a ‘lift and shift’ of the current HR delivery model, but, this is unlikely to maximise the long term cost reduction opportunity and will do little to address any fundamental HR service issues. Transformation of the service model provides an opportunity to gain additional efficiency savings and also improve the quality and timeliness of HR services.
Global and multinational organisations will also need to consider how to service the ‘long tail’ of countries where there are relatively few employees and hence insufficient scale of HR activity to drive a financial case for outsourcing. One approach is to outsource global, common HR processes that can be delivered from a centralised off-shore location and to retain local HR processes where there is less scale and more local content. A hybrid HR service model such as this might see that all countries served by centralised and outsourced HR Data Management and Performance Management Administration and International Assignment services, with other services such as Payroll and Benefits Administration being retained for countries with fewer employees and outsourced only for larger populations.

Business Flexibility

Moving to outsourced HR delivery can turn relatively fixed HR costs into variable costs that can scale with business changes such as acquisitions, divestitures, growth in new markets and contraction in times of economic downturn. In addition, the use of an outsourcing partner can provide access to a larger talent pool to enable faster and lower risk delivery of key HR initiatives such as the introduction of new benefits programmes, or compliance with changing legislative and regulatory requirements.

The degree of individual process flexibility is also influenced by the nature of the HRO service provider’s solution, a utility (one solution for many clients) payroll platform will suit most organisations, but plans to introduce a flexible benefits programme could be constrained if this is not offered by the HRO service provider.
Planning for the right degree of flexibility in an HRO arrangement is an important element of the overall value proposition and the need for such flexibility needs to be accounted for in contractual arrangements with the HRO service provider.

Retained HR

Establishing the right retained HR Organisation is a critical success factor for successful HRO, whilst responsibility for specific HR services may move to an outsourcer, the client organisation must remain accountable for the HR Function. The challenge is to put in place a retained organisation which can govern the outsourcing relationship using an arms length service management approach and which does not revert to previous practices and detailed involvement in HR service delivery as doing so will undermine the value of using an HRO service provider.

The retained HR organisation needs to recognise that HR services have transferred and then focus more on strategic support for the business, for example, planning the skill profiles required to support overall business strategy, managing and developing talent, supporting the business in deploying key HR initiatives etc.
World’s First Color-background LightScribe DVDR Unveiled in India by Verbatim

Verbatim has rolled out the world’s first Color-background LightScribe 16x DVD-R and DVD+R media in the Indian market. Offering a storage space of 4.7 GB, these LightScribe DVDRs come in a wide range of vibrant shades such as red, orange, yellow, blue and green apart from the original gold color.

Utilizing LightScribe Media Version 1.2 coating technology on the label side, the richly colored DVDRs come with an enhanced image contrast and faster label printing. With the innovative technology that has been incorporated on the data side of the discs, Verbatim makes sure that the premium quality features are available.

Designed for multimedia presentations, the latest range of Verbatim DVDR is compatible with LightScribe-supported drives and the latest software licensed by Hewlett-Packard Company (HP). Users have the freedom to make use of the same optical disc drive laser to burn content and even create silkscreen-quality black text and graphics labels.

By using the LightScrive system software, users can easily optimize labeling on the label side of the DVD.

Verbatim has released the latest DVDR in 25-packs which include five discs of each color. You can either buy the colored DVD Pack of 25 for Rs 1400 or CD pack of 10 for Rs. 250.

New Seagate FreeAgent external hard drives announced

Seagate announced its new wide range of FreeAgent external hard drives. The new generation of Seagate FreeAgent family offers attractive desktop and mobile options for Mac as well as Windows operated PCs.

Seagate FreeAgent hard drives come with Energy Star 5 rated AC adapters and packaged in 100% recyclable materials. Incase the drive has been idle for 15 minutes then it goes into the sleep mode. Seagate’s slimmest external drive FreeAgent Go portable storage offers a docking option, USB 2.0 and up to 500GB of capacity. This 12.5mm hard drive easily fits into your pockets and includes advanced shock and vibration protection. The FreeAgent Go desktop docking station is sold separately and comes with a black leatherette carrying case.
Cy-Fi portable speaker

Cy-Fi portable speaker offers two versions one as an iPod accessory and the other one supports Bluetooth-A2DP enabled cell phones, PDAs and MP3 players. It claims to be the first wireless sports speaker for biking, boating and camping.

Cy-Fi speaker lets you change the track, volume and playlists settings from the speaker and it easily mounts on your bike, boat, backpack etc. with the provided attachment.

The Cy-Fi iPod version equips the Kleer technology which lets you listen to 100% lossless, CD-quality wireless audio with your iPod or iPod Nano. Its battery life offers over 6 hours of listening and works within a wireless range of 30 feet. This portable speaker weighs less than 4 ounces.

The Cy-Fi A2DP Bluetooth version is compatible with your cell phone, PDA or MP3 and you can use it to make hands-free calls. Its battery like is over 5.5 hours and can be used wirelessly up to 30 feet.
nakka mukka song... this season favourite
Thanks for the Information

is it available in INDIA

its not a joke !!

Good Photography


Cool Jokes

Thanks for the Post



"GEATHHU"    - - geathhu kaatran

-- something Powerfull
Hi sajev

God information !! very usefull

Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 13, 2008, 08:40 PM

:laugh: :laugh:


Experience:[blink]5 - 10 Years[/blink]


INDUSTRYEducation:UG - Diploma - Electrical PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:Oil and Gas/ Power/Infrastructure/Energy

Functional Area:Engineering Design, R&D

Job Description

5 years of experience in electrical system design, preferably for oil and gas industry. Experience in â3 D Modelling (PDS/PDMS)â is a must

Desired Candidate Profile

Experience should include layout design for equipment, lighting, cabling and earthing.

Company Profile

It is a global engineering and construction contractor and power equipment supplier, with a reputation for delivering high quality, technically-advanced, reliable facilities and equipment on time, on budget and with a world-class safety record.

Contact Details



Executive Name:ARUN


3, Sai complex,
Station view Road,
Chennai,Tamilnadu,INDIA 600024

Email Address:


Really Funny !!


Good POst  :acumen

But This is Very DAngerous for the Childerns


Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 12, 2008, 05:08 PM
IT pushes demand for office space

CHENNAI: The demand for office space in Chennai is primarily driven by the IT, telecom and financial sectors, Colliers International India Research, a real estate consultancy company, has said.

In its market report released on Thursday, the company said the supply situation in the commercial segment showed improvement in the second quarter of the year.

The limited supply in the non- IT office space sector created sustained demand in the commercial segment.

Interestingly, the Grade A office space in prime locations, such as the MRC Nagar, commanded the highest average rental value in the range of Rs 80-85 per sq ft per month, showing a marginal increment.

The suburban areas such as Guindy, Adyar and Egmore fetched an average rental value of approx Rs 60 per sq ft per month, although the peripheral business locations such as Ambattur and Taramani commanded an average rental of approximately Rs 38 per sq ft per month.

Over the last decade, MRC Nagar emerged as the premier business district of Chennai.

The spurt in the growth of IT/ ITES companies in Chennai led to the commercialisation of MRC Nagar which was otherwise predominantly a residential locality.

Also, Ambattur, the western industrial suburb of Chennai, is rapidly emerging as the city's new IT hub. Approximately 1.0 million sq ft of fresh Grade A office space was added to Chennai's stock in the second quarter of this year. Sholinganallur, a new emerging IT hub, was the major supply generator due to perennial construction of IT parks.

The city's prime residential market is consistently witnessing the addition of fresh Grade A properties and the major share of the supply was contributed in areas such as Kilpauk, Mogappair, Valmikinagar and Pallavaram. So, Sholinganallur continued to be a part of the prime residential supply for some time now.
DELL helps SOS India's Bihar Flood Relief Programme

Corporates as well as government has come out to support SOS India in its flood relief efforts for the catastrophe struck Bihar. DELL has committed to donate one day's salary from each of their 22,000 employees to SOS-India's Relief programme..

SOS CHILDREN’S Villages of India, a non-government voluntary organisation, committed to the care of children in need, has yet again stood up in the hour of need and initiated an endeavour to provide relief to the people struck by the catastrophe of floods in Bihar. Looking into the credibility of SOS India, the Bihar government has invited the organisation to work with them in long term partnership to carry out relief operations in the affected areas. DELL, the leading global systems and services company has also committed to donate one day’s salary from each of their 22,000 employees for SOS-India’s Bihar Flood Relief Programme.

SOS-India has started two Family and Child Relief Centre at Aadrash middle and high school, Belouri, Purnia, from where the basic necessities are being provided to 1600 affected families with about 3000 children.


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
PART A — (5 x 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions in about 200 words each.

1.Explain the functions of a company secretary.
2.From what date is a registered company incorported? What is the legal effect of the certificate of incorporation?
3.Distinguish between transfer and transmission of shares.
4.What are the legal provisions relating to disposal of unpaid and unclaimed dividends?
5.Discuss briefly the provisions of the companies act, 1956 as to the appointment of a manager.
6.Under what circumstances are auditors automatically re–appointed? Give the statutory provisions regarding qualifications of an auditor.
7.Set out briefly the methods by which the reconstruction of a company can be carried out.
8.When can a company be voluntarily wound up? What are the consequences of such a winding up?

PART B — (4 x 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions in about 400 words.

9.The secretary acts as ears, eyes, hands and mouth of the company while the directors are the brain of the company.–comment on this statement.
10.Describe briefly the procedure for the incorporation of a company. Also discuss the duties of secretary at this stage.
11.What is share warrent? Explain the procedure for issue of share warrent and the secretarial work involved in the issue of share warrent.
12.What are the conditions subject to which board of directors may appoint sole selling agents? In what cases is the appointment of sole selling agents prohibited ? When is a company not liable to pay any compensation to them for the loss of their office?
13.State the procedure and secretarial duties relating to amalgamation by purchase of shares under section 395.
14.Under what circumstances will the court order a compulsory winding up of a company? What is the effect of a winding–up order? Explain the duties of a company secretary in respect of the compulsory winding up of a company.
15.Explain the procedure for redemption of debentures and conversion of debentures.
Workshop on Introduction to Nanotechnology and Its Emerging Role in Industries

One Day Workshop on Introduction to Nanotechnology and Its Emerging Role in Industries
October 24, 2008
IIT Delhi
Under the Aegis of
Foundation for Innovation & Technology Transfer, (FITT), IIT Delhi


Date: October 24, 2008

Venue: Centre for Energy Studies, IIT Delhi


Participants from Industry : Rs. 6,000/-
Participants from Academic
R&D Institutes :Rs. 5,000/-
Research Students : Rs. 3,000/-
(Rupees Six Thousand Only) payable by DD/Cheque (Delhi A/c) in favour of “FITT, IIT Delhi”
Last Date for registration :
September 30, 2008


This is a non-residential programme. The participants are expected to make their own arrangements for stay. Subject to availability, the organizers will try to book accommodation on payment basis within the guest houses of IIT Delhi, if requested sufficiently in advance through the Registration Form.
For any further information, contact:

Prof. D.K. Sharma
Centre for Energy Studies
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Hauz Khas, New Delhi – 110 016
Tel : 2659 1256, Mob: 9818227168
B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008


(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Find a real root of x3 - 4x - 9=0 using Regula falsi method.
(b) Find a real root of the equation x3 - 9x + 1=0 by bisection method. [8+8]
2. (a) Prove that (1 - ) (1 - ?) = 1.
(b) Express the polynomial x3 - 2x2 + x - 1 in terms of factorial notation.
(c) Find f(2) given that f(0)=5, f(1)=6,f(3)=50 f(4)=105 using Langrange’s inter-
polation formula. [5+5+6]
3. Fit a curve of the form y = A1ex + A2e2x for the following data.
x 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8
y 1.175 1.336 1.51 1.698 1.904 2.129 2.376 2.646 2.942
4. Use the Fast Fourier Transform to compute the trignometric interpolating polyno-
mial of degree 4 on [-p, p] for the function f(x) = p(x-p) by Fast fourier transforms
5. (a) Evaluate
log xdx taking h=.2 using Trapezoidal rule
(b) Using Simpson’s (1/3) rule evaluate
ydx [8+8]
x: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
y: 0 0.4 4.9 25.4 81.8 195.2 373.2
6. (a) Test for consistency the set of equations and solve them if they are consistent.
x + 2y + 2z = 2, 3x - 2y - z = 5, 2x - 5y + 3z = -4, x + 4y + 6z = 0
(b) Solve the system of equation
x1 - 4x2 + x3 = 5, 5x1 + x2 – x3 = 2, 2x1 + 5x2 + x3 = 7 by LU
decomposition. [8+8]
7. Find y(.1) and y(.2) using Picard’s method given that dy
dx = 1 - 2xy, y(0)=0 [16]
8. Solve the equation uxx + uyy = 0 in the domain of the figure 8 by Gauss Seidel
method [16]
B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008


(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Find a real root of the equation x4
- x - 10=0 by bisection method.
(b) Find p3 17 using Newton- Raphson method. [8+8]
2. (a) Find y(54) from the following table using Newton’s forward difference formula.
x 50 60 70 80
y 205 225 248 274
(b) Find Lagrange’s interpolation formula to find f(5) given that f(1)=2, f(2)=4,
f(3)=8, f(4)=16, f(7)=128. [8+8]
3. (a) Fit a straight line from the following table.
x 0 1 2 3 4
y 1 5 10 22 38
(b) Fit a parabola y=a+bx+cx2.
x 20 40 60 80 100 120
y 5.5 9.1 14.9 22.8 33.3 46.0
4. Use the Fast Fourier transform to determine the trigonometric interpolating poly-
nomial of degree 8 on x2cosx on [-p,p]
5. (a) Find f'(5) from the following table representing y=f(x)
x 0 2 3 4 7 9
y 4 26 58 112 466 922
(b) Evaluate
sin xdx using
i. Trapezoidal rule
ii. Simpson’s 1
3rd rule by dividing the range into 10 intervals [8+8]
6. (a) Solve the following tridiagonal system
x1 - 2x2=2, 2x1 + 3x2 + 3x3=5, x2 – 3x3 – x4 = 8, x3 – 5x4 = 3 by a
simple method
(b) Find whether the following set of equations are consistent, if so solve them.
5x + 3y + 7z = 4; 3x + 26y + 2z = 9; 7x + 2y + 10z = 5. [8+8]
1 of 2
Code No: R05012101 Set No. 3
7. Using Runga-kutta method with h=0.5 first compute y(0.5), y(1), y(1.5) given that
dx = x+y
2 ; y (0) = 2 then compute y(2) using Milne’s predictor corrector method.
8. Solve the equation @2u
@x2 + @2u
@y2 = 0 in the domain of the figure 8 by Gauss Seidel
method [16]
B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008


(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Find a real root of x3
- 4=0 using iterative method.
(b) Find a root of the equation x3
-4x-1=0 by bisection method correct to three
decimal places. [8+8]
2. (a) Construct difference table for the following data:
x 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3
f(x) 0.003 0.067 0.148 0.248 0.370 0.518 0.697
And find f(0.6) using a cube that fits at x=0.3, 0.5, 0.7 and 0.9 using Newton’s
forward formula
(b) Find log(337.5) from the following table using Gauss backward formula.
x 310 320 330 340 350 360
logx 2.49136 2.50515 2.51851 2.53148 2.54407 2.55630
3. (a) Derive normal equations to fit the straight line y = a + bx.
(b) Fit a straight line.
x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
y 52.5 58.7 65.0 70.2 75.4 81.1 87.2 95.5 102.2 108.4
4. Obtain first Four orthogonal polynomials on fn(x) on [–1,1] with respect to the
weight function w(x)=1. [16]
5. (a) Find f' (.3)
x 0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6
f(x) 30.13 31.62 32.87 33.64 33.95 33.81 33.24
(b) Evaluate
taking h = .2 using
i. Simpson’s 1
ii. Trapenzoidal rule. [8+8]
6. (a) Solve the system of equations by LU decomposition
2x – 3y + z = -3
3x + 4y + 2z = 13
2x – 3y + 4x = 0
1 of 2
Code No: R05012101 Set No. 1
(b) Find whether the following equations are consistent, if so solve them.
x + 2y - z = 3
3x - y + 2z = 1
2x - 2y + 3z = 2
x - y + z = -1. [8+8]
7. Tabulate y(.1), y(.2) and y(.3) using Taylor’s series method given that y' = y2 + x
and y(0)=1 [16]
8. Solve the equation @2u
@x2 + @2u
@y2 = 0 in the domain of the figure 8 by Jacobi’s method
B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008


(Aeronautical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Find a real root of the equation f(x) = x + logx - 2 using Newton Raphson
(b) Find a root of the equation x = cosx using Regula falsi method. [8+8]
2. (a) Find y(1.6) using Newton’s forward difference formula from the table
x 1 1.4 1.8 2.2
y 3.49 4.82 5.96 6.5
(b) Find y(6) if y(1)=4, y(2)=5, y(7)=5, y(8)=4 using Lagrange’s interpolation
formula. [8+8]
3. (a) Derive normal equations to fit the straight line y = a + bx
(b) Fit a straight line y = a + bx
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 5 7 9 10 11
4. (a) Find the Fourier cosine transform of 5-2x + 2e-5x.
(b) If F(s) is the complex Fourier transform of f(x), then prove that
i. F (f(x)cosax) = 1
2 [F(s+a) + F(s–a)]
ii. F[f(x - a)] = eisa F(s). [8+8]
5. (a) Find the maximum or minimum values of y
x 0 2 3 4 5
y 4 26 58 112 160
(b) Evaluate
1+x using Weddle’s rule taking h=.5 compare with exact value.
6. (a) Find whether the following system of equations are consistent, if so solve them.
x1 – x2 – 2x3 = –2, 3x1 - x2 + x3 = 6, 3x1 + x2 + 4x3 = 10
(b) Solve the following tridiagonal system
x1 + 2x2 = 7, x1 – 3x2 – x3 = 4, 4x2 + 3x3 = 5 by LU decomposition. [8+8]
7. Use Runge-Kutta method to obtain an approximate solution to the differential
equation dy
dx = y -x+5 at the points x=2.1, 2.2, 2.3 with initial condition y(2)=1.
1 of 2
Code No: R05012101 Set No. 2
8. Solve the equation @2u
@x2 + @2u
@y2 = 0 in the domain of the figure 8 by Jacobi’s method
Chat Box / Re: Onam Cultural festival
Sep 12, 2008, 08:39 AM



Hi Acumens  :acumen

Thanks for the POst

MObile is costly



Annamalai University

South Arcot
Tamil Nadu-608002
04144-4602, 38283, 38259
Fax: 04144-38080
Email :

Bharathiar University

Coimbatore Tamil Nadu-641046

0422-422222, 422272, 422321, 422439, 422387
Email :

Bharathidasan University

Tiruchy-620024 Tamil Nadu
0431-660271, 660272, 660248, 660392, 660245, 660320
Email :

Alagappa University

Karaikudi - 630 003,
Tamil Nadu
Ph : 91 - 4565 - 225205, 225206, 225207
Fax : 91 - 4565 - 225202
Email :,
Web :

Anna University
Chennai - 600025
Ph : 22203331, 22203332,
Fax : 2354450
Web :,
Email :

Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute
No. 1, Ramachandra Nagar,
Porur, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600 116
Ph : (044) 4768027-9, 4768031-3
Fax : -044) 476 7008
Email :

Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha,
PB No 1419 Thyagaraya Nagar,
Chennai - 600 017
Ph : 91 (44) 243 32094

Indian Institute of Technology Madras, I.I.T Post Office, Chennai-600 036    Ph : 2257 8133
Fax : 91-044-2257 0509
Email :,
Web :

University of Madras,
University Centenary Building,
Chepauk, Chennai - 600005
Ph : 91-044-25368778,
Fax : 91-44-25366693
Web :,
Email :

Madurai Kamraj University
Madurai Tamil Nadu - 625021
Phone 2459455
Fax 2459181
Email :,
Web :

Mother Teresa Women’s University, Kodaikanal - 624102, Tamil Nadu    Ph :04542-241122(o)
Fax : 04542-241122
Web :,
Email :

Periyar University, Salem - 636 011.    Ph : 0427 - 345766, 345833
Fax : 0427 - 345565
Web :,
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641003    Ph : 0422-6611210
Fax : 91-422-6611410
Email :,
Web :

Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University,
Poompozhil, Greenways Road,
Place Chennai Madras,
Tamil Nadu - 600028
Ph : 91-44-24641212, 24941919,
Fax : 91-44-24957414
Email :,
Web :

The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical University,
69, Anna Salai, Guindy, Chennai 600 032,
Ph : 91 44 22353574, 22353577
Fax : 91 44 22353698
Web :

Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University,
Madhavaram Milk Colony,
Chennai-600 051
Ph : 0091-44-25551586, 25551587, 25554555
Fax : 0091-44-25551575, and 25551585
Web :,
Email :

Tamil University, Trichy Road,
Thanjavur 613500 Tamil Nadu
Ph : 04362-73217,18,19,40740
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 11, 2008, 02:18 PM

Sep 11, 2008, 01:23 PM


Agriculture MBA

Aviation MBA

Technology Management MBA

Marketing MBA

Organizational MBA

Operations MBA

Nonprofit Management MBA

Management MBA

Leadership MBA

Knowledge Management MBA

International Business MBA

Human Resource MBA

Hospitality & Tourism MBA

Health Care Management MBA

Global Management MBA

General MBA Programs

Finance MBA

Industrial Management MBA

Executive MBA

Entrepreneurship MBA

e-Business MBA

Criminal Justice MBA

Computer Systems MBA

Telecommunications MBA

The University Grant Commission or UGC, as it is commonly known, is the statutory authority in India that is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining standards of higher education in the country. Therefore it also enjoys the power of giving grants to universities and colleges and also the power to recognize and de recognize institutes of higher education.

Thus UGC is the watchdog that recognizes the fake universities in India and has the power to take action against them. According to the University Grant Commission, the following Universities are fake Universities in India.

Name of Colleges & Address

Maithili University/Vishwavidyalaya, Darbhanga, Bihar

Commercial University Ltd., Daryaganj, Delhi.

United Nations University,

Vocational University,

ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25 Rajendra Place, New Delhi-110 008.

Indian Institute of Science and Engineering, Delhi

Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum, Karnataka.

St. John's University, Kishanattam, Kerala.

Kesarwani Vidyapith, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

Raja Arabic University, Nagpur, Maharashtra

D.D.B. Sanskrit University, Putur, Trichi, Tamil Nadu.

Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi (UP) Jagatpuri

Mahila Gram Vidyapith/Vishwavidyalaya, (Women's University) Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Indian Education Council of U.P., Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University, (Open University), Achaltal, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya, Kosi Kalan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.

Maharana Pratap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.

Gurukul Vishwavidyalaya, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh

Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad, Institutional Area,Khoda,Makanpur,Noida Phase-II, Uttar Pradesh
List of Top 10 Hotel Management Institutes in India - Top Hotel Management Institutes


Oberoi Centre, Delhi
7, Sham Nath Marg, Delhi-110 054, India.
Ph +91-11-2389 0505

IHM, Mumbai
Veer Sawarkar Marg, Dadar (WR), Mumbai- 400 028
Ph: 022-4457241/42,
Fax: 022-4449779

WGSHA. Manipal
Valley View, Manipal 576119
Ph: 08252-571101,
Fax: 08252-571327

IHM, Delhi

National Council for Hotel Management & Catering Technology,
Pusa New Delhi
Ph: 5751756, 5782799, 5781060, 5717411

IHM, Aurangabad
Dr Rafiq Zakaria Campus, Rauza Bagh, Aurangabad 431 001, Maharashtra, India
Tel: 0240-238 1113, 0240-2381127
Fax: 0240-2381104,

IHM, Bangalore    S.J. Polytechnic Campus, Seshadri Road, Bangalore 560 001,India    Ph: 91-80-2226 2960, 91-80-2238 6763
Fax: 91-080-22268562,

IHM, Chennai    CIT Campus, TTTI - Taramani P.O., Chennai - 600 113,    Phone: 044-22542029,
Fax: 044-22541615

IHM, Calcutta    P-16, Taratola Road, Calcutta - 700 088    Ph: 033-4784218,
Fax: 033-4784281

IHM, Ahmedabad    Govt. Polytechnic Compound, Ahmedabad - 380 015    Ph: 079- 401339,
Fax: 079-6568017

Christ College, Bangalore    Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029    Ph: 080-25526169/164,

Mass Communication Institutes in India

Mass communication has emerged as a viable career option for a large number youngsters in the recent years and the competition to get a seat in the top 10 mass communication institutes in India is very high. But where are these best mass communication institutes that are attracting the talented ones?

In 2007, the Outlook (a weekly magazine) and Cfore (a market research firm) have conducted a survey to rank the top 10 mass communication institute in India.The survey results show that the best mass communication colleges are spread over various cities in India.

To rank the colleges the Outlook - Cfore researchers asked the faculty and professionals to rank the institutes in a ten point scale against four parameters.

These four parameters that they used were- faculty, pedagogic systems, infrastructure and placements. They then multiplied the average rating by the weightage in order to rank the top ten mass communication institutes in India.

IIMC, New Delhi
JNU new campus, Aruna Asif Ali Marg, New Delhi
Phone No - 91-011-26109268/60940/60
Courses Offered: Post-graduate Diploma in Journalism (English and Hindi), Radio & Television Journalism and Advertising & Public Relations.

Xavier Institute of Communication, Mumbai
Mumbai, Maharashtra- 400 001
Phone No - (91-22) 262 1366/1639/2877
Courses Offered: Journalism & Mass Communication, Public Relations & Corporate Communications, Advertising & Marketing, Digital Animation and Television & Video Production.

Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune
Senapati Bapat Road, Pune 411 004
Phone No - 020 - 25652303 / 25660972
Courses Offered: MBA in Communication Management (Advertising, Public Relations. Masters in Mass Communication (Journalism and T.V and Radio Production)

Asian College of Journalism, Chennai
Kasturi Centre, 124, Wallajah Road, Chennai - 600002
Phone No - 91-44-28418254/55, 28526227/49
Courses Offered: The Masters Degree course includes Reporting, Writing, and Editing, Modern Issues in Journalism, History of the Media, Law of Media.

Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad
Shela, Ahmedabad (380058)
Phone No - 2717-237946-51
Courses Offered: Executive Diploma Programme in Media Management.
Certificate Programme in Managing Integrated Media, Retail Communications, Crafting Creative Comm and Visual Merchandising. Post Graduate Programme in Communications Management and Entrepreneurship (PGP CME)

Film and Television Institute of India, Pune
Law College Road, Pune
Phone No - 91 - 020- 25431817 / 25433016 / 25430017
Courses Offered: Direction, Acting, Cinematography, Art Direction and Production Design, Audiography, Animation and Computer Graphics, Editing, Feature Film Screenplay Writing.

AJ Kidwai Mass Comm Research Centre, Jamia, New Delhi
Jamia Millia Islamia, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi
Phone No - +91(11)26981717
Courses Offered: Ph.D and M.A. in Mass Communication. Post Graduate Diploma in Development Communication, Journalism and Broadcast System Maintenance.

Manorama School of Communication, Kottayam
PB No: 229, Kottayam, Kerala
Phone No - +91-481-2300851
Courses Offered: Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism.

Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore
HRBR Layout 3rd Block, Kalyananagar Post Bangalore 560 043
Pone No - 91-80-28437907 / 7903
Courses Offered: The Post-graduate programmes offer courses on Reporting and Writing for Radio and Television, Ethical and Legal Issues in Journalism, Advanced Media Concentration and Business and Financial Reporting.

Times School of Journalism, New Delhi
Times Centre for Media Studies, Darya Ganj, New Delhi
Courses Offered: Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism
ICSE Board Solved Exam Question Papers : ICSE 2008 : SCIENCE Paper 1 (Physics)


Paper 1 (Physics)

SECTION I (40 Marks)
Attempt all questions from this Section
Question 1
(a) Name the SI unit of:   [2]

(i) Linear momentum

(ii) Rate of change momentum.
Question 1

(b) A body of mass 1.50 kg is dropped from the 2nd floor of a building which is at a height of 12 m. What is the force acting on it during its fall? (g=9.80 m/s2).   [2]

(c) When an arrow is shot from a bow, it has kinetic energy in it. Explain briefly from where does it get its kinetic energy?   [2]

(d) What energy conversions take place in the following when they are working- (i) Electric toaster (ii) Microphone?   [2]

(e) Copy the diagram of the forearm given below, indicate positions of Load, Effort and Fulcrum.


Question 2   [2]

(a) (i) A monochromatic beam of light of wavelength λ passes from air into a glass block. Write an expression to show the relation between the speed of light in air and the speed of light in glass.

(ii) As the ray of light passes from air to glass, state how the wavelength of light changes. Does it increase, decrease or remain constant?
Question 2

(b) In what way will the temperature of water at the bottom of a waterfall be different from the temperature at the top? Give a reason for your answer.   [2]

(c) A radar sends a signal to an aeroplane at a distance 45 km away with a speed 3 x 108 ms-1. After how long is the signal received back from the aeroplane?   [2]

(d) Draw a ray diagram to illustrate the determination of the focal length of a convex lens using an auxiliary plane mirror.   [2]

(e) What is meant by primary colours? Name the primary colours of light.   [2]

Question 3   [2]

(a) (i) Sketch a graph to show the change in potential difference across the ends of an ohmic resistor and the current flowing in it. Label the axes of your graph.

(ii) What does the slope of the graph represent?
Question 3

(b) Draw a labelled diagram of the staircase wiring for a dual control switch showing a bulb in the circuit.   [2]

(c) The electrical gadgets used in a house such as bulbs, fans, heater, etc, are always connected in parallel, NOT in series. Give two reasons for connecting them in parallel.   [2]

(d) An electrical heater is rated 4 kW, 220V. Find the cost of using this heater for 12 hours if one kWh of electrical energy costs Rs. 3.25.   [2]

(e) State one point of similarity and one point of difference between an a.c. generator and a d.c. motor.   [2]

Question 4
Two isosceles right-angled glass prisms are placed near each other as shown in the figure.

(a) Complete the path of the light ray entering the first isosceles right-angled glass prism till it emerges from the second identical prism.   [2]

(b) A certain quantity of ice at 0oC is heated till it changes into steam at 100oC. Draw a time-temperature heating curve to represent it. Label the two phase changes in your graph.   [2]

(c) What is meant by work function of a metal?   [2]

(d) What is radioactivity?   [2]

(e) Mention any two differences between nuclear energy and chemical energy.   [2]

SECTION II (40 Marks)
Attempt any four questions from this Section
Question 5   [3]

(a) (i) A stone of mass 64.0 g is thrown vertically upward from the ground with an initial speed 20.0 m/s. The gravitational potential energy at the ground level is considered be zero. Apply the principle of conservation energy and calculate the potential energy at the maximum height attained by the stone. (g = 10 m s-2)

(ii) Using the same principle, state what will be the total energy of the body at its half-way point?
Question 5

(b) Define 'joule', the SI unit of work and establish relationship between the SI and CGS unit of work.   [3]

Question 5   [4]

(c) (i) Draw a labelled diagram of a block and tackle system of pulleys with two pulleys in each block. Indicate the directions of the load, and effort and tension in the string.

(ii) Write down the relation between load and the effort of the pulley system.
Question 6

(a) What is meant by the 'aperture' and 'shutter speed' of a camera? How are they related?   [3]

Question 6   [3]

(b) (i) Draw a labelled ray diagram to illustrate (1) critical angle (2) total internal reflection, for a ray of light moving from one medium to another.

(ii) Write a formula to express relationship between refractive index of the denser medium with respect to rarer medium and its critical angle for that pair of media.
Question 6   [4]

(c) (i) The diagram below shows a ray of light incident on an equilateral glass prism placed in minimum deviation position. Copy the diagram and complete it to show the path of the refracted ray and the emergent ray.

(ii) How are angle of incidence and angle of emergence related to each other in this position of the prism?
Question 7   [3]

(a) (i) What is meant by an echo? Mention one important condition that is necessary for an echo to be heard distinctly.

(ii) Mention one important use of echo.
Question 7   [3]

(b) (i) What is the name given to a cylindrical coil whose diameter is less in comparison to its length?

(ii) If a piece of soft iron is placed inside the current carrying coil, what is the name given to the device?

(iii) Give one use of the device named by you in (b) (ii) above.
Question 7   [4]

(c) (i) Sometimes when a vehicle is driven at a particular speed, a rattling sound is heard. Explain briefly, why this happens and give the name of the phenomenon taking place.

(ii) Suggest one way by which the rattling sound could be stopped.
Question 8   [3]

(a) (i) Why does a magnetic needle show a deflection when brought close to a current carrying conductor?

(ii) A wire bent into a circle carries current in an anticlockwise direction. What polarity does this face of the coil exhibit?
Question 8
(b) Three resistors 6.0 Ω, 2.0 Ω, and 4.0 Ω respectively joined together as shown in the figure. The resistors are connected an ammeter and to a cell of e.m.f. 6.0 V.

Calculate:   [3]

(i) the effective resistance the circuit.

(ii) the current drawn from the cell.
Question 8   [4]

(c) (i) How does the heat produced in a wire or a conductor depend upon the:
(1) current passing through the conductor.
(2) resistance of the conductor?

(ii) Draw a simple sketch of a step down transformer. Label the different parts in the diagram.
Question 9   [3]

(a) (i) Define heat capacity of a given body. What is its SI unit?

(ii) What is the relation between heat capacity and specific heat capacity of a substance?
Question 9
(b) A linear object is placed on the axis of a lens. An image is formed by refraction in the lens. For all positions of the object on the axis of the lens, the positions of the image are always between the lens and the object.   [3]

(i) Name the lens.

(ii) Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of the image of an object placed in front of the lens at any position of your choice except infinity.
Question 9

(c) A piece of ice of mass 40 g is dropped into 200 g of water at 50 oC. Calculate the final temperatue of water after all the ice has melted. (specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J/kg oC, specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 336 x l03J/kg)   [4]

Question 10   [3]

(a) (i)When does the nucleus of an atom become radioactive?

(ii) How is the radioactivity of an element affected when it undergoes a chemical change to form a chemical compound?

(iii) Name the product of nuclear fission which is utilized to bring about further fission of 23592U.
Question 10   [3]

(b) (i) Mention oneuse and one harmful effect of radioactivity.

(ii) Give one source of background radiation.
Question 10   [4]

(c) (i)

The above diagram shows an electron gun of a hot cathode ray tube,
l. Name the parts X and Y.
2. A 6 V d.c. source and a 1000 V d.c. source are available. Show how these sources should be connected to the terminals of X and Y so as to obtain a focused beam of fast moving electrons.

(ii) Give one use of a cathode ray tube.

Paper 1 (Physics) - (One hour and a half)

SECTION I (40 Marks)

Attempt all questions from this Section.
Question 1
(a)   [4]

(i) Explain briefly why a balloon filled with helium gas rises in air. Why does the balloon rise to a particular height above the ground and does not rise further?

(ii) An ice-berg floats in fresh water with a part of it outside the water surface. Calculate the fraction of volume of ice-berg which is below the water surface. Given: Density of ice = 917 kg m−3. Density of fresh water = 1000 kg m−3
Question 1
(b)   [4]

(i) Relative density of silver is 10.8. What is the density of silver in S.I. Unit?

(ii) Diagram given alongside, shows refraction and emergence of a ray of light incident on a rectangular glass slab. Copy the diagram and mark the lateral displacement of the incident ray. Name the two factors on which the lateral displacement depends.

Question 1
(c) Two parallel rays of light enter the eye of a person suffering from myopia as shown in the diagram given alongside. Copy the diagram and


(i) Complete the ray diagram to show where the image is formed;

(ii) Name the type of lens required to correct the defect; and

(iii) Draw the diagram again showing the position of the correcting lens, two parallel rays to the lens and the position of the final image.
Question 1   [4]

(d) An object AB is placed on the principal axis of a convex lens as shown alongside in diagram. Copy the diagram. Using three rays starting from B and the properties of the points marked F1, O and F2; obtain the image formed by the lens (F1 and F2 are the foci).

Question 1
(e)   [4]

(i) Define a pair of complementary colours. Name the colours in one such pair.

(ii) Fill in the blanks in the following:
1 . A red rose appears .......... when seen in green light.
2. Red + Blue = ........
Question 1
(f)   [4]

(i) Define 1 watt and] kWh.

(ii) Convert 1 kWh into joules.
Question 1
(g) An electric bulb is marked 220 V, 100 W. The bulb is connected to a 220 V supply.   [4]

(i) Calculate: 1. resistance of the filament; 2. current flowing through the filament.

(ii) Is the filament resistance of the glowing bulb greater, smaller or the same compared to its resistance when it is not glowing?
Question 1
(h) There are three pins in an electric plug, answer the following:   [4]

(i) How would you identify the earth pin?

(ii) In which of the three connecting wires should a switch be connected?

(iii) Explain why a switch should not be touched with wet hands.
Question 1
(i) A given liquid changes into the gaseous state at a fixed temperature as well as at all temperatures.   [4]

(i) Name the process that takes place in each of the above two cases.

(ii) Mention two points of difference between the two cases in (i) above.
Question 1
(j) State the energy changes which take place while using the following:   [4]

(i) A microphone;

(ii) An electric bulb; and

(iii) A steam engine.

SECTION II (40 Marks)
Attempt any four questions from this Section.
Question 2
(a)   [6]

(i) Define the S.I. unit of force. Obtain a relation between the S.I. unit and the C.G.S. unit of force.

(ii) A man of mass 60 kg runs up a flight of 30 steps in 15 seconds. If each step is of 20 cm high, calculate the power developed by the man. Take g = 10 ms−2.
Question 2
(b)   [4]

(i) Define work and its S.I. unit.

(ii) Write an expression for the work done by a constant force acting on a body that gets displaced from its initial position in a direction different from the direction of the force.

(iii) Give an example when work done by a force acting on a body is zero even through the body gets displaced from its initial position by the application of the force.
Question 3
(a) Diagram given alongside shows an arrangement of four pulleys A load L is attached to the movable lower block and effort E is applied at free end of the string. Copy the diagram. and:


(i) Draw arrows to indicate tension in each part of the string; and

(ii) Calculate the mechanical advantage of the system.
Question 3
(b)   [6]

(i) Define specific heat capacity of a material.

(ii) A 30 g ice cube at 0°C is dropped into 200 g of water at 30°C. Calculate the jinal temperature of water when the entire ice cube has melted. Given: Latent heat of ice = 80 cal g−l; Specific heat capacity of water = 1 cal g−1 (°C)−1.
Question 4
(a)   [5]

(i) Define refractive index of a medium with respect to air.

(ii) Calculate the speed of light in water. Given: Speed of light in vacuum = 3 ×108 ms−1, and refractive index of
water = 4/3.

(iii) Calculate the power of a convex lens of focal length 25 cm.
Question 4
(b) In the diagram given along side, a source of light S is placed at the bottom of a beaker containing water.


(i) Copy the diagram and show the path of rays marked with arrows, after they meet the water-air boundary.

(ii) Does the ray, marked with one arrow, undergo refraction?

(iii) Name the phenomenon exhibited by the ray marked with three arrows.

(iv) State the conditions necessary for the phenomenon in (iii) above.
Question 5
(a)   [6]

(i) Define the phenomenon of resonance.

(ii) A stretched wire 0.5 m long is made to vibrate in two different modes as shown in diagram (A) and (B) given below:
1. If the wavelength of the wave produced in mode (A) is 1 m, what is the wavelength of the wave produced in mode (B) of the following diagram?
2. In which case is the note produced louder? Give a reason for your answer.
3. In which case is the pitch of the note produced is higher? Give a reason for your answer.

Question 5
(b)   [4]

(i) A TV station transmits waves of frequency 200 MHz. Calculate the wavelength of the waves, if their speed in air is 3.0 × 108 ms-1.

(ii) Give the approximate range of wavelengths in vacuum associated with U-V rays and visible light.
Question 6
(a)   [6]

(i) Write an expression for the resistance of a conducting wire in terms of its length and area of cross-section.

(ii) Two resistors of resistances 3Ω and 2Ω in parallel are connected to a cell of end 1.5 V and internal resistance 0.3Ω. Draw a labelled circuit diagram showing the above arrangement and calculate the current drawn from the cell.
Question 6
(b)   [4]

(i) Name the principle on which functioning of a transformer depends.

(ii) What is the function of a step-up transformer?

(iii) Can a transformer work when it is connected to a d.c. source?

(iv) Diagram given alongside shows schematically part of a step-down transformer. Draw the complete diagram in your answer sheet.

Question 7
(a)   [4]

(i) State the mechanism of  production of X-rays. Give two importance of X-rays.

(ii) What is the photoelectric effect? Draw a neat labelled diagram of a photoelectric cell.
Question 7
(b)   [6]

(i) Define nuclear fusion and state the necessary conditions for the same.

(ii) Why is energy released in a nuclear fusion reaction?
ICSE Board Solved Exam Question Papers : ICSE 1996 : MATHEMATICS

Question 1

A shopkeeper buys a box of 10 dozen apples for Rs. 180. He estimates that 20% of them would be rotten. He intends to sell each apple so as to make a profit of 60% on his cost, Assuming that 20% of the apples turn out to be rotten, find:
(i) The number of good apples in the box;
(ii) The sum of money for which he should sell the good apples so as to make a profit of 60% on his cost;
(iii) The selling price of each apple in each the said profit.   [6]

Question 2

A sum of Rs. 9,600 is invested for 3 years at 10% per annum at compound interest :
(i) What is the sum due at the end of the first year.
(ii) What is the sum due at the end of the second year.
(iii) Find the compound interest earned in 2 years.
(iv) Find the difference between the answers in (ii ) and (i) and find the interest on this sum for one year.
(v) Hence write down the compound interest for the third year.   [6]

Question 3

(a) The scale of a map is 1 : 200000. A plot of land of area 20 km2 is to be represented on the map, find:

(i) The number of kilometres on the ground which is represented by 1 centimetre on the map.
(ii) The area in km2 that can be represented by 1 cm2. (iii) The area on the map that represents the plot of land.   [4]

(b) In the figure alongside (not drawn to scale), LM is parallel to BC : AB = 6cm, AL = 2cm and AC = 9cm. Calculate:
(i) The length of CM;
(ii) The value of the ratio =  Area of triangle ALM/Area of the trapezium LBCM.


Question 4

Use ruler and compass only for the following question:
Construct triangle BCP, where CB = 5 cm, BP = 4 cm, ∠PBC = 45°. Complete the rectangle ABCD such that:
(i) P is equidistant from AB and BC; and
(ii) P is equidistant from C and D.
Measure and write down the length of AB.   [6]

Question 5

The circumference of a circle is 123.2 cm. Taking π = 22/7 , calculate:
(i) The radius of the circle in cm;
(ii) The area of circle in cm2, correct to the nearest cm2;
(iii) The effect on the area of the circle if the radius is doubled.   [6]

Question 6

A trader gives two successive discounts of 15% and 10% on the marked price of an article.
(i) If the marked price was Rs. 100, what would be the selling price?
(ii) The actual selling price is Rs. 7,650. Calculate the actual marked price.
(iii) The actual marked price is 25% more than the cost price. Calculate:
(1) The cost price; (2) The profit or loss percent.   [7]

Question 7

Point (3, 0) and (−1, 0) are invariant points under reflection in the line Ll; points (0,−3) and (0, 1) are invariant points on reflection in line L2.
(i) Name or write equations for the lines L1 and L2.
(ii) Write down the images of points P(3, 4) and Q(−5, −2) on reflection in Ll. Name the images as P' and Q' respectively.
(iii) Write down the image of P and Q on reflection in L2. Name the images as P" and Q " respectively.
(iv) State or describe a single transformation that maps P' onto P".   [6]

Question 8

Use graph paper for this question. Use 2 cm = 1 unit on both axes. Plot the points A(−2, 4), B(2, 1) and C(−6, l).
(i) Draw the line of symmetry of triangle ABC.
(ii) Mark the point D if the line in (i) and the line BC are both lines of symmetry of the quadrilateral ABCD; write down the co-ordinate of point D.
(iii) What kind of quadrilateral is figure ABCD.
(iv) Write down the equations of BC and the line of symmetry named in (i).   [6]

SECTION - B (48 Marks)
Answer any four questions from this Section.
Question 9

(a) The domain and range of a function f(x) = 3/x + 1 are subsets of A and B respectively, where A =     {    −1
2    , 0,    2
3    ,     6
7    ,    1     }

B =     {    −5,    0,    4     1
2    , 5,    5    1 
2    }

List the elements of the function as ordered pairs.   [6]

(b) A man borrows Rs. 5,800 at 12% per annum compound interest. He repays Rs.1,800 at the end of every six months. Calculate the amount outstanding at the end of the third payment, Give your answer to the nearest Re.   [6]

(c) Match the equations A, B, C, D with the lines L1, L2, L3, L4 whose graphs are roughly drawn in the L2 above diagram.

A = y = 2x

B = y − 2x + 2 = 0

C = 3x + 2y = 6
D = y = 2. Graph in which lines L1, L2, L3 and L4 are shown.


Question 10

(a) A man invests a sum of money in Rs. 100 shares, paying 15% dividend quoted at 20% premium. If his annual dividend is Rs. 540, calculate:
(i) His total investment;
(ii) The rate of return on his investment.   [5]

(b) The mid-point of the line segment AB shown in the diagram is (4, −3). Write down the coordinates of A, B.


(c) In the figure; AC is the diameter of circle, centre O. Chord BD is perpendicular to AC. Write down the angles p, q, r in terms of x.


Question 11
(a) Copy and write 'True' and 'False' against each of the following statements:   [4]

(i) The relation 'is greater than' in the set of integers is reflexive.

(ii) The relation 'is similar to' in the set of triangles in transitive.

(iii) The relation 'is perpendicular to' in the set of lines is transitive.

(iv) The relation 'is a factor of in the set of integers is symmetric.
Question 11

(b) P = {x : 5 < 2x − 1 ≤ 1l, x ∈ R}
Q = {x : −1 ≤ 3 + 4x < 23, x ∈ 1}
Where R = ( real numbers), I = (integers)
Represent P and Q on number lines. Write down the element P ∩ Q.   [4]

(c) Given f(x + 1) = 3x + 5, evaluate:
(i) f(−2); (ii) f(2x).   [4]

Question 12

(a) Write down the equation of the line whose gradient is 3/2 and which passes through P, where P divides the line segment joining A (−2, 6) and B (3, −4) in the ratio 2 : 3.   [4]

(b) Use ruler and compass only for this question. Construct the cyclic quadrilateral ABCD in which AB = 5 cm, BC = 8 crn, angle ABC = 67½ ° and D is equidistant from B and C. D is equidistant from B and C. Measure and write down the length of CD.   [4]

(c) Use logarithms to evaluate: 3    √0.8314


Question 13

(a) The histogram represents the marks obtained by same candidates in an examination. Using the data in the diagram, calculate the mean mark.


(b) In the above figure, alongside ABCD is a parallelogram, P is a point on BC such that BP : PC = 1 : 2. DP produced meets AB produced at Q. Given area of triangle CPQ = 20 cm2, calculate:
(i) Area of triangle CDP;
(ii) Area of parallelogram ABCD?   [4]

(c) In triangle ABC, AB = 12 cm, angle B = 58°, the perpendicular from A to BC meets it at D. The bisector of angle ABC meets AD at E. Calculate:
(i) The length of BD;
(ii) The length of ED.
Give your answers correct to one decimal place.


Question 14

(a) Use graph paper for this question. Take 2 cm = 2 unit on x-axis and 2 cm = 1 unit on y-axis. Solve graphically the following equations:
3x + 5y = 12;
3x − 5y + 18 = 0
(Plot only three points per line)   [4]

(c) A train covers a distance of 600 km/hr. Had the speed been (x + 20) km/hr, the time taken to cover the distance would have been reduced by 5 hours. Write down an equation in x and Solve it to evaluate x.   [4]

Question 15

(a) Use graph paper for this question. The following table shows the weights in gm of a sample of 100 potatoes taken from a large consignment: Weight(gm)    Frequency


(i) Calculate the cumulative frequencies.
(ii) Draw the cumulative frequency curve and from it determine the median weight of the potatoes.   [5]

(b) The figure below shows the cross section of an ice-cream cone consisting of a cone surmounted by a hemisphere. The radius of the hemisphere is 3-5 cm and the height of the cone is 10·5 cm. The outer shell ABCDEF is shaded and is not filled with ice-cream. AE = DC = 5 cm, AB//EF and BC//FD. Calculate:
(i) The volume of the ice-cream in the cone (the unshaded portion including the hemisphere) in cm3;
(ii) The volume of the outer shell (the shaded portion) in cm3.
Give your answer correct to the nearest cm3.
Black Magic Toners Pvt. Ltd.

Experience : [blink]0 - 2 Years[/blink]

Location : Chennai, Hyderabad / Secunderabad

Education : UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization;Graduation Not Required PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type : Consumer Durables

Functional Area : Sales, BD

Job Description

1.Will be responsible for secondary sales
2.Needs to achieve the monthly target through existing customers
3.Calling customers for Payment collection
4.Preparing weekly and monthly reports

Send the cv to

Desired Candidate Profile

Good communication
Should be willing to work under pressure
Basic knowledge in MS-Office
Freshers can also apply

Company Profile

BMT was incorporated in September 1999.
BMT is in the Build and Operate business with Quality of its Product and Service at the core of its operations. BMT transform no-longer-usable toner cartridges that are tantamount to their original ancestors. It offers huge cost savings by its remanufactured toner cartridges without compromising on quality. The performance of our Toner a toner cartridge is tantamount to the OEM toner cartridges.

In addition to Toner Cartridge services, BMT offers other services like Manage Printing solutions and Spare parts of laser Printers.

BMT operates in more than 10 locations across India, having its head quarters in Chennai.

Contact Details

Company Name : Black Magic Toners Pvt. Ltd.

Website :

Executive Name:Padmini Krishnamoorthy


1 Mohammadpur,
New Delhi,New Delhi,
India 110066

Telephone : 09313340472
Infogrid Technologies Looking for Business Development Manager

Experience : [blink]1 - 2 Years[/blink]

Location : Bengaluru/Bangalore

Industry Type : IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area : Sales, BD

Job Description
Good exposure of Handling International / Corporate Sales,Strong Sales Management and Marketing skills ,Give demonstrations/presentations of our software products & services,Experience in Online business promotion and online lead generation.

Desired Candidate Profile

Good exposure of Handling International / Corporate Sales,Strong Sales and Sales Management Skills ,Marketing skills,Give demonstrations/presentations of our software products & services,Willing to travel,

Experience in Online business promotion

Company Profile

InfoGrid is an Offshore IT Solutions Company Headquartered in Bangalore, India. We offer corporate customers strategic service in the areas of Software Application Development and IT Consulting.

Contact Details

Company Name : Infogrid Technologies pvt ltd.

Website :

Executive Name : Manju Eradi


Info Grid Technologies Pvt Ltd
No.9,Ramaa Nilaya, 1st C cross, 5th Main
5th Block, BSK 3rd Stage
Bangalore,Karanataka,INDIA 560085

Email Address :

Telephone : 080-26790537
Recycle Bin / Re: Welcome sangowtham
Sep 10, 2008, 08:53 PM
Hi sangowtham

warm welcome for you
Earn a lot form ITACUMENS





;) ;)

Good Informative POST

Thanks for the Information dhilipkumar

BlackBerry Pearl 8220 – RIM Flips To New Design Ideas

The new smartphone combines all the BlackBerry mobile solutions we are accustomed too, from messaging capabilities, to Internet and multimedia  features, “all in one powerful yet approachable smartphone,” as RIM described it.

BlackBerry Pearl Flip 8220 incorporates two-high resolution light-sensing color displays, with an external LCD that makes incoming emails, text messages and phone messages easy to preview, and a large 240 x 320 LCD that offers impressive detail and contrast, all in a sleek design.

As Mike Lazaridis, President and Co-CEO RIM pointed out, the availability of the new flip phone will extend the reach of the BlackBerry platform even further, especially considering the growing popularity of BlackBerry smartphones around the world.

The BlackBerry Pearl Flip smartphone offers a wide variety of features, from Speaker Independent Voice Recognition (SIVR) for Voice Activated Dialing (VAD), to support for mp3 ringtones, smart dialing, voicemail attachment playback, enhanced background noise cancellation.

In addition to that, it features a speakerphone and Bluetooth 2.0 for hands-free headsets, as well as a number of Bluetooth peripherals and a GPS receiver. The 900 mAhr battery offers up to four hours of talk time and 14 days of standby time.

The smartphone will become available from wireless carriers around the world starting this fall. T-Mobile will be the exclusive carrier for the United States, but pricing details are yet to be made public.
Marketing in Transition  - Concepts & Practices

Since the beginning of the phenomenon of the marketing, there have been many changes in the business scenario, practically and academically. Over a long period of time, different concepts and conceptions have come into being and have been replaced by some other ones, yet the two aspects that have remained unchanged are marketing and customer. Marketer plans and directs all the efforts towards the customer, and they know it intrinsically that their survival and well being are in the hands of customer. This interrelationship shapes the structure of an organization, society and economy.

Marketing Concepts which states that ''Marketing is a process that begins with identification of customer needs, designing the marketing mix accordingly, delivering the product and service and with the objective of customer satisfaction''. From knowing the importance of the customer satisfaction the paradigm of ''Relationship Marketing'' has been existed.

The most important change in the present day market are the quality standards which were previously determined by the marketer but are now determined by the consumers. The customer wants trial, experience and delight, which require special attention through appropriate measures in advertising, communication, distribution and branding. Marketing begins with the assessment of customers and ends with evaluation.

Marketing is very dynamic and reflects the social and economical environment through various changes from time to time which signifies a paradigm shifts. The dominant marketing paradigm of the twentieth century, the accepted model of how marketing worked and should be practiced, was what has come to be called Transactional Marketing.

''The Customer is King '' once held true as the marketing mantra, the shift is now towards the ''Queen''.

Once confined to grocery, vegetables, apparel, cosmetics, home care, baby care, FMCG products buying decision has taken by women. On the top of all, the new age Indian women has made the purchasing decision on high end electronics, automobiles, homes, financial services, airline tickets, jewellery etc.,

The strategist believed that number two economy was in women's hand and the phenomenon was called as ''womenomics''.
Hero Honda not for price hikes in 2008

Deciding against hiking prices, two wheeler giant Hero Honda Motors has lined up plans to cut costs and maintain profit margins. The joint venture between India’s Hero Group and Honda Motor Company of Japan is the world’s single largest two wheeler company.

The company after having faced increasing input costs, had a while ago been forced it to hike prices on its motorcycle models. However, hero Honda has now decided against another hike and has said that it will not increase the prices of the vehicles till the end of 2008.

A hugely successful joint venture, Hero Honda has been seeing double digit growth since inception. It has been pointed out that every 30 seconds a Hero Honda Splendor is being sold in India. Latest staistics show that this festive season had witnessed the company selling half a million two wheelers in a single month.
The company had consolidated its leadership in the domestic motorcycle market, with a robust 26.8 per cent growth in sales for August 2008, said a report. The company sold 305,516 units of two-wheelers in August 2008, compared to 240,875 units in the corresponding month last year.

This feat has helped Hero Hondas cumulative sales in this financial year so far (April-August 2008) with the figure touching 14,81,077 units as against 12,44,919 units in the corresponding period last year. This in fact is a 19 per cent growth in cumulative sales. Models such as CD Deluxe, Glamour, Splendor NXG, Splendor + and Passion Plus in deluxe segment, and Hunk, CBZ X-treme and Karizma are some of the models that have been taking the company on a successful ride. Besides, its scooter model called Pleasure has also been growing strongly, with more than 12,000 units being sold in August this year.

Hero Honda Motors has been banking on a well thought out strategy that banks on creating winning brands across segments, investing in brand building, exploring untapped markets in rural and upcountry areas while consolidating urban presence and rapidly expanding our network, said an official. With the industry reeling under high interest rates and credit squeeze, it would have been a tough year but the festival month of October is being expected to be rosy.
Tata Elxsi Limited


(Established under Ministry of Tourism, Govt. of Kerala)

Looking for Lecturer

Lecturer in Management (Guest faculty)

Qualification: MBA with first Class (Regular stream) from a recognized university/equivalent Preference may be given to Candidates with Accountancy background

Maximum Age: 35 years as on 01/01/08

Salary as per AICTE norms (for guest faculty, temporary appointment, consolidated pay)

Apply before 10th September 2008 to the Director, Residency, Thycaud, Thiruvananthapuram-695014 with copies of testimonials
Company Profile :
Aqua Designs is a leading Water & Waste Water Treatment and Effluent re-cycling solution provider. Aqua Designs is embarking on an ambitious growth plan to expand and strengthen the existing team. Aqua Designs requires the following experienced personnel in various disciplines.


Job Description :
Candidates should be a Postgraduate in Human Resource Management proficient with 3 to 6 years experience in Generalist role, Competency Mapping, Training, Performance Review, Good Employee relations, Administrative Skills and Handling the manpower.

Location : Chennai

Aqua Designs India Limited
Off 200 Feet Road, Kolathur,
Chennai - 600 099

Email :
Infosys, Wipro rethink Bengal investment plan

Brand Bengal seems to have taken a beating after the Singur standoff. Software giant Infosys is reportedly rethinking its maiden investment plan in the state after the Tata episode.

Infosys had planned to invest Rs 250 crore to set up a development centre on the outskirts of Kolkata. The centre was supposed to provide employment to around 5,000 people.

But the recent events in Singur have left most of India Inc worried. Many companies are now asking what would the Government do if similar situations arise in other states.

Besides Infosys, Wipro is also planning to set up a project in West Bengal on land provided by the state government.

Meanwhile, Tata Motors is most likely to move its Nano project out of Singur. The company maintains that it will not start work till it believes in the project's viability.

Expressing distress at the land-for-land agreement between the West Bengal government and Trinamool Congress, the Tata Motors authorities sought clarification from the state government on what exactly transpired between the two parties at the Sunday meeting. They have maintained that no compromise could be reached.

Vendors who have been given space within the Tata facility include major global players like Lord Swaraj Paul's Caparo. If Tata does agree to the proposed formula, it may have to pay back huge sums to its vendors due to relocation.

Sources in the company say 997 acres are critical for the Singur plant to function. They say the new land agreement between the Trinamool and state government threatens the integration of the main plant and the spare part units.

According to the Tatas, only 47 acres of govt land inside the plant area is up for review.

Meanwhile, Tata Motors' indication of a pullout sent shock waves through Bengal's power corridors. But the government clarified that Trinamool chief Mamata Bannerjee's demand for 300 acres of land inside the project area was not in the spirit of Sunday's discussion.

A four-member committee is looking into the land dispute within and around the Tata Motors' site.

Disk Space Error While Installing RHEL5


    After going through the steps for installing the Linux operating system, the last step in the install wizard (About to Install) is to click the [Continue] button to start the installation. After a few seconds, the installation wizard will format the hard disk and then attempt to proceed in copying the boot image. This is where I ran into trouble.

    The error message I received was

        An error occurred transferring the install image to your hard drive. You are probably out of disk space.

    In a recent posting, I see where this may be related to an Intel D8xx (D845/D865/D875) motherboard or similar IDE controller.

    The next section describes some of the workarounds that can be used to fix this problem and allow you to successfully re-install the RHEL5 O/S.

Known Solutions

    The following known solutions require you to provide parameters to the Linux kernel at the boot: prompt before the RHEL installer starts.

    To provide the boot parameters, power up the machine and boot to CD #1 of RHEL. The boot parameter that worked for me was:

        boot: linux allowcddma

    If the above solution does not work, try either one of the following:

        boot: linux ide=nodma
        boot: linux nodma
        boot: linux pcmciaallowcddma

    Thanks to Neuberg Tor Erik, |Jef|, and StarHeart for the DMA tips.

    Another solution is to boot the kernel using a specified memory value. For example:

        boot: linux mem=128M

    If 128M doesn't work, try smaller and smaller numbers until it does work. A good rule of thumb is "YOUR RAM - 2M."

    Thanks to Alan Cox for this tip.

    Another user was able to get past this error by removing a stick of RAM and then running through the install (he indicated that he had 2 x 256 PC2700).

    If none of the solutions in this article provide a fix, check the media (CD) for corruption.


Database Connection Strings for Common Databases

Common Database Connection Strings

Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};DBQ=c:\temp\sample.mdb

Driver={Microsoft dBASE Driver (*.dbf)};DBQ=c:\temp; DriverID=21

Driver={Microsoft dBASE Driver (*.dbf)};DBQ=c:\temp; DriverID=277

dBASE 5.0
Driver={Microsoft dBASE Driver (*.dbf)};DBQ=c:\temp; DriverID=533

Excel 3.0/4.0
Driver={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DBQ=c:\temp; DriverID=278

Excel 5.0/7.0
Driver={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DBQ=c:\temp\sample.xls;DriverID=22

Excel 97
Driver={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DBQ=c:\temp\sample.xls;DriverID=790

Driver={Microsoft ODBC Driver for

Paradox 3.X
Driver={Microsoft Paradox Driver (*.db )};DBQ=c:\temp;DriverID=26

Paradox 4.X
Driver={Microsoft Paradox Driver (*.db )};DBQ=c:\temp;DriverID=282

Paradox 5.X
Driver={Microsoft Paradox Driver (*.db )};DBQ=c:\temp;DriverID=538

SQL Server
Driver={SQL Server};Server=myserver;Database=pubs;Uid=sa;Pwd=

Driver={Microsoft Text Driver (*.txt;*.csv)};DefaultDir=c:\temp

Management / Re: Top 10 Indian MBA Colleges
Sep 08, 2008, 04:11 PM
List of institutes offering accredited MBA degrees in Mumbai

     1.Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS)

     2.National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE)

     3.Shailesh Mehta school of Management,IIT Powai (I I T B)

     4.S.P Jain Institute of Management and Research (SPJIMR)

     5.Tata Institite of Social Sciences (TISS)

     6.Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS)

     7.K.J Somaiya Institute for Management Studies and Research

     8.Prin. L N Welingkar Institute of Management Development and Research

     9.S.I.E.S College of Management Studies

     10.Chetana's R.K Institute of Management and Research

     11.AEGIS School of Business, Navi Mumbai

     12.Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute

     13.Altair Business School

     14.Anjuman-I -Islam's Allana Institute of Management Studies (AIAIMS)

     15.Asian Institute of Management

     16.ASM's Institute of Management and Computer Studies

     17.Atharva School of Business

     18.Babasaheb Gawde Institute of management Studies

     19.The Bombay School of Business

     20.Institute for Technology and Management (ITM) Kharghar Navi Mumbai

     21.Center for Management and Information Technology

     22.Elphinstone College

     23.Garodia School of Professional Studies

     24.ICFAI Business School

     25.Indian Institute of Export and Import Management
TV-GPS is a technology from Rosum Corporation of California. Basically, it is a GPS tracking technology that makes use of television broadcasting signals to intensify or strengthen GPS signals. It is slated for use in urban areas where most people own a television (so the TV broadcasting signals are extremely strong) and where the regular GPS monitoring or tracking is rendered ineffectual because of great interference from electromagnetic noise and obstruction from concrete skyscrapers.

Components of a TV-GPS System

TV-GPS Technology

A TV-GPS system needs a device with a Rosum TV Measurement Module or RTMM which gives the TV-GPS device the capability to intercept TV signals, process digital signals and store information. There is also a location server which is loaded with an application that can process enormous amounts of data so as to calculate the location of devices with an RTMM chipset. Furthermore, there are several monitor units that are scattered around and within the area where TV-GPS units will be used. Their main task is to monitor the strength, the frequencies, the timing, and all other information pertaining to TV broadcast signals in the area. Finally, there needs to be a way to communicate information to and from the location server to the TV-GPS components. The Internet, GPRS and SMS (Short Messaging Service) are used for this purpose.

In a TV-GPS Plus system, a Pseudo-TV Transmitter (PTT) phenomenally strengthens and localizes TV signals for 3-D rendering and precise positioning. This component also performs all functions the monitoring unit provides.
How the Basic TV-GPS System Works

First of all, the monitor unit collects all the information about TV signals within its range. The device gathers information on the channels that are being utilized in the area and the timing of the TV signals. The information is then sent to the location server via the Internet.

The location server then processes the information and sends area-specific TV and digital signal information to the RTMM capable TV-GPS enabled devices. The RTMM in the TV-GPS devices then use the returned data to find the optimal TV channel and signal in the area and performs range calculations. Once this is completed, the TV-GPS devices sends the resulting information back to the location server.

The location server uses RTMM-provided information and GPS satellite input to compute the actual location of the TV-GPS device. After its location has been established, it now sends processed information to the RTMM requesting address or location information to the network or service provider.
Advantages of a TV-GPS System

TV-GPS has a very large advantage over traditional GPS signaling by using TV broadcast signals.

    * These signals are generally more powerful than GPS signals, which means range is greatly increased.
    * They also have lower frequencies than GPS signals so they can penetrate concrete structures more easily, which provides the possibility of indoor coverage.
    * The frequencies used greatly vary, as there are many broadcast channels.
    * The TV-GPS can choose to use the channel with the strongest signal, which means TV-GPS can work almost anywhere in the urban landscape.
    * Finally, TV signals have greater bandwidth than plain GPS signals, so more accurate positional data and other ancillary details can be returned.

Refex Refrigerants Limited

Job Function : Sales/Business Development

Specialization : Other Sales/BusDev

Industry : Manufacturing/Industrial

Qualification : Post Graduation - Others -Graduate (Others -Relevant Stream)

Experience : 2 - 4 Years

Level : Junior - Executive, Assistant

Location : Others

JOB DESCRIPTION : Handling all type of sales work in accordance with industry.

COMPANY DESCRIPTION : Refex Refrigerants Ltd., is a specialist refiller of environmentally friendly refrigerant products. It has a state-of-the-art refilling and storage plant at Thiruporur, Kanvjipuram Dist, (Tamilnadu).


Address :
No 67 Bazullah Road
T Nagar
Chennai 600017

Accounts Executive

First Engineering Plastics India

Experience : 1 - 6 Years

Location : Chennai

Education : UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization;Graduation Not Required PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization;Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type : Chemicals/ PetroChemical/Plastic/Rubber

Functional Area : Accounts, Finance, Tax, CS, Audit

Job Description

1.You will be responsible for Overall Accounting, Payables and Receivables, MIS/ Costing/ Budgeting, - Banking/ Cash Flow/ Inventory Accounting, Sales Tax/ VAT, Excise/PF/ESI, Taxation/ Income Tax, Service Tax, FBT and other statutory compliance etc.
2.Liaise with banks officers and dealers and renew yearly Banker Guarantee.
3.Update Insurance Agent of changes to policy such as addition reduction or amendment when required.
4.Supporting the statutory audit, tax audit and internal audit of the company
5.Independently handle MIS of an entity, monthly preparation & analysis of Financial Statements.
6.Assist to liaise with suppliers when required.
7.Responsible of Monthly departmental Payroll figures. Monthly reports of employees saving and cheque to be paid to employees.
8.Monthly Financial reports (Profit & Loss, Balance sheet & Trial balance need to Update to the head of the department. flow, variance analysis, review and consolidate accounts and financials on timely basis,
10.Responsible of preparing monthly Bank Reconciliation Report.
11.Managing the day to day bank related transactions.
12.To carry out other duties and assignments as and when required by your HOD and the Top Management

Desired Candidate Profile

Candidate must possess at least a (Graduate or Post graduate)
At least 3 years working experience in manufacturing environment
Knowledge of ERP system
Proficient in Microsoft Office Good communication skills and a team player
Good knowledge of custom procedures and tax deducted at source requirements
Able to handle full set of manufacturing accounts under tight deadline
Hardworking & hands-on preferred

Company Profile

First Engineering Plastics India Pvt Ltd is a leading manufacturer of ultra precision moulds, plastics components and modular manufacturing assembly for high technology engineering applications.
Headquartered in Singapore, First Engineering offers an integrated suite of solutions including product design, tooling, and production and assembly services predominantly for the hard disk drive (HDD), PC peripherals, optical related products, life science, health care, business machine and automotive industries.

Contact Details

Company Name : First Engineering Plastics India Pvt.Ltd

Website :

Executive Name : Mr.Kalillulah.K

Address :

First Engineering Plastics India PvtLtd
Chennai,Tamil nadu,INDIA 602105

Email Address :

Telephone : 044-044-47100191

Deachang India Seat Co. Pvt. Ltd - Manager/Asst Manager/ Sr Executive

Experience : [blink]4 - 9 Years[/blink]

Location : Chennai

Education : UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type : Auto/Auto Ancillary

Functional Area : Purchase, Logistics, Supply Chain

Job Description

Supply Chain Management
Import Procedures
Port clearance
Management of inventory comprising
Logistics Procedure
Rejection analysis and corrective action identification and follow-up.
Critical and unique inspection methods required for process control
Desired Candidate Profile
DMEs / BE - Mechs with 6-9yrs exp in hardcore purchase and materials functions. Exposure with autocomponents is essential.

Company Profile

New Korean MNC company supplier to Hyundai Motors india.

Contact Details

Company Name:Deachang India Seat Co. Pvt. Ltd

Website : http://

Email Address :
Exports Marketing

March 2007

Time: 3 Hours

Marks: 100

   1. All questions are compulsory.
   2. Figures to the right indicate full marks.

    * Q.1(a) Explain the following terms/concepts in about 30 words (any eight):- 16
    *   1. Duty Drawback. 
    *   2. Negative list of Exports. 
    *   3. Product Positioning. 
    *   4. TRIM'S. 
    *   5. MODVAT. 
    *   6. Back- to - Back L/C. 
    *   7. Certificate of Origin. 
    *   8. SEZ. 
    *   9. Seed Capital Scheme. 
    *   10. LIBOR. 
    *   11. IEC Number. 
    * (b) Give full forms:- 
    *   (i) SAPTA. 
    *   (ii) NAFED. 
    * Q.2 Answer any two from the following:- 16
    *   (a) Explain the problems faced by Indian exporters in overseas markets. 
    *   (b) Explain the composition of India's exports during the last decade. 
    *   (c) Explain the implications of WTO for a developing country like India. 
    *   (d) Explain the importance of exports for a developing country. 
    * Q.3 Answer any two from the following:- 16
    *   (a) Discuss the procedure in selecting overseas markets. 
    *   (b) Distinguish between Direct Exporting and Indirect Exporting. 
    *   (c) What are Star Export Houses? Explain their functions. 
    *   (d) Explain the implications of Foreign Trade Policy: [FTP] 2004 -2009. 
    * Q.4(a) Answer any two from the following:- 16
    *   (i) What is break-even point? 

      From the following cost data of Rolta Ltd., Calculate the minimum FOB price to be quoted by them for an export order of 1000 units if they want a profit margin of 15 % of FOB cost.
      Material Cost    Rs. 40 per unit
      Labour Cost    Rs. 15 per unit
      Overheads    Rs. 5 per unit
      Packing and transportation Cost    Rs. 5 per unit
    * The company will be entitled for 10 % Duty Drawback assistance on FOB price.
    * Conversion rate $ 1 = Rs.45
    *   (ii) Explain- in brief, the various export pricing strategies. 
    *   (iii) Explain the procedure to obtain post shipment credit. 
    *   (iv) Discuss the forfeiting scheme of EXIM bank. 
    * Q.5 Answer any two of the following:- 16 
    *   (a) Explain the customs and shipping formalities for exports. 
    *   (b) Explain the procedure to appoint Custom House Agent. 
    *   (c) Explain the types and importance of Bill of Lading. 
    *   (d) Write note on MDA.

Octomber 2006
Time: 3 Hours
Marks: 100

   1. All questions are compulsory.
   2. Figures to the right indicate full marks.

    * Q.1(a) Explain in brief (any four):- 8
    *   (1) State any four difficulties faced by Indian exporter. 
    *   (2) What is brand piracy? 
    *   (3) What is "Deemed Exports"? 
    *   (4) What is Export House?. 
    *   (5) What is "negative list of exports". 
    *   (6) What do you mean by three faced competition? 
    *   (7) What is counter/buy back trade? 
    *   (8) What do you mean by service exports? 
    * (b) State with reasons, whether the following statements are true or false (any three):- 6
    *   (i) Gains in International market are equally shared by all countries in the world. 
    *   (ii) Procedural complexities is still treated as major barrier in export marketing. 
    *   (iii) WTO has replaced UNCTAD. 
    *   (iv) Indirect exporting is suitable for small exporting firms. 
    *   (v) Cottage and Handicraft sector is given special status in 2002-07 Exim policy. 
    *   (vi) Dumping refers to free sale of goods in foreign market. 
    * Q.2 Answer any three from the following:- 18
    *   (a) Define "Export Marketing" and explain the features of export marketing. 
    *   (b) Critically evaluate the direction of India's export trade since 1995. 
    *   (c) Define "Trade Barriers" and explain diffrent types of "Tariff Barriers". 
    *   (d) Discuss in brief the provisions of "TRIPS and TRIM's" clauses of WTO. 
    *   (e) Write a note on "European Union"(EU). 
    *   (f) Distinguish between "Domestic Marketing and International marketing". 
    * Q.3 Answer any three from the following:- 18 
    *   (a) Explain diffrent channels of distribution available in export marketing. 
    *   (b) What are the diffrent factors to be considered while selecting the product in overseas market?. 
    *   (c) Discuss the role of STC in export promotion. 
    *   (d) Highlight the prominent features of India's Foreign Trade Policy: [FTP] 2004 -2009. 
    *   (e) Define 'Branding'. Explain different branding strategies available to exporter. 
    *   (f) Write a. note on 'Product Life Cycle'. 
      Section II
    * Q.4(a) Answer in brief (any four):- 8 
    *   i. What is break-even point in export pricing? 
    *   ii. What is skimming pricing strategy? 
    *   iii. State any four functions of RBI. 
    *   iv. What is Certificate of Origin? 
    *   v. State any two methods of Pre-shipment Inspection. 
    *   vi. What facilities are offered in Red clause L/C and Green clause L/C? 
    *   vii. Why marine insurance cover is necessary in export marketing? 
    *   viii. What is a role of Customs appraiser in shipment stage? 
    * (b) Give full forms of the following abbreviations: – 6 
    *   i. SIDBI 
    *   ii. FICCI. 
    *   iii. EPCG 
    *   iv. FEMA. 
    *   v. LIBOR 
    *   vi. ADB. 
    * Q.5 Answer any three from the following:- 18 
    *   (a) What are the objectives of pricing? 
    *   (b) Distinguish between "Pre-shipment and Post-shipment Finance". 
    *   (c) State and explain various specific policies of ECGC that cover export risks. 
    *   (d) Discuss the Forfeiting Scheme of EXIM Bank. 
    *   (e) Define Letter of Credit and discuss the parties to L/C. 
    *   (f) Explain the registration procedure involved in export marketing 
    * Q.6 Answer any three from the following:– 18 
    *   (a) What is Proforma Invoice? How does it differ from commercial invoice? 
    *   (b) Explain the importance of following documents: (i) Mate's receipt. (ii) Bill of Lading. 
    *   (c) Discuss any six incentives available to Indian exporter. 
    *   (d) Briefly explain the functions of ITPO. 
    *   (e) Discuss the role of following organisations in export promotion.(i)FIEO(ii)EHTP 
    *   (f) From the following data calculate NET FOB price in US $:- 
      Ex Factory Cost    Rs. 1,00,000.00
      Labour Cost    Rs. 10,000.00
      Packing Cost    Rs. 12,000.00
      Transportation    Rs. 8,000.00
      Profit    10% of FOB Cost
      DBK    10% of FOB Price
      Conversion Rate    1$ = Rs. 45

Time: 3 Hours
Marks: 100

   1. All questions are compulsaory.
   2. Figures to the right indicte maximum marks.

Section I

    * Q.1 a) Answer in brief. (any four) 8
    *   i) Export House. 
    *   ii) MMTC. 
    *   iii) Four features of foreign trade policy 2004-2009. 
    *   iv) Product. 
    *   v) Labelling. 
    *   vi) Suggest four measures to improve India's share in the World Trade. 
    *   vii) Four objectives of Trading Bloc. 
    *   viii) Target Market 
    *   b) State with reasons, whether the following statements are true of false (any three) 6
    *   i) Import substitution helps to earn foreign exchange. 
    *   ii) Dumping refers to selling in foreign market at a price above domestic market price. 
    *   iii) Trading blocs and free international trade move together. 
    *   vi) Indirect exporting needs limited financial investment. 
    *   v) Every exporter has to register his name with RBI and obtain code number. 
    *   vi) Exporters are not in favour of long term export policy. 
    * Q.2 Answer any three from the following 18
    *   a) Explain the main problems faced by exporter in export marketing. 
    *   b) "Export act as an engine of econimic growth" - Explain. 
    *   c) What are the advantages of tariff barriers ? 
    *   d) What is G.S.P. ? Explain the features of G.S.P. 
    *   e) Write note on "NAFTA" as a trade bloc. 
    *   f) Explain the qualities of a successful export manager. 
    * Q.3 Answer any three from the following 18
    *   a) What is indirect exporting? Explain its advantages. 
    *   b) What is licencing ? Explain its advantages and disadvantages. 
    *   c) Distinguish between merchant exporter and manufacturer exporter. 
    *   d) What are the implications of EXIM policy 2002-2007 ? 
    *   e) What is product planing ? Explain the need and importance of product planing. 
    *   f) Explain the importance of after-sales service in export market. 

Section II

    * Q.4 a) Answer in brief. (any four) 8
    *   i) ECGC. 
    *   ii) ARE-1 Form. 
    *   iii) Mate's receipt. 
    *   iv) Export worthy unit. 
    *   v) C & F Agent. 
    *   vi) DBK. 
    *   vii) Airway Bill. 
    *   viii) IRMAC Scheme. 
    *   b) Give full forms of the following abbrevations 6
    *   i) EPCG 
    *   ii) OPEC 
    *   iii) IIFT 
    *   iv) STP 
    *   v) IBRD 
    *   vi) EIC 
    * Q.5 Answer any three from the following 18
    *   a) Explain any two types of pricing strategies. 
    *   b) What is pre-shipment finance ? What are its features ? 
    *   c) Write a note on non-fund based assistance provided by commercial bank to exporter. 
    *   d) Explain the role played by SIDBI in export promotion. 
    *   e) What is letter of credit ? What are the advantages of letter of credit to the importer ? 
    *   f) What is ISO-9000 ? What are its advantages ? 
    * Q.6 Answer any three from the following 18
    *   a) What is commercial invioce ? What is the importance of commercial invoice ? 
    *   b) What is Shipping Bill ? Explain its importance and contents. 
    *   c) What are the different financial incentives available to the Indian exporter ? 
    *   d) Write a note on MPEDA and ICA. 
    *   e) What is SEZ ? Explain its features. 
    *   f) From the following data calculate minimum FOB price in US $:-

Cost of material     Rs. 2,25,000
Cost of Labour    Rs. 1,20,000
Local transport charges    Rs. 18,000
Packing charges    Rs. 12,000
Profit contribution    Rs. 65,000
Duty Drawback    10% of FOB Price
Conversion Rate    1 US $ = Rs. 45
Manage Stress with Spirituality and Enjoy Work Life

"Stress "refers to an individual's reaction to a disturbing factor in the environment. It is defined as an adaptive response to an external situation that results in physical, psychological, and behavioral deviations for organizational participants. Stress is the feeling one experience when he perceives a gap between what one wants and what one gets or has; it becomes an excess of demands over the individual's ability to meet them. It is an internal reaction caused by our perception or interpretation of what is outside and it results in building up of commotion within us.

Stress is usually thought of a negative terms. Stress can manifest itself in both positive and negative ways. The positive stress is known as Eustress. It is viewed as a motivator since in its absence the individual lacks that 'edge' necessary for peak performance. Stress is considered negative when it is associated with heart diseases, absenteeism, breakdowns, physical and organizational and emotional problems.

Stress can either help or hinder one's effectiveness depending upon the stress level. When the level increases, personal effectiveness increases but, when the stress crosses the optimum level, the persons' effectiveness declines. Too much tension in the string also yields very poor result and may break the string. Only optimal amount of tension only produces pleasant music. There are several major sources of stress. The stressors generate from individual, group, organizational and extra organizational sources. Job stress is not limited just to things that happen inside the organization, during working hours. The other organizational stressors are family relocation, economic and financial conditions, race and class and community conditions etc.,

A group can also be a potential source of stress. These group stressors can be categorized into three areas. They are lack of group cohesiveness, lack of social support and intra individual, interpersonal and inter-group conflicts. Among individual factors contributing to stress are personality, life and career changes and lift trauma.

The following are the major stressors:

Procrastination: It affects most of us at sometime. Most often we procrastinate when faced with something we do not want to do. However most of the stress is self-induced and they are caused not by external events but by the way one looks at and interprets those events which occur in life.

Environmental and work stress:

This will affect from an inability to perform well in a particular role because of misunderstanding over what is required from the role of a boss or subordinate or because of lack of skills. It may come from overcrowding, pollution, untidiness and distractions.

Fatigue and Overwork: Here, stress builds up over a long period. This can occur where one tries to achieve too much in too little a time, or where one is not using effective time management strategies.

Frustration: It is a result of a motivation being blocked to prevent one from reaching a desired goal. Assume that you are trying to finish a report by quitting time, but one interference after another requires your attention and your time. When we are sure that our goal for the day many not be reached, you are likely to become frustrated and become irritable and develop an uneasy feeling in your stomach, or have some other reaction. These reactions to frustration are known as Defense Mechanisms.


Stress can have serious consequences on both our health and work performance. The problems due to high levels of stress can be exhibited physically, psychologically or behaviourally by the individual. High levels of stress are also associates with ulcers, high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis. Stress can cause depression; irritation, anxiety, and fatigue lowered self-esteem and reduced job satisfaction. Sustained over a long period, stress can lead to attempts to escape through the use of drugs or alcohol. The job related stress leads to lower productivity. Lower quality, high health care cost and increasing employee conflicts.


There are few specific techniques that individuals can sue to eliminate or more effectively manage inevitable, prolonged stress conditions:

Yoga: Yoga is the most effective remedy for stress. It has been used in our country for centuries. Pranayaama, Manomaya Kosha, Anandamaya Kosha are useful to cope with stress.

Pace Yourself: Plan the day on a flexible basis. Do not try to do many things at a time. Slow down. Think before reacting to negative situations or people. Avoid the trap of trying to do too many things at a time and then failing to accomplish much.

Practice the relaxation response: Engage yourself in physical activity, such as swimming, walking, riding bicycles to get some exercise to combat stress. Freely discuss the problems, fears, frustrations and sources of uprightness with those who care about you.

Focus on situation and solution. Nothing will happen until we start concentrating on the solution. By deliberately managing the antecedents and the consequences of their own behaviour, people can achieve self-control and can avoid people or situations that they know will put them under stress. This strategy involves individuals controlling the situation instead of letting the situation control them.

MANAGE STRESS: The art of stress management is to keep our composure at a level that is healthy and enjoyable. The strategies that should be adopted to manage excessive stress depend on the source of that stress. Where stress and fatigue are long term, then life style and organizational changes may be appropriate. If the feeling of stress comes from adrenalin in the body, then it may be effective to relax the body and slow down the flow of adrenalin.

SPIRITUALITY; Due to stress, ambiguous, face paced, demanding, chaotic work life only value based working is the only solution. Inner wisdom is the only source that will sustain in the long run. Ethical and spiritual values have lost their place leading to employees with many mental problems and also dissatisfaction among them regarding their jobs. Spirituality is that which comes from within. Spirituality is beyond our programmed beliefs and values that is the source of wisdom. It is the source that influences to behave with passion, understanding, empathy and love.

Spirituality is the essence and religion is form. Spirituality is the source of an unlimited number of forms of human experience may take, like meditation, prayer and treating others with respect, dignity and as equals. The Managers in an organization are more concerned about their workers and subordinates and the impact of spirituality on their working habits. Workplace spirituality refers to the ways few express our spirituality at work, both for personal support and in making ethical and just decisions. The effects of spirituality are Planning, Organization, Directing, Coordinating and controlling.

First of all a Manager should establish a personal vision of their function in concert with the organization's vision use meditation and visualization to explore for creative consciousness for a vision that is consistent with the organization's higher purpose beyond self-interest. Now the manager will plan his work in concert with the vision of the Organization – create specific definable and measurable results that would ensure that his personal vision is achieved through the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives. Focus the employees; thoughts and actions on the things they can change or influence and leave the rest to the future.

Making unrealistic demand from employees will lead to stress and misunderstandings which worsens the position. Developing interpersonal communication skills such as listening to other's views and providing effective and timely feedback is a key to effective communication. When one's ideas and attitudes are effectively communicated to people around, they may land in a win win situation in every sphere of workplace or social gathering. This can save the manager and his subordinates from unnecessary misunderstandings and consequent tensions. Managers should value and integrate differences in all their business transactions – establish an accountability system that is performance, result oriented in terms of differences. After organizing the work and delegating it to others according to plans ascertained, the next step is to direct others during their functioning.

Manager must support their employees at every stage. Establish regular communication with personal source of guidance, wisdom and inspiration – take 5 to 10 minutes everyday to meditate, pray or introspect regarding a situation or opportunity that requires attention in the organization's life. Lot of importance is attached to including spirituality at all levels of managerial functions. Not only directing and motivating employees can lead to the successful achievement of organizational goals but it is also necessary to coordinate their activities, the next function of managers.

To avoid any conflict in the functioning of various departments in an organization, it is necessary for the managers to coordinate all their functions. Teamwork has the capacity to bring satisfaction to our efforts and learning to our minds and hearts. Challenge to strive to do one's best when others on the team simply want to get the task done well or not. The problem of most of the MNCs toeay is the cultural differences among employees, which can be dealt with effectively by including spirituality in manager's perception. Even one can develop a new level of appreciation.

The success of any plan made by the management depends upon the controlling function of the managers. Without effective control all managerial planning is futile. Nowadays, control function does not mean harsh control techniques adopted by managers which may include strict physical or monetary punishments rather a more understandable and realistic measure. The inclusion of spirituality at control level is important as it helps both, the managers as well as the employees to understand each other's problems and point of view in a more reasonable and sensible manner. The people are looking for leaders who are enlightened enough to provide a visionary leadership with an assertive communication, and inspiration to make a different. The main reason that today's work force predominantly behaves irresponsible and uncaring – according to many managers- is because they were expected to behave like machines, to do the job without thinking what was right or wrong.

A workplace where people have the feeling that they are an asset for the organization, the their family and their feelings are appreciated, that their thoughts on processes at work are heard and seriously considered, a workplace where there is z connection between top management and the operational level without many doors that need to be passed first, is a workplace where everyone will want to stay. This kind of work environment is possible only when spirituality is a part and parcel of management function and workers day to day activity.


Work is meant to be a celebration or source of enjoyment. It is a fulfillment. Instead it has turned out to be a drudgery or a pastime for a majority of us. Modern technology, fast life style and materialistic attitude disempowering us and we feel dull, fatigued, dejected and tortured. So what to do? The only time for enjoy and celebrate is on weekends when they unwind themselves. However a closer examination would reveal that we have only a vague and very subjective idea of the policies of our organizations and about the competitor's ways of working. Carefully we have to go step by step to derive some logical conclusions.

Unlearn Egos: EGO means Edging God Out. Very important I in us creating a sense of separateness and we inflict our personalities with pride and selfishness. Ego keeps us away from reality and makes our perceptions distorted. We become rude, aggressive and indifferent at work. Instead of overpowering out ego and throwing away rotten mentalities, we keep on blowing our own horn about No Overwork without compensation resulting in frustration, fatigue, stress and reduced effectiveness.

As "Patanjali says " The mind is like a clear crystal. It has simply got covered with dust (EGO) If you want to see life clearly you have to wash all the dirt off. A person engulfed with such dirty attitudes will pollute everybody and everything around him. Ego widens the gap between people and destroys relationships. The only way to overcome ego is to be patient and sympathetic and doing work inspired by a higher spirit. The Vedas offer important lessons to all of us that in order to realize our full potential, we must get rid of egoism, which breeds from ignorance.

We must have faith in our capacity to unlearn wrong attitudes. Help, guidance, inspiration may come from a Guru, guide or teacher, or it may be you yourself. Start unlearning" conditioned responses". A way to strengthen ourselves and ward off negativities is to remember that, inspite of outward differences and appearances; we are pure, perfect and divine in origin and part of one God. Be patient and cultivate faith. We must explore honesty.

We talk about our problems in front of out colleagues, bosses or whosoever in a public forum; we proclaim we are very hard working, often working late hours. We are quite positive in attitudes se say, and somebody else is making our life miserable. Infact, we are very dishonest. To hide our inefficiencies, we blame our bosses, organization and its policies. If we honestly introspect the present scenario, we will find that a lot of our problems and frustrations are self created and can be safely dumped away.

The Sloka of Gita says that do your work and do not wish for results. Your duty is to work and the results are in God's hands. People term this a propagation of fatalistic attitude amongst masses. In fact, Krishna is not wrong, only the interpretation is wrong. Krishna is not wrong, only the interpretation is wrong. Krishna never meant to say Work without rewards what he meant was that you keep on doing your work with full efforts, energy and concentration. Rewards will automatically follow. But if, while working, you keep on thinking and worrying about rewards, your efforts, energy and concentration on work will get reduced. So herein lies the crux- work dispassionately and it will never bore you henceforth.
Indian IT honchos shrug off Obama threat to outsourcing

Bangalore: The Indian IT industry remains unfazed by the threat to outsourcing sounded by US Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama.

"Companies that ship jobs overseas will not get tax breaks," he said in his nomination address at the Denver democratic national convention last week.

Having survived the campaign of former US Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry four years ago on jobs being "Bangalored" because of outsourcing, head honchos of leading IT firms here say: "Don't read much into what Obama said in a poll campaign. He didn't say either that firms creating jobs in America will get tax breaks.

"The reference may have more to do with the loss or lack of jobs in sectors like manufacturing than IT services," Som Mittal, chairman of Indian software services' trade body Nasscom, said.

Though the US market remains the best bet for the Indian IT services sector, contributing over 60 per cent of the total revenue for bellwethers such as TCS, Infosys, Wipro and Satyam, Obama's passing reference against outsourcing does not rattle them as it did in the past due to changing market/industry dynamics and advent of globalisation.

"Democratic governments in the past were in support of free trade as the US has been all along. We don't think that practice will go when a new administration takes over early next year. The stakeholders are well aware of the advantages of outsourcing, especially in the service industry," Mittal observed.

Echoing Mittal, Infosys director and human resources department head T V Mohandas Pai said outsourcing was inevitable in a globalised world, as there was no going back considering its benefits for companies, employees and the US economy at large.

"Globalisation and outsourcing go hand-in-hand. If the world is to be a single market for delivery of goods and services, outsourcing has to be part of it to compete and sustain. Increasingly, trans-nationals are driving global growth and outsourcing is inevitable," Pai said.

Admitting job losses was a sensitive issue and a worrying factor during recession, Pai said the remedy in such a bleak scenario was to outsource the work or service where talent and cost arbitrage would enable US firms to tighten belts and save as much to protect or create more jobs.

"On the contrary, by outsourcing IT services or back office operations from countries like India, US companies not only cut costs, but also improve efficiency, productivity and competitiveness by focusing on their core competencies," Pai asserted.

Without countering Obama's "off-the-cuff" remark, Mittal said in the IT services domains, American corporations across verticals were well aware that outsourcing enhanced their competitiveness, increased efficiency and created more jobs to sustain business and drive growth.
Company Details

Company Name   Egrove Systems Pvt. Ltd.

Company Profile   eGrove Systems is a leading global service provider. We provide a complete range of quality IT services. We are specialized in providing IT solutions for various verticals, both commercial and government sectors. We engage experts within the industry, to deliver optimal solutions and ensuring business to achieve their goals.  We are able to optimize IT investments by reducing the total cost of ownership (TCO).

Our management team has more than 22 years of experience.  We have helped companies to achieve true synergy between business and technology goals, so that technology investments actually drive business goals.  We continuously invest in new technologies, processes and people, to help you stay ahead of competition and achieve your business objectives.

Candidate Details

Desired profile   The Desired profile of candidates would be students with interest in sheet metal fabrication. Strong working knowledge of AutoCAD and/or any 3D Modeling packages, and a basic understanding of welding procedures.

Experience :[blink] 0- 2 Years [/blink]

Location :  Chennai

Contact Information

Apply Details
What is VoIP conference software

VoIP conference software comes in two basic varieties: free and commercial.

The free VoIP conference software packages tend to be difficult to setup and use; the commercial VoIP conference software packages tend to be slick and easy to install and use.

Of course, the commercial VoIP conference software packages also come with setup fees and recurring costs for conference room access.

Which option you choose depends upon your budget of time and money.
Free VoIP Conference Software
Commercial VoIP Conference Software
Free VoIP Conference Software


GnomeMeeting is an H.323 compatible videoconferencing and VOIP/IP-Telephony application that allows you to make audio and video calls to remote users with H.323 hardware or software (such as Microsoft Netmeeting). It supports all modern videoconferencing features, such as registering to an ILS directory, gatekeeper support, making multi-user conference calls using an external MCU, using modern Quicknet telephony cards, and making PC-To-Phone calls.


Gspeakfreely is a VoIP system with a flexible component system. It implements a set of audio processing components which can be connected to each other or mixed together. The most important components are net in/output, which implement VoIP functionality and the OSS-DSP in/output component.

Additionally there is a ISDN in/output component that allows making actual phone connections, and a file input component that can also play Internet radio streams. Also included is a fading plug-in, that can for example fade incoming calls into your music. New components can be developed for specific purposes, and combined with existing ones.

The net in/output components also have conference support. The net input component can mix incoming audio data from different hosts.
Commercial VoIP Conference Software


cu-HearMe allows any two or more computers in the world to be linked in a live, interactive voice environment via the web.

cu-HearMe supports both Microsoft Windows and MacOS.

cu-HearMe charges a setup fee and a monthly fee for conference room access.

Voice Now

Scheduling private conversations and conference calls is now as easy as visiting a web page. Voice Now's VoiceTech Communicator is a ready-to-run software application that has been designed to enhance existing public Internet and Voice over IP (VoIP) networks to include scheduled and instant conferencing services.

VoiceTech Communicator users can schedule their own IP based discussions or conference calls and then call in using a personal computer. VoiceTech's software-only architecture provides business conferencing with an unparalleled degree of flexibility at a reasonable cost.

Voice Now charges an annual fee for their service.

Icon Communicator

Icon Communicator is a modular software program which supports voice, conferencing, text-chat, and desktop sharing.

Icon Communicator is a modular software program which supports voice, conferencing, text-chat, and desktop sharing.

Icon Communicator is priced with a small setup fee and a monthly recurring fee for access to the Conference Centers.

The Icon Communicator is sold with an odd MLM (Multi-Level-Marketing) sales model. Theoretically, you can earn money by using and recommending this service to others.
Jokes & Funny Images / Re: funny
Sep 02, 2008, 07:19 PM
Thats Incredible

Gift / Prizes Request / Topup Request
Sep 02, 2008, 07:06 PM
User Name : NAREN
Date  : 02 september 08
Status : Urgent
Postcount : 34
Information : Airtel Prepaid chennai
Total No of Post you made so far : Ex 674 posts : 673
Type of the Gift : Mobile Topup
Select Your Service Provider : Airtel Prepaid

Here by i declare that , before sending this request. I have verified my todays post. So Please check the topup status and confirm it.
[blink]Note : You will be given Warning if you are trying to test this Form or Found Fake[/blink]
Raj Abhyanker Legal Services Pvt. Ltd.

Experience:[blink]5 - 8 Years[/blink]


Education:UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Computers, Electronics/Telecomunication, Other Specialization PG - M.Tech - Computers, Electronics/Telecomunication, Other Engineering

Industry Type:Legal

Functional Area:Web, Graphic Design, Visualiser

Job Description

1. Possess advanced knowledge of object-oriented design and development (OOA/OOD) and the .NET framework / 2005, SQL 2005, data architectures, Active Directory Service and MSMQ.

2. Expertise with design patterns, specifically the Microsoft Patterns and Practices.

3. Extensive 4 years experience in C#, .Net development, ASP.Net, Web Services (WSDL, SOAP, XSD) Windows Forms applications, and MS SQL Server (T-SQL, DTS, triggers, stored procedures), XML, SQL. Microsoft DNA / COM / COM+,XML technologies such as XSLT, XPath and schemas Web Infrastructure - NT, IIS techniques and tools to improve quality, time or cost of delivery. Framework Knowledge, SQL Server 2005 .NET 2005, ASP.NET, VB.NET, .NET Remoting a plus. .NET Developer/lead and ready for the next move to .NET Architecture this is a perfect position.

4.Train / Mentoring people in the technology front. Able to clarify technical related queries to the clients (CTO / Chief Architect)
5. Should be able to create a Framework for Application Development.
knowledge should be excellent. Should be able to write complex stored procedures, functions and other SQL Server 2000/2005 Objects.

6. Expertise with design patterns, specifically the Microsoft Patterns and Practices.
- Extensive 4 years experience in C#, .Net development, ASP.Net, Web Services (WSDL, SOAP, XSD) Windows Forms applications, and MS SQL Server (T-SQL, DTS, triggers, stored procedures), XML, SQL. Microsoft DNA / COM / COM+,XML technologies such as XSLT, XPath and schemas Web Infrastructure - NT, IIS techniques and tools to improve quality, time or cost of delivery. Framework Knowledge, SQL Server 2005 .NET 2005, ASP.NET, VB.NET, .NET Remoting a plus. .NET Developer/lead and ready for the next move to .NET Architecture this is a perfect position.

7. Train / Mentoring people in the technology front. Able to clarify technical related queries to the clients (CTO / Chief Architect)

8. Should have excellent communication skills.

9. Be able to assist in setting application development standards and methodologies.

10. Be able to support existing business system applications as well as design and implement new technical solutions for business needs often integrating third-party solutions.

11. Be able to identify risks and issues related to software design, development and implementation and drive risk mitigation.

12. Demonstrate strong written and oral communication skills.
Desired Candidate Profile
An Engineering degree with at least 5 years of experience in the same field.
- Willing to take up complete architecture roles & responsibilities. ready to handle customer queries/escalations.
- Will be in a position to build/train people working under him/her.
- Provide technical leadership and supervision to team members in broad technical areas from basic software development methodologies to guidance on complex technical issues.
- Stay abreast of technologies Visual Studio .NET with either ASP.NET/VB.NET or C#.NET Web Service with .NET *N-Tier Architecture.
- Work experience (development) of at least 8 years with complete knowledge of SDLC.
- Leading a team of developer's w.r.t technology and project delivery.
- Exposure to International clients and working with US clients will be a plus.
- Excellent communication to interact with International clients.
- Ready to Face new challenges, bridge between software engineers, clients.
- Very sound ability to anticipate issues and formulate remedial actions.
- Very sound ability to take on multiple assignments/problem solving skills. Excellent mentoring skills.
- Easily adaptable to company culture. (Extremely young and dynamic).

Ideal candidate will have superior knowledge of front end, middle tier, and back-end development, and have expert level skills in Visual Studio .Net. Also, skills with Fireworks, Dreamweaver and Flash are valuable but not necessary. Knowledge and experience with Web 2.0 design is a plus.

TOP Pay for the right candidate. Only the best of the best should apply. Face to face interviews with U.S. team visiting Bangalore the week of September 8. Submit a portfolio and programming sample.

Company Profile

Raj Abhyanker Legal Services Pvt. Ltd. (see:,, (coming soon), and, a company with a wide range of web properties and headquartered in Silicon Valley, U.S.A. is looking for a Lead Software Engineer who is an expert in C# and .Net to join its growing team in Bangalore. Ideal candidate will have exceptional programming skills in C#, ASP.NET, and N-tier application development

Contact Details

Company Name:Raj Abhyanker Legal Services Pvt. Ltd.


Executive Name:Jolly Mathew

Google / What is Googlebot?
Sep 02, 2008, 03:02 PM
Googlebot is the web crawler which Google uses to find web pages on the Internet.

Googlebot is known by it's referrer tag, which looks like this:

Googlebot/2.1 (+

The Google AdSense Googlebot

The Google AdSense bot is confusingly named and therefore causes frequent confusion as webmasters mistake it for Googlebot.

The Google AdSense bot crawls web pages which contain Google AdSense advertisements, in order to determine what advertisements are most relevant for that page.

The Google AdSense bots referrer tag looks like this:
Mediapartners-Google/2.1 (+

Being visited by the Google AdSense bot will not get you into Google's search engine index.

Quoting The Google AdSense FAQ:

Adding the Google AdSense ad code or WebSearch code to your site will not queue your pages for crawling by our main index bots. While our bot (Mediapartners-Google/2.1+) does crawl content pages for the purpose of targeting ads, this crawl is not associated with our main index crawl.

The Google Automatic URL Removal Console Bot

If you have used the Google Automatic URL Removal System to remove a web page from the Google index, you will receive a visit from the UrlConsole Googlebot.

The Google UrlConsole bots referrer tag looks like this:


The Googlebot FAQ

For more information on Googlebot, read the Googlebot FAQ.
How do I Use the Outlook Autodialer?

Autodialers become another set of mouse clicks you make as you work through multiple projects simultaneously. In many respects, the question is not how to use an autodialer, but how it can be better used.

The Basics

The entire autodialer process works from your contacts list. Just go to the contacts list and select the contact number that you would like to call. On the toolbar you will see a little phone. This is the autodial function. Select this option. When the New Call window appears, select the phone number you would like to call and click on the Start Call option on the window. When the window indicates the call is ready, click Begin Call and lift the phone receiver to begin your call. When the phone conversation is complete, click the End Call option and replace the phone receiver in its cradle.

Other Autodialer Options

Autodialers are far more versatile than just making single phone calls. Their main use is for responding to large numbers of inquiries or contacting large groups with a common link. Perhaps the most common use of autodialers that the public is aware of is credit collection. These programs are mostly designed to verify that the person being contacted is home so that a real person can speak with them. The calls are generally recognized from there not being a response to your "hello" for a brief period after the receiver is picked up. These autodialer calls are a bit different from the standard autodialer call because they are regulated by the federal government and, in many cases, by state governments.
Sales Calls

The autodialer is a good way to keep your sales calls moving forward. A software package can tailor the way you would like to approach the issue, but generally these programs are designed to send the call to a sales rep if there is a pickup, play a recorded message if there is an answering machine pickup, and show scripts or notes from a previous conversation as the call is being made. The efficiency comes from having all the information in one place and, more importantly, having the next call ready when the sales representative finishes the current call.


An emerging use of autodialers is as a notification tool during emergencies or mass information notification situations. Too many tragic events at educational institutions have made the ability to contact the entire school population quickly and efficiently critical to saving lives and keeping people informed. Autodialers have this capacity and are increasingly being used by school systems across the country.

Double-Edged Sword

The unfortunate truth about autodialers is that they are just a piece of technology. They are both efficient and annoying. Their correct use is an issue for government and administrators to consider carefully.
Email Extractor

An Email Extractor is a tool designed to extract email addresses from a variety of different sources, both online and offline. Some possible sources depending on the email extraction tool used, include HTTP protocols, HTTPS protocols, HTML files, and text files on your local disk. Many consider the Email Extractor's ability to extract email addresses from websites over the HTTP protocols to be its most valuable feature, as it can be used to generate lists of email addresses; however, this feature, if used improperly or if used to generate email addresses for unsolicited bulk emailing campaigns is also illegal in the United States.

Email extractors are marketed as being fast and easy to use tools which can use a variety of proxies in an attempt to multithread and access multiple websites at a time. Many of the more popular programs have been coded to work on both Windows PCs and computers running the Mac OS X operating system with universal binaries. Currently, most Email Extractors range in price from 20 USD to nearly 200 USD, with the more expensive products containing higher end features or corporate licenses for use on several computers. At this time, there are no free email extraction programs.

Email Extractor Software

Some of the features users look for include: the speed of the program in extracting potential email addresses, a validity checker for each of the email addresses which were extracted, multithreading, whether or not the program uses proxies to access websites, how the program sorts the email addresses that have been extracted, and whether or not the program will remove duplicate email addresses which it discovers.

Users also look to evaluate a program's ease of use before you purchase it. They may investigate the product over a limited evaluation period to may test out the program before purchasing it.

Anti-spam Laws

Using an email extraction program puts you at risk of violating a variety of anti-spam laws depending on where you live. In America, the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 is a variety of laws regarding the use of unsolicited emails in marketing. Under the act, sending out unsolicited bulk email or spam, is regarded as a misdemeanor and can lead to maximum jail sentences of up to a year and fines depending on the extent of the spamming operation.

Furthermore, the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 also regards the activity of harvesting email addresses by using an email extraction program as an aggravated offense which may result in even more serious fines or jail time if a person is convicted of a spamming or an email address harvesting crime.

Although there have only been a handful of convictions as a result of the CAN-SPAM Act of 2003, there is still a significant likelihood that you will be arrested if you use an Email Extractor to create mailing lists to send out unsolicited bulk email.
What is Image Spamming?

Image spamming is a new method of email spamming. The text is imbedded in image or picture files, which most anti-spam software ignore. They are not detected as spam simply because they are pictures and not text.

Blocking image spam is proving difficult, as images and pictures (whether as attachments or embedded in the body of the message) are an expected part of a person's daily email intake – for business reasons (e.g., company logos, product shots, electronic newsletters, etc.) or personal purposes (family photos, vacation shots and so on).

Image spamming is, in a sense, an escalation of the spam – anti-spam 'wars' of the early 21st century. Junk email had reached such alarming proportions that people considered it as both a nuisance and a threat. Many anti-virus companies and ISPs launched major efforts to reduce or lessen the problem. Anti-spam filters, originally offered as 'add-ons' to anti-virus software, quickly became standard features of email programs like Outlook, and even web-based programs like Yahoo!Mail and Google's Gmail.

The filters are, in a way, 'text readers' and were geared to recognize and 'lock on' keywords beloved by spammers (such as 'offers,' 'miracle' and so on). Email messages that carried these keywords were shunted off to a 'holding area' where the recipient could review them in safety and at his leisure, deleting those that were truly spam and retaining genuine messages.

In response to tighter anti-spam filters, cyber-criminals began sending image spam. Some image spammers have taken the idea a step further – combining text with photos intended to lend an aura of legitimacy around the activity.
Pump-and-Dump Scam through Image Spamming

In pump-and-dump schemes, cyber-criminals buy low-cost stocks from legitimate stock exchanges and send out image spam using real stock market symbols in the hope of getting gullible investors to buy in and raise the stock's prices far above its actual value. The image spammers then wait until the stock hits a high and then cash in before the value of the stock falls, leaving the investors with near-worthless stocks and their monies depleted.

Pump-and-dump scams have become so prevalent that the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has stepped in and is monitoring the situation carefully – going so far as to suspend trading on stocks suspected of being used for this scheme.
Blocking Image Spam

Optical character recognition (OCR) programs are one approach that could be used. However, they hog bandwidth, are easy to deceive, are CPU-intensive, and are time-consuming. Some spammers also use handwritten messages which are almost impossible for OCRs to read.

Other methods of getting around OCRs include using background colors, graphics as background or even “tiled” images (slicing up pictures randomly and reassembling them) to avoid image recognition programs that detect previously used image scams.

While time and money are being spent to counter image spam, most security experts believe that the best way to avoid being hit by these is the straightforward approach – for recipients of such emails to ignore the messages, and delete these from their inboxes.
Cell Phone Interceptor

Monitoring systems and devices are used by millions of people for several purposes. They have been around for quite some time already, and are designed to increase the level of security and protection in facilities. Among the technologies created by the industry, the cell phone interceptor is what experts consider as one of the most innovative and valuable. 

Use of Cell Phone Interceptors for Monitoring

The cell phone interceptor is one of the latest inventions introduced. The primary aim of developing this unit is to intercept or capture mobile phone conversations taking place around. The person with this unit can call and listen to the sounds and voices in his or her surroundings, and this works even if the target is not using his or her own phone. Being so technical and valuable, an increasing number of people working in authority these days are seeking for cell phone interceptors that can help them capture targets.

A lot of cell phone interceptor models are currently being marketed for public purchase. If you are working in the government agency and handling a special investigative case, finding the right interceptor unit can definitely be one of the best moves to make. The good news is that with lots of models being marketed, getting the right unit is not a big problem.

The SecPro Cell Interceptor

One of the most popular units ever introduced is the SecPro Cell Interceptor. Several reviews and claims have it that this technology is one of the most effective GSM cellular interceptors that functions off-air. This is available today anywhere in the world, from small to large retail outlets and stores.

The SecPro is valued for several good features. In the first place, it possesses an intercept system that is very active. Notable about it is its characteristic of being non-detectable and highly performing. The unit can even be upgraded to carry a number of advanced capabilities. Other than that, this interceptor is powered with multi-channel and recording features.

The wonders of SecPro Cell Interceptor are not just limited as to what is being said. Designers and developers of this device have maintained that unlike the other interceptor models, this product is built to receive and process signals detected from GSM digital cell phones, and it comes with a built-in RF triangulation locator that is sophisticated in style and form. The locator works effectively to catch signals with GPS accuracy. In addition, it comes with a PC and DSP software built into the system itself. This feature is made to process algorithms easily and quickly. The software even comes with special Windows based capability that allows an operator to do the interfacing comprehensively and intuitively.

The GSM Cellular Interceptor

If you need another great model of a cell phone interceptor, you can also try the GSM Cellular Interceptor, designed with advanced monitoring features. This product is created to intercept cellular signals and traffic, and while SecPro is sophisticated in style, this too tops the list of the most advanced. Perhaps the best thing about this product is that it can be customized to fit certain specifications. Thus, users or buyers of this highly innovative technology can truly benefit from the capabilities that it has to offer, while enjoying the features they like.
Cell Phone Jammer

With so many people using cell phones these days, one of the devices that have popped- up on the market are cell phone jammers. Be advised that cell phone jammers are usually black market devices, since using them is illegal in most municipalities.

However, for those that are tired of hearing endless cell phone conversations or constantly being interrupted by incessant cell phone ring tones, a cell phone jammer seems like the perfect device to own.

How Cell Phone Jammers Work

Cell phone jammers work in a similar way to radio jammers by sending out the same radio frequencies that cell phones operate on. Doing so creates enough interference so that a call can not connect with a cell phone. There are two types of cell phone jammers currently available. The first type are usually smaller devices that block the signals coming from cell phone towers to individual cell phones. The frequency blocked is somewhere between 800MHz and 1900MHz. Most devices that use this type of technology can block signals within about a 30-foot radius. Cell phones within this range simply show no signal.

The second type of cell phone jammer is usually much larger in size and more powerful. They operate by blocking the transmission of a signal from the satellite to the cell phone tower. Some powerful models can block cell phone transmissions within a 5 mile radius. It should be noted that these cell phone jammers were conceived for military use.

Once again, it should be noted that operating or even owning a cell phone jammer is illegal in most municipalities and specifically so in the United States. Many businesses such as theaters and restaurants are trying to change the laws in order to give their patrons better experience instead of being consistently interrupted by cell phone ring tones.
Cell Phone Interceptor

Monitoring systems and devices are used by millions of people for several purposes. They have been around for quite some time already, and are designed to increase the level of security and protection in facilities. Among the technologies created by the industry, the cell phone interceptor is what experts consider as one of the most innovative and valuable. 

Use of Cell Phone Interceptors for Monitoring

The cell phone interceptor is one of the latest inventions introduced. The primary aim of developing this unit is to intercept or capture mobile phone conversations taking place around. The person with this unit can call and listen to the sounds and voices in his or her surroundings, and this works even if the target is not using his or her own phone. Being so technical and valuable, an increasing number of people working in authority these days are seeking for cell phone interceptors that can help them capture targets.

A lot of cell phone interceptor models are currently being marketed for public purchase. If you are working in the government agency and handling a special investigative case, finding the right interceptor unit can definitely be one of the best moves to make. The good news is that with lots of models being marketed, getting the right unit is not a big problem.

The SecPro Cell Interceptor

One of the most popular units ever introduced is the SecPro Cell Interceptor. Several reviews and claims have it that this technology is one of the most effective GSM cellular interceptors that functions off-air. This is available today anywhere in the world, from small to large retail outlets and stores.

The SecPro is valued for several good features. In the first place, it possesses an intercept system that is very active. Notable about it is its characteristic of being non-detectable and highly performing. The unit can even be upgraded to carry a number of advanced capabilities. Other than that, this interceptor is powered with multi-channel and recording features.

The wonders of SecPro Cell Interceptor are not just limited as to what is being said. Designers and developers of this device have maintained that unlike the other interceptor models, this product is built to receive and process signals detected from GSM digital cell phones, and it comes with a built-in RF triangulation locator that is sophisticated in style and form. The locator works effectively to catch signals with GPS accuracy. In addition, it comes with a PC and DSP software built into the system itself. This feature is made to process algorithms easily and quickly. The software even comes with special Windows based capability that allows an operator to do the interfacing comprehensively and intuitively.

The GSM Cellular Interceptor

If you need another great model of a cell phone interceptor, you can also try the GSM Cellular Interceptor, designed with advanced monitoring features. This product is created to intercept cellular signals and traffic, and while SecPro is sophisticated in style, this too tops the list of the most advanced. Perhaps the best thing about this product is that it can be customized to fit certain specifications. Thus, users or buyers of this highly innovative technology can truly benefit from the capabilities that it has to offer, while enjoying the features they like.
Role - Play method: An innovative training technique

Training and development have become the soul of every organization .The topics like Knowledge management, talent development and managing the intellectual capital has become the biggest challenge for organization in order to retain Human capital thus increasing stability.

Today's workforce and employees as individual emphasize not only Money or attractive pay packages but give an equal weightage to work environment, organization structure, job autonomy, ethics and above all the career path .The success and future thus lies on Development aspect with which every organization associates itself and design such policies and practices such measures so as to extend maximum exposure, learning and on going skill enhancement environment.

Since the middle level management comprise of the second largest manpower after the blue collared employees at the lower level who are more involved in doing repetitive nature of task. The managers including line and staff are the real implementations of the policy and strategy formulated by the top level

Thus it becomes imperative that it becomes the prime responsibility of top management and the HR department to look after the needs of training so as to make the job more effective, innovative and thus making the employee multi- task oriented.

Defining Role play as a training technique

Role play can be defined as a technique in which people are presented wit a real or artificial environment and they are exposed with some find of case or situation and they need to exhibit the same in form of roles.

It is a spontaneous human interaction involving realistic human behavior under artificial or stimulated environment .It consists of interviews or series of interview in which the participants or the trainees are provided with a role brief and a s et of circumstances which they need to enact.

The trainee develops a strategy to how should he react or think in a particular situation and possible suggestive solutions for resolving the problem or analyzing the situation .He also learns and forecasts what the other party or as per the case may be what can be the other reaction. This technique thus not only leads to self learning about expected job outcome or to create a fit in the job but also helps in understanding others perception about the task or issue.

Objectives of Role play as a training technique-

1) It helps in developing a better understanding of the job

2) It helps in understanding how to handle a particular situation.

3) It helps in developing better understanding of the issue an better decision making

4) It helps in anticipating reaction of other party

5) It helps in developing communication, management development and leadership quality.

6) It helps in improvement of interpersonal relationship

7) It helps in providing an insight to understanding behavioral patterns of others.

Salient Features of Role play as a training method for learning

a) Learning by doing- Since in this the participant plays role as per the given circumstances he learns practically and understands the demand or requirement of skill set to resolve or get the task done.

b) Learning through imitation – while playing the new or the expected role the participant gets the feelings about the other persona and tries his best to include and accrue all traits of the given role. Thus he gets an opportunity to understand, analyze and reflect the other person perception and behavior.

c) Learning through observation and feedback – This method helps in dual learning .The trainee not only learns and reinforces the concepts by self learning but also develops an understanding about a new role. This approach helps in building good decision making ability, management capacity and leadership overall.

d) Learning though analysis and conceptualization – The role played by the trainee helps in analyzing the various skills involve din he role right from domain, conceptual, design or human skills and thus helps in designing a broader understanding and clear outlook towards task.

Reasons and areas for selecting role play as training technique –

The trainer or the facilitator should be very logical and clear about the purpose of using this as a training technique .The success of role play depends on the role brief, set circumstances and the utility expected from he technique.

The areas where the trainer and get the trainees benefited with this method includes –

* To practice behavior where new role needs to be assigned to individual or as on anticipated problem situation.

* To analyze the problem situation and develop approach and technique to resolve it

* To learn insight into motivation and roles of others

* To develop new skills and insight on resolving problems

* To develop a holistic understanding of the job for present as well as future.

Benefits or outcome of role play as a training technique

a) It helps in both cognitive and effective development of trainees and better learning by doing.

b) It permits practice by repetition and helps in better reinforcement

c) It also helps in improving human relation since it helps I developing empathy

d) It helps in making people sensitive towards others

e) It helps in better SWOT analysis of individuals and thus the feedback given helps in identifying and overcoming the deficiencies.

f) It enables the role player to control his behavior and enact as if he is enacting in a real life situation

g) It helps in bringing attitudinal changes in the employees as trainees

h) It is a more practical approach than other technique since in this the learning by doing and feedback that whether a behavior reflected is acceptable or requires change can be given.

Essentials to be considered before selecting role play as a training technique

It is the responsibility of the trainer to identify the objective, need, experience of trainee, the issue or task for which this method is selected. The focus should be on maximum involvement of individuals as participants so that an overall exposure and understanding of attitude, skills, knowledge, behavior, expectation, need for improvement, emotional stability and required competencies can be identified.

Other important factor that determines the success of training method is the feedback provided by the trainer from time to time to the learner or the trainee so that he can inculcate the required knowledge and skills on continuous basis.

Apart from this it is also important to see for what purpose and objective is the method used for e.g. for which level of employees as trainees the method is chosen and also for what skills whether analytical, domain, conceptual, leadership, human relation development or as per job demand skills need to be inculcated.

Thus, it can be concluded that role play as a training technique serves as a multi –skill developing weapon where the trainee not only develops a broader perspective about the task or new role but also the horizon of understanding others behavior resulting into empathy, team work, better communication, interpersonal skills and management development takes place.

Such methods helps in developing both cognitive and affective component of perception and helps in knowing how people behave and why people behave in different ways. Role play as a training technique focuses on emotional, behavioral and perceptual basis for development.
Chat Box / Re: Interesting game
Sep 02, 2008, 02:16 PM


Police in India Aim to Head Off Cyber Crime

Four small sport utility vehicles received top scores in crash tests to be released Wednesday by the insurance industry, a sign of improvement compared with SUVs built earlier in the decade.

Oh No! Not another Browser! Google Chrome Announced

Google has subtly announced its incoming Google Chrome browser, which is based on the existing rendering engine Webkit and will include Google’s Gears project, through a comic book drawn up by Scott McCloud, creator of the classic Understanding Comics. It will be open source, and written from scratch, and will feature many improvements such as multithreading, enabling separate threads to render separate tabs, preventing an overall browser lock-up due to a faulty page or, more frequently, a JavaScript glitch.

It will feature a new JavaScript Virtual Machine, too. It's quite obvious that basically all virtual machines used by today's browsers, well, suck. They hang up frequently, slow down even the fastest computers for some crappy, basic operations, and they suck up gigabytes of memory for no apparent memory. Google's solution is the brand new V8 virtual machine, built from scratch by a team in Denmark, which promises to fix all these problems.

Also, the tab system will be completely revamped. The tabs will be displayed on the upper side of the window, not below the address bar, as in today's browsers. There's also a privacy mode which can be enabled for a single tab (porn tab).

Furthermore, Google promises that each tab is sandboxed so that it won’t go on and affect your entire operating system. This means everything can be safely and separately closed should problems occur.

What remains to be seen now is whether Google can deliver on these promises and really put out a cool browser. Building an Internet browser is a big deal, especially if you do it from scratch. It is by no means something which can be achieved overnight, even if you are Google. So, for now I'll remain skeptical until a real working version is released.
Govt announces 90-min power cut for Chennai

Brace yourself for more power cuts. As the state reels under an acute electricity crisis, the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) on Saturday announced a punishing increase in the duration of the scheduled daily power cuts from Monday.

Chennai residents will have to bear a 90-minute power cut each day at the very least, while those in the suburbs will have to go without power for two hours in the morning and one in the night. The mofussil areas will not have power for nearly five hours a day. In addition, the TNEB has announced a ban on the use of welding sets during peak hours and appealed to farmers not to run pump sets between 6 and 10 pm. The public and commercial establishments have also been asked to avoid use of decorative and neon lights.

The lack of any significant addition to installed power capacity in the last decade is the key reason for the unprecedented cuts. Earlier in July, the state faced a shortfall of 1,000 MW, mainly due to a steep drop in contribution from windmills and lack of adequate rainfall which hit hydel stations. Although the state and city had experienced shortages until then, this was the first time the TNEB had officially introduced a one-hour power cut for the city and a two-hour cut in the suburbs. With the rains continuing to ply truant and the catchment areas yet to be filled, the situation has taken a turn for the worse.

"The mofussil areas will have power cut for two hours in the morning, one hour in the evening and one hour in the night. In the suburbs, there will be no supply for two hours in the day and one hour in the night," a TNEB official said. He said the timings for powercuts were increased according to the need in each area. "All HT (high tension) and LTCT (low-tension current transfer) consumers shall go off the TNEB grid power and utilize their captive generating sets during evening peak hours," he said.

The distinctive feature of the latest powercuts announced is that it does not spare the city, which until now had been relatively insulated from outages. The shortage is so severe at present that even it will have to suffer.
"It is a medium to long term problem. Uniform power cuts are the only solution. The projects on way will take at least two years to be implemented, so long term solutions have to be looked at," said Manikam Ramaswamy, chairman, Confederation of Indian Industries, Tamil Nadu.

Residents in the suburbs, however, fear an increase in thefts and accidents. They say the cuts will only add to the frequent unscheduled cuts, which are a regular feature. "If there is no power in the night, burglaries will increase and as the roads are in a poor condition in the suburbs, there can be more accidents too. Apart from the two-hour power cuts, we usually have to undergo three more hours without power," said T Sadagopan, a consumer activist from Pattabiram.

Experience : 1 - 3 Years

Location : Mumbai

Education : UG - B.Sc - Computers;B.Tech/B.E. - Computers, Electrical PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type : IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area : Application Programming, Maintenance

Job Description

Experience as Software/Technical Support in:

- Windows servers
- SQL Server 2000/Oracle - queries
- Installation & Configuration of IIS (5.0/6.0 v), Tomcat/WebSphere server based web applications

Desired Candidate Profile

Should have problem solving skills in providing application/software support function to the clients. Knowledge of SQL server is a must. Depository domain experience with Java/J2EE/.Net or PHP/MySQL environment would be a plus.

Company Profile

We are in the business of providing technology solutions to effectively address the business needs of our customers from financial sector - Stock Brokerage Intermediaries, Clearing House, Asset Management Companies, Mutual Fund Brokers and Banks.

Contact Details

Company Name : Winsoft Technologies I. Pvt. Ltd

Website :

Executive Name:Shabana

Email Address :

Telephone:91 20 24275708 / 9
Eyeglobal Technologies Looking for Store Excutive, Sales Excutive

Experience :[blink]0 - 5 Years[/blink]

Location : Chennai, Hyderabad / Secunderabad, Mumbai

Education:UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization;Graduation Not Required PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type : Retailing

Functional Area : ITES/BPO/KPO, Customer Service, Ops.

Job Description

Customer service, sales support in next retail outlets.

Desired Candidate Profile

Customer service, sales support in next retail outlets.

Company Profile

Eyeglobal Technologies is part of Arvind Mafatlal Group. We are into ITES services. We have proved our reliability to our Clients by consistently delivering optimum services for their requirements, and our Clients have confirmed this by repeatedly increasing the range of services that they source from us. We have formed deep relationships with our Clients personnel, ensuring that standards are adhered to and along with the technology our personnel are equally trusted.

We require candidates for Sales and Marketing.

Contact Details

Company Name : Eyeglobal Technologies Pvt Ltd

Website :

Executive Name:Kinnari Pandya

Address :
Eyeglobal Technologies Pvt Ltd
Plot 6A, ARJUN
VP Road
Mumbai,Maharashtra,INDIA 400058

Email Address :

Telephone : 91-022-32689161
Skills : Datawarehousing, DWH, Fresher, trainee

Experience : [blink]0 - 1 Years[/blink]

Job Location : Chennai

Walkin Date : 20 August 2008 - 04 September 2008

Walkin Time : 09:00 a.m - 05:00 p.m

Job Description :

# Strong fundamentals in Informaica is a must
# Familiar with business objects is more prefered
# Candidates should be willing to do any kind of work
# Candidate should have had a hands on project experience in ODBC connectivity
# Quick learner

Only walkins are encouraged and can walkin at any time between 9:30 to 5:30

recruiting Stops on Sep 4th

Walkin Venue :

Aarai Complex, 14/A,
A-Block 1st Floor, 3rd Avenue (above P.ORR & Sons )
Anna Nagar Roundtana, Chennai - 600 102
Engineer Quality/Production/New products - SS Industries

Experience:0 - 2 Years


Education:UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Mechanical;Diploma - Mechanical PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:Auto/Auto Ancillary

Functional Area:Production, Maintenance, Quality

Job Description

Engineer Quality: Should be responsible for component quality, and interact with customer and inhouse to implement continous improvement

Engg Prod: Should be able to plan and execute the production based on customer schedule

Engg New Products: Responsible for development of new products both inhouse and outside and ensure that part is completed on time

Desired Candidate Profile

Be mechanical/Diploma mechanical

Company Profile

Manufacturers of sheet metal stampings parts and exhaust submufflers.

Contact Details

Company Name:S S Industries

Executive Name:Mr.Suresh Babu

Address:S S Industries
D-6, Moggapir Industrial Estate East
Chennai,TN,INDIA 600 037

Email Address:

Asus Bamboo Notebook Series Introduced

Asus has announced the launch of its new Bamboo Series of notebooks. The exteriors of the new notebooks are made from bamboo material.

Apart from its exterior, the notebooks' batteries have also gone green by having 35 to 70 percent longer life span as compared to other notebooks, thanks to the Super Hybrid Engine. Asus further believes that even without this technology the notebooks batteries are capable of boosting systems' performance by up to 23%.

The new bamboo series notebooks are powered by Intel Core 2 Duo processors and will feature Windows Vista OS.

The new Bamboo range includes two notebooks measuring 12.1-inch and 11.1-inch screens. The 12.1-inch model includes adds a GeForce 9300M GS for faster 3D, a 2.5-inch hard disk up to 320GB and 802.11n Wi-Fi. While the smaller size model comprises of Intel Core Duo Processor U7600, DDR2 667 MHz SDRAM, 32GB SSD and DVD Super Multi Double Layer.

On other hand, both the models include 8-in-1 card reader and 0.3 Mega Pixel webcam.
Indian hacker brain behind biggest cyber-heist

An unknown Indian hacker is being charged with the greatest cyber-heist in history for allegedly helping a criminal gang steal identities of an estimated eight million people in a hacking raid that could ultimately net more than £2.8 billion in illegal funds.

An investigation by Scotland's Sunday Herald newspaper has discovered that late on Thursday night a previously unknown Indian hacker successfully breached the IT defences of UK's Best Western Hotel group's online booking system and sold details of how to access it through an underground network operated by the Russian mafia.

There are no details yet on how the hacker was identified to be an Indian and if a probe is on to identify the person. It is also not known if the hotel chain has alerted the police about the heist.

The attack scooped up the personal details of every single customer that has booked into one of Best Western's 1312 continental hotels since 2007. Amounting to a complete identity-theft kit, the stolen data includes a range of private information including home addresses, telephone numbers, credit card details and place of employment.

"They've pulled off a masterstroke here," said security expert Jacques Erasmus, an ex-hacker who now works for the computer security firm Prevx. "There are plenty of hacked company databases for sale online but the sheer volume and quality of the information that's been stolen in the Best Western raid makes this particularly rare.

The Russian gangs who specialise in this kind of work will have been exploiting the information from the moment it became available late on Thursday night. In the wrong hands, there's enough data there to spark a major European crime wave."

Although the security breach was closed on Friday after Best Western was alerted by the Sunday Herald, experts fear that information seized in the raid is already being used to pursue a range of criminal strategies.

These include:

* Armed with the numbers and expiry dates of customers' credit cards, fraudsters are equipped to make multiple high-value purchases in their victims' names before selling on the goods.

* Bundled together with home addresses and other personal details, the stolen data can be used by professional organised criminal gangs which specialise in identity theft to apply for loans, cards and credit agreements in the victims' names.

* Because the compromised information included future bookings, the gang now has the capacity to sift through the data and sell "burglary packs", giving the home addresses of local victims and the dates on which they are expected to be away from their home.

Although the nature of internet crime makes it extremely difficult to track the precise details of the raid, the Sunday Herald understands that a hacker from India - new to the world of cyber-crime - succeeded in bypassing the system's security software and placing a Trojan virus on one of the Best Western Hotel machines used for reservations. The next time a member of staff logged in, her username and password were collected and stored.

"Large corporate companies rely on anti-virus products to protect their infrastructure, but the problem with this approach is that these products only detect around 60 percent of threats out there. In the right hands, viruses can easily bypass these programs, as was the case here," explained Erasmus.

With eight million people staying in the hotel group's 86,375 continental rooms every year, gaining access to the system is a major coup for the cyber-criminals responsible. Given that criminals now have access to all bookings from 2007-2008, and based on the FBI-sponsored Internet Crime Complaint Center's reports that the average victim of internet crime loses £356, they are sitting on a potential haul of at least £2.84bn.

Best Western Hotels closed the breach at around 2 p.m. on Friday afternoon. Stressing that staff are fully aware of the potential seriousness of the attack, the company reassured customers that it is now taking appropriate action, Sunday Herald said.

B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Bio-Medical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) What is blood pathology and how is it investigated. [8]
(b) What is reduction? Discuss the differences between open and closed Reduc-
tions. [8]

2. (a) Discuss the concept of general anesthesia. [8]
(b) What are the precautions to be observed while handling anesthetic gases? [8]

3. (a) Describe with a sketch the operation theatre environment? [8]
(b) Write short notes on intravascular pressure? [8]

4. (a) Explain the tissue classification based on radio sensitivity in radiation therapy.
What is oxygen effect ? [8]
(b) Give brief explanation on normal Tissue tolerance dose in radiation therapy
cell survival theory ? [8]

5. Explain radiation carcigenisis and lenkaemogenisis ? [16]

6. Discuss the various radiaton protection measures ? [16]

7. Explain the techniques of imaging the cardiovascular system ? [16]

8. (a) List the radio isotopes used in various therapeutic diseases? [8]

(b) Explain about Radio immuno assay?
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) How are moving iron instruments classified? Describe briefly the construction
and working of Ballistic Galvanometer
(b) Why the scale of a moving iron instrument is non uniform? Discuss briefly
why the scale is compressed at lower and higher ends. [10+6]

2. (a) With neat sketch, explain how high currents and voltages can be measured
with the help of instrument transformers. Describe the advantages of instru-
ment transformers for extension of range of current and voltage on high voltage
a.c. systems.
(b) A current transformer with 5 primary turns has a secondary burden consisting
of a resistance of 0.16
and an inductive resistance of 1.12
. When the primary current is 200A, the magnetizing current is 1.5A and the iron loss
current is 0.4A. Determine the expressions used, the number of secondary
turns needed to make the current ratio 100:1 and also the phase angle under
these conditions. [10+6]

3. Write short notes on the following :
(a) Errors in power measurements due to connections of wattmeter in different
(b) Two wattmeter method of measuring 3 phase power
(c) Extension of wattmeter range by instrument transformers [4+6+6]

4. (a) Draw a neat sketch showing the construction of a single phase induction type
energy meter. Give the theory & operation of the instrument
(b) An energy meter is designed to make 100 revolutions of the disc for one unit
of energy. Calculate the no. of revolutions made by it when connected to a
load carrying 20A at 230volts at 0.8 pf for an hour. If it actually makes 360
revolutions, find the percentage error. [8+8]

5. Describe the constructional details and working of a 1f electro dynamometer type
of power factor meter. And also prove that special displacement of moving system
is equal to the phase angle of the system. [8+8]

6. Describe about the Kelvin double bridge for the comparison of small resistances.
Explain the precauctions followed for achieving highest prescision [16]

7. (a) Give advantages and disadvantages of Hays bridge in details
(b) A bridge consists of arm ab, a choke coil having a resistance R1 and inductance
L1. arm bc a non - inductive resistance R3. When this bridge is fed from a
source of 500Hz, balance is obtained under following conditions: R2=2410
, C4=0.35µF, R4=64.5
. The series resistance of capacitance is =
. Calculate the resistance and inductance of the choke coil. The supply
is connected between a and c and the detector is between b and d. [8+8]

8. Describe the construction and working of
(a) Illiovici permeameter and
(b) Burrow's permeameter.
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Bio-Medical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Describe in detail about blood transfusion. [8]
(b) Discuss about the tests performed before blood transfusion. [8]

2. (a) Explain how anesthetic gases are useful during surgery. [8]
(b) Discuss the monitoring of critical parameters of the patient during surgery.[8]

3. (a) Explain the techniques used to monitor the humidity and temperature in a
hospital environment. [8]
(b) How do you organize an operation theatre? [8]

4. (a) What are the various factors of irradiation which affect cellular response. [8]
(b) Explain about Oxygen effect and Relative Biological Effectiveness. [8]

5. (a) Classify tumors and explain about carcigenosis ? [10]
(b) Write about biomedical modifiers ? [6]

6. Explain in details the effects of radiation exposure on various parts of human body
and various protective measures taken corresponding to each effect? [16]

7. (a) Discuss nuclear Medical imagine of Skeletal system? [8]
(b) What are the labeled pharmaceuticals used for brain scanning. what are the
clinical situations where nuclear medine has an edge in diagonsis? [8]

8. (a) Discuss the use of Radio-isotopes in medicine? [8]
(b) Explain the features of Radioisotopes used for scanning of liver?
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Bio-Medical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Describe the origin of ECG and discuss its measurement in different configurations? [8]
(b) Describe various types of electrodes used in ECG measurement? [8]

2. What is Chromatology ? With neat block diagram explain gas-liquid chromatograph? [16]
3. (a) What are various indirect methods of blood pressure measurement and Explain any one in detail? [8]
(b) Compare the advantages and disadvantages of direct and indirect blood pressure measurement? [8]

4. With a neat block diagram explain the programmable pacemaker . List its merits?[16]

5. (a) Infusion pumps and suction apparatus form a very important portion in the operation theatre. Explain the working of these two equipment. Give out the
specifications of these machines? [8]

(b) What is the principle of Diathermy? Bring out the difference between microwave and ultra sound diathermy. [8]

6. What is Nebulizer? Explain nebulizer system used in anesthetic delivery System?[16]

7. What is the use of recorder in medical system? Discuss any two types of recorders in detail. [16]
8. (a) With a necessary sketch explain how leakage current can be reduced in electromedical equipment? [8]

(b) List the different precautions to be taken to prevent hazardous situations in a hospital?
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006



Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. Write notes on any two.

(a) Terminator loops

(b) Leader peptide

(c) Trp. Repressor [8+8]

2. Explain the role of peptide hormones in eukaryotic gene regulation. [4+12]

3. What are the characters of ideal plasmid? Explain with suitable example. [8+8]

4. Write detailed account on restriction mapping and its importance. [4+12]

5. Explain the expression of cloned genes in Yeast using suitable examples. [4+12]

6. How is PCR different from the traditional cloning? [8+8]

7. What is Repetitive DNA? Discuss its significance in a genome. [6+10]

8. Differentiate between In vivo and Ex vivo gene therapy.
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006



Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Define the following terms: order of a reaction, molecularity, elementary and non-elementary reactions.
(b) Explain the term steady-state approximation ? [8+8]

2. Pencillin is produced by P. Chrysogenum in a fed batch culture with the intermittent addition of glucose solution to the culture medium. The initial culture volume
at quasi ? steady state is V0=500 lit and Glucose containing nutrient solution is added with a flow rate of F=50 lit/hr. Glucose concentration in the feed solution
and initial cell concentration are S0=300 g/lit and X0= 20 g/lit respectively. The kinetic and yield coefficients of the organism are µmax=0.2 hr-1 Ks=0.5 g/lit and
Yx/s=0.3 g dw g glu cos e .
(a) Determine the Culture volume at t=10hr.
(b) Determine the concentration of glucose at t=10hr at quasi-steady state.
(c) Determine the concentration and total amount of cells at quasi-steady state
when t=10hr. [4+6+6]

3. (a) One liter/min of liquid containing A and B (CAO=0.10 mol/liter, CB0=0.01 mol/liter flow into a mixed Reactor of volume V=1 liter. The materials react
in a complex manner for which the stiochiometry is unknown. The outlet stream from the reactor contains A, B, and C (CAf=0.02 Mol/liter). Find the
rate of reaction of A, B and C for the conditions with in the reactor?

(b) Pure Gaseous Reactant A (CA0=100 Milli Mol/liter) is fed at steady Rate into a mixed Reactor (V=0.1 liter) where it dimerizes (2A- - - R). For different gas
feed rates the following data are obtained.

Run Number 1 2 3 4
V0 lit./hr 30.0 9.0 3.5 1.5
CA, out Mil limol
Lit 85.7 66.7 50 33.3
Find a Rate equation for this reaction. [4+12]

4. Equimolar quantities of A, B and D are continuously fed to a mixed flow reactor.
The elementary reactions that proceed in the reactor are as follows:A + D
K1-! P; B + DK2-! Q
Given K1/K2 = 0.2, calculate the fraction of 'P' forced when
(a) 50% of A is consumed and
(b) 50% of D is consumed [8+8]

5. The reaction between sodium thiosulfate and Hydrogen peroxide in dilute acqueous solution is irreversible and second order in thiosulfate. The rate constant is the
following function of temperature K = 6.85 × 10-4 e -18300
RT Cm3 / moles sec
Reaction stiochiometry indicates that 2 moles of H2O2 react with one mole of
Na2S2O3. The heat of reaction at 250C is HR = -131000 cal/gmol
Reactor volume = 2790 cm3
Feed temperature = 250C
Feed Rate = 14.2 cm3/s
Consider Adiabatic operation and feed concentration of 2.04×10-3 gmol/cm3 and
4.08×10-4 gmol/cm3 of thiosulfate and H2O2 respectively. What would be the
conversion and temperature in the reactor effluent? [16]

6. Develop an expression for external age distribution of N number of equal sized back mixed reactor in series assuming tank in series model holds good. [16]
7. (a) The concentration readings in table given below represent a continuous response to a delta function input into a closed vessel which is to be used as a
chemical reactor. Plot the exit age distribution E.
Time(Min) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
Tracer output conce.I/lit. 0 3 5 5 4 2 1 0
(b) The vessel of above problem is to be used as a reactor for a liquid decomposing with rate ?rA=KCA. K=0.307 min-1. Find the fraction of reactant
unconverted in the real reactor and compare with the fraction unconverted in a plug flow reactor of the same size. [8+8]

8. Explain in detail the stiochiometry involved in the cell growth?
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Aeronautical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. Explain the term Dynamic similarity in aerodynamic testing. Does it influence the aerodynamic characteristics of a model under testing? Hence state the PI
theorem and work out dimensionless groups upon which depend the aerodynamic characteristics of a model under tests in a wind tunnel. [16]

2. Show with good sketches a comparison of the aerodynamics of a closed ckt , open jet wind tunnel with an open test section ,open ckt wind tunnel for the same
capabilities. Which of the two is economical in the longer run? Illustrate with reference to operational charges and fabrication cost. [16]

3. Show with a detailed sketch salient features of a continuous type supersonic wind tunnel. What are its similarities with a continuous, return type subsonic tunnel;
explain with a sketch. [16]

4. You are in the process of designing and fabricating a new low speed wind tunnel. What is the right location of pressure taps for conducting experiments for speed
setting of this tunnel? Describe theory and the procedure to be followed in this case. [16]

5. Describe an electronic manometer for recording pressures simultaneously from multiple pressure ports with neat sketches. How does it differ from an ordinary multi-
tube manometer? [16]

6. Describe a platform type external balance with line diagrams and sketches for measuring all six components on airplane and missile models. Draw good sketches
and plots in support of your answer. [16]

7. A tuft grid is considered a supplementary flow visualization technique and used in conjunction with smoke flow visualization. Make use of this technique for explaining
flow over a circular cylinder and in its field of influence by arranging tuft grid as deemed fit. [16]

8. Explain the superiority of oil flow visualization technique over some other surface flow visualization techniques. What are the factors that contribute to realistic
results from this technique? Apply this method for viewing stalled flow over a finite span wing model:sting mounted in the test section in laminar and turbulent
flows with pitch-changing mechanisms and present the results in the form of good sketches.
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
? ? ? ? ?
1. (a) Explain with neat sketch the development of boundary layer on a smooth plate
held parallel to uniform flow?
(b) Define and explain the terms boundary layer and boundary layer theory?

2. (a) What is the effect of compressibility on fluid flow?
(b) A light plane has a wing span of 10m and a chord of 2m for the aerofoil section.
What are the lift and drag forces at the instant of take-off at a speed of 60
m/s, if the co-efficients of lift and drag are 0.95 and 0.1. [8+8]

3. The following data refers to a design of a centrifugal compressor:
inlet diameters of impeller - 7.1cm
outlet diameters of impeller - 13.2cm
speed - 5000RPM
index of compression - 1.56
pressure ratio - 1.33
velocity of flow - 70 m/s
free air delivered - 1000 m
Assuming that all pressure rise taken place in the impeller, find the angle at which
air from the impeller enters the casing, breadth of the impeller blade at inlet and
outlet. [16]

4. (a) Explain the working of a closed cycle gas turbine unit with flow diagram and
T-S diagram.
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of a closed cycle gas turbine over
open cycle gas turbine. [8+8]

5. (a) Define critical pressure ratio? From fundamentals, derive the expression re-
lating the critical pressure ratio to the index of expansion 'n' for expansion in

(b) The inlet and exit conditions of steam supplied to a nozzle has enthalpy 3210
kJ/kg and 2930kJ/kg. Taking velocity at inlet as 60m/s. Find
i. the exit velocity of steam,
ii. mass flow rate for an inlet area of 0.1 m
2 and specific volume of 0.19
3/kg inlet. Neglect the effect of friction.

6. The stages of an ideal reaction turbine develop 3000kW when the mass flow of
steam is 18,000kg/h. The mean value of the blade velocity is 0.8 times the steam
velocity from fixed blades. The exit angle of each blade is constant at 200 and the
axial velocity is constant throughout the turbine. Calculate the inlet angle of the
blades and the enthalpy drop in each moving row. [16]

7. (a) Explain the working principle of Turbojet with a neat sketch and also draw
the thermodynamic cycle?
(b) Explain the working of Pulsejet with a neat sketch? List out the applications
of Pulsejet? [8+8]

8. Write the short notes:-
(a) Blade terminology
(b) Compressible flow
(c) Characteristic curves of Centrifugal Compressor
(d) Classification of Gas Turbines
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
? ? ? ? ?
1. (a) Sketch an Inside Micrometer calipers and show various parts.
i. A bench micrometer was used for measuring the diameter of a plug gauge,
using the setting cylinder, the following data were obtained :
Nominal diameter of setting cylinder = 30.000 mm
Reading on setting cylinder = 13.128 mm
Reading on plug gauge = 15.134 mm
What is the dia of gauge ? Also.
Calculate the least count of a micrometer ?

(b) Explain the spindle locking arrangement in micrometer with a neat sketch.
What are the precautions to be taken in using Micrometer. [8+8]

2. (a) Derive the expresssions used and explain the procedure to determine
i. The angle of a taper plug gauge
ii. The small end diameter, using Sine bar, Slip gauges, a roller and a dial
(b) A 100 mm Sine bar is to be set up to an angle of 330, Determine the slip
gauges needed from 87 pieces set.Briefly state the features of Sine Bar which
have tolerances for accuracy. [8+8]

3. (a) Define the elements of surface Texture with a neat sketch. Differentiate be-
tween roughness, waviness and sampling length.
(b) Calculate the CLA (Ra) value of a surface for which the sampling length was
The graph was drawn to a vertical magnification of 10,000 and a horizontal
magnification of 100 and the areas above and below the datum line were:-
Above 150 80 170 40mm2
Below 80 60 150 120mm2  [8+8]

4. (a) Using gauge maker?s tolerance of 10% of the component tolerance calculate
the limits of size for the limit gauges to check the fit 25H8 f7
the tolerance for hole is 25+0.03(+003)-0.000
the tolerance for shaft is 25-0.20.-0.060mm
(b) Explain the principle of GO and NOGO gauges.Describe the necessity of Gauge maker's tolerance in gauge design. [8+8]

5. (a) With the help of neat sketches describe how a dial gauge may be used as ?
i. Comparator
ii. Part of limit gauge
iii. A fiducial indicator
iv. A test indicator
(b) What is meant by pneumatic comparator ? State some uses of air gauging?
State the mathematical relationship between measured length or thickness and
other related parameters. [8+8]

6. (a) Describe a method for inspecting the involute profile of a spur gear tooth.
Explain the principle of operation of rolling gear tester. State the errors in a spur gear that can be directed by tester. Show different graphical recordings
tested by it ?

(b) Explain with the help of sketches, the working principles of the instruments used in checking of profile and base pitch of the gear ? [8+8]

7. (a) Differentiate between the following.
i. X chart and P chart
ii. Variables and Attributes
iii. Sampling inspection and 100% inspection.
(b) i. Discuss the different types of Quality characteristics and explain with sketches.
ii. Define Quality control and explain its objectives. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain a single sampling plan. Draw an O.C. Curve for a single sampling
plan :n = 150 c = 2
Mark the values of AQL and LTPD.

(b) A lot of 1000 units contain 50 defectives. A random sample of 4 units is taken.
Calculate the poisson probabilities that the sample will contain exactly 0, 1,
2 and 3 defectives.
What is the meaning of acceptance sampling by attributes ?
I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
? ? ? ? ?
1. (a) With the help of neat sketches, explain the working of a differential screw type micrometer ?

(b) Describe the method of checking flatness and squareness with the axis of spindle end of an external micrometer. [8+8]

2. (a) Discuss briefly the Spirit level. What are the factors that determine the sensitivity and accuracy of Engineer's Spirit level ?
(b) Sketch a Bevel protractor and explain its uses
(c) With the help of Slips, rollers how do you determine taper angles of a taper plug gauge ?Sketch the experimental set up and explain pushright [6+5+5]

3. (a) Discuss M-system and E-system of assessing surface Roughness. Explain their relative merits and demerits.
(b) Name the various methods of inspecting the surface finish by comparison.
State their advantages and limitations.
(c) Explain the terms :
i. Rz value of surface finish
ii. Micro irregularities in Macro irregularities. [6+6+4]

4. (a) Sketch a progressive type of GO and NOGO plug gauge suitable for 25H7 hole wear and manufacturing allowances need to be considered. For 25H hole
fundamental deviation is zero and IT7 is 21 microns.

i. State one advantage and one disadvantage to this type of gauge when compared to double ended plug gauge.
ii. How can you identify the GO and NO GO ends of double ended plug
gauges ?

(b) Explain the following in connection with the "Gauge Design"
i. Gauge maker?s Tolerance
ii. Different types of wear allowance on limit gauges Give examples of each [8+8]

5. (a) What do you mean by 'pressure sensitive air gauging'. How it can be applied to a pneumatic comparator ? Discuss with a neat sketch ?
(b) Discuss the following with reference to pneumatic comparator
i. Pneumatic sensitivity
ii. Overall magnification of pneumatic system [8+8]

6. (a) Explain the different "screw thread" errors commonly encountered during manufacturing. How can they be identified ? Give remedies for their elimination.
(b) Explain the method of measurement of thread angle (or) flank angle by optical
projection. [8+8]

7. (a) Define the concept of Quality and Total Quality Management.
(b) Define the term "Process Capability". How it can be evaluated? [8+8]

8. (a) What do you mean by "acceptance sampling". Define"acceptance number".
How the "operating characteristic"is affected by sample size and acceptance number.
(b) In a double sampling 2% AOQL acceptance rectification plan:
n1 = 32 c 1 = 0
n2 = 38 c 2 = 2
n = 1000
i. the probability of acceptance of a 2% defective lot.
ii. the average total inspection.

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
NOTE: There are 11 Questions in all.

• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 16 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Answer any THREE Questions each from Part I and Part II. Each of these questions carries 14 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x8 )
a. Closed-loop transfer function of a unity-feedback system is given by . Steady-state error to unit-ramp input is
(A) (B)
(C) 1 (D)

b. Effect of back emf in an armature-controlled dc servomotor is

(A) to increase effective motor friction, thereby reducing motor time-constant.
(B) to increase effective motor friction, thereby increasing motor time-constant.
(C) to increase motor inertia, thereby increasing motor time-constant.
(D) to increase motor inertia, thereby reducing motor time-constant.

c. Feedback control systems are
(A) Insensitive to both forward-and feedback-path parameter changes.
(B) Less sensitive to feedback-path parameter changes than to forward-path parameter changes.
(C) Less sensitive to forward-path parameter changes than to feedback-path parameter changes.
(D) Equally sensitive to forward-and feedback-path parameter changes.
d. The characteristic equation of a feedback control system is given by
. The number of roots in the right-half of s-plane are
(A) zero. (B) 1.
(C) 2. (D) 3.
e. A unity feedback system has open-loop transfer function . The peak overshoot in the step-input response of the system is approximately equal to
(A) 5%. (B) 10%.
(C) 15%. (D) 20%.
f. A unity feedback system with forward-path transfer function is subjected to an input . The steady-state error of the system is
(A) infinity. (B) 1.
(C) zero. (D) None of answers in (A), (B) & (C) is correct.

g. A type-1 plant is changed to type-2 feedback system by the following cascade control action.
(A) PD (B) PI
(C) Either PD or PI. (D) Neither PD nor PI.

h. A unity feedback system has open-loop transfer function . The gain margin of the feedback system is
(A) . (B) 0.
(C) 1. (D) None of answers in (A), (B) & (C) is correct.


Answer any THREE Questions. Each question carries 14 marks.

Q.2 a. The parameters of the mechanical system of Fig.1 are M = 1,000 Kg; B = 10,000 N / (m / sec); K = 100,000 N / m . A step force of 1000 Newton is applied to the mass at t=0. The initial conditions are y(0) = (0) =0. From the physical parameters of the system, obtain the following parameters: damping ratio, undamped natural frequency, and damped natural frequency which describe the dynamical behavior of the system. (9)
b. Obtain the step response of the system of Fig.1. (5)

Q.3 Consider the system shown in Fig.2 with , .
Moment of inertia of load,
Moment of inertia of motor shaft,
Coefficient of viscous friction of load,
Coefficient of viscous friction of motor shaft,
(i) Find the transfer function (9)
(ii) A multi-loop (Consisting of speed-feedback loop, and a position feedback loop) feedback control system built around the system of Fig.2 with suitable additional hardware, drives the load to the commanded position inspite of load torque disturbances. Make a sketch of the feedback control system showing how the hardware is to be connected. (5)

Q.4 a. Show that a high loop gain in feedback systems results in
(i) good steady-state tracking accuracy;
(ii) good disturbance signal rejection;
(iii) low sensitivity to process parameter variations; and
(iv) good relative stability, i.e., rate of decay of transients. (8 )

b. What are the factors that limit the gain? (6)

Q.5 a. Show that rise time, peak time, and settling time measures of performance of a standard second-order system are mutually dependent and therefore must be specified in a consistent manner. (5)

b. A unity feedback system has the plant with a cascade controller . Describe the effects of and on steady-state error, settling time and peak overshoot of system response. (9)

Q.6 a. Compare the power of Routh stability criterion with root locus analysis for investigation of closed-loop stability. (4)

b. Find the range of gain K (K>0), for which the system shown in Fig.3 is stable. (10)

Answer any THREE Questions. Each question carries 14 marks.
Q.7 a. Consider a unity-feedback system with a forward path transfer function . Show that a part of the root locus is a circle. (9)

b. Construct the root locus for the G (s) in part (a) and determine the damping ratio for maximum oscillatory response. What is the value of K for this damping ratio? (5)

Q.8 a. Explain the terms 'gain margin' and 'phase margin', with reference to Nyquist plots. (4)
b. Using Bode plots, determine gain crossover frequency, phase crossover frequency, gain margin and phase margin of a feedback system with the open-loop transfer function . (10)

Q.9 a. Define the terms 'resonance peak' and 'bandwidth' as applied to a closed-loop control system. (4)

b. The experimental frequency response data of a system presented on Bode plot and asymptotically approximated is shown in Fig.4. Find the transfer function of the system (the system is known to have minimum-phase characteristics). (10)
Q.10 The open-loop transfer function of a control system is

(i) Determine approximate values of gain margin and phase margin.
(ii) If a lag compensator with transfer function

is inserted in the forward path, find the value of to keep the gain margin unchanged. (6+8 )

Q.11 Fig.5 shows a minor-loop feedback compensation scheme. It is required to realize the control action by a digital controller with a uniform sampling interval of T sec. Give a digital control algorithm using the trapezoidal rule for integration. Also give a block diagram of the digital control system. (14)
B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006


(Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Using slip gauges, rollers and micrometers, explain the procedure for determination of :
i. Small end and big end diameters of a taper plug gauge
ii. The taper angle

(b) With the help of sketches. Describe a vernier type micrometer. How do you calculate its least count ? [8+8]

2. (a) Name the various factors affecting the accuracy of a Sine Bar?How will you specify Sine Bar ? why holes are provided in body of Sine Bar ?
(b) Explain the use of a Sine plate by means of a sketch. What are its application, advantages and limitations.
(c) What are angle gauges ? Explain the use of Angle gauges by means of a neat sketch. How do you set 320 51' 24'' [6+5+5]

3. (a) How Tomlinson surface recorder and Talysurf machine works? Describe with a neat sketch ?
(b) Calculate the Ra value of a surface for which the sampling length was 10mm, the graph was drawn to a vertical magnification of 1000 and areas above and
below datum line were:
Above 180 90 155 50mm2
Below 70 90 175 145mm2

4. (a) Discuss in detail about various types of plug, ring and snap gauges. Show with necessary sketches. Give examples of each for checking various parameters ?
(b) Find the dimensions of GO and NOGO gauges to check the dimensions of a shaft f25+0.08
-0.04 considering gauge tolerance and wear tolerance. [8+8]

5. (a) Explain the principle of pneumatic gauging by the 'back pressure' system and state the range of pressures over which it is normally used.
(b) For the back pressure system above, draw typical curves to show the relationship between the ratios "back-pressure / applied pressure" and the ratios
of cross-sectioral areas "measuring jet / control jet".From these curves show what is the particular value for the range of pressure ratios between 0.6 and 0.8.

6. (a) What do you understand by 'Constant Chord' caliper settings? Calculate the chord length and its distance below the teeth tip for a gear of module 2.5 mm
and 14.50 pressure angle ?

(b) Discuss the effects that are associated with type of errors in Screw threads.
How do you eliminate them. [8+8]

7. (a) How do you calculate control limits for attributes ? Is there any way to represent graphically ? Explain the procedure involved.
(b) Distinguish between "Inspection by variables"and "nspection by attributes"show why the distinction is important ? [8+8]

8. (a) How the Zero-Defect programmes are useful for a well organised production process ? Discuss briefly. What are the merits and demerits of a Zero-defect programme?

(b) Briefly discuss the following sampling techniques :

i. AQL
ii. LTPD
iii. AOQL

Experience : 0 - 1 Years

Location : Bengaluru/Bangalore

Compensation : Mobile Allowance, Local Conveyance Allowance

Education : UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type : IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area : ITES/BPO/KPO, Customer Service, Ops.

Job Description

Customer relation management. should have proven track record in the analysis of customer requirements, product design concept and also project / product deployment. Working knowledge of MS.

Desired Candidate Profile

Customer relation management and analysis of customer requirements, product design concept and also project / product deployment. Working knowledge on ISO requirements is an added qualification. Should have excellent communication and interpersonal skills.

Company Profile

Antares is a Public Limited Software Company based in Bangalore, the Silicon Valley of India. The objective of the company is to leverage its Business Experience and Technical Expertise to provide Integrated Solutions to several vertical industry segments across the globe.

Antares strives to provide Highest Quality, Robust, Flexible Software Solutions using evolving technologies to excel our customer's requirements.

Contact Details


Website :

Executive Name : rukmani/surendra


24, 3rd stage, 4th block
Bangalore,Karnataka,INDIA 560079

Email Address :

Telephone : 91-080-23285521
How a Mystery iPhone Worker Became a Star

A Chinese factory worker has become an Internet sensation after a picture of her smiling and flashing a peace sign to a co-worker testing an Apple iPhone stayed on the phone that was sold to a man in Britain.

Photos of the unidentified, smiling woman were posted on the Apple discussion website MacRumours . com by a customer identified as "markm49uk" from Kingston-upon-Hull and quickly posted around other sites.

"Not sure if this is or is not the 'norm' but I just received my brand new iPhone here in the UK and once it had been activated on iTunes I found that the home screen (the screen you can personalize with a photo) already had a photo set against it!!!!" he wrote.

"It would appear that someone on the production line was having a bit of fun - has anyone else found this?"

Some people voiced concern that the woman could now lose her job while others joked on the website that they were considering returning their phones because they did not come loaded with a photo.

"I think its a kind of personal touch. It's nice. Maybe every phone that gets a full quality test should have its tester's picture taken and left on there. And the working conditions look pretty good," wrote one.

Taiwanese company Foxconn assembles the iPhones for Apple in Shenzhen in southern China but calls to the company by Reuters went unanswered.

However Foxconn spokesman Liu Kun told the South China Morning Post in Hong Kong that the woman had been identified but her details would not be released. She had also been assured by her bosses that her job was safe.

Liu said the photos were taken in the testing department as part of a normal procedure and only one phone was known to be affected so far.

Dell posts mixed results in search of revival

Computer maker Dell posted lower quarterly profits Thursday, but said sales increased more than expected as the company tries to overtake Hewlett Packard as the world's biggest computer company.

The Round Rock, Texas-based company reported net income of 616 million dollars, or 31 cents per share, down 17 per cent from a profit of 746 million dollars, or 33 cents per share, that the company reported a year ago.

Sales in the quarter rose 11 per cent to 16.43 billion dollars from 14.77 billion dollars in the same period last year.

Michael Dell, chairman and chief executive, highlighted the company's strong quarterly sales. "We are positioning Dell to win in a new era of global IT spending," he said in a statement.

But investors took a dimmer view and sent shares of the PC maker down about 10 per cent in after-hours trading.

While investors were concerned about lower margins, Dell's chief financial officer Brian Gladden said in a statement that "strategic actions to accelerate growth in certain areas of our business affected gross margins this quarter."

He added that Dell will continue to incur higher costs in the near-term as the company tries to move toward a more profitable long-term business model.
2008 Passed out B.A., B.SC, B.COM & MBA students are eligible to attend the Recruitment Drive.

Institute for Electronic Governance (IEG) is organizing an off-campus recruitment drive in Hyderabad for students of B.A / B.SC / B.COM & MBA who passed out in 2008.

Apart from providing job opportunities to Jawahar Knowledge Center (JKC) students, IEG is also undertaking Recruitment Drives for all the candidates who have completed their B.A., B.SC, B.COM & MBA and seeking employment. Such drives are planned during September - October 2008. Interested candidates may apply online.

Currently job opportunities are available in the following companies. Select one or more companies of your interest and register.

Eurekha Forbes, ICICI Bank, Reliance Life Insurance, Reliance Digital and various other companies will recruit during September & October 2008.

Students should register and apply online through :

After registration all further correspondence will be made through their personal email ids.

Jumping at several small opportunities may get us there more quickly than waiting for one big one to come along.

So hurry and register now as the last date for applying is 5th September 2008
HTML Programmer (Candidates with knowledge on Malaylam only apply)

Greynium Information Technologies

Experience:0 - 1 Years


Education:UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization;Graduation Not Required PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization;Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area:Application Programming, Maintenance

Job Description
Job Profile-

Desired Candidate Profile


Should work individually with minimal instructions
Deliver projects on time with good quality
Hands of experience on HTML/ XML Coding
Should be strong in CSS
Knowledge on XHTML and DHTML would be good
(Note: Should have reading/writing knowledge in Malaylam)

Company Profile

Greynium is a leading Information Technology services firm located in Bangalore, India. We have been providing world-class Application Development and Web Solutions to a progressive list of Clients, including some of the Fortune 2000 companies.

Our in-depth knowledge on various Industry domains and expertise in diverse technology platforms has enabled us to deliver quality solutions with unmatched efficiency. Through our state-of-the-art delivery center in Bangalore, we provide clients the full spectrum of Technology solutions - from web solutions that harness the power of Internet technology to Enterprise applications that gets you the competitive edge; we deliver reliable and cost-effective services to create value to our clients.

Contact Details

Company Name : Greynium Information Technologies

Website :

Executive Name : Deepa

Email Address :

Telephone : 40580800
Unitek Power Solutions (I) Ltd

Looking for Service Engineers

Qualification : Diploma

Freshers can apply

Rush your resume to:

Unitek Power Solutions (I) Ltd

Corporate Office : P. B. No. 77
Masjid Road, Aluva
Kerala - 683101
Email :

1. NLSIU, Bangalore

2. NALSAR University of Law , Hyderabad

3. NIKU, Bhopal

4. National Law University , Jodhpur

5. Campus Law Centre, Delhi University , Delhi

6. NUJS, Kolkata

7. Symbiosis Society's Law College , Pune

8. ILS Law College , Pune

9. Government Law College , Mumbai

10.Amity Law School , Delhi
BEST  Commerce Colleges in India

1. SRCC, Delhi

2. LSR, Delhi

3. Loyola College, Chennai

4. St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata

5. Christ College , Bangalore

6. Madras Christian College , Chennai

7. Symbiosis Society’s College of Arts & Commerce, Pune

8. Presidency College , Chennai

9. St. Joseph ’s College, Bangalore Hansraj College, Delhi
MBA Admissions: Aiming for a Top Business School?

More than 500 students from India applied to Wharton last year. Very few actually got admission.

The number of students from India applying to top 5 business schools is increasing every year.

Most of them have a 700+ GMAT and good work experience and more importantly, they have been the best at whatever they have done in life.

Those that get in, have something exceptional to show in their backgrounds. Some thing off the track, something that they did which was not normal in the circumstances that they were in.

No, we are not trying to discourage you, what we are asking you to do is to make a realistic assessment and then decide. There is no point in spending money in application fee if your profile does not match the requirements of the school.

Most of the students who come to us for counselling want to go to the top schools. It is really difficult to convince them that despite their high scores, they may not get admission in the top-5 schools.

We know of a student who had a perfect score in GMAT (800) and had 8 years of work experience in top finance organisations. He was rejected by Harvard, Columbia, GSB Chicago and Columbia because he had already done an MBA before from India.

Students applying to top schools from India include top IAS officers, MBA students from IIMs, students from IITs armed with a few years of work experience and many such people.

If the above did not put you off, may be you could get in. But if it did make you uncomfortable, you could look at other schools in the US - they may not be ranked in the Top - 10 or 20, but they do offer good career prospects and job opportunities after course completion.

Remember, US is the land of opportunities, and is known to have a system that can churn out the talented from every where. So, even if you do not apply to the very best schools, you can still make it big by doing well in your course and out performing others at work.

It is important to apply to schools that match your profile rather than get swayed by the rankings.
JSN School of Management

PGDM 2008-10 (Two year full-time programme)

Last date for registration: [blink]September 12, 2008[/blink]

Application procedure: The application form & PGDM brochure can be obtained from the institution on payment of Rs.750/- by cash or DD drawn in favour of SATHYAM-JSN School of Management payable at Chennai or can be downloaded from the website: and filled-in form sent to the institution with. the DD for Rs.750/-. Candidates will be short listed based on CAT/MAT/similar test scores. Final selection will be based on scores in the entrance test, academic record, work experience, performance in GD and PI. Sponsored candidates from MSMEs will be given preference.

Communication Address: Faculty Coordinator (Admissions)

JSN School of Management

Sathyam Educational Area,
Kalakattur-Dusi Road,

Phone: +91-44-67271971,

Fax: 27227536,


Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - Concepts and Issues


Intellectual property (IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Under intellectual property law, the holder of one of these abstract "properties" has certain exclusive rights to the creative work, commercial symbol, or invention by which it is covered.

Intellectual property rights are a bundle of exclusive rights over creations of the mind, both artistic and commercial. The former is covered by copyright laws, which protect creative works such as books, movies, music, paintings, photographs, and software and gives the copyright holder exclusive right to control reproduction or adaptation of such works for a certain period of time.

The second category is collectively known as "industrial properties", as they are typically created and used for industrial or commercial purposes. A patent may be granted for a new, useful, and non-obvious invention, and gives the patent holder a right to prevent others from practicing the invention without a license from the inventor for a certain period of time. A trademark is a distinctive sign which is used to prevent confusion among products in the marketplace.

An industrial design right protects the form of appearance, style or design of an industrial object from infringement. A trade secret is an item of non-public information concerning the commercial practices or proprietary knowledge of a business. Public disclosure of trade secrets may sometimes be illegal.

The term "intellectual property" denotes the specific legal rights described above, and not the intellectual work itself.

The importance of intellectual property in India is well established at all levels- statutory, administrative and judicial. India ratified the agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO). This Agreement, inter-alia, contains an Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) which came into force from 1st January 1995. It lays down minimum standards for protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights in member countries which are required to promote effective and adequate protection of intellectual property rights with a view to reducing distortions and impediments to international trade. The obligations under the TRIPS Agreement relate to provision of minimum standard of protection within the member countries legal systems and practices.

The Agreement provides for norms and standards in respect of following areas of intellectual property:

Copyrights and related rights
Trade Marks
Geographical Indications
Industrial Designs
Lay out Designs of Integrated Circuits
Protection of Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Plant varieties

Intellectual Property (IP) is the information and original expression that brings its original value from creative ideas with a commercial value. Intellectual property allows the people to have fully independent ownership for their innovations and creativity like that for their own physical property. By safeguarding such innovations, can lead to the owner of IP can be encouraged for further innovations to the benefit of the society in general. It may not be possible to protect IP and obtain intellectual property rights unless they have been applied for the sanction obtained.

Most of the countries having large number of local industries with innovative designs have specific laws to safeguard the innovations by some regulations with respect to copying of inventions, identifying symbols and creative slogans. As in other developing countries, India too showed for quick enforcement of intellectual property right protection laws. India has to comply being a member of WTO for such implementation of laws at least by 2005. India's IPR scene is no deterrent to foreign companies. These laws consist of distinct types of intangible properties.


IPR is a broad term for covering -

1) Patents for inventions
2) Copyrights for material
3) Trademarks for broad identity and
4) Trade secrets.

In general these properties are termed as "Intellectual Property". Intellectual Property is an asset that can be bought or sold, licensed and exchanged. But of course unlike other properties, intellectual property is intangible; rather it cannot be identified by its specific parameters. These properties are protected on a national basis.


This refers to innovations – new or improved product and processes which are meant for industrial applications. This is a territorial right which requires registration for a limited time. Patent is a contract between an inventor as an individual and the society as a whole. The inventor has exclusive right to prevent anybody making use of and/or selling a patented invention. Of course, this is only for a specific duration till the inventor discloses the details of invention to the public.

Unlike other rights, this protects effect, but not expression or image. A well-crafted patent can give monopoly right to business in its area. A patent is expensive but the preparatory steps are economical in nature.

The legal authority in this patent right is the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement with respect to Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Right (TRIPS). This offers the international standard for the required duration of 20 years from the date of filing the patent. Once this period is over, people are free to make use of this invention as they like. However, though the member has a right to prevent others making use of his patented invention, the owner has no right to make use or sell the invention itself. Patents are granted under national laws and these rights are enforceable by civil laws rather than criminal proceedings.

Requirement for Patents

While applying for a patent certain documents have to be submitted as essential requirements which are enlisted as below

1. Problem of invention.
2. Current report of the problem to be addressed.
3. Solution to the problem.
4. Extent of novelty.
5. Uses or application.
6. Inventor details
7. Resources of funds

Types of patents

i) Utility patents
ii) Design patents
iii) Plant patents

i) Utility patents

It can be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof. Utility period is of 20 years.

"Process" refers to industrial and manufacturing (production) method. "Manufacture" refers to articles manufactured. "Composition of matter" refers to chemical compositions and may include mixtures of ingredients as well as new chemical compounds.

ii) Design patents

It can be granted to any one who invents a new, original ornamental design for an article of manufacture. A design patent protects the ornamental design (i.e. appearance) of the article. A design patent has duration of 14 years from the date of filing.

iii) Plant patents

Plant patent can be granted to any one who invents or discovers and reproduces a new variety of plant. A plant patent has a term of 20 years from the date of filing


A copyright is a very particular and exclusive right even for reproduction of an original work. This is for material, aesthetic material, literacy, music, film, sound recording, broad casting, software and multimedia. This offers automatic right for safeguarding any original creation, which is not in need of registration but with limited time. It does not require the lawyer's help for settlement.

Protection to copy right does not give any procedure, principle, concept or method or operation, irrespective of the format in which it is explained. In other words protection of copyright is limited to an inventor's particular expression of an idea, concepts or process in a tangible medium. Copyright is sanctioned to prevent others from:

a) Copying the work
b) Publishing and selling copies commercially
c) Renting or lending the work in a free market
d) Doing or demonstrating the work in public

The TRIPS agreement offers a minimum duration of copyright protection to the tune of the life of the inventor or author plus fifty years. Anyhow rights granted exclusively to the copy right owner may allow others in making fair use of the owner's work, like for the purpose of review, comment, reporting, teaching, researches, etc. Of course, the impact of copying an inventor's work's commercial value is considered to find out whether the copying is for "fair use". In order to secure protection for copy right, the particular work must be an original work made or written in a tangible medium of expression. The test for such originality consists of two conditions – (1) work must originate from the inventor and not a copy from others' works. And (2) the invention or work must have adequate amount of creativity.


Trademark is for broad identity of specific goods and services allowing differences to be made among different trades. This is a territorial right, which requires registration, but without any time limit. Lawyers are needed for guidelines.

A trademark is an identification symbol which is used in the course of trade to enable the purchasing people (buyers) to distinguish one trader's goods from the similar goods of other traders. These marks also symbolize distinctly the quality of the products. These marks are in the form of certain 'wordings' or can be in the format of logos, designs, sounds, etc. Examples: NIIT, Kodak.

The TRIPS agreement offers the same type of protection for trademarks. Registration of trademark is issued for definite period of time. However, in order to avoid confusion, encourage competitions and protect the inventor's good will, the registration may be renewed. With reference to intellectual property area, trademarks are national in origin and should comply with provision of TRIPS agreement.


Generic Trademarks

Words, symbols or devices that are not so distinctly distinguishing the goods from others are at the weakest ends, as they are common terms used to identify the goods themselves. These are termed as generic terms and are not protectable as trademarks.

Descriptive Trademarks

Descriptive trademarks clearly denote or inform the specific purpose, functions, physical characteristic and end use of the product.

Suggestive Trademarks

Suggestive trademarks do not at a glance describe the goods for which the mark is used; yet they rather require some imagination or perception to arrive at a conclusion about the nature of the goods. Suggestive marks are inherently distinctive and proteactable.

The other types of trademarks include arbitrary marks and fanciful marks which are inherently distinctive.


A trade secret means information, which is kept confidential as a secret. This is generally not known in the relevant industry, offering an advantage to its owner over other competitors. Unlike other types of Intellectual property, this trade secret is fundamentally a "do-it-yourself' type of protection. For engineers, inventors, and designers, the trade secrets are to be maintained secretly. Such trade secrets include some formulae, programmes, methods, progresses or data collections etc. If there is any improper disclosure or use of the trade secret by another person, the inventor may claim and recover damages resulting from illegal use.

TRIPS agreements offer the protection for trade secrets under the heading 'protection of undisclosed information'. The engineer in competitive field should feel their responsibility and status when they make use of such trade secrets till its disclosure. If the information of a trade secret is available through any legitimate means and if any inventor is responsible illegally for such leaking, then the trade secret may become ineligible for protection.

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights is definitely private rights. If anybody uses the material without the inventors' permission, the Intellectual Property right owners can use any remedies available under the civil law.


The protection of intellectual property rights is an essential element of economic policy for any country. Only such protection can stimulate research, creativity and technological innovations by giving freedom to individual inventors and companies to gain the benefits of their creative efforts.

It is a very important issue to plan to protect the intellectual property rights. The major needs are to

* Prevent plagiarism.
* Prevent others using it.
* Prevent using it for financial gains.
* Fulfill obligation to funding agency.
* Support income generation strategy.


a) Give the inventors exclusive rights of dealing.
b) Permit avoiding of competitors and increase entry barriers.
c) Allow entry to a technical market
d) Generate steady income by issuing license.


Some critics of intellectual property, such as those in the free culture movement, characterize it as intellectual protectionism or intellectual monopoly, and argue the public interest is harmed by protectionist legislation such as copyright extension, softwar patents and business method patents. Although the term is in wide use, some critics reject the term "intellectual property" altogether. Richard Stallman argues that it "systematically distorts and confuses these issues, and its use was and is promoted by those who gain from this confusion." He suggests the term "operates as a catch-all to lump together disparate laws [which] originated separately, evolved differently, cover different activities, have different rules, and raise different public policy issues." These critics advocate referring to copyrights, patents and trademarks in the singular, and warn against abstracting disparate laws into a collective term.


The Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) will have wide range of socio, economic, technological and political impacts. Rapid technology obsolescence and fierce competitions lead one to protect the innovations using the tools of IPR such as patents, trade marks, service marks, industrial design registration, copy rights and trade secrets. The legal framework for IPR is in a stage of dynamic adjustments and changes to accommodate the challenges and new situations that result from convergence of technology.


Dhinesh Babu, S. Professional Ethics and Human Values, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, 2007.
Kinsella, Stephan. "Against Intellectual Property." Journal of Libertarian Studies 15.2 (Spring 2001): 1-53.
E-Commerce and its application in Indian Industries


Many international business researchers are of the opinion that increased globalization of markets and increasing international competition imply that firms in all nations will face similar, if not identical, competitive environments. In India due to liberalization of economy, the companies are facing acute competition in the international markets. In the new millennium, the internet-based way of doing business has certainly changed many industries and has influenced many customers and businesses. It has changed the shapes of whole set of industries and markets and has already had a great impact on consumers and is all set to have a very exciting future. It has improved services, reduce costs, open new channels and transform the competitive landscape.

This paper is divided into two parts. First part deals with how E-Business is changing business environment. Second part of the paper is designed to examine the application of E-Commerce in selected Indian industries. For the purpose of the study, the e-business applications are divided into three categories:

* E – Commerce
* E – Procurement
* E – Collaboration


E-Commerce, which primarily refers to buying, selling, marketing and servicing of products or services over internet. Business on the net is classified into B2B (Business to Business), B2C (Business to Consumer) and C2C (Consumer to Consumer).B2B transactions are largely between industrial manufacturers, partners, and retailers or between companies.B2C transactions take place directly between business establishments and consumers.

B2B sites are essentially the net meeting points for buyers and sellers of the industrial world. They serve a limited number of customers. The Turnover would be many times that of the most B2C sites and most importantly they make profits.

B2C sites are offering low value items CDs, Cassettes, Food, Toys, Flowers, and Cards etc because no complicated logistics are involved.

C2C sites don't form a very high portion of web-based commerce. Most visible examples are the auction sites. Basically, if some one has something to sell, then he gets it listed at an auction sites and others can bid for it.


The Internet offers a natural platform to facilitate efficient procurement as numerous buyers and sellers find each other and transact according to some pre-specified protocols. The following are the procurement strategies available for a manufacturer.

* Strategic Partnership
* Online Search Strategy
* Combined Strategy

1. Strategic Partnership
Strategic partnership strategy is to develop a long-term supply relationship with a specific supplier.

2. Online Search Strategy
Online Search Strategy is to shop online for a better price.

3. Combined Strategy
The combined strategy is to combine both – sign a long-term purchase contract with a supplier up to a certain level, but if necessary additional quantity may be purchased online.


We define e-collaboration as business-to-business interactions facilitated by the Internet. These include information sharing and integration, decision sharing, process sharing and resource sharing. There are many new cases that examine different elements of collaboration from information sharing and integration to process and resource sharing.


New information technologies and emerging business forces have triggered a new wave of financial innovation – electronic banking (e-banking). The banking and financial industry is transforming itself in unpredictable ways (Crane and Bodie 1996), powered in an important way by advances in information technology (Holland and Westwood 2001). Since the 1980s, commercial banking has continuously innovated through technology-enhanced products and services, such as multi-function ATM, tele-banking, electronic transfers and electronic cash cards. Over the past decade, the Internet has clearly played a critical role in providing online services and giving rise to a completely new channel. In the internet age, the extension of commercial banking to the cyberspace is an inevitable development (Liao and Cheung 2003).

E-banking creates unprecedented opportunities for the banks in the ways they organize financial product development, delivery and marketing via the internet. While it offers new opportunities to banks, it also poses many challenges such as the innovation of IT applications, the blurring of market boundaries, the breaching of industrial barriers, the entrance of new competitors and the emergence of new business models (Saatcioglu et al. 2001, Liao and Cheung 2003). Now the speed and scale of the challenge are rapidly increasing with the pervasiveness of the internet and the extension of information economy (Holland and Westwood 2001).

Products Offered:

All of the major banks in India have an internet presence offering a range of products directly to consumers by way of proprietary internet sites. While the initial focus of the banks has been in the retail-banking sector, there is a growing range of small to medium enterprise ("SME") and corporate banking products and services being offered. The products available include

(a) Funds Transfer and Payment Systems

The major banks offer a range of online financial services including

(i) Payment of bills;
(ii) Transfer of funds;
(iii) Remittances;
(iv) Applications for letters of credit; and
(v) Settlement through the MAS Electronic Payment System.

(b) B2B E-Commerce

At least one of the major commercial banks offers an integrated B2B e-commerce product directly through its website, involving product selection, purchase order, invoice generation, and payment. However, integrated B2B products and services are not as yet generally available directly from the banks.

(c) Securities Placement and Underwriting/Capital Markets Activities

Most commercial banks offer securities services such as online payment for shares and subscriptions for initial public offerings directly though their websites. However, more sophisticated online brokering services are generally only available through the banks' share-broker subsidiaries.

(d) Securities Trading

A full range of online securities services are provided by the specialist securities subsidiaries of the major commercial banks including online trading.

(e) Retail Banking

All of the major commercial banks have established websites for retail services. Typically such sites will offer the following services:

(i) a full range of personal account services, including foreign currency accounts;
(ii) funds transfers;
(iii) Bill payments;
(iv) Credit card services;
(v) Investment services; and
(vi) Online application for loan services including

(a) Car loans;
(b) Renovation loans;
(c) Home loans; and
(d) Personal credit lines.

E-Commerce has provided the platform that enables the implementation of core banking solutions (CBS). Today all the major banks have gone on to implement CBS. And with time being a premium among bank customers, banks have been ideating and developing newer modes of delivering banking services. Today there is a whole plethora of such platforms available ranging from the ATM to the mobile.

Banks like State Bank of India and its associates are recording over 100,000 transactions on a daily basis through their 5,000 plus network of ATMs. Incidentally the profile and usage pattern of ATMs in India matches that of ATMs abroad with an overwhelming (more than 80%) being used for cash withdrawal. Today with over 20,000 ATMs, India is recording one of the fastest growth in terms of ATM proliferation, though the per capita availability of ATMs doesn't compare anywhere to markets like Japan or the US.

With most banks now providing Internet banking facility, bankers say that customers are using the bank for a variety of purposes. One commonly used service being booking of rail tickets. Bankers also say that customers are using bank networks for online shopping. Most of the online banking channels are linked to major retailers. Estimates also indicate that today over 40% of the share transactions are being put through the internet.


In India e-commerce is being driven by the growing online travel industry and online travel bookings have increased substantially after the entry of low cost carriers. Currently, online travel industry is contributing 50% to the revenue generated by e-commerce in India. To boot, online travel industry is growing at 125% (compounded annual growth rate) annually. Generating revenues of around $300-500 million (Rs.1,350-2,250 crore) currently, the size of the online travel industry is around 2% of the entire travel industry. Online travel industry is expected to become a $2 billion industry by 2008. In India, it is basically low cost carriers like Air Deccan and the Railways, which have significantly led to increased use of e-commerce.

However airline industry is still exploring the advantages of e-commerce. Currently e-commerce is being used mostly for e-ticketing among the domestic airlines though e-ticketing penetration in India is as low as 17% against the world average of 49% and 42% in Asia Pacific. But according to the UN's International Telecommunication Union, about 400 million travelers worldwide are expected to book tickets on-line this fiscal.

Air Deccan launched its operations with a 100% web enabled ticketing service and in no time became India's largest e-commerce site, with Rs.30 million worth transactions per day. Electronic ticketing now accounts for 35%-40% of tickets sold by Air Deccan. E-ticketing not only make tickets more accessible for travelers 24/7 but also eliminates the need to invest in ticketing offices and other related infrastructure reducing operational costs. Also travelers could avoid the long queues and save the service charges payable to travel agents.

Being a 100% e-ticket enabled airline, Kingfisher not only offers e-ticketing but also electronic check-in, wherein after printing the boarding card on-line the customer can use web-enabled check-in on the airline's website and board the plane directly passing through only mandatory security check at the airport. One of the biggest advantage of e-ticketing is that one can neither lose an e-ticket nor destroy it by leaving it accidentally in the pocket. Also e-ticketing environment offers much better degree of connectivity and reachability.


India is now getting used to e-tendering. The Andhra Pradesh government's initiative is now a model for other states. It began in the year 2002 in Andhra Pradesh State government projects had been stalled by delays in awarding tenders. Cartels regularly cornered the bulk of government contracts and bids were tampered with after closure. For N.Chandrababu Naidu, the tech-savy chief minister in a hurry, this was unacceptable. He needed a way around the mess and predictably by use of technology. Now, 90% of all the tenders in Andhra Pradesh are completed online. Last year, orders worth Rs.15,000 crore were placed. While it earlier took anywhere between 90 and 135 days to finalise a tender, today it takes only 35 days. Northern Railway is planning to implement E-Procurement (E-Works contracts) System from December 2006.

The Andhra Pradesh Numbers


No. of departments/agencies
8 departments
7 departments,
9 PSUs,
17 municipalities
8 departments,
13 PSUs,
17 municipalities,
5 universities
8 departments,
13 PSUs,
17 municipalities,
6 universities

Value of transactions completed (Rs.Cr.)

No. of transactions processed

Percentage of e-procurement

Source: World Bank Report


Globally, e-commerce growth has been led by the popularity of online shopping portals like and but in India that has not been the case. It is mainly driven by the online travel industry and banking sector. For instance, 29% of Indian Internet users book airline tickets online and the figure is expected to touch 46% next year. Online rail ticket booking stands at 39% of the total bookings. As far as banking is concerned, there are 4.6 million online banking users in India. This figure is expected to go up to over 16 million by 2007-08 that will include both internet and mobile banking users. According to the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), the e-commerce industry in India is expected to grow to a size of Rs.2,300 crore by 2007 against the Rs.1,200 crore. The total number of internet users which right now is 38.5 million is expected to reach 100 million by 2008.
Software Engineer - Visual C++ with MFC

Experience : 2 - 7 Years

Location : Bengaluru/Bangalore, Mysore

Education:UG - B.Sc - Computers;B.Tech/B.E. - Computers;BCA - Computers PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type : IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area : Application Programming, Maintenance

Job Description

Commercial product development using VC++, MFC, GDI, etc. Must have minimum of 2 years of experience developing Windows Form applications with advanced GUI design in Visual C++ or expereince with printer driver development. For our MYSORE office.

Desired Candidate Profile

* 2+ years of software development experience
* Good understanding of Windows Form application development using VC++
* Experience with GDI and MFC

These talents are a plus: Skills in Printer driver development, MFC Extension libraries, XML, ATL COM

Company Profile

ceTe Software is headquartered in USA since 1997. We specialise in commercial software components and tools related to PDF documents. Our Mysore office was established in 2004 and is now the primary product development center for ceTe Software.

Contact Details

Company Name:ceTe Software Pvt. Ltd.



ceTe software
No. 506, 1st Floor (Above A2Z)
VM Double Road
INDIA 570023

Email Address :
Consolidated Cybernetics Company PvtLtd

Skills Required : CICS, COBOL, DB2

Experience Required :[blink] 6 - 9 Year(s)[/blink]

Job Location : Bengaluru/Bangalore

Walkin Date : 26 August 2008 - 10 September 2008

Walkin Time : 09:00 a.m

Job Description :

Skill Set: - CICS, COBOL, DB2 Exp.:6 to 8 yrs
Educational Qualification â BE/B.Tech/MCA/M.Sc ( Comp Sc.) /Computer Science Graduates

We are conducting walk-in interview on Saturday 30th Aug 08 in Bhuvaneshwar,Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad.

Walkin Venue :

Mail to

Details Required

1. Overall Experience
2. Relevant Experience
3. Current CTC
4. Expected CTC
5. Notice Period
6. Ready to relocate




(2003 admissions)
Time : Three Hours Maximum : 80 Marks
Section A
Answer any five questions.
Each question carries 4 marks.
1. Mention the interacting particles and mediating particles in each of the basics forces of nature. What is the spin of the mediating particles?

2. "A different flavour of neutrino is paired with each flavour of charged lepton". Explain.

3. What is parity? Show that the eigen value of the parity operator is +1.

4. What are particle resonances? How are they produced?

5. What is colour index of a star? Does it vary with the distance of the star?

6. Briefly explain the HR diagram.

7. Explain the phenomenon of helium flash during stellar evolution.

8. What do you mean by event horizon of a black hole?

[5 x 4 = 20 marks]
Section B
Answer any two questions.
Each question carries 20 marks

9. (a) (i) Describe the Yokawa theory and explain how it load to the discovery of the meson.

(ii) "CP violation implies T violation through CPT theorem". Discuss.


(b) (i) Describe the six quark flavors. Hence explain the quark model of hadrons.
(ii) What do you mean by infrared slavery and ultraviolet freedom of quarks?

10. (a) (i) Explain the parallax method of determining stellar distances.
(ii) Discuss Saha's theory of thermal ionization.


(b) (i) Discuss with necessary theory, the energy transport in stellar interiors.
(ii) Outline the evolution of a main sequence star.

[2 x 20 = 40 marks]
Section C
Answer any two questions.
Each question carries 10 marks

11. Using the values of the quantum numbers B, S and 3 I of quarks, obtain the charge on
each of the members of the J=
baryon decouplet.
12. Find the ratio
( )
( )
of the cross sections of the following reactions by considering the
isospin channel through which they proceed.
p + p ®d + p 0 ......................(i)
p + n ® d + p 0 ........................(ii)
13. (a) A visual binary star has a parallax of 0".025 and angular the angular distance
between the component stars is 2" .5. Calculate the linear distance between the two
members of the binary.
(b) The apparent magnitude of a star is observed to be +3.3 and its parallax is 0".025.
Find the absolute magnitude of the star.
14. (a) Compute the proportion of neutral aluminium in an atmosphere of T = 6000 K,
e P =300 dyne 2 cm . For aluminium, 0.34
1 =
(b) Calculate the rotational energy of a neutron star of 1 Q M and 10 km radius, having a
period of 100 ms. If the observed fractional slow-down rate of this pulsar is 12 10− ,
calculate its rotational energy loss.
[2 x 10 = 20 marks
EC335 - Transmission Lines and Waveguides

Total Marks:100
Maximum Hours:3 Hrs

This is exam consists of two sections Part A and Part B
Part A questions carry 2 marks each
Part B questions carry 15 marks

Answer all

PART - A (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

1. Why frequency and phase distortion occur in transmission line? Write the condition of no distortion in terms of line parameters.
2. What is meant by reflection loss and insertion loss in a transmission line?
3. An air-filled coaxial transmission line has outer and inner conductor radii equal to 6 cm and 3cm, respectively. Calculate the values of a) inductance per unit length, b) capacitance per unit length and c) characteristic impedance of the line.
4. A loss less transmission line with Z0 = 50 ohm is terminated in an impedance equal to 50+j50 ohm. What is the reflection coefficient and VSWR on the line.
5. A 100-ohm load is to be matched to a 50-ohm line. Determine the characteristic impedance of a quarter wavelength matching section
6. State the reasons, which necessitate the use of stub matching in practice.
7. What is the function of the m-derived section in a composite filter?
8. Sketch the variation of characteristic impedance of a low-pass constant K filter as a function of frequency.
9. What is the function of delay equalizer? Where it is used.
10. Show under what condition a symmetrical lattice network with series arm impedances Z1 and diagonal impedances Z2 will be a constant resistance network.

PART - B (5 x 16 = 80 Marks)

11.a) Derive the expressions for the voltage and current at any point on the transmission line in terms of propagation constant, length and characteristic impedance of the line. (or)
11.b)deduce an expression for input impedance in terms of reflection coefficient.

12.a) What are the special considerations of radio frequency lines? A radio frequency line with Z0 = 70 ohm is terminated by ZL = 115 - j80ohm at attentuation constant = 2.5m. Find the VSWR & the maximum and minimum line impedances. Derive the formula used.(or)
12.b) A loss less line has a standing -wave ratio of 4. The Ro is 150 ohm and the maximum voltage measured on the line is 135 V. Find the power being delivered to the load. Derive the equation used.

13.a) A loss less line with Z0 = 300 ohm in operated at 200 MHz. The line is terminated with a load ZL to produce VSWR = 4.48, the first voltage minimum occurs at 6cm from the load end. Determine two stubbing positions nearest to the load and the corresponding lengths of short-circuited stubs having a characteristic impedance of 300 ohm for matching.(or)
13.b) A 50 ohm line feeds an inductive load Z = 35+j35 ohm. Design a double stub tuner to match this load to the line (make use of a Smith's chart).

14.a) Design a composite low-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 10KHz for a load resistance of 500 ohm. It should have high attenuation at 10.65 KHz.(or)
14.b) Design a composite high-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of 10KHz for a load resistance of 500 ohm with high attenuation at 9.39 KHz.

15.a) Design a symmetrical 600ohm bridged - T resistance attenuator to have an attenuation of 20dB.(or)
15.b) A length of telephone cable is driven from a 600 ohm resistance. The measured insertion loss in dB is tabulated:
f(Hz) --> 30 100 500 1000 2000 4000 6000 loss(dB) --> 3.8 3.8 4.6 6.6 10.5 16.4 20.7 Design a lattice network to equalize the cable within 2dB from 30 to 4000 Hz. The overall insertion loss of the cable and equalizer must not exceed 20dB.

Second Semester


Time : Three hours Maximum : 75 marks

Answer ALL questions.
SECTION A---(10 * 1 =10 marks)

1.) Define System Software.
2.) What is the function of an Assembler?
3.) Define parsing.
4.) What is Relocation?
5.) What are Process States?
6.) Define Operating System.
7.) Define Page size.
8.) Define Partitioning.
9.) What are Directories?
10.) What is Secondary Storage?

SECTION B---(5 * 3 = 15 marks)

11.) (a) Expalin briefly the evolution of System Software.
(b) What are macros? Briefly explain.

12.) (a) Write a brief notes on Linking Editing.
(b) What is storage allocation? Briefly explain.

13.) (a) Write a brief notes on semaphores.
(b) Write a brief note on function of operating system.

14.) (a) Write a brief note on Deadlock Avoidance.
(b) What is simple segmentation? Briefly explain.

15.) (a) Write a brief note on uniprocessor system.
(b) What is the need for scheduling? Briefly explain.

SECTION C---(5 * 10 =50 marks)

16.) (a) Explain in details the design of a two-pass assembler.
(b) Describe in detail about macroprocessors.

17.) (a) Describe in detail about code optimization.
(b) Explain in detail about relocatability.

18.) (a) Explain in detail about mutual exclusion
(b) Explain the principles of concurrency.

19.) (a) Explain in details about virtual memory.
(b) Explain in detail about dynamic partitioning of memory.

20.) (a) Describe in detail about file organization and access.
(b) Explain in detail about secondary storage management.
2008 Alagappa University M.Phil INDIAN ENGLISH LITERATURE Question paper

M.Phil. (English) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.


(upto 2006 batch)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

Answer any FIVE of the following.
(5 ? 20 = 100)

1. ''It is as a craftsman that Parthasarathy impresses us most''. Substantiate this statement with reference to the prescribed to you.

2. Consider that preoccupation with the part as a predominant theme in A.K. Ramanujan's poetry.

3. Bringout the humanism of Tagore as revealed in Chandalika.

4. Discuss how Karnad's Hayavadhana poses an interesting question of the nature of human identity in a world of tangled relationships.

5. Describe Nirad C. Chaudhuri's impressions of India.

6. Analyse the auto biographical elements in The God of Small Things.

7. Examine the historical value of the novel

Train to Pakistan.

8. Describe the symbolic significance of ''ananda tandavam'' as viewed by Ananda Coomaraswamy.



(Upto 2006 batch)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

Answer any FIVE of the following.
All questions carry equal marks.

(5 * 20 = 100)
1. Write short notes on :
(a) Connotation.
(b) Existentialism.
(c) Hermeneutics.
(d) Reader–response criticism.
(e) Meta language.

2. Why does Eliot admire the metaphysical poets?

3. Why does Northrop Frye attack the existing criticism? What does he mean by the archetypal criticism?

4. Why does George Lukacs attack modernist Literature? Discuss.

5. Evaluate the theories of deconstruction propounded by Derrida.

6. Elaborate on the theories postulated by Elaine showalter in " Towards a Feminist Poetics".

7. How does Jameson distinguish postmodernism from modernism? How far is postmodernism a critic of contemporary society? Discuss.

8. Assess Genett's views on structuralism. What does he mean by 'Structuralism and Literary Criticism'?

Yesterday .... i Crossed over the T nagar Bridge...

I was quite Beautiful while travelling..... But on the other side near Tnagar bus depo it was little traffic

;) ;)
Linux to gain anti-virus software

Hi ACumens

Have a look at this.....

An anti-virus software vendor has promised to protect Linux-based laptops and MIDs (mobile Internet devices) from "security challenges." McAfee says its encryption products will protect data on lost and stolen laptops, while its "mobile content" security products will help protect MIDs used to surf the dangerous "open Internet."

According to a McAfee statement, "As MIDs rely on the open Internet to bring applications and services to people, they will be susceptible to similar security challenges as the PC." The vendor promises to address the challenges by helping to "protect service providers and their subscribers from external threats."

McAfee's MID products will specifically target Intel's Atom Z5xx-series ("Silverthorne") processors for MIDs and other mobile devices. They will integrate with software from the Moblin project, founded by Intel to improve x86 software support for low-powered, small-form factor mobile devices powered by Silverthorne processors.

Pankaj Kedia, director of ecosystems at Intel's "ultra mobility" group, stated, "Intel's low power technologies, in combination with McAfee's experience in security solutions, should enable a more robust and secure solution."

Source:Henry Kingman

No availability details or pricing was announced.

what [you] think about this ?

Global popularity of the different Linux distributions

we looked at eight common distributions: Ubuntu, OpenSUSE, Fedora, Debian, Red Hat, Mandriva, Slackware and Gentoo.
Some interesting observations

    * Ubuntu is most popular in Italy and Cuba.
    * OpenSUSE is most popular in Russia and the Czech Republic.
    * Red Hat is most popular in Bangladesh and Nepal.
    * Debian is most popular in Cuba.
    * Cuba is in the top five (interest-wise) of three of the eight distributions in this survey.
    * Indonesia is in the top five of four of the distributions.
    * Russia and the Czech Republic are in the top five of five of the distributions.
    * The United States is not in the top five of any of the distributions.

Note again that when we say "popular" here, we mean how popular the search term is. After all, this is based on Google search data.

It might also be worth pointing out that the results are normalized, so the size of each region is removed as a factor. In other words, everything is in proportion to the size of the region (the total number of searches in that region, we assume). That means that larger regions are not favored over small, as would be the case otherwise.

Now on to the results for the individual Linux distributions.

M.S. (Education Management) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.

1. What are the technological impact on Education Systems? Explain.

2. What are the modern trends in educational environment with respect to private participation?

3. Discuss the fundamental rights envisaged in our constitution.

4. Explain the common university act.

5. What are the technological obsolescence in education system?

6. Write a short note on articles of WTO.

7. How will you manage environmental factors on educational system?

8. Write a short note on campus tranquility.

PART B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. Explain the impact of demographic and cultural factors on education.

10. What are the challenges and opportunities of globalisation of education market?

11. Discuss the values and ethics in educational management.

12. What are the technological impact on streams and thrust courses?

13. What are the environmental factors for educational institutions?

14. Discuss the functions of economic systems and their implications on education.

15. How will you maintain campus tranquility and dynamism in educational institutions?


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

SECTION A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)

Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. What is Education Administration? What are the principles of Education Administration?

2. Elaborate O and M.

3. Differentiate Education administration from Education management.

4. Discuss the relationship between leadership and Education Administration.

5. Describe the meaning and scope of Education Supervision.

6. What is communication? What are the elements of communication?

7. What are the barriers to be overcome while introducing TQM?

8. Explain the principles of coordination.

SECTION B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. What is Education Management? What are the characteristics of a successful manager according to Fayol?

10. Give an account of Central and State Government bodies promoting education in India.

11. Give an account of different classifications of leadership.

12. Discuss the duties of a good Education Supervisor.

13. What in your opinion are the ways to improve the quality of communication for an effective Education?

14. Explain Human relationships theory of Education Administration.

15. What is system approach? How does it serve to tone up Higher Education?

Chat Box / Re: India Map - Useful Information
Aug 22, 2008, 06:12 PM
Cool Post SAjiv

This is very INFORMATIVE

I would like to taste all this Items....

;) ;)

Fourth Semester


(2005 onwards)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.

1. What are the regulatory mechanism available in IDRA.

2. State the provisions of the competition act 2002 with regard to accounts and audit of competition commission.

3. Write a note on Competition Advocacy.

4. Can a person resident outside India acquire immovable property in India? Explain.

5. What are the salient features of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Law?

6. Explain the functions of environment Tribunal?

7. Explain the scope of consumer protection Act.

8. Critically evaluate the present position of small scale industries in India.

PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. What are the concessions available in setting up industrial units in FTZ and 100% EOUS?

10. What are the powers of competition commission?

11. Explain the term Authorised person under FEMA 1999. What are the powers and duties of an authorised person?

12. What are the Board functioning under water and environment (protection) Law? Also explain its functions.

13. Evaluate the procedures for obtaining various environment clearances.

14. Critically review the functions of various redressed forms under consumer protection Act.

15. Describe the different kinds of accounts along- with their salient features in brief that can be openly by non-resident in India.

Sony To Release Its New PSP 3000 This Fall

During the ongoing video game convention in Leipzig, Germany, Sony officially announced the release of the (sort of) new generation of the Playstation Portable called the PSP 3000. It will be made available in Europe starting October 15 for the price of €200 (approximately $294). This does not mean the existing PSP will be taken out of the picture; the portable console will remain on the market too.

The PSP 3000 does not feature as many changes as one would think. It comes with an improved screen which is covered by an anti-reflective coating; it also packs a built-in microphone which will help make Skype calls a lot easier, as well as a tweak to the video-out socket, which will enable new PSP gamers to play away on "non-progressive TVs."

Possibly one of the biggest changes is that related to color; besides the Piano Black, users of the new device can also go for either Pearl White or Mystic Silver.

The PSP 3000's dimensions are 169.4 by 18.6 by 71.4 mm and it weighs about 190g.

Judging by the huge success the first edition of the device has had, one can easily draw the conclusion that, despite the absence of some spectacular new feature, the PSP 3000 will probably have a similar market response. 

Intel and Yahoo to Bring Internet Channel to TVs

Intel and Yahoo have announced a partnership aimed at bringing a Widget Channel to TVs. The leading chipmaker will contribute, well, a chip, designed specifically for web-connected devices, which will provide Internet connectivity to TVs and will allow users to e-mail friends, trade shares or check the weather, all while watching TV channels. Thus Intel will bring into the joint venture its new Media Processor CE3100, which had been dubbed "Canmore."

Yahoo will contribute the software, the so-called Widget Engine, which means that users will also get the wide array of Yahoo-branded widgets based on its Internet services, such as Yahoo Finance and Yahoo Sports.

The two companies made the announcement at the Intel Developers Forum in San Francisco, underlining that similar efforts have failed for a very simple reason: while indeed bringing Internet connectivity to television sets, they prevented users from actually viewing TV channels. The new technology is designed to run mostly in parallel with watching TV.

This will be accomplished through a slim "snippet bar" at the bottom of the screen, which can also be widened and used as a sidebar on the left of a screen without obscuring the programme that is being displayed in the background.

The Intel-Yahoo Widget Channel will also provide picture-in-picture capabilities, download video on demand features and the ability to shop online. The companies expect that eventually hundreds of thousands of applications, or widgets, will be developed for their platform.

The innovative solution will also change the rules of advertising. Still, companies spend about five times as much money on TV advertising as on web ads. However, so far, the advertisements were the same for all viewers of a particular channel, but with the new Widget Channel things might change (and will).
M.S. (Education Management) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.

1. What are the technological impact on Education Systems? Explain.

2. What are the modern trends in educational environment with respect to private participation?

3. Discuss the fundamental rights envisaged in our constitution.

4. Explain the common university act.

5. What are the technological obsolescence in education system?

6. Write a short note on articles of WTO.

7. How will you manage environmental factors on educational system?

8. Write a short note on campus tranquility.

PART B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. Explain the impact of demographic and cultural factors on education.

10. What are the challenges and opportunities of globalisation of education market?

11. Discuss the values and ethics in educational management.

12. What are the technological impact on streams and thrust courses?

13. What are the environmental factors for educational institutions?

14. Discuss the functions of economic systems and their implications on education.

15. How will you maintain campus tranquility and dynamism in educational institutions?

M.S. (Education Management ) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. Discuss the functions of HRM.

2. What is job analysis? Discuss its usefulness.

3. Give a brief account of recruitment policies of administrative staff.

4. Distinguish between VRS and Golden Handshake.

5. Discuss the welfare measures in educational institutions.

6. Write short notes on Grievance redressal procedure for employees.

7. Discuss the problems of associations in educational institutions.

8. Give a brief account of Human Resource need of educational institutions.

PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

9. Discuss the steps of HR Planning Process.

10. Discuss the features of special schemes of UGC for career development of teaching faculty.

11. Give a comprehence accounts of salary and allowances of university teaching faculty are different levels.

12. What is performance appraisal? Give the skeleton of the performance appraisal from in educational institutions. Also, explain the method of arriving rating of employees
based on performance appraisal.

13. What are the types of association in educational institutions? Discuss the role of each association.
M.S. (Education Management) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.

1. What is the purpose of local fund audit for educational institutions?

2. What is the significance of finance in educational institutions?

3. Write a short note on investment function.

4. What are the salient features of a budget?

5. Write a short note on internal control.

6. What is the role of private sector in the growth of educational institutions?

7. Prepare a model of cash budget for educational institutions.

8. What are the types of budget prepared by schools and colleges?

PART B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. What are the goals of finance management in educational institutions?

10. State various sources of finance to educational institutions.

11. How is the break even analysis computed for educational institutions?

12. What are the objectives of local fund audit for educational institutions?

13. Explain the pattern of expenditure in educational institutions.

14. Describe the procedure for preparation of financial statements.

15. What is a budget? What are the steps involved in the preparation of a budget?

M.S. (Education Management) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. Explain the steps in Research Report.

2. Discuss the uses of Kruskal-Wallis tests?

3. What is correlation? Explain its types with an example.

4. Describe Action research with an example.

5. How do you select a research problem?

6. What are primary and secondary data in Historical Research?

7. Explain mainstream research model.

8. Describe the qualities of a Researcher.

PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

9. Discuss the importance of measures of central tendency and variability.

10. Discuss the different techniques in data collection.

11. Discuss the sampling techniques in educational research.

12. What is hypothesis? Discuss its types and characteristics.

13. When do you use 't' test and Chi square test in research? Illustrate.

14. 'Selection of a problem is a problem in research to a researcher'. Discuss.


Education Management


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. Give an account of the administrative structure of higher education.

2. Examine the role and the functions of agencies of higher education.

3. What is NAAC? How does it function?

4. What is NCTE? What are the specific functions of regional committees?

5. What are the functions of Medical Council of India?

6. What is ICMR? What are its objectives?

7. How does the Sports Authority of India promote sports?

8. What are the powers and functions of DEC?

PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

9. What are the guidelines provided in National Policy on Higher Education to safeguard and to realize the aims and objectives of Higher Education?

10. What is UGC? What are its major objectives? Describe how it promotes research in the field in higher education.

11. What is DST? How does it promote scientific projects and programmes?

12. What are the conditions stipulated by NCTE to accord recognition for D.T.Ed., B.Ed., and M.Ed. course of studies?

13. Explain the powers of Bar Council of India.

14. Describe in detail the organization structure and functions of UNESCO.

M.S. (Education Management) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2008.


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. Discuss the service mission of Education.

2. How will you segment the learners market?

3. How will you plan education product?

4. Frame the criteria for fixing the fee structure in education.

5. Explain the concept of Franchising in education.

6. Discuss the promotion strategy of Education.

7. Explain the role of publicity in education marketing.

8. Briefly explain student support services.

PART B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.

9. Explain the concept – internationalisation of education marketing with example.

10. Define – Intellectual property. Discuss the laws available to protect it in our country.

11. Explain the role and function of any one of the bodies, dealing with quality assurance in education.

12. Define – Service marketing. Discuss its salient features.

13. Define – Innovative education. How do you differentiate it with the existing one?

14. Explain the role of Information Technology in dealing with barriers of distance.

15. Explain the behaviour profile of the learners with suitable example.



Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks

PART A — (5 ? 8 = 40 marks)
Answer any FIVE questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

1. Give a short account on part-time courses.

2. What are the issues related to accountability?

3. Differentiate between innovators and adopters.

4. How will you harness Community Resources?

5. Write a note on SWOT analysis.

6. Discuss stake holders participation in management.

7. Briefly explain the concept of Emotional Intelligence.

8. What is digital management? Explain its importance.

PART B — (4 ? 15 = 60 marks)
Answer any FOUR questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

9. Explain the merits and de-merits of Inter disciplinary courses.

10. Discuss the quantity Vs quality issues on growth dimensions in institutions.

11. What are ISO standards of educational institutions? How will you meet out that standard?

12. What are the constraints of the government in funding higher education?

13. What are the out-reach programmes and how they may be organised in an institution?

14. Discuss the need and methods of bringing academic excellance in higher educational institutions.


Time: 3 Hours June 2006 Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. A decision-support system is intended to produce information to support which type of decisions?

(A) Well-structured (B) Unstructured

(C) Anticipated (D) Routine

b. Administrative supervision of the activities relating to a database is the responsibility of the

(A) DB Manager (B) Database administrator

(C) Storage manager (D) Query processor

c. Which of the following sub-system does not belong to MIS?

(A) Operational tactical system (B) Decision Support System (DSS)

(C) Data communication system (D) Automated office system

d. Top level management is concerned with

(A) day-to-day operations. (B) strategic decisions.

(C) tactical decisions. (D) both (B) and (C)

e. System design aid should primarily

(A) help analyse both data and activities.

(B) help in documentation.

(C) help in programming.

(D) generate code.

f. The "big picture" diagram of a system is the

(A) Data flow diagram (B) Block diagram

(C) System flowchart (D) Program flowchart

g. Which of the following is not true about expert systems?

(A) Expert systems are collections of human knowledge.

(B) Expert systems are expensive to design.

(C) Expert systems are usually designed to run on small general-purpose computers.

(D) Maintenance support may be difficult to obtain for an expert system.

h. Which of the following decisions are concerned with the execution of specific tasks to assure that they are carried out effectively and efficiently?

(A) Tactical (B) strategic

(C) Operational (D) Management

i. Which of the following is not one of the factors affecting the difficulty of the MIS project?

(A) Objectives of the firm (B) The existing MIS

(C) Management abilities (D) Employee attitude

j. An information system that responds immediately to the needs of the physical system is called

(A) On-line system (B) Off-line system
(C) Batch processing system (D) Real time system

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. What is an information system? How are information systems used at various levels of business management? (8 )

b. Why is information technology important? Explain briefly how it helps the managers of a firm. (8 )

Q.3 a. What are the advantages and disadvantages of anonymity? (8 )

b. What is a firewall and how does it protect a company from Internet attacks. (8 )

Q.4 a. How are databases used in e-business? (5)

b. How are reports different from queries? (5)

c. Why are data warehouses important in integrating data? (6)

Q.5 a. Define OLAP. What is the role of OLAP in decision-making? (5)

b. What is meant by the term drill down in an executive information system? (5)

c. How do models help managers to make better decisions? (6)

Q.6 a. What are the limitations of expert systems? How are these systems used in e-business? (8)

b. List the cost and dangers of strategic implementations. (8 )

Q.7 a. Why is entrepreneurship important to economics? (8 )

b. How does e-business fit into different locations within the production chain? (8 )

Q.8 a. What is the primary purpose of the systems development life cycle methodology? Explain the main steps of SDLC. (8 )

b. Explain the role of object-oriented design in analysing systems. (8 )

Q.9 Write short notes on the following:

(i) Custom programming outsourcing.

(ii) Customer relationship management.

(iii) Centralization in MIS. (4 x 4 = 16)

Time: 3 Hours June 2006 Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks. Questions in ITALICS are choice questions.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. Default segment in case of instruction fetch of an 8086 microprocessor is

(A) DS (B) SS

(C) CS (D) ES

b. The highest priority signal in an 8086 processor is

(A) NMI (B) INT3


c. When a co-processor is not found in the system the following exception or interrupt occurs in an 8086 system.

(A) Type 4 (B) Type 5

(C) Type 6 (D) Type 7

d. SD RAM refers to

(A) Synchronous DRAM (B) Static DRAM

(C) Semi DRAM (D) Second DRAM

e. In case of DVD, the speed is referred in terms of n X (for example 32 X). Here, X refers to

(A) 150 KB/s (B) 300 KB/s

(C) 1.38 MB/s (D) 2.4 MB/s

f. The binary number 1101011 in the floating-point representation using 32-bit word length is represented by

(A) 011010110.....0 10000111 (B) 111010110....0 10000111

(C) 011010110.....0 10001111 (D) 111010110....0 10001111

g. Itanium processor of Intel is a

(A) 32 bit microprocessor. (B) 64 bit microprocessor.

(C) 128 bit microprocessor.. (D) 256 bit microprocessor.

h. LOCK prefix is used most often

(A) during normal execution. (B) during DMA accesses

(C) during interrupt servicing. (D) during memory accesses.

i. The Pentium microprocessor has______execution units.

(A) 1 (B) 2

(C) 3 (D) 4

j. EPROM is generally erased by using

(A) ultraviolet rays (B) infrared rays

(C) 12 V electrical pulse (D) 24 V electrical pulse

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. What is (i) USB (ii) AGP (iii) XMS (iv) EMS (v) TSR (vi) EDO RAM (6)

b. What are program invisible registers? Explain the purpose of the GDTR. If the microprocessor sends linear address 00200000H to the paging mechanism, which paging directory entry and which page table entry is accessed? (3)

c. Write an assembly language program for an 8086 system that reads a key and displays it. (3)

d. Discuss the salient features of a parallel programmable interface, 8255. (4)

Q.3 a. Explain the following 8086 instructions by giving examples:


(ii) SHR

(iii) BOUND

(iv) WAIT (8 )

b. What do you understand by assembler directives? What do the following assembler directives do:



(iii) DB

(iv) PUBLIC (8 )

Q.4 a. Write an assembly program sequence for performing binary division on an n-word number by a one-word number. (6)

b. Discuss the role of a bus arbiter in a multiprocessor configuration. (4)

c. Assume that a loosely coupled multiprocessor system consists of the following three modules:

Module A: An 8086 with a local memory.

Module B: Two 8089s with a local I/O bus.

Module C: An 8086 with an 8087 and an 8089.

Determine and discuss the major bus interface devices required for each module. (6)

Q.5 a. Show how a typical DMA controller can be interfaced to an 8086 based maximum mode system. (8 )

b. What is a co-processor? What is its use in a typical microprocessor based system. How does an 8086 cooperate and communicate with a coprocessor. (8 )

Q.6 a. 80286 when operated in the protected mode supports multi tasking. Explain this statement indicating how this is accomplished. (8 )

b. What is segmentation? What are its advantages? How is segmentation implemented in a typical microprocessors. (8 )

Q.7 a. What is a PCI bus? Discuss its features and usage. (6)

b. How is EISA bus different from ISA bus? (4)

c. Differentiate between synchronous and asynchronous types of serial communication. (6)

Q.8 a. Discuss the interrupt structure of 8086. Draw and explain the block diagram of programmable interrupt controller 8259. (8 )

b. Discuss the various types of memory devices that you are familiar with. (8 )

Q.9 a. Write explanatory notes on (ANY TWO)

(i) Network adapters and LAN

(ii) DOS and BIOS calls.

(iii) Microprocessor development system.

(iv) MMX technology.


Time: 3 Hours June 2006 Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. In propositional logic which one of the following is equivalent to pq
(A) (B)

(C) (D)

b. Which of the following statement is true:

(A) Every graph is not its own sub graph.

(B) The terminal vertex of a graph are of degree two.

(C) A tree with n vertices has n edges.

(D) A single vertex in graph G is a sub graph of G.

c. Pigeonhole principle states that AB and then:

(A) f is not onto (B) f is not one-one

(C) f is neither one-one nor onto (D) f may be one-one

d. The probability that top and bottom cards of a randomly shuffled deck are both aces is:

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

e. The number of distinct relations on a set of 3 elements is:

(A) 8 (B) 9

(C) 18 (D) 512

f. A self complemented, distributive lattice is called

(A) Boolean Algebra (B) Modular lattice

(C) Complete lattice (D) Self dual lattice

g. How many 5-cards consists only of hearts?

(A) 1127 (B) 1287

(C) 1487 (D) 1687

h. The number of diagonals that can be drawn by joining the vertices of an octagon is:

(A) 28 (B) 48

(C) 20 (D) 24

i. A graph in which all nodes are of equal degrees is known as:

(A) Multigraph (B) Regular graph

(C) Complete lattice (D) non regular graph

j. Which of the following set is null set?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Simplify the Boolean function:(8 )

b. Is the following argument valid? If valid, construct a formal proof, if not explain why.

"If wages increases, then there will be inflation. The cost of living will not increase if there is no inflation. Wages will increase. Therefore, the cost of living will increase.

(Let p = wages increase, q = inflation, r = cost of living will increase) (8 )

Q.3 a. A speaks truth in 80% of the cases and B speaks truth in 60% of the cases. Find the probability of the cases of which they are likely to contradict each other in stating the same fact. (8 )

b. Let and is defined as is a function. If so find that whether it is one to one or bijection? (8 )

Q.4 a. Prove by induction

1.1! + 2.2! + .......+n.n! = (n+1)! – 1 (8 )

b. In the word 'MANORAMA'

(i) Find the number of permutations formed taking all letters.

(ii) Out of these the number of permutations with all A's together.

(iii) Find the number of permutations which start with A and end with M. (8 )

Q.5 a. Prove that a graph G is a tree iff G has no cycles and . (8 )

B. If A and B are two subsets of a universal set then prove that( 8 )

Q.6 a. A man has four friends. In how many ways can he invite one or more friends to tea party? (8 )

b. If R is a relation defined by iff a + d = b + c, show that R is an equivalence relation. (8 )

Q.7 a. Minimize the Boolean expression (by algebraic method)

and then draw the circuit diagram using only NAND gate. (8 )

b. Design an automaton which accepts only even numbers of 0s and even number of 1's. (8 )

Q.8 a. Consider the context free grammar

(i) Show how the string aa + a* can be generated by this grammar.

(ii) Construct a parse tree for this string.

(iii) What language is generated by this grammar. (8 )

b. For any relation R in a set A, we can define the inverse relation by iff . Prove that

(i) As a subset of A x A, =.

(ii) R is symmetric iff R = . (8 )

Q.9 a. Write Prim's Algorithm (6)

b. Draw a diagraph for each of the following relation

(i) Let and let

(ii) Let and Let , wherever y is divisible by x.

(iii) Determine which of the relations are reflexive, which are transitive, which are symmetric and which are anti symmetric. (4, 4, 2)

Time: 3 Hours June 2006 Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. The approximation to is correct to n significant digits. The value of n is

(A) 7. (B) 6.

(C) 5. (D) 4.

b. The equation f (x) = 0 has a simple root in the interval (1, 2). This root is to be determined correct to two decimal places using bisection method. The required number of iterations is

(A) 5. (B) 6.

(C) 7. (D) 8.

c. The system of equations has

(A) no solution.

(B) two parameter family of solutions.

(C) one parameter family of solutions.

(D) unique solution.

d. Gauss-Seidel iteration method is used to solve the system of equations

The rate of convergence of this method is

(A) 0.7659. (B) –0.7659.

(C) 1.7635. (D) –1.7635.

e. The value of where is the forward difference operator and E is the shift operator, with differencing h =1 is

(A) . (B) .

(C) 6 x. (D) 6

f. The data represents a third degree polynomial. It is known that f (3) is in error. The correct value of f (3) is

(A) 37. (B) 39.

(C) 41. (D) 43.

g. The least squares polynomial approximation of degree 1 to on [0, 1] is . The least squares error is

(A) . (B) .

(C) . (D) .

h. The truncation error in the method

is of . The value of p is

(A) 1. (B) 2.

(C) 3. (D) 4.

i. The minimum number of sub-intervals that will be required, so that the error in evaluating by trapezoidal rule is , is

(A) 8. (B) 9.

(C) 12. (D) 13.

j. The value of y(1.4) for the initial value problem using Euler method with h=0.2 is

(A) 4.6. (B) 22.5552.

(C) 25.1552. (D) 26.2432.

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. The method is used to find a multiple root of multiplicity two of the equation f (x)=0. Determine the rate of convergence of the method. Also obtain the asymptotic error constant. (10)

b. Perform two iterations of the method to determine a root of with . (6)

Q.3 a. Set up the Newton-Raphson method in matrix form to solve the system of equations

Perform two iterations of the method with the initial approximation . (8 )

b. Solve the system of equations  using Gauss-Jordan method with partial pivoting, if necessary. (8 )

Q.4 a. Using decomposition method, find the inverse of the matrix Take . (8 )

b. Perform four iterations of the power method to obtain the largest eigenvalue in magnitude of the matrix . Take the initial approximation vector as . (8 )

Q.5 a. Using Jacobi method, find all the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors of the matrix . (Use exact arithmetic) (10)

b. Obtain the least squares approximation of the form to the data (6)

Q.6 a. Jacobi iteration method is used to solve the system of equations determine the rate of convergence of the method. Starting with the initial vector perform two iterations. (8 )

b. Prove the following operator relations

(i) .

(ii) .

(iii) .

The operators have their standard meaning. (2+3+3)

Q.7 a. Determine the largest step size h that can be used in the tabulation of a function f(x), , at equally spaced nodal points so that the truncation error
of the quadratic interpolation is less than in magnitude. Find h, when and . (8 )

b. For the method determine the optimal value of h, so that =minimum where is the maximum round off error in function values and is the maximum value of in the given interval. (8 )

Q.8 a. Evaluate using Simpson's rule with 3 and 5 nodalp oints. Find the improved value of I using Romberg integration. (8 )

b. Determine the constants A, B and C in the method so that the method is of highest possible order. Obtain the truncation error and the

order of the method. Use this method to obtain the value of . (8 )

Q.9 a. Find the truncation error and the order of the Heun's method for solving the initial value problem . (8 )

b. Using classical Runge-Kutta method of order four with h=0.1, obtain the

approximate value of y (1.2) for the initial value problem. (8 )
Student Developer Finally Brings Copy-Paste to iPhone

Copy and paste has finally reached the iPhone, decades after other platforms. The technological breakthrough of being actually able to copy and then paste some text from one application to another or within the same software is finally available to iPhone users. As expected, it was not done by Apple, but by student developer Zac White.

The new open-source framework enables any developer to implement copy and paste between applications without violating Apple's developer agreement. However, there is still the danger that Apple blocks third party applications which use the framework out of its AppStore.

The innovative framework enables copying and pasting of plain text or HTML, depending on the support provided by the application. However, Apple's own iPhone software still doesn't provide copy and paste, to its user's much dismay. While Apple has acknowledged that iPhone copy and paste is in their plans, the Cupertino company apparently doesn't care enough about what its customers want. Or maybe they were too busy fixing MobileMe, the iPhone 3G connection problems and the DNS flaw.

Another dude, Preston Monroe, has created an iPhone hack called iCopy that lets the gadget's users copy and paste between the e-mail and Web browser applications.
Use the Visual Data Manager in Visual Basic

The Visual Data manager that ships with Visual Basic is a powerful tool for working with several types of databases inside the Visual Basic environment. One can create, edit, compact and repair many types of databases and other types of files. Here's how to use the Visual Data Manager in Visual Basic.

Click on Start in the lower left-hand corner of the desktop screen. Then select All Programs, Microsoft Visual Studio 6.0 and Visual Basic 6.0.

Select Standard EXE from the list in the New Project dialog box, then click on Open.

Tap on Add-Ins on the menu bar and then select Visual Data Manager from the drop-down menu.

Pick File on the menu bar when the VisData form opens up to create a new database or to work with an existing database. The Visual Data Manager will work with many types of databases such as Microsoft Access, Dbase, FoxPro, Paradox, Excel, ODBC and text files. Microsoft Access databases also can be compacted and repaired.

Choose File, and then Exit when done with the VisData form to return to Visual Basic.
Corrvette Solutions Looking for Fresher Web Designers

Job Description :

Corrvette Solutions Pvt. Ltd is recruiting Web Designers with 0 - 6 Years of Experience for its office at Anabthpur
We are looking for Web Designers for our IT Clients in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh. Candidates should be from Anantapur location.

Freshers trained in WebDesigning are also welcome.

Walk-in Time : 10:00 a.m - 07:00 p.m

Interested local candidates can send their profiles to

Education    Graduates

Company Details

Company Name    Corrvette Solutions Pvt. Ltd

Company Profile    Corrvette Solutions Pvt. Ltd is a growing Information Technology Consulting & HR Service firm in India. Corrvette Solutions designs & implements business and technology strategies and provides solutions for Global Corporations to stay ahead in today's dynamic and fast growing environment. We create lasting relationships with our Clients by providing services consistently which are outcome of our well defined and proven methodologies driven by Values and Ethics.

We apply our vast business domain expertise in various industry segments; utilize our highly skilled personnel to meet our targets and giving Services consistently which is cost-effective at the same time with out compromising in Ethics, Values and Quality.

Candidate Details

Desired profile

HTML,Java Script, Photoshop,Flash,Dream Weaver

Experience : [blink]0 - 6 Years[/blink]

Keyword    HTML,JAva Script, Photoshop,Flash,Dream Weaver

Location    Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh

Apply Email
Dewdrop Career Solutions(p)Ltd

Skills : excellent communication skills

Experience : [blink]0 - 4 Years[/blink]

Location : Chennai

Walkin Date : 20 August 2008 - 22 August 2008

Walkin Time : 09:00 a.m

Job Description :

- Should have excellent communication skills
- Involves handling inbound Calls and resolving customer queries. Involves updating customers on latest information on a product or service.
- Should be comfortable work in all Shifts.
- Patient and should have ability to handle any kind of customer queries.
- Job primarily involves interacting with UK Customers (Night Shift)

Education Qualification:

Minimum of 12 years of completed education. Any Graduate /Persuing Graduation / Diploma.
Candidates with relevant experience in a voice based International or domestic Call centre will be at an advantage.
Involves working in all shifts.
Ability to multi-task and comfortable working on computers
General awareness and fundamental mathematical abilities

NOTE: Position open only for candidates willing to work in Chennai.

Walkin Venue :

Dewdrop Career solutions(p)Ltd
#1,Gee Gee Plaza,
wheat crofts road,

Land mark: Above Adyar Anand Bhavan in Sterling Road

Contact Number:9962036262
Citigroup Global Services

Skills : excellent communication skills

Experience : [blink]0 - 4 Years[/blink]

Location : Chennai

Walkin Date : 20 August 2008 - 22 August 2008

Walkin Time : 03:00 p.m - 07:00 p.m

Job Description :

Should have excellent communication skills

- Involves handling inbound Calls and resolving customer queries. Involves updating customers on latest information on a product or service.
- Should be comfortable work in all Shifts.
- Patient and should have ability to handle any kind of customer queries.
- Job primarily involves interacting with UK Customers (Night Shift)

Education Qualification:Minimum of 12 years of completed education. Any Graduate /Persuing Graduation / Diploma.
Candidates with relevant experience in a voice based International or domestic Call centre will be at an advantage.
Involves working in all shifts.
Ability to multi-task and comfortable working on computers
General awareness and fundamental mathematical abilities

NOTE: Position open only for candidates willing to work in Chennai.

Walkin Venue :

No: 769, Spencers plaza,
III Phase, 9th Floor,
Anna salai,
Chennai - 2

Create a Function Button in Visual Basic

Visual Basic is a main driver of web programming technology, it makes sense to figure out the basics of the language. A function-linked button, or command button, in Visual Basic is the tool most commonly used to enter data from a user or to let the user generate any certain experience on the page. Users know to click on command buttons, and designers rely heavily on them to program something the user can understand.

Open your form. Figure out where you want the button to appear.

Select the command button tool on the toolbox to your right.

Draw the button on the form to the size that you want. Some designers favor a default one-line button, while other software relies on jumbo-buttons of a square inch or more, especially for touchscreen technologies.

Now double click on the button. The button's OnClick function will open up. It is empty. This is where you will code anything that should happen in the program when the button is pressed by the user. Add functions in the form of established code modules according to Visual Basic syntax, passing along parameters in the parentheses, for example.

While creating your button, you'll want to set a few of its properties. The "label" property is actually what the user will see on the button. The "name" property is NOT what the use will see. This can be confusing. If you want a button that the user will use to Open something, you want the "label" setting to be OPEN, and you will make the name something that will have significance to the designer. The Visual Basic convention would be a name like cmdOpen.
Lion -- here

Mr.Bean or Charlie Chaplin


Thats nice to see....But Gold is expected

Its ok ...India won the bronze

All the Best to  Sushil Kumar  :ok

Day AFTER TOMORROW ---- One of my Favorite Film

Arnold Schwarzenegger
or Sylvester Stallone

This innovative Wood LED Clock not only looks good but provides a new dimension to the blend of technology and creativity.

Designed by Kouji Iwasaki, this wood clock features a thin layer of veneer that allows the LEDs to shine through it. Thus, creating an illusion. Unfortunately, it does not have an alarm clock function.

The Wood LED Clock comes in long and tall versions. The long version is perfect for your desk while the tall one is ideal as a wall hanging or as a decorative piece in your living room. The tall version measures 8.25″w x 4.5″h x 1.75″d and the long version measures 8.25″w x 3.5h" x 3.5d".

You can grab the Wood LED watch from Unica and it is priced at $176 (approx Rs. 7,533).


(Approved by AICTE & Affiliated to Anna University)





All Class Rooms are fully Air Conditioned

Wi-Fi Campus

IT enabled Class Rooms

Well Equipped Laboratories and Workshopp

Air Conditioned EEE & ECE Labs

IT & Computer Lab with Internet Connectivity

Computerized & AirConditioned Modern Library

Modernized Physics & Chemistry Labs

Industry-Institute Interaction Cell

Hi-Tech Modernized & Air Conditioned Language Lab

Air Conditioned Conference Hall with Video Conferencing Facility

Facility for parents to see their son / daughter just being at home through internet

Hygienic Mess and Kitchen with MOdern method of Food Preparation

Importance given to sport activities (Indoor & Outdoor games)

Mineral water supply prepared by RO Method in Both Hostels

Availability of PRopmpt Medical assistance in HOstels

Separate hostel facility for Boys & Girls with fully furnished Luxurious rooms



Hi ...

This is very Interesting..Nice Joke..

Thanks for the Post

JServer / Thin Driver Connection Manager for Oracle


    Since the release of Oracle8i, Oracle application developers have had the option of deploying their code either inside the database (using the JServer option) or outside of the database (using either the thin or oci8 drivers).

    When designing code to run outside the database, the application developer will choose a JDBC connection as follows:

        * Selecting the oci driver, you would use the JDBC connection string "jdbc:oracle:oci"
        * Selecting the pure-Java thin driver, you would use the JDBC connection string "jdbc:oracle:thin"

    However, code running inside the Oracle database uses a special, in-memory JDBC driver implementation called the JServer Native Driver whose JDBC connection string can be set to either "jdbc:default:connection:" or "jdbc:oracle:kprb:". Code executing inside the database is already running in the context of the currently connected database user and therefore requires no username or password.

    Examples of complete JDBC connection strings using the above three drivers are:

        * jdbc:oracle:oci8:scott/tiger@O901DB
        * jdbc:oracle:thin:scott/tiger@cartman:1521:O901DB
        * jdbc:default:connection:

    This article provides example code and the steps necessary to create a "helper class" (called OracleConnection) that isolates the connection details from application code. The OracleConnection class will provide a static method that can be used by Java applications to make a database connection whether inside or outside the database.

Demonstrate using the Thin Driver

   1. Open the file and change the username and password.

   2. Compile the source code:


   3. Run the example

        java TestThinConnection

Demonstrate using the kprb Driver

   1. Open the files, RunJServer.sql, and CallSpecJServer.sql and change the username and password.

   2. Load the and source code into the Oracle database using the UNIX shell script

   3. Create the CALL SPEC packge: JServer_mgr

        SQL> @CallSpecJServer

   4. Run the example

        SQL> @RunJServer

Example Code Repository

Helper Class Source Code: is a help class that can be used by any Java program to connect to the database whether running inside or outside the database.

Testing the Thin Driver: is a small Java program that uses the helper class OracleConnection to make its connection to the database.


        Example output of TestThinConnection.

Testing the JServer Driver: is a small Java program that uses the helper class OracleConnection to make its connection to the database. is a UNIX shell script that can be used to Load/Compile both the OracleConnection helper class and the testing example application TestJServerConnection into the Oracle Database.


     CallSpecJServer.sql is used to create the "Call Specs" needed for the example JServer_mgr Testing Application.


        The RunJServer.sql script can be used to run the JServer_mgr.show_user() method.


        Example output of TestJServerConnection.
B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008


(Computer Science & Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Consider the following fragment of 'C' code:
float i, j;
i = i * 70 + j + 2;
Write the output at all phases of the compiler for the above 'C' code.
(b) Write short notes on: input buffering. [10+6]

2. (a) What is recursive descent parser? Construct recursive descent parser for the
following grammar.
E ! E + T|T
T ! TF|F
F ! F|a|b

(b) What is ambiguous grammar? Eliminate ambiguities for the grammar:

E ! E + E|EE|(E)|id. [8+8]

3. Construct SLR parsing table for the following grammar.
S ! AS|b
A ! SA|a

4. Write short notes on the following:
(a) S-attributed definitions.
(b) L-attributed definitions.
(c) Dependency graph. [6+6+4]

5. (a) What is an ordered and unordered symbol table? What is the function of
symbol table in the compliation process? Explain.

(b) What are the various attributes of a Symbol Table? [10+6]

6. Explain different principal sources of optimization technique with suitable examples. [16]

7. A flow graph is useful for understanding code generation algorithm? Justify your answer with an example. [16]

8. Discribe various Register allocation optimization techniques with an example. [16]
B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008


(Computer Science & Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain, in detail, lexical analyzer generator.

(b) Describe the lexical errors and various error recovery strategies with suitable examples.[8+8]

2. (a) Consider the following grammar.
S ! 0A|1B|0| 1
A ! 0S|1B| 1
B ! 0A|1 S
Construct leftmost derivations and parse trees for the following sentences
i. 0101
ii. 1100101

(b) Consider the following grammar

E ! T + E|T
T ! VT|V
V ! id
Write down the procedures for the nonterminals of the grammar to make a recursive descent parser. [8+8]

3. (a) Define LR(k) parser. Draw and explain model of LR parser.

(b) Write LR parsing algorithm. [8+8]

4. (a) Write the quadruple, triple, indirect triple for the statement a := b - c + b - c.

(b) Explain the role of intermediate code generator in compilation process. [8+8]

5. (a) What is an ordered and unordered symbol table? What is the function of symbol table in the compliation process? Explain.

(b) What are the various attributes of a Symbol Table? [10+6]

6. Explain different principal sources of optimization technique with suitable examples. [16]

7. Explain about data flow analysis of structured programs. [16]

8. (a) Explain the concept of object code forms.

(b) Generate optimal machine code for the following C program. [6+10]

int i, a[10];
while (i<=10) a =0

B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008


(Computer Science & Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Explain the different phases of a compiler, showing the output of each phase, using the example of the following statement: position : = initial + rate * 60

(b) Compare compiler and interpreter with suitable diagrams. [10+6]

2. (a) What is recursive descent parser? Construct recursive descent parser for the following grammar.

E ! E + T|T
T ! TF|F
F ! F|a|b

(b) What is ambiguous grammar? Eliminate ambiguities for the grammar:

E ! E + E|EE|(E)|id. [8+8]

3. Construct SLR parsing table for the following grammar.

S ! AS|b
A ! SA|a

4. (a) Write the quadruple, triple, indirect triple for the statement a := b - c + b - c.

(b) Explain the role of intermediate code generator in compilation process. [8+8]

5. Write an algorithm to perform the table lookup and insertion operation for hashed symbol table. [16]

6. (a) What is code optimization? What are its advantages?

(b) Explain briefly about folding.

(c) What are the problems in optimizing compiler design? [5+5+6]

7. (a) Explain reducible and non-reducible flow graphs with an example.

(b) Explain natural loops and inner loops of a flow graph with an example. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the concept of object code forms.

(b) Generate optimal machine code for the following C program. [6+10]

int i, a[10];
while (i<=10) a =0
B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2008


(Computer Science & Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. Explain the input buffer scheme for scanning the source program. How the use of sentinels can improve its performance? Describe in detail. [16]

2. Construct predictive parsing table for the following grammar.

E ! T E'
E' ! +T E'|e
T ! F T'
T' ! *FT'|e
F ! (E)|id

3. (a) What is an operator grammar? Give an example.

(b) Write an operator precedence parsing algorithm. [6+10]

4. (a) Write a note on the specification of a simple type checker.

(b) What is a type expression? Explain the equivalence of type expressions with an appropriate examples. [8+8]

5. (a) Compare three different storage allocation strategies.

(b) Consider the following array declaration in 'c'; float a[100][100];

Assume that the main memory in byte addressable and that the array is stored
starting from the memory address 100. What is the address of a[40][50]?[8+8]

6. Explain different principal sources of optimization technique with suitable examples. [16]

7. (a) Write and explain live variable analysis algorithm.

(b) Explain the use of algebraic transformations with an example [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the different issues in the design of a code generator.

(b) Generate code for the following C statements:
i. x= f(a) + f(a) + f(a)
ii. x= f(a) /g(b,c)
iii. x= f(f(a))
iv. x= ++f(a) [8+8]
Java SDK 1.4 Logging API - Logging Priorities

The architecture of the Java 1.4 Logging API defines several levels of logging information. These levels describe the priority of a log request, and the logging framework can be tuned to display logging information related to a certain level(s). The levels defined can be categorized in the descending order or priority as follows:

SEVERE (highest)

    This level should be used to log messages about problems that are very critical to the application and will need immediate attention.


    This level should be used to log messages that indicate a potention problem with an application.

INFO (default)

    This level is the default level used by the logging API. Log messages published with this level are generally normal debugging statements that are typically used during the development phase and day-to-day maintenance of the application.


    This level should be used to specify log messages related to the configuration stage of the application. For example, at startup of an application, you could use this level to print configuration-related information like database or JNDI connection information.


    These three levels denote the detail of the log messages from less detailed to highly detailed. Use of these logging levels will result in a vast amount of logging information being published to the logging destination.


    This level can be used to indicate that all messages (defined above) should be logged.
2007 National Institute of Technology ECE - University Question Paper

Third Semester B.Tech End Semester Examination – November 2007


Time: 3 hrs. Marks: 50

Answer All Questions

1 Four Chairs are placed in a row:


Each chair may be occupied ("1") or empty ("0"). Give the minterm and maxterm expression for each logic function described below and then minimize the maxterm
expression of each function to get the simplified logic functions in POS form.

a) F (A,B,C,D) is 1 iff there are no adjacent empty chairs.
b) H (A,B,C,D) is 1 iff at least three chairs are occupied.
c) J (A,B,C,D) is 1 iff there are more people sitting in the left two chairs than in the right two chairs.
[Marks 6]

2 It is necessary to design a decimal adder for two digits represented in the excess-3 code. Construct the adder with two 4 – bit parallel adders and necessary logic gates. Output of the adder should be also in excess-3 format.

[marks 4]

3 Implement a Full Adder :
a) Using two 8:1 MUXes. Connect X, Y & Cin to the select inputs of the MUXes and connect 1 or 0 to each data input.
b) Using two 4:1 MUXes and one inverter. Connect X & Y to the select inputs of the MUXes and connect 1's, 0's, Cin or to each data input.
c) Again using two 4:1 MUXes, but this time connect Cin & Y to the select inputs of MUXes and connect 1's, 0's, X or to each data input.

[marks 3]

4 a) Draw the circuit of a simple JK flip flop using NAND gates. [marks 1]
b) Obtain its truth table [marks 1]
c) What is Race Around problem? Mention two methods for eliminating this problem [marks 2]
d) Draw the modified JK flip flop with no race around problem [marks 1]
5 Braille is a system which allows a blind person to read alphanumeric by feeling a pattern of raised dots. Design a circuit that converts BCD to Braille. The table 1 shows the correspondence between BCD and Braille. Use a PLA. Give the PLA Table.

[marks 3]


0 0 0 0 •
• •
0 0 0 1 •

0 0 1 0 •

0 0 1 1 • •

0 1 0 0 • •

0 1 0 1 •

0 1 1 0 • •

0 1 1 1 • •
• •
1 0 0 0 •
• •
1 0 0 1 •

6 An MN flipflop works as follows: if MN = 00, the next state of the flip flop is 0, If MN = 01, the next state of the flip flop is the same as the present state, if MN = 10, the next state of the flip flop is the complement of the present state, if MN = 11, the next state of the flip flop is 1

a) Obtain the excitation table of the FF [marks 1]

b) Using MN flip flops design a 3 bit synchronous counter which counts in the following sequence : 000, 001, 011, 111, 101, 100 (Repeat) 000, .......... [marks 3]

7 Design a 4 –bit shift register using 4 D flip flops, 4 :1 MUXes and additional logic gates to operate according to the following table:

Inputs Next State Action
S1 S0 Q4(n+1) Q3(n+1) Q2(n+1) Q1(n+1)
0 0 Q4 Q3 Q2 Q1 No change
0 1 Serial input Q4 Q3 Q2 Right Shift
1 0 D4 D3 D2 D1 Parallel Load
1 1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Reverse Bits

[marks 3]

8 A synchronous counter is required to count up from 010 to 1010 through the even numbers and then down to 1 through the odd numbers – ie., the sequence 0,2,4,6,8,10,9,7,5,3,1,0....... Design the counter using T type flip flops.

[marks 3]

9 a) Generate the following Random Sequence using a shift register and necessary logic gates:
S = • • • • 1 0 1 1 1 1 0• • • • [marks 3]
9 b) The decimal equivalent of the largest number a binary ripple counter can count is 4095. What should be the clock frequency at the input to the counter if it is necessary to obtain a frequency of 550 Hz at the output of the most significant stage ? Neglect propagation delays. [marks 1]

c) A ripple counter is to be constructed using flip flops with propagation delays 35 ns. If the counter is to be clocked at 2 MHz, what is the maximum modulus of the counter? [marks 1]

d) Construct a truth table for the circuit shown below: diagram 1 [marks 2]

10 a) Assume a stream of 50 k bits are given to the circuit whose output Z=1 when number of 1's in 50 k bits are odd else Z=0. Design the circuit using Mealy FSM. [marks 2]

b) Design a FSM to detect a sequence "101" (overlapping & non-overlapping) using D flip flops. [marks 3]

c) Obtain the state table and state diagram of the Moore FSM given below: diagram2 [marks 2]

11 a)Briefly explain the following terms associated with Digital Circuits:
i) Set up time
ii) Hold time
iii) Clock skew
iv) Static & Dynamic Hazards [marks 2]

b) Find a circuit that has no static hazards and implements the Boolean function
F (A,B,C,D) = ?(0,2,6,7,8,10,12) [marks 3]
Accusol Technologies Looking for .NET (ASP.NET & VB.NET) professionals

Job Description :

We are a fast growing mid-sized IT company, based in Ahmedabad. We are into development of Business Solutions and off-the-self products for SME Clients.

We are into the expansion of our team size, and for that we are looking for .NET (ASP.NET & VB.NET) professionals, both experienced as well as freshers.

Education    Freshers need BCAM.Tech - Computers

Company Details

Company Name    Accusol Technologies Pvt Ltd

Company Profile    The company began with the vision of providing affordable yet corporate quality IT support and services to SMEs, and this is still our goal today. Our philosophy is simple, remove the stress associated with technology.

But the characteristic which really sets us apart is that we pay constant attention to our clients' requirements. With a dedicated workforce, the use of the best in technology and strong relationships with our clients, Accusol Technologies delivers customized solutions that help customers enhance their quality, minimize development time and optimize their workflow.

We don't simply work for our clients, we work with them. We aim at providing our client with an unbeatable edge to succeed in today's demanding work place and global market. We believe in an uncompromised approach which intends to provide maximum gain to them. Our services, whether it is before or after sales, are the most promising you can find.

We have the best of infrastructure and a team of 10+ programmers with over experience ranging from 1 Year to 12 Years.

Candidate Details

Experience    Freshers

Location    Ahmedabad

Contact Information

Address:    312, 3rd Floor,
Zodiac Square, Opp. Gurudwara
S.G. Highway, Bodakdev
Ahmedabad,Gujarat,INDIA 380054

Indegene Lifesystems Recruits Freshers

Freshers Job at Indegene Lifesystems

Job Description:

Job Description: Deliver Medical content that is rated high on depth, comprehensiveness, quality and timelines interfacing with clients on a regular basis Preparation of CME presentation slides for Doctors and training manuals for Pharma sales force Developing promotional literature and medico - marketing solutions �product/drug monographs visual aids etc. Developing  innovative scientific content  by leveraging  are depth of scientific content
Candidate Profile: Qualification MD /  MBBS / Mpharm You need to have a minimum of 1 year of experience in any of the following functions � Medical Services / Medico-marketing / Clinical Research / Regulatory Affairs or in medical writing / developing / publishing medical content. It would be preferred if you have a specialized understanding of any specialty area of medicine or an overall general understanding of the medical field Must have strong written and oral communication / presentation skills Should have passion for networking and updating with the latest technical / scientific developments and relate it to various projects

What we can offer?

In addition to a competitive salary and excellent benefits package, we are known for our friendly and informal working environment where employees feel challenged and their contribution is recognized. Opportunities for career and personal development are excellent.

Location: Bangalore

Pls feel free to get in touch with our HR-Team for any quires.
Mr. Srihari.S
Manager - Recruitment & Staffing

Ph - 080 40787557

About Company:
Indegene is India�s largest Pharmaceutical Services Organization. We partner along with life science companies, healthcare organizations and medical devices companies to work along with them in conceptualizing and delivering solutions during any phase of the product lifecycle.

We also have our offices in India, Singapore, Australia, US & Europe We are headquartered at Bangalore and have other offices at Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Delhi in India.

Our services include

1. Scientific communications and promotions
2. Sales Force Training Solutions
3. CME & Medical Information�s
4. Competitive intelligence

Indegene has a performance based culture. Our high performers are rewarded with rapid career advancement and more responsibilities. We also have training programs development programs, etc and believe in making individuals achieve their potentials along with the organization objectives.

We are a 250 plus professionals spread across various locations.
We are looking for people who are interested in a rapid career growth by building new skills and competencies and taking responsibilities to fuel our growth. They should be ready to take up new opportunities in Indian and International markets.

A few of the departments in which you can find your potential career interests are:

1. Scientific Content Development /Medical Writing
2. Business Development
3. Project ManagementProduct Management
4. Creative and Multimedia

If you are interested to explore certain opportunities with us, you can send across an updated CV of yours, for us to take the discussion forward.

To know more about the company you can visit our site -

Pls feel free to get in touch with our HR -Team

Asst .Manager - HR
Indegene Lifesystems Pvt. Ltd.
Ph: 080 - 41482816/17


Aditional Information

Experience: 0 - 10 years

Education: MBBS, MD/MS, M.Pharm

Job Category: Health Care

Job Location: Bangalore
Today s Word

Percussion - The sharp striking of one body against another

For Ex : Drums are percussion instruments
Hoax - a trick, practical joke

"He was embarrassed by the hoax"

twinkle twinkle little star


our great Super Star

Job Description :

- Graduate preferably with a diploma in HR/Personnel Management;
- Good inter-personal and communication skills;
- Self-starter, willing to shoulder responsibilities;
- Familiar with MS Office and computer operations
- Recruitment and placement of IT and Non-IT professionals;
- Client servicing by close follow-up with senior HR professionals of client companies;
- Interviewing, shortlisting, headhunting suitable professionals.

Skills Required : HR / Administration, IR

Experience Required : [blink]0 - 1 Year(s)[/blink]

Job Location : Bangalore

Walk-in Date : 10 August 2008 - 20th August 2008

Walk-in Time : 09:00 a.m - 05:00 p.m

Walk-in Venue :

Krisvin Personnel
Krisvin House, 271, Motappa Gardens,
6th Main, 3rd Cross, Behind SSB International School,
Bangalore,Karnataka,INDIA 560038
Google / Re: Gmail is working fine: Google
Aug 12, 2008, 07:19 PM
Hi Acumens

Me too using the Gmail Account ... But i didnt face any problem while accessing..

Have any of you faced problems in accessing your gmail account

Please Share your Experience here !!

Thanks for the Information RAM

Chat Box / Re: 61 Independence day
Aug 12, 2008, 07:13 PM

I m Proud to Be INDIAN

Lets Celebrate this 61 st Independence Day !!!!

Thanks for such a Post  :acumen

Chat Box / Re: Human World Records
Aug 11, 2008, 09:38 PM
Thats Grt Record....

Thanks for sharing the Information !!

Analyse My Resume / Re: analyse my resume
Aug 08, 2008, 06:15 PM
Hi Malev..

For Mentioning  Carrier Objective -  If You are Meeting one to one then its OK !!

Incase of Sending your Resume in Mail (For Ex You Have Posted your Resume Here)

In these Cases How could others (HR) can analyze yours Objective or Your Nature etc .... ?

KINI Looking Trainee Networking Software Engineer

Job Description     Right candidate will be trained on Networking Technologies for 6 months. This 6 months training/internship program will be self sponsered by the trainees. Upon succesful complettion of the internship program, trainee s will be hired by our sister company or our partner companies in Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore and US.

Training program will be conducted in our Nellore, AP office. Our facility in Nellore is 6000 sft with state of art labs and remote access to US labs.

Trainees will be guided and mentored by project managers with 8 - 10 years of experience.

Networking Technologies - TCP/IP, IP Routing, IP Security, VoIP, Wi-Fi, WiMax Languages - C, TCL or Perl/Expect

OS - RTOS, Linux Networking Devices - Routers, Switches, Firewalls, VoIP call manger servers, SAN

The seats in the program are limited. Our clients requirement is for 40 Engineers.

Admission Test is conducted on August 31st at 9AM in our Nellore office. Please register for the test. Admission test will cover aptitude, Networking basics, Software basics.

Fellowships & 100% fees waiver for the bright engineers!!

Seminar/Workshop on IT/networking will be conducted on August 31st at 5:30PM in Kasturiba Kalakshetram, Nellore.

CEO s, Senior Mangement and Directors from our client companies will be speaking at the event.

Job Function    Trainee Networking Software Engineer

Education    Graduate

Company Details

Company Name    KINI PVT LTD

Company Profile    KINI is first of its kind Networking, IT and ITES training company with a focus on job market related technologies. We at KINI believe that Strong foundation lasts a life time. We measure return on investment in terms of the group of young professionals that we shape and send off into the corporate world after succesfully completing our training program. KINI is founded by Networking & IT industry veterans to address the gap between campus and corporate. KINI s Management has several years of engineering, teaching & management experience working with companies like Cisco, Apple, Juniper, TCS, Infosys and several other cutting edge product development startup companies. Our Advisory board has senior seasoned management professionals with engineering management, product development & business development experience from Apple, Cisco, Juniper and Microsoft. Our team of Management & Advisors hold engineering and management degrees from IIT, Bangalore University, Osmania University, University of North Carolina(USA), Purdue University(USA), Wichita State University(USA) and Kellogs Business School(USA). We are an equal-opportunity Networking, IT & ITES training company serving Nellore, AP and neighboring cities. We will soon be launching our offices in Hyderabad and Bangalore.

Candidate Details

Experience    Fresher

Location    Nellore

Contact Information

Apply Details
Cistron Infotek - Fresher - BE/BTech - Mech / Civil Walkin

Job Description     Candidates matching the above criteria can walkin to our office premises between 09:00AM and 05:00PM from 08th August 2008 till 25th August 2008 (Monday to Friday) with a copy of their resume to the address mentioned below,

1. Qualification: [blink]BE/BTech - Mech / Civil[/blink]
2. Year of Passing: 2007 / 2008
3. Percentage: Above 70%


Contact - Mr. C. Rajavel

Door No 17, Old No 7
Anandam Avenue, Reynolds Road,
Cantonment, Trichy - 620 001.

Mobile: 9994983319

Ph: 0431 4000 710 / 810 / 910

Selection Process:

    * Candidates should undertake a General Aptitude Test and shortlisted candidates will be called for Final Interview.
    * Selected candidates will be offered Graduate Engineer Trainee position and will be given training in Steel Detailing for a period of 6 months.
    * At the end of the training period they will be offered "Trainee Engineer" position and the salary will be based on their performance during the training period and may vary between Rs.8000 - Rs.12000.
    * During the training period of 6 months the candidate will be offered a sum of Rs.3000/month as stipend.

Job Function    Fresher-Chartered Accountant

Education    BE/BTech - Mech / Civil

Company Details

Company Name    Cistron Infotek

Company Profile    Cistron Infotek Private Limited founded in 2000 is basically a structural steel detailing company for US clients with a head count of over 80 employees with front office located at USA, head office at Hyderabad and branch offices at Chennai and Trichy. Cistron has till date executed more than 350 complex projects.
Candidate Details

Experience    Freshers
Hey Karthi

NIce JOkes... :laugh: :laugh:

Keep posting morrrrrr.....

Hi kalyan

Nice information..

I heard this news before 1 or 2 years Back.. but i didnt see like that happenings....

Now let me see what happens..

Me too very eager to see it...\

Thanx for the information.

Recycle Bin / Re: Welcome sijin nair j
Aug 04, 2008, 06:16 PM
Hi sijin nair

Welcome to ITACUMENS..
Hope you will learn more knowledge from ITACUMENS

And Please Post your information and messages, Share it here with other Acumens

Be Proud to be Acumen


Hi Nithya,,

Right Now I m In Chennai..

 Is it Possible for me to Attend the Interview

Could you Tell the Package and  Kind of JOb...

and also  Please Mention the Company NAMe...

Waiting for your Reply

Analyse My Resume / Re: analyse my resume
Aug 04, 2008, 04:27 PM
Hi Malev...

I wil Check it and tell you ....

Thanks for your Reply
Analyse My Resume / Re: analyse my resume
Aug 04, 2008, 03:55 PM
Hi Melav...

Your Resume is attractive...

Summary Looks So Good

But Check the Summary and Skills

Both Mentioning the Same Details.. You  Already  explained in Summary about Your Skills..Check it...

There is No Photo..

And at the Bottom There is No Finishing...
Just finishing with Project Experience...

Try To Give some conclusion....

What about the Career Objective ?

(Freshers Walkin) Cosmosoft Looking for Graduates

Cosmosoft assures your Career Growth & Work Recognition

Cosmosoft is "The software firm with the rich set of software services & products". Cosmosoft, ever since its inception from the year 2000 has placed itself on the path of continuous growth. Within a period of four years it has a sweeping turnover of Rs.200 million.

Cosmosoft assures the highest benefits to its working staff which might also include the allotment of shares under Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP - A program under which employees regularly accumulate shares and may ultimately assume control of the company) in future.

Being we are a domestic firm as of the year 2004, and established a clear vision towards the consistent growth in future, primarily believing in "staff as our key asset" as all of us know "For Software Production 'Key Raw Material is Intelligence' ", we would like to retain only the working staff with us rather than a mix of working and non-working staff, or we prefer to retain those who joined with us for contributing few lines of code rather than only for a few months of experience and the various other categories of staff whose contribution for Cosmosoft is negligible in their initial period with us.
Position: Programmers

Eligibility: BCA / B.Sc (Computer Science) / B.E / MCA

Walk-in Details

Date:  Aug 4-9

Time: 4 PM to 5 PM

141, Arcot Road,
Chennai 600024
Ph: 23723208
Data Software Research Company International

Job Description : DSRC welcomes applications from fresh graduates with a BE/MCA/MSc degree (Computer Science or IT) for enrolment into its Entry Level Training Programme (ELTP). Students who are from the 2005 batch only need apply.

DSRC has a massive initiative to recruit exceptionally deserving graduates from college and put them through a rigorous training programme for 6 months which trains them in industry tools and technologies, SDLC processes and methodologies and provides an orientation to Software Quality Processes. The training also includes first project experience for two months.

This initiative is aimed to address the acute shortage the Indian IT outsourcing industry is facing to find qualified IT professionals who can contribute to the project from day one. This programme is at present offered in IBM Mainframe, Microsoft .Net, Oracle Applications and Web Technologies.

To enrol into the ELTP, please write to

Job Function    Graduate Recruitment

Education    BE/MCA/MSc degree (Computer Science or IT)

Company Details

Company Name    Data Software Research Company International Pvt Ltd

Company Profile    DSRC has a reputation in the market for both experience and quality of service provided to customers who are world-renowned companies.

We continue to absorb the best talents in the market and have a high retention rate - we have industry experts who have individually put in over 15 years of professional experience with us.

We're always looking for exceptionally bright and motivated people to join our team. If you're looking for a career in software development or in a support role in finance, marketing or HR, you'll thrive in our energetic, upbeat, fast-paced environment.

A career as a technical consultant in one of our technology consulting practices means you'll be working with the latest technologies and tools, and with some of the industry's best and brightest minds.

At DSRC, opportunity is plenty and success a way of life for every outstanding performer. If you are looking for challenging opportunities to use your skills in innovative ways, then DSRC is the place where you can learn, perform, excel and grow.

DSRC offers a challenging work environment and provides compensation matching industry standards, accelerated career growth and overseas opportunities to work for its customers globally.

Candidate Details

Experience    Freshers

Location    Chennai

Contact Information

Address:    Data Software Research Company Private Limited
"Kasturi Towers"
6 Smith Road
Chennai - 600 002

Fax: +91 44 2852 5426

Phone : +91 44 2852 4847 or +91 44 4210 5000

Apply Email :
Time ::)

Best Friend or LIfe Partner

Aug 02, 2008, 09:51 PM
Hi Acumens ....

Happy Friendship Day !!!!!

Have  a Nice  Friends
FEELINGS   :nono :nono

Bulb or Light
Chat Box / Re: Earthquake video!!!
Aug 02, 2008, 09:47 PM

Thats a Big Tragetic !!!!!

Nice Post !!!

Thats Funny
Criminal Mind By the Layer...

Nice Joke......

:laugh: :laugh: :laugh: :laugh:
Jokes & Funny Images / Re: Legal joke !!
Aug 02, 2008, 09:43 PM

Thats Funny Thinking...

Very Nice Joke...

Fourth Semester

Leather Technology


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
All questions carry equal marks.

PART A — (10 ? 2 = 20 marks)

1. Name three unique histological features that differentiate a buffalo hide from a cow hide.

2. Classify the types of defects. Give two examples for each.

3. What are the various types of leathers that could be made from goat skins?

4. What are the precautions to be taken for soaking flint dried hides?

5. Explain the role of Donnan Membrane Equilibrium in liming.

6. What is the objective of bating and how do you ensure completion of bating?

7. Distinguish between ammonium chloride and ammonium sulfate based deliming.

8. Render the sentence more accurate. ''Chrome tanning involves complexation of chromium with amino groups of collagen through hydrogen bonding''.

9. ''The extent of fat liquoring determines certain properties of leather''. Comment on the statement.

10. Complete the sentence. ''A resin upper leather is finished using pigments and ................. binders which afford ................. type of film with ................. wet rub fastness''.

PART B — (5 ? 16 = 80 marks)

11. What are the various techniques available for curing of hides and skins? Bring out the advantages and disadvantages of each method.

12. (a) ''Among the various chemical means for dehairing, sulfide–lime procedure is fail–safe and cost effective yet environmentally unfriendly''. Analyze the statement
based on scientific principles.


(b) ''Leather is made or marred in the lime yard''. Analyze the statement in the present context.

13. (a) Basic chromium sulfate is unique in leather making. Analyze the uniqueness of chromium over other mineral tanning agents like aluminium and zirconium based on the known chemistry of these metals.


(b) Sketch the pH profile of wet salted skin undergoing operations involved in chrome tanning and highlight the importance of process control in pickling.

14. (a) State the basic differences in vegetable and chrome tanning as processes with respect to (i) preparation of the stock, (ii) tanning conditions, materials and methods and (iii) properties of resulting leathers.


(b) Classify vegetable tannins based on structural features and bring out their role in manufacture of various types of leathers.

15. (a) Write short notes on :
(i) Immunization of keratin
(ii) Lyotropic swelling
(iii) Pickleless tanning
(iv) Importance of run in glove leathers.


(b) ''The market value of a garment leather is determined by the post tanning, finishing and mechanical operation in leather processing''. Evaluate the sentence.

Fourth Semester

Leather Technology


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ? 2 = 20 marks)

1. What is the object of staining?

2. What is meant by fixing and hardening?

3. Why is barium chloride added at acidic pH values in the determination of sulphate content of water sample?

4. A 0.5 g sample of impure CaO is added to 50 ml of a 0.1 M HCl. The excess HCl is titrated by 5 ml of 0.12 M NaOH. Find the percentage of CaO in the sample.

5. What is the role of chrome alum in the estimation of tannin content?

6. What useful information can be obtained from the titration curve of vegetable tanning materials?

7. Why is glycerine added to the sample of boric acid in purity determination by titrating against NaOH?

8. What is the role of potassium fluoride in the determination of aluminium tanning agents?

9. What is culture medium? How is it prepared?

10. What do you understand by the term ''splitting of fibre bundles''?

PART B — (5 ? 16 = 80 marks)

11. Define acid value and saponification value of an oil. Describe in detail the method used for finding out iodine value of an oil.

12. (a) With the help of a suitable diagram, illustrate the relationship between the different optical systems in a compound microscope used in leather microscopy and


(b) Give an account of carbohydrate metabolism by bacteria.

13. (a) State the analytical methods used to assess the suitability of a vegetable tanning material for extract manufacture.


(b) How do you estimate the quantity of zirconium present in a zirconium tanning salt?

14. (a) Write short notes on :
(i) Orientation of fibre structure during leather processing.
(ii) Iron content in water.
(iii) Dean & Stark method for determination of moisture content.


(b) Write short notes on :
(i) Structure of bacterial cell.
(ii) Determination of content of a chrome tanning salt.
(iii) Deliming power of a bate.

15. (a) In what stages of leather processing, does the fungal growth take place and how it affects the quality of skin/pelt/leather? How will you prevent mould growth during processing of skins?


(b) Discuss the various parasitic diseases of livestock that affect the leather quality and the various measures in preventing and controlling the damages caused due to them.

Fourth Semester

Leather Technology


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ´ 2 = 20 marks)

1. Name a few output devices.

2. Discuss the different types of RAM.

3. Write the features of UNIX operating system.

4. Write down the UNIX commands for performing the following jobs :

(a) (a) To change the password of the user

(b) (b) To know the process that one is currently running.

5. What is desktop in windows?

6. Differentiate between DBMS and RDBMS.

7. What are the different field types in FoxPro?

8. What is an integer and float variables?

9. Define CAD.

10. Define networking.

PART B — (5 ´ 16 = 80 marks)

11. List the financial and material benefits to implement the computer aided manufacturing in the footwear industry.

12. (a) Discuss elaborately the different types of networking and networking components.


(c) (b) Discuss the process of grading of garment patterns using computers.

13. (a) Explain the principles and advantages of Computer Aided color matching.


(d) (b) Discuss in detail about the file systems in UNIX. Write the importance of KERNEL.

14. (a) Write a C program for finding out the smaller number of the two numbers.


(e) (b) (i) What are the components of MS OFFICE?

(f) (ii) Write down the ''MSWORD'' commands for the following :

(g) (1) to center a word

(h) (2) to subscript a word

(i) (3) to bold a word

(j) (4) to insert a page break

(k) (5) to introduce bullets.

15. (a) Write down the FOXPRO program to print the mailing address. Construct the structure required for the mailing address. Get the input from the user for printing the desired mailing address.


(l) (b) Discuss the possible CAD applications in leather garment industry.

Fourth Semester

Textile Technology


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ? 2 = 20 marks)
1. Why are unwinding accelerators are essential in high speed winding machines?

2. Name the various settings you have to change in an electronic clearer when you change count of yarn.

3. Why pneumatic splicing is popular compared to other systems of splicing?

4. What benefits you will derive by using a data acquisition system in winding machine?

5. What precautions will you take while winding filament yarn in a pirn winder?

6. Which type of warping creel will you recommend to a mill which is likely to produce one or two sorts in large quantities?

7. Why are stop motions essential in warping machine?

8. Why is a pre drier is essential for high–density warp sheets?

9. Name the ingredients used in size mixture for a polyester cotton shirting material.

10. What are the advantages derived by using high–pressure sizing?

PART B — (5 ? 16 = 80 marks)

11. Why is monitoring the % size pick up important? Discuss on the influence of fibre, yarn, size liquor and sizing machine parameters on size pick up. (4 + 12)

12. (a) How are fault classifying instruments in winding used as an off line quality control tool?


(b) In what way a spliced joint is better than a knotted joint? Explain the various methods by which a yarn can be spliced. (2 + 14)

13. (a) Discuss the progress of automation in cone winding machine.


(b) Name the different types of warping creels used in the industry. Discuss on the advantages and limitations of each. (4 + 12)

14. (a) Discuss on the precautions to be taken during sizing of polyester yarns.


(b) A 30s Ne cotton warp sheet containing 3000 ends, has a size add–on of 9%. The drying capacity of the drier is 400 kg/hr. The size concentration used is 7%. Moisture regain of unsized yarn is 6%. If the speed of sizing machine is 75 m/min, calculate the moisture regain of sized yarn.

15. (a) Write short notes on :
(i) Pirn winding
(ii) Sectional warping. (8 + 8 )


(b) Write short notes on :
(i) Semi automatic drawing–in
(ii) Cone winding for package dyeing. (8 + 8 )

Fourth Semester                                 

Textile Technology

[blink]CH 248 — POLYMER CHEMISTRY[/blink]

(Common to Textile Chemistry)
Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ´ 2 = 20 marks)

1. Define the terms (a) Oligomers (b) Degree of polymerization.

2. Differentiate natural polymers from synthetic polymers. Give atleast two examples for each type.

3. What are inhibitors? Give two examples.

4. What are surfactants? What are their characteristics?

5. Give a very brief account of sperullites.

6. Account for the higher viscosity of polymer solution.

7. Name and draw the structure of the polymer which is an excellent substitute for glass.

8. How is Terglene obtained?

9. What is meant by compounding?

10. What is foaming? Explain.

PART B — (5 ´ 16 = 80 marks)

11. (i) Discuss the various steps involved in free–radical polymerization. (8 )
(ii) Write a brief account of
(1) Bulk polymerization
(2) Solution polymerization. (4 + 4)

12. (a) (i) What is functionality? Discuss the term as applicable to
(1) bifunctional and
(2) polyfunctional monomers. (8 )

(ii) Draw the structure of monomer and repeating units for
(1) Poly isoprene
(2) Polyacrylonitrile
(3) Polyamides
(4) Polymethacrylic acid. (8 )


(b) (i) Explain the following terms with suitable diagramatic representation :
(1) Three dimensional polymers
(2) Block co–polymers
(3) Hetero chain polymers
(4) Graft co–polymers. (8 )

(ii) Write a brief account on the classification of polymers based on their source, properties and mechanical and thermal characteristics. (8 )

13. (a) (i) What is glass transition temperature? Enumerate the importance of glass transition temperature. (10)

(ii) Bring out the relationship between molecular weight and degree of polymerization. (6)


(b) (i) What is meant by degree of crystallinity? Discuss its importance. How is it measured? (8 )

(ii) What is polymer degradation? Examine the factors responsible for thermal degradation. (8 )

14. (a) (i) How will you obtain polyacrylonitrile? Mention any two methods. Show any two of its industrial applications. (8 )

(ii) What are polyamides? How are fully aromatic polyamides obtained? Give two examples. (8 )


(b) (i) Discuss any one method of obtaining polystyrene. Mention any four important copolymers of polystyrene and their uses. (8 )

(ii) How will you obtain LDPE and HDPE? Show their important applications. (8 )

15. (a) (i) Discuss the characteristics and function of
(1) Fire–retardants
(2) Stabilizers
(3) Anti–oxidants
(4) Fillers. (10)

(ii) With a neat sketch, discuss the functioning of wet spinning process.(6)


(b) (i) With a schematic diagram, explain Extrusion moulding. (10)
(ii) Discuss the process involved in coating fabrics and papers. (6)

Fourth Semester

Automobile Engineering

[blink]AT 236 — AUTOMOTIVE CHASSIS[/blink]

Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ´ 2 = 20 marks)
1. Mention the different loads acting on vehicle frame.

2. What are the different types of stub axle?

3. Name the different types of steering gear boxes.

4. What do you mean by non-slip differential?

5. What are the loads acting on rear axle?

6. List out the functions of a propeller shaft.

7. Why do the automotive vehicles need a suspension system?

8. List out the factors affecting the stopping distance of a vehicle.

9. What do you mean by 'brake fad'?

10. Write two examples for constant velocity universal joints.

PART B — (5 ´ 16 = 80 marks)
11. (i) Derive an expression for the condition of true rolling motion of wheels during steering. (8 )

(a) (ii) Explain with neat sketch the construction and working principle of power steering. (8 )

12. (a) What are the different tests available for the vehicle frame? Explain in detail with neat sketches. (16)


(b) (b) (i) Describe the construction and working principles of 'Hotchkiss' and 'Torque tube' drives. (12)

(c) (ii) What are the effects of driving thrust and torque reaction? (4)

13. (a) (i) Explain with neat sketch the construction and working principle of a differential unit. (10)

(d) (ii) What are the different types of final drive? Explain their significance. (6)


(e) (b) Describe the construction and working principles of three types of rear axle. (16)

14. (a) (i) Compare the merits and demerits of Independent suspension system with conventional suspension system. (6)

(f) (ii) List out the various types of front independent suspension system. Explain any two systems in detail. (10)


(g) (b) (i) Explain with a neat sketch the construction and working principle of a shock absorber. (8 )

(h) (ii) Write short notes on 'rubber suspension' and 'pneumatic suspension' systems. (8 )

15. (a) (i) Derive an expression to find the torque developed by 'leading' and 'trailing' shoes in a drum brake. (10)

(i) (ii) Compare Disc and drum type of brakes. (6)


(j) (b) (i) What are the advantages and disadvantages of hydraulic braking system? (6)

(k) (ii) Draw the layout of air braking system and explain the working principle of the air braking system. (10)
G.K Management Services India Limited - Data Entry Executive

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Desired Candidate Profile

Graduate with at least 60% aggregate in academics
High level of energy and desire to learn
Good Communication & Typing Skills
Freshers and candidate with minimum experience in the same field can also apply.

Company Profile

GKM Inc, a growing BPO company in F & A (US Accounting, Taxation and Audit Services) offers a challenging career, a congenial work atmosphere and a comprehensive compensation package. We require:

Contact Details

Company Name:G.K Management Services India Limited


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2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) A.M.I.E.T.E University Questions

[blink]Code: AC09 / AT09 Subject: NUMERICAL COMPUTING[/blink]

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. The operator defined by
is called

(A) Central difference operator (B) Backward difference operator
(C) Simple Equation (D) Averaging operator

b. Computers operate with a fixed number of digits. Any excess digits produced by multiplication or division are lost. This type of error is an example of

(A) Truncation Error (B) Round-off Error
(C) Inherent Error (D) Percentage Error

c. For Simpson's 3/8th rule, the interpolating polynomial is a

(A) Straight-line (B) Parabola
(C) Cubic Curve (D) None of the above

d. The value of where is forwarding difference operator is

(A) (B)
(C) . (D) .

e. Which of the method is not used for finding solutions of differential equation

(A) Runga-Kutta Method. (B) Euler' Method
(C) Trapezoidal Method (D) Taylor's Series Method.

f. If ? is an eigen value of a Matix A, then is the eigen value of

(A) A2 (B) Transpose of A.
(C) A–1 (D) None of the above.

g. Which interpolation method is used for unequal intervals

(A) Langrage's Interpolation Formulae
(B) Bessel's formula
(C) Gauss's forward Interpolation formula
(D) None of the above

h. is equal to
(A) (B)
(C) (D) None of the above

i. The rate of convergence of Regula-Falsi method is
(A) Linear. (B) Quadratic
(C) Cubic. (D) None of the above.

j. The value of is
(A) (B) .
(C) . (D) None of the above
where h is called interval of difference.

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. What do you mean by the following terms in numerical analysis?
(i) truncation error (ii) round-off error (3)

b. If p is approximated as 3.14 instead of 3.14156, find the absolute, relative and percentage errors. (6)

c. Find the convergence of Newton-Raphson method. (7)

Q.3 a. Find a root of the equation using the bisection method correct to three decimal places. (6)

b. Solve the following system of non-linear equations
Starting with using iteration method correct to three decimal places. (6)

c. The system of equations Ax=b is to be solved iteratively by xn+1=Mxn+b.
Find a necessary and sufficient condition on k for convergence of the Jacobi Method. (4)

Q.4 a. Solve the following equations by using Gauss-Jordan Method (10)

b. If A is a strictly diagonally dominant matrix, then prove that the Jacobi iteration scheme converges for any initial starting vector. (6)

Q.5 a. For the Matrix A = find all the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigen vectors. (8)

b. Transform the matrix
to tridiagonal form by Given's method. (6)

c. What is the advantage of special cyclic Jacobi Method over Jacobi Method for diagonal form. (2)

Q.6 a. From the following table, estimate the number of students who obtained marks between 40 and 45. (8)

Marks 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80
Number of students 31 42 51 35 31

b. Find the value of ƒ(4) from the following table (4)

x 0 1 2 3
ƒ(x) 1 2 1 10

c. Find the least squares approximation of second degree for the discrete data (4)

x –2 –1 0 1 2
ƒ(x) 15 1 1 3 19

Q.7 a. A particle is moving along a straight line. The displacement x at some instances t are given below

t 0 1 2 3 4
x 5 8 12 17 26

Find the velocity and acceleration of the particle at t=4. (6)

b. For the method

determine the optimal value of h, using the criteria
where RE & TE denote Round off error and Truncation error respectively. (10)

Q.8 a. A solid of revolution, is formed by rotating about X-axis, the area between X axis, x=0 & x=1 and a curve through the points with following coordinates. (6)

X 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1
Y 1 0.98
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) A.M.I.E.T.E University Questions

[blink]Code: AC10 Subject: DISCRETE STRUCTURES[/blink]
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. Let P(S) denotes the powerset of set S. Which of the following is always true?

(A) (B)
(C) (D)

b. The number of functions from an m element set to an n element set is:

(A) mn (B) m + n
(C) nm (D) m * n

c. A binary Tree T has n leaf nodes. The number of nodes of degree 2 in T is:
(A) log n (B) n
(C) n–1 (D) n+1

d. Push down machine represents:

(A) Type 0 grammer (B) Type 1 grammer
(C) Type-2 grammer (D) Type-3 grammer

e. In how many ways can a party of 7 persons arrange themselves around a circular table?

(A) 6! (B) 7!
(C) 5! (D) 7

f. Which of the following statement is true:

(A) Every graph is not its own subgraph
(B) The terminal vertex of a graph are of degree two.
(C) A tree with n vertices has n edges.
(D) A single vertex in graph G is a subgraph of G.

g. Which of the following proposition is a tautology?

(A) (p v q)?p (B) p v (q?p)
(C) p v (p?q) (D) p?(p?q)

h. What is the converse of the following assertion?
I stay only if you go.

(A) I stay if you go. (B) If you do not go then I do not stay
(C) If I stay then you go. (D) If you do not stay then you go.

i. The length of Hamiltonian Path in a connected graph of n vertices is

(A) n–1 (B) n
(C) n+1 (D) n/2

j. A graph with one vertex and no edges is:

(A) multigraph (B) digraph
(C) isolated graph (D) trivial graph

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Shirts numbered consecutively from 1 to 20 are worn by 20 members of a bowling league. When any three of these members are chosen to be a team, the league proposes to use the sum of their shirt numbers as the code number for the team. Show that if any eight of the 20 are selected, then from these eight one may form at least two different teams having the same code number. (8 )

b. In a group of athletic teams in a certain institute, 21 are in the basket ball team, 26 in the hockey team, 29 in the foot ball team. If 14 play hockey and basketball, 12 play foot ball and basket ball, 15 play hockey and foot ball, 8 play all the three games.
(i) How many players are there in all?
(ii) How many play only foot ball? (4+4)

Q.3 a. Let A = {a,b,c,d,e} and R={(a,a), (a,b), (b,c), (c,e), (c,d), (d,e)}
Compute (i) R2 and (ii) R? (8 )

b. Simplify the Boolean function:
F(w,x,y,z) = ? (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14) (8 )

Q.4 a. Use Kruskal's algorithm to find a minimal spanning tree for the following graph. (10)

b. How do you find the second minimum spanning tree of a graph? Find the second minimum spanning tree of the above graph. (6)

Q.5 a. Prove that for every pair of elements x and y in A (using algebraic method).

(i) (x+y)' = x'.y'
(ii) (x.y)' = x'+y' (10)

b. Prove that (p ? q) ? r = p ? (q ? r) (6)

Q.6 a. Find the number of ways in which 5 prizes can be distributed among 5 students such that
(i) Each student may get a prize
(ii) There is no restriction to the number of prizes a student gets. (8 )

b. Prove that the relation "congruence modulo m" is an equivalence relation in the set of integers. (8 )

Q.7 a. Show that is divisible by 3. (8 )

b. Find the state table for the NFA with the state diagram given below. Find the language recognized by it. (8 )

Q.8 a. Find the number of ways in which we can put n distinct objects into two identical boxes so that no box remains empty. (8 )

b. Let L, be distributive Lattice, for any a,b,c ? L, then show that
a ? b = a ? c and a ? b = a ? c imply b = c (8 )

Q.9 a. Which of the following sets are equal?

S1 = {1, 2, 2, 3}, S2 = {x | x2 – 2x + 1 = 0},
S3 = {1, 2, 3}, S4 = {x | x3 – 6x2 + 11x – 6 = 0}, (8 )

b. A graph G has 21 Edges, 3 vertices of degree 4 and other vertices are of degree 3. Find the number of vertices in G. (8 )
[blink]Code: AC12 / AT10 - Subject: DATA COMMUNICATION & NETWORKS[/blink]

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. Which topology required a central controller or hub?

(A) Mesh (B) Star
(C) Bus (D) Ring

b. The physical layer is concerned with the transmission of __________ over the physical medium.

(A) Programs (B) Dialogs
(C) Protocols (D) Bits

c. Unipolar, bipolar and polar encoding are types of ___________ encoding.

(A) Line (B) Block
(C) NRZ (D) Manchester

d. Transmission media are usually categorized as ___________.

(A) Fixed or unfixed (B) Guided or unguided
(C) Deterministic or Indeterministic (D) Metallic or non-metallic

e. How many crosspoints are needed in a single-state switch with 40 inputs and 50 outputs?

(B) 40 (B) 50
(C) 90 (D) 2000

f. In a SONET system, ________ can remove signals from a path.

(A) An STS multiplier (B) A regenerator
(C) An add/drop multiplexer (D) A repeater

g. The HDLC _____________ field defines the beginning and end of a frame.

(A) Flag (B) Address
(C) Control (D) FCS

h. __________ is the access protocol used by IEEE 802.3.

(C) CSMA/CA (D) Token Ring

i. An FHSS wireless LAN has a spread spectrum of 1 GHz. The bandwidth of the original signal is 250 MHz and there are ____________ hops per cycle.

(A) 1 (B) 2
(C) 3 (D) 4

j. UDP and TCP are both __________ layer protocols.

(A) Physical (B) Data Link
(C) Network (D) Transport

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Describe the TCP/IP reference model; Discuss the function of each layer. (8 )

b. How are communication channels characterized? Explain with suitable figures. (8 )

Q.3 a. Assuming that a PSTN has a bandwidth of 3000Hz and a typical S/N ratio of 20dB, find the maximum theoretical information rate that can be achieved. (5)

b. Explain with suitable diagrams binary phase modulation. (6)

c. Discuss the basic principles of WDM with suitable illustrations. (5)

Q.4 a. Discuss the operation of a signalling network; How is an intelligent network superior to a conventional signaling network? (4+2)

b. With a block schematic, explain the operation of a cellular network. (6)

c. A channel is operating at 4800 bps and the propagation delay is 20msec. What should be the minimum frame size for stop-and-wait flow control to get 50% link utilization efficiency? (4)

Q.5 a. What are the basic elements of ARQ protocol? Explain with a diagram. (6)

b. What is the need for framing? Discuss the frame structure of PPP frame. (6)

c. In a CSMA/CD network at 1 Gbps over 1 Km with no repeaters, find the minimum frame size. Assume the signal speed in the cable as 200 meters per microsecond. (4)

Q.6 a. Explain carrier sense multiple access with collision detection with relevant diagrams. (8 )

b. What is FDDI? Discuss the working of a FDDI network with the help of frame structure. (1+7)

Q.7 a. Explain with an example the principle of Bellman-Ford algorithm. (7)

b. Find the shortest path from the node A to D using shortest path algorithm for the network shown. (5)

c. Explain the basic structure of TCP/IP protocol suite. (4)

Q.8 a. How is subnet mask useful in IP addressing? Explain with an example. (5)

b. Discuss the usefulness of extension headers in IPv6. (5)

c. Explain routing for mobile hosts. (6)

Q.9 Write explanatory notes on:-

(i) PNNI Routing
(ii) RSVP architecture
(iii) Little's Formula (6+6+4)
Vizio 26″ widescreen VMM monitor introduced

Vizio launches its 26-inch widescreen VMM monitor for dedicated PC users. Amidst renowned LCD manufacturers like Sony and Samsung, Vizio has managed to sustain its position in the market.

The widescreen VMM monitor features HDMI inputs, VGA and RCA audio inputs for built-in 3W speakers, greater resolution and reduced brightness.

Vizio aims at maintaining the brightness level with lesser power consumption. It offers a desktop-capable design with a glass front panel, thin bezel and the option of swiveling the image.

Vizio is also said to introduce a new series of eco friendly TV. These TVs are said to consume 35 to 45 per cent of lesser power compared to the traditional LCD TVs.

The Vizio VMM monitor is expected to carry a price tag worth $449 (Rs. 19,187). It will be available in the market in August.
Boston Acoustics Pro60SE and Pro5 60SE speakers shipping in the US

Boston Acoustics announced that its sixth generation Pro Series automotive loudspeakers, Pro60SE and Pro5 60SE are now shipping. The new Pro SE speakers adorn an all-new industrial design.

"The Pro Series was introduced in 1989 and is Boston's oldest and best known speaker series. We thought it fitting to commemorate our 25th year of mobile electronics by updating this iconic speaker line blending past, present and future," said Dave Jaques, Boston Acoustics' Aftermarket Car Audio Product and Marketing Manager. "The new Pro SE accomplishes this with a bang and rounds out our impressive line of class leading, high-performance mobile loudspeakers."

The Pro SE family is based on key technology enhancements including a unique tweeter. Its compact 1-inch hard-anodized alloy dome neodymium-magnet driver and Boston Acoustics' patent AMD (Amplitude Modification Device) technology together reproduce an accurate, smooth and coloration-free audio. The Pro60SE and Pro5 60SE with 6-1/2-inch or 5-1/4-inch mid/woofers effortlessly match up with this high frequency solution. These units combine the low-mass copolymer cones with neodymium-magnets, 1 1/2-inch voice-coil motor systems and RadialVent and TwinStage heatsink cooling system to produce exceptional linearity and dynamic drive.

The Boston Acoustics Pro60SE and Pro5 60SE speakers include the versatile VariMount systems, a removable axis-mount which allows the tweeter and woofer to be installed together into a single speaker location and a component-style installation. They deliver nominal impedance of about 3 ohms, thus we get maximum amplifier output and peak efficiency.

The Pro SE speakers incorporate low-tolerance components and offer remarkable dynamics and enhanced power handling.

Presently the Pro SE speakers are shipping in the US and will be available globally very soon, the Pro60 SE 2-way 6 1⁄2″ as well as the Pro50 SE 2-way 5 1⁄4″ are priced at $599.95 (approx Rs. 25,539) per pair.
Hi nandagopal,

Thanks For Information...

Even My Home PC was also affected Several times by the Trojan Horse Virus...

Its Very Dangerous ... Acumens Be Safe and protect your Pc ..

2007 Anna University B . Tech Supplimentary Examinations Question Paper


(Aeronautical Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. A uid contained in a horizontal cylinder fitted with a frictionless leak proof piston, is continuously agitated by means of a stirrer passing through the cylinder cover.
The cylinder diameter is 0.4 m. During the stirring process lasting 10 minutes, the piston slowly moves out a distance of 0.485 m against the atmosphere. The net
work done by the uid during the process is 2 kJ. The speed of the electric motor driving the stirrer is 840 rpm. Determine torque in the shaft and power output of
the motor. [16]

2. (a) State the zeroth law of thermodynamics. Explain how it forms the basis for temperature measurement?

(b) A closed system undergoes a thermodynamic cycle consisting of four separate and distinct processes. The heat and work transferred in each process are as
tabulated below. Process Heat Transfer in KJ/min Work transfer in KJ/min

1-2 20,000 0
2-3 -10,000 30,000
3-4 0 20,000
4-1 15,000 -25,000

Show that the data is consistent with the first law of thermodynamics. Also evaluate the net work output in KW and the change in internal energy. [6+10]

3. (a) Define thermal efficiency of a heat engine. Can it be 100 percent?

(b) A reversible heat engine receives heat from two thermal reservoirs at 870 K and 580 K, and rejects 50 KW of heat to a sink at 290 K. If the engine output
is 85 KW, make calculations for the engine efficiency and heat supplied by each reservoir. [6+10]

4. (a) Describe the process of formation of steam and give its graphical representation

(b) Steam enters an engine at a pressure 10 bar absolute and 2500

C. It is exhausted at 0.2 bar. The steam at exhaust is 0.9 dry. Find

i. Drop in enthalpy
ii. Change in enthalpy. [7+9]

5. 1 kg of air at 1.2 bar pressure and 18 0

C is compressed isentropic ally to 7 bars.
Find the final temperature and the work done. If the air is cooled at the upper
pressure to the original temperature of 18

C ,what amount of heat is rejected and what further work of compression is done. [16]

6. (a) Explain

i. Heating and dehumidification
ii. Cooling and dehumidification

(b) A Room of dimensions 6mX 3mX 3m contains an air water vapour mixture at 1 bar 30 0

C and 70 % Relative humidity. Calculate
i. Mass of air
ii. Mass of water vapour
iii. Degree of saturation [10+6]

7. (a) What is a cycle? What is the difference between an ideal and actual cycle.

(b) Derive an expression for efficiency of Brayton cycle in terms of pressure ratio. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain the four processes make up the simple ideal Rankine cycle. How do actual vapor cycles differ from the idealized ones(with the help of P-V, T-S

(b) Discuss the essential properties of refreigerants. [10+6]

Walkin Interviews for Sr. Automation Testers

Experience : [blink]4 - 6 Years[/blink]

Education : B.Tech/B.E. - Any Specialization;BCA - Computers , M.Sc - Any Specialization;M.Tech - ;MCA - Computers

Job Description : Looking for 4-5.6yrs exp in Testing.
Hands-on experience on QTP with more than 1+yr (Which includes Designing/analyzing Automation Framework
Mentoring team/ Team Management skills etc.
Should have hands on experience in QTP Tool
Educational background: B.E./B.Tech, BCA/MCA, M.E./

Job Location : Hyderabad / Secunderabad

Walkin Date : 2nd August'08 (Saturday)

Walkin Venue:
3rd floor, Orion Building
'V' IT Park, IT Software Layout

Walkin Time : 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM
High-tech monitors help safe drivers save on insurance

A high-tech monitoring device makes it possible to reduce insurance premiums for drivers who avoid jackrabbit starts and slam-on-the-brakes stops, an insurance company says.

The catch? Bad drivers who take a chance on the program may wind up paying a surcharge instead.

Auto insurer Progressive Corp. has begun offering its drivers the chance to cut their costs based on how they actually drive, not only on their age, credit score and number of tickets or accidents on their record.

The monitoring device -- sort of like a black box for cars -- tells Progressive what time people drive, how many miles they've driven, how fast they accelerate and how often they hit the brakes. It does not track where people go.

Under Progressive's program, customers can earn a first-term discount of up to 10 percent just for signing up. When they renew their policy, their rate could decrease by up to 60 percent based on their driving habits. But it could also increase by up to 9 percent.

Richard Hutchinson, a Progressive general manager, said the program is designed for drivers who are consistent and safe.

"We want people to know that the program is not right for everyone," Hutchinson said.

"It's for people who drive at low-risk times of day and who keep alert for others on the road," he said. "They don't make fast lane changes or follow too closely behind other drivers so they don't have to overreact or slam on the brakes."

Progressive began the program in Alabama in late June. It's also been made available in Minnesota, Oregon and Michigan. A national rollout of the program will continue through 2009.

It starts in New Jersey on Aug. 8. The company will be the first to offer such a program in the Garden State, whose motorists have the highest auto insurance rates in the nation at an average of $1,184 per vehicle.

Other companies also recently began offering similar options.

GMAC Insurance and OnStar vehicle services last year started a new program that allows motorists to earn an extra discount based on the miles they drive.

"The consumer is really being given an opportunity to potentially reduce their auto insurance premium in exchange for giving their auto insurer access to information that currently isn't available to them," said Michael Barry, a vice president at the Insurance Information Institute.

The concept has been utilized elsewhere, too. After conducting a pilot scheme beginning in 2004, Norwich Union launched a pay-as-you-drive insurance program in 2006 in Great Britain.

Several insurers in recent years have offered monitoring of a particularly vulnerable population of drivers -- teenagers. Under American Family Insurance Co.'s program, for example, a camera records audio and video images of the road and the teen driver when motion sensors detect swerving, hard braking, sudden acceleration or a collision.

There's an extra benefit to monitored driving programs -- they help cut traffic congestion and pollution, according to the Environmental Defense Fund.

But Charles Samuelson, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Minnesota, told The Star Ledger of Newark for Monday's editions that the group has worries about privacy.

"We see this as kind of a creeping abduction of people's data," he said. "Basically, once they collect that data, it belongs to the insurance company. That's a big problem."

Progressive spokeswoman Tara Chiarell disagreed, saying the customer owns the data and Progressive doesn't sell it or share it. The company uses it only for claims purposes. She also said Progressive has never been subpoenaed by a court to submit pay-as-you-drive claims data.

Customers can access their data on a secure, password-protected Web site, which allows them to get an up-to-date view of their driving habits and how those habits are affecting their rate, she said.
Creators suspend Scrabble knockoff game

The creators of a Scrabble knockoff responsible for countless hours at the online hangout Facebook suspended their word game Tuesday after being hit with a lawsuit, disappointing fans who logged on expecting to make their next moves.

Hasbro Inc., the company that owns the North American rights to the word game, last week sued the brothers in Calcutta, India, who created the Scrabulous program.

Separately, Hasbro asked Facebook to block the program, something the site resisted despite risks of losing immunity protection from copyright lawsuits.

In a statement, creators Rajat and Jayant Agarwalla said they agreed to block Scrabulous in the United States and Canada in deference to Facebook's concerns, while continuing to pursue their legal defense. Rajat Agarwalla, describing the measures as "unfortunate," declined further comment.

Facebook said the Agarwalla brothers, not the company, made the decision.

In the year since Facebook began letting outside developers write Web programs that Facebook members can plug into their personal profile pages, Scrabulous has become one of the most popular applications, despite efforts by Scrabble's owners to end it.

Earlier this month, video game maker Electronic Arts Inc. released an official version for American and Canadian Facebook users under a licensing deal with Hasbro. But the authorized Scrabble has been attracting only 15,000 daily users, compared with some half-million for Scrabulous. That authorized version is actually still in a "beta" test mode, and encountered technical problems Tuesday.

After EA's release, Hasbro sued the Agarwalla brothers and their company in U.S. District Court in New York, accusing them of violating Hasbro's copyright and trademarks. The lawsuit seeks an end to Scrabulous and unspecified damages.

Facebook users who tried to access Scrabulous on Tuesday were simply told the game was disabled "until further notice," and many Facebook users updated their one-line status messages on the site to mourn the suspension.

Laura Chefer, an Atlanta Facebook user who logs on about 20 times a day to check on Scrabulous, said she had no sympathy for Hasbro despite its rights to the game.

"I was definitely shocked and annoyed," she said. "These two guys went to all the trouble to make this interface, and now the big company is suing them, and we're no longer able to play."
2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper

1. (a) Draw the circuit diagram of CB- amplifier and its h-parameter equivalent circuit. List out the characteristics of a CB amplifier.

(b) In a single stage CB amplifier circuit, RE = 20K,RC = 10K, VEE = -20V, VCC = 20V,RL = 10K and RS = 0.5K. Find AI ,Ri,Ro,AV . [8+8]

2. (a) How are multistage amplifiers classified depending upon the type of coupling.

(b) Write a note on distortions in amplifiers.

(c) If eight identical amplifiers are cascaded each having fH =200 KHz, determine the overall upper 3dB frequency f h.
Assume non interacting stages. [5+6+5]

3. (a) Draw the small signal equivalent circuit for an emitter follower stage at high frequencies.

(b) Consider a CE stage with a resistive load RL. Using Miller's theorem Find out input capacitance at mid-band frequencies and high frequencies? [8+8]
4. (a) Define the conversion efficiency of a power amplifier. A class A power amplifier with a direct coupled load has a collector efficiency of 15% and delivers a power
output of 5 Watts. Find

i. The DC power input
ii. Power dissipation at maximum output [6]

(b) Draw the push-pull power amplifier circuit. Derive the expression for the output current in push pull amplifier with base current as ib = Ibn sin wt. [10]

5. (a) Explain what happens to the gain because of the presence of feedback capacitance from collector to base in single tuned BJT amplifier circuit?

(b) Explain in detail the Unilateralisation technique with the help of circuit diagram?

(c) Explain the difference between Neutralization and Unilateralisation techniques? [4+8+4]

6. Explain in detail the effect of cascading tuned amplifiers and hence derive the expression for bandwidth of n-stage amplifier. Also draw the frequency response
and explain what happens as the number of stages increases? [16]

7. (a) Explain the operation of a Zener diode Voltage Regulator.

(b) Discuss about the stability factor of a zener diode voltage regulator

(c) Explain how overload protection is provided in Series Voltage Regulators.


8. (a) What are the features of IC LM78XX, three terminal voltage regulator and also give its applications

(b) Write a short notes on UPS and SMPS. [8+8]
2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper

[blink]SWITCHING THEORY & LOGIC DESIGN Question paper[/blink]

1. (a) Perform the following using BCD arithmetic. Verify the result. [2 × 4 = 8]
i. 127310 + 958710
ii. 776210 + 383810

(b) Convert the following. [4 × 2 = 8]

i. 97710 = ( )16
ii. 65710 = ( )8
iii. 75410 = ( )2
iv. 100116 = ( )10

2. (a) Draw the NAND logic diagram that implements the complement of the fol-
lowing function. [8]
F(A,B,C,D) =  (0,1,2,3,4,8,9,12)

(b) Obtain the complement of the following Boolean expressions.
i. AB+A(B+C)+B'(B+D)
ii. A+B+A'B'C [4]

(c) Obtain the dual of the following Boolean expressions.
ii. ABEF+ABE'F'+A'B'EF [4]

3. (a) Reduce the following function using K- map and implement it in AOI logic as well as NOR logic F= QM(0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7) [10]

(b) What do you mean by K-map? Name its advantages and disadvantages [6]

4. (a) Implement the following Boolean function using 8:1 multiplexer.
f(ABCD) = Pm(0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14)
f(ABCD) = Pm(2, 4, 5, 7, 10, 14)

(b) Explain how to use decoder as a demultiplexer. [6+6+4]

5. Write a brief note on:
(a) Architecture of PLDs

(b) Capabilation and the limitations of threshold gates. [8+8]

6. (a) Find a modulo-6 gray code using k-Map & design the corresponding counter.

(b) Compare synchronous & Asynchronous. [10+6]

7. A clocked sequential circuit is provided with a single input x and single output Z.
Whenever the input produce a string of pulses 1 1 1 or 0 0 0 and at the end of the
sequence it produce an output Z = 1 and overlapping is also allowed.

(a) Obtain State - Diagram.
(b) Also obtain state - Table.
(c) Find equivalence classes using partition method & design the circuit using D
- flip-flops. [4+4+8]

8. (a) Draw the ASM chart for the following state transistion, start from the initial
state T1, then if xy=00 go to T2, if xy=01 go to T3, if xy=10 go to T1, other
wise go to T3.

(b) Show the exit paths in an ASM block for all binary combinations of control
variables x, y and z, starting from an initial state. [8+8]
Aavanor Systems Conducting J2EE & .NET freshers Test

Job Description : Aavanor will be conducting a test for J2EE & .NET freshers on Saturday & Sunday (9th  & 10th August 2008).

Test date: [blink]9th & 10th August 2008 (Saturday & Sunday)[/blink]

Testing fee:
Rs.30/- per candidate (To be paid at the test venue)

Test duration:
One hour per batch (1st batch starts at 9.30 am)

Test pattern:
Aptitude test 1
30 minutes

Aptitude test 2
20 minutes

Documents to be produced:
Any photo id (Driver's license, Voter's ID or College ID)
Copy of Any University Marksheet

Directions to get to Aavanor

1. At the Anna Nagar round tana, take the left towards Thirumangalam. This is the Second Avenue
2. Take the right next to Aiyappan Temple (This is the road opposite to Hotel Sukh Sagar).
3. Take the eighth left. This is the Fourth Main Road (This junction has the Mahakali Amman Temple).
4. Take the first right cutting. This is the 20th Street. S-60 & 61 are on the left side of the road.

Education    B.E / B.Tech / Graduates

Company Details

Company Name    Aavanor Systems

Company Profile    Sensing the growing demands of the discerning clients, Aavanor Systems was established in the year, 1999 in Chennai, South India.
Aavanor's expertise in information technology and our understanding of management consultancy, enables us to offer solutions that address your real business concerns.

Requests from the existing clients have triggered the addition of infrastructure to house highly skilled staff. Further, with the understanding of ISO and CMM quality standards , the company can deliver quality solutions on time.

Candidate Details

Experience    Fresher

Location    Chennai


Aavanor Systems
'33 Arches', S-60 & 61, 20th Street, Annanagar,
Chennai - 40

Tel: 2620 8920
2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper

1. Convert the following to Decimal and then to Binary.
(a) 123416
(b) ABCD16
(c) 11228
(d) 17268
(e) 99710
(f) 65410 [3+3+3+3+2+2]

2. (a) Draw the logic diagram corresponding to following expressions without simplifying them. [8 ]

i. (A+B) (C+D) (A'+B+D)
ii. (AB+A'B')(CD'+C'D)

(b) Obtain the complement of the following Boolean expressions. [8 ]

i. x'yz+x'yz'+ xy'z'+xy'z
ii. x'yz+xy'z'+xyz+xyz'
iii. x'z+x'y+xy'z+yz
iv. x'y'z'+x'yz'+xy'z'+xy'z+xyz'

3. (a) What do you mean by dont care combinations? [4]

(b) What you mean by min terms and max terms of Boolean expressions. [4]

(c) Simplify the Boolean function using K-map F= Pm(0, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) + d(10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15) [8]

4. Design a BCD(B0, B1, B2, B3, B4) to Binary(A,B,C,D,E) converter using logic gates. [16]

5. (a) Given a 32 x 8 Rom chip with an enable input, show the external connection
necessary to construct a 128 × 8 Rom with four chips and a decoder.

(b) Tabulate the PLA programming table for the four Boolean functions listed

A(x,y,z) = e(1, 2, 4, 6)
B(x,y,z) = e(0, 1, 6, 7)
C(x,y,z) = e(2,6)
D(x,y,z) = e(1, 2, 3, 5, 7). [8+8]

6. (a) Compare synchronous & Asynchronous circuits

(b) Design a Mod-6 synchronous counter using J-K flip flops. [6+10]

7. A clocked sequential circuit is provided with a single input x and single output Z.Whenever the input produce a string
of pulses 1 1 1 or 0 0 0 and at the end of the sequence it produce an output Z = 1 and overlapping is also allowed.

(a) Obtain State - Diagram.
(b) Also obtain state - Table.
(c) Find equivalence classes using partition method & design the circuit using D - flip-flops. [4+4+8]

8. (a) Draw the ASM chart for the following state transistion, start from the initial
state T1, then if xy=00 go to T2, if xy=01 go to T3, if xy=10 go to T1, other
wise go to T3.

(b) Show the exit paths in an ASM block for all binary combinations of control
variables x, y and z, starting from an initial state. [8+8]

2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper

1. (a) What are the qualities of good building stones? Discuss them.

(b) What is the texture of rock. Enumerate its various types.[8+8]

2. (a) Explain the following:
i. Clamp and kiln.
ii. Bullnose brick and cownose brick.

(b) Explain briefly water absorption test and warpage tests for tiles.[8+8]

3. (a) Describe the properties and uses of fat lime and hydraulic lime.

(b) Describe in detail what is meant by bulking of sand. [4+4+8]

4. Write short notes on:

(a) Star shakes.
(b) White rot.
(c) Deodar.


5. (a) What are the various types of shallow foundations

(b) Design an isolated square footing for a 3-storey residential building for the following data. The soil is sand with bearing capacity of 160kN/m2 and unit
weight of 16.5kN/ m3. The columns are 300mm squares and the maximum ex- pected load on the column including self weight of the substructure, is 800kN.


6. (a) What is a bond ? How is it formed? What are rules for bonding? Explain with sketches

(b) Explain the terms with neat sketches .

i. Strecher.
ii. Header .


7. Define roof covering? What are the various types of roof coverings commonly adopted in India? Explain them in detail. [16]

8. Differentiate between the following:- [4+4+4+4]

(a) Lime mortar and cement mortar.
(b) Beaded pointing & flush pointing.
(c) Flaking and peeling.
(d) Gugal and hump.
Adobe Releases Photoshop Lightroom 2

Hi [you]

Adobe on Tuesday released Photoshop Lightroom 2, their flagship photography software program which is intended for professional photographers but has found popularity among amateurs as well.

Over the previous version, Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 1.4.1, the new 2.0 version features localized corrections (which enables users to edit specific parts of an image); improved image organization tools; multiple monitor support; more flexible printing options; 64-bit support; and more. There's also an extensible architecture which enables users to take advantage of a wide range of plug-ins to help them quickly and easily transfer images to favorite sharing sites and photo labs.

There are several enhancements on previously available key features such as batch processing, nondestructive photo editing, output sharpening and more. Adobe licensed image sharpening technology from PhotoKit, which enables automatic application of sharpening settings during printing according to the photo's size, the printer's resolution, and other factors.

There is a Windows and a Mac version. The Windows version requires at least an Intel® Pentium 4 processor running Microsoft Windows XP with Service Pack 2 or Windows Vista Home Premium, Business, Ultimate, or Enterprise (certified for 32-bit and 64-bit editions), and at least 1GB of RAM. The Mac OS incarnation demands a PowerPC G4 or G5 or Intel based processor running Mac OS X v10.4 or 10.5 and at least 1GB of RAM. Photoshop Lightroom 2 is priced at $299, and the upgrade is $99.

For now, the only supported languages are English, French, German and Japanese, which indicates where most of the Photoshop Lightroom customers are located.

Tom Hogarty, the Adobe senior product manager in charge of Lightroom, reminded that SLR prices are going down and there are more people who are picking up their cameras to do artistic work rather than just capturing a family event. These people need tools such as Adobe's offering to process their work.

Adobe has a great rival in this field: Aperture. Fortunately for Adobe, Aperture is only available for Macs, which means that most people will not be able to use it.

Adobe Lightroom was released in January 2007, but the application struggled with early bugs which made critics say that the software was given the green light too early. Adobe Lightroom can be traced back to veteran Photoshop developer Mark Hamburg, and was written mostly from scratch by the team which had already created Adobe's ImageReady application. They had problems this year with update 1.4, which had serious bugs that could alter the original images. The latest update of v1 is 1.4.1, released April 10th 2008.

In June, Adobe released the version 9 of its Adobe Acrobat software within the newly introduced Creative Suite 3.3, an intermediary release between the Creative Suite 3 and the upcoming Creative Suite 4. The most important feature of Adobe Acrobat 9 is the ability to play Flash and Shockwave content and six other video formats.
Dell Releases New Mini-PC

Hi [you]

Dell officials have announced that the company has released a new mini-PC that allegedly consumes very little power and represents a very good choice for people who need to use as little space as possible for storing a desktop computer.

The new mini-PC, called Dell Studio Hybrid has an Intel Core 2 duo processor and comes with Windows Vista installed. As far as memory is concerned, the desktop has 2 GB of RAM, and has 250 GB of storage space, more than enough for a family PC. One of the cool things about it is that it comes with a Blu-Ray DVD player.

The Dell Studio Hybrid allegedly uses 70 percent less energy than a normal PC. This stands as a proof of Dell's decision to turn to more environmental friendly, energy effective products.

According to the ComputerWorld Magazine, Dell spokesman Michael Scheschuk said that "Our goal was to design a desktop that fits in the office or in the living room, or anywhere space is at a premium. We've created a desktop PC category that combines style, performance and a high degree of energy efficiency."

The mini-PC will compete with Apple's Mac mini as well as with the devices in the HP Slimline series. As far as price is concerned, the Dell Studio Hybrid is less expensive that its Apple counterpart, putting it into a better position to compete for market share.

The price of the new mini-PC starts at $874 and varies according to the chosen configuration.
2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper

1. (a) Explain the concept of random variable

(b) What is the probability of picking an ace and a king from a deck of 52 cards?

(c) A box contains 4-point contact diodes and 6 alloy junction diodes. What is theProbability that 3 diodes picked at random contain at least two point contact

2. (a) Define the joint distribution function. Explain how marginal density functionsare Computed given their joint distribution functions.

(b) A product is classified according to the number of defects it contains (X1) and the factory that produces it (X2). The joint probability distribution is given
X2 ! 1 2
X1 #
0 1/8 1/16
1 1/16 1/16
2 3/16 1/8
3 1/8

(i) F ind the marginal distribution of X1
(ii) Find the conditional distribution of X1 when X2 is equal to 1
(iii) Are the variables X1 and X2 independent?

3. (a) If the Random variable X has uniform distribution, find its variance

(b) Let X is a Gaussian random Variable with zero mean & variance s2. Let
Y=X2.Find mean of Random Variable Y.

4. A class of modulation signal is modulated by
Xc(t) = AX(t)Cos(?ct+?)
1 of 2
Code No: RR210403 Set No. 3
Where x(t) is the message signal and A Cos (?ct + ?) is the carrier. The message Signal x(t) is modeled as a zero mean stationary random process with the autocorre-
lation function Rxx(t ) and the PSD Gx(f). The carrier amplitude A and frequency ?c are assumed to be constants and the initial carrier phase ? is assumed to be a
random variable uniformly distributed in the interval (-,). Further more x(t)
and ? are assumed to be independent.
(a) Show that Xc(t) is stationary
(b) Find the PSD of Xc(t).


5. (a) Derive the relation between PSDs of input and output random process of an
LTI system.

(b) X(t) is a stationary random process with zero mean and auto correlation
RXX (t ) e-2||is applied to a system of function H (w) = 1
jw+2 Find mean and PSD of its output.

6. (a) What do you understand by noise power spectral density?
(b) How the autocorrelation function of the White noise represented? What is its


7. (a) Bring out the difference between narrowband and broadband noises

(b) Describe the quadrature representation of narrowband noise.

8. (a) State and prove Shannon's theorem with respect to channel capacity.

(b) Find the entropy corresponding to the random variable whose density function
shown below figure1,
Figure 1:
2007 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University B.Tech Question Paper


1. (a) Define Probability density function and obtain the relationship between probability and probability density.

(b) Consider the probability density f (x) = ae-b|x| where x is a random variable

Whose allowable values range from x = -1to1. Find
i. the CDF F (x)
ii. the relationship between a and b. and
iii. the probability that the out come x lies between 1 and 2.


2. Two discrete random variables X and Y have joint p.m.f. given by the following

X # 1 2 3 Y

1 1/12 1/6 1/12
2 1/6 1/4 1/12
3 1/12 1/12 0
Compute the probability of each of the following events
(a) X  11/2
(b) XY is even
(c) Y is even given that X is even.


3. (a) A random variable X is uniformly distributed on the interval (-5, 15), another random variable Y=exp(-x/5) is formed .Find E(Y) and fY (y)

(b) A Gaussian-distributed random variable X of zero mean & variance s2 is transformed by rectifier characterized by input - output relations.

Y = X, X  0
= 0, X< 0
Determine probability density function of Y


4. A class of modulation signal is modulated by
Xc(t) = AX(t)Cos(?ct+?)
Where x(t) is the message signal and A Cos (?ct + ?) is the carrier. The message Signal x(t) is modeled as a zero mean stationary random process with the autocorre-
lation function Rxx(t ) and the PSD Gx(f). The carrier amplitude A and frequency ?c are assumed to be constants and the initial carrier phase ? is assumed to be a
random variable uniformly distributed in the interval (-,). Further more x(t) and ? are assumed to be independent.
(a) Show that Xc(t) is stationary

(b) Find the PSD of Xc(t).


5. A random process x(t) is applied to a network with impulse response
h(t) = u(t)texp(-bt)
where b>0 is a constant. The cross-correlation of x(t) with the o/p y(t) is known
to have the same form.
Rxx(t ) = u (t ) texp(-bt )
(a) Find the auto correlation of y(t)?
(b) What is the average power in y(t)?


6. (a) What is thermal noise? How is it quantified?

(b) Describe the behavior of Zero mean stationary Gaussian bandlimited White noise [8+8 ]

7. (a) The noise figure of an amplifier at room temperature (T=29.K) 0.2db. Find the equivalent temperature.

(b) Explain the concept of effective input noise temperature


8. (a) Show that, H (x, y) = H (x) + H (y/x) = H (y) + H (x/y).

(b) State Shannon's fundamental theorem for information transmission on noise channel. [10+6]

1. Write down the applications of data warehousing.

2. When is data mart appropriate?

3. What is concept hierarchy? give an example.

4. What are the various forms of data preprocessing?

5. Write the two measures of Association Rule.

6. Define conditional pattern base.

7. List out the major strength of decision tree method.

8. Distinguish between classification and clustering.

9. Define a spatial database.

10. list out any two various commercial data mining tools.


11.(a) (i) With a neat sketch explain the architecture of a data warehouse

(ii) Discuss the typical OLAP operations with an example.


(b) (i) Discuss how computations can be performed efficiently on data cubes.

(ii) Write short notes on data warehouse meta data.

12.(a) (i) Explain various methods of data cleaning in detail.

(ii) Give an account on data mining Query language.


(b) How is Attribute-Oriented Induction implemented? Explain in detail.

13. (a) Write and explain the algorithm for mining frequent item sets without candidate generation. Give relevant example.


(b) Discuss the approaches for mining multi level association rules from the transactional databases. Give relevant example.

14. (a) (i) Explain the algorithm for constructing a decision tree from training samples.

(ii) Explain Bayes theorem.


(b)Explain the following clustering methods in detail:

(ii) CURE

15.(a) (i) What is a multimedia database? Explain the methods of mining multimedia database?


(b) (i) Discuss the social impacts of data mining.
(ii) Discuss spatial data mining.
Fetch this: new web tool challenges Google

Pitched as the world's latest, largest and swiftest search engine, Cuil was launched Monday with 120 billion pages or 'thrice' the volume of the Google index.

Described as a 'super-stealth search project', it has been founded and developed by the highly respected husband-wife duo of Stanford professor Tom Costello and former Google search architect Anna Patterson.

Originally Cuill, pronounced as cool, Irish for knowledge, has now been named 'Cuil'. A report on the web quoting the founders claimed that it is "bigger, faster and better than Google's flagship search engine in pretty much every way".

The Internet has grown by leaps and bounds over the past 15 years, speedily outpacing search engines. But Cuil is expected to search more web pages than Google and 10 times as many as the search engine of Microsoft.

Where Cuil scores over rivals is the way it indexes the web and handle queries by users. Both are costly operations, but Cuil claims to have found a way to slash those costs.

A search for dogs, for example, will return category results for "water dogs," "crossbreed", "cocker spaniel" and so on. Some of these related terms do not include the term "dog".

Similarly by clicking on New York, one would get tabbed results for recommended refinements like New York Times, New York City, New York Yankees and so on.

A search for "Harry" would throw up different tabs for "Harry Potter" and "Prince Harry of Wales". Further, the Harry Potter tab will provide more sub-links devoted to actors, Gryffindor dorm-mates and others associated with the series.

That would permit Cuil's founders to operate the search engine much more cheaply, even at Google-scale should it ever reach that point. Google incurs an expenditure of a billion dollars every year on running the infrastructure of its search business.

Cuil also works to understand how words are related. Say France - cheese - wine, to get more relevant results. This is a semantic search approach very different from Powerset's natural language approach.

Powerset uses artificial intelligence to try to grasp what sentences on a website actually mean. Cuil, by comparison, simply tries to categorise and file a web page, even if the category name doesn't appear on the site.

However, Rafe Needleman, writing on the Cuil homepage, cautioned that "it's one thing to have a nice interface and show users good results, but the size of the web index that the engine has access to matters a lot as well".

"Compared with Google's globe-spanning network of data centres, some literally set up near dams so they can tap hydro power more efficiently, Cuil's two puny data centres hosting less than 2,000 PCs total will have to run pretty fast to outpace Google's crawlers.

"As a business proposition, Cuil is obviously a big bet ... No other search engine has come close to entering the public consciousness like this. Of course, Cuil doesn't have to trounce Google on day one. It took Google quite some time to surpass Alta Vista and Yahoo in the search wars."

1. (a) Obtain an expression for excess pressure in a free jet.

(b) A body weighing 440 N with a surface area of 0.09m2 slides down lubricated inclined plane making 300 with horizontal. For dynamic viscosity of 0.1Ns/m2
and body velocity of 3 m/s, determine the lubricant film thickness. [8+8 ]

2. (a) Briefly explain the classification of flows.

(b) What type of acceleration is to be expected if

i. Streamlines are parallel and equidistant
ii. Streamlines are straight and converging
iii. Streamlines are curved but equispaced
iv. Streamlines are curved and converging. [8+8 ]

3. (a) Explain the different forms of energy in a fluid.

(b) The cross-sectional area of a convergent pipe is so shaped that the velocity of flow along the centre line varies linearly from 1 m/s to 10 m/s in a distance of
one metre. The pipe is inclined downward at an angle of 300 with horizontal. Determine the difference in pressure between the two points, assuming the
specific weight of the liquid as 7.85kN/m3. [8+8 ]

4. Fully rough turbulent flow occurs in a 15 cm diameter pipe carrying oil of density 917kg/m3. If at a distance of 2.5 cm from the wall the velocity is 1.5m/s and the
velocity gradient is 7s-1, determine the (a) Boundary shear stress,
(b) Equivalent sand grain roughness
(c) Discharge and
(d) Friction factor. [16]

5. Water flows in a 250mm pipe. Two pitot tubes are installed in the pipe, one on the centerline and the other 50mm from the centerline. If the velocities at the
two points are 3m/s and 2m/s respectively calculate the reading on the differentialmercury manometer connected to the two tubes. [16]

6. A jet of water moving at 20m/s impinges on a symmetrical curved shaped to deflect the jet through 1200 (that is the vane angles are each equal to 300 ). If the vane is
moving at 5m/s, find the angle of the jet so that there is no shock at inlet. Also determine the absolute velocity of exit in magnitude and direction, and the work
done. [16]

7. (a) What is meant by impact of jet? Derive an expression for the force exerted by a jet on a stationary plate normal to the jet.

(b) A jet of water 40 mm diameter moves with a velocity of 18 m/s and strikes on a series of vanes moving with a velocity of 8 m/s. Find:
i. the force exerted by the jet,
ii. work done by the jet and
iii. efficiency of the jet. [8+8 ]

8. A double acting reciprocating pump has a bore of 0.2 m and stroke of 0.4 m. The suction pipe has a diameter of 0.1 m and is fitted with an air vessel. Fine the rate
of flow into or from the air vessel when the crank makes angles of 300, 900, and 1200 with the inner dead center. Determine also the crank angles at which there is
no flowto or from the air vessel. Take the speed as 120 rpm and assume that the plunger has simple harmonic motion. [16]
Code No: RR222002 Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2006


(Production Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Discuss various types of cutting uids. [8 ]
(b) Explain about Machineability index. [8 ]

2. (a) Derive an expression for determining the machining time on lathe. [8 ]
(b) Find the time required for one complete cut on a piece of work 350mm long
and 50mm in diameter. The cutting speed is 35meters per minute and the
feed is 0.5 mm per rev. [8 ]

3. (a) What are automatic lathes? Where their use is preferred and why? [6]
(b) Give broad classification of automatic lathes, mentioning their main features.[10]

4. (a) What are various operations performed on shaper? Explain in detail [8 ]
(b) Describe constructional features of speed gearbox of slotter? [8 ]

5. (a) How a drilling machine is specified? [4]
(b) Define and write the formulae of the following for a drilling machine [12]
i. Cutting speed
ii. Feed
iii. Machining time in drilling

6. (a) What are the various methods by which a cam can be cut? [12]
(b) Discuss the effect of the helical tooth on the clearance [4]

7. (a) Explain what is meant by internal centreless grinding ? [6]
(b) Explain with neat sketches various types of internal grinders. [10]

8. (a) Define tools, Jigs and Fixtures in brief. What are their advantages ? [8 ]
(b) What are the important principles of Jig design? Explain. [8 ]
As you now, Apple's CEO, Steve Jobs, took some steps at making public the status of the MobileMe situation and asked one of the company's employees to start posting the information on a company blog that is dedicated to the problem.

The new service that is the successor of the .mac e-mail service has been released two weeks ago, together with the 3G iPhone and the App Store. All the people who were having a .mac account at that time were automatically switched over to MobileMe. Besides e-mail, the new service provides users with the possibility of storing some of their data on Apple servers as well as syncing their devices and creating calendar entries for their activities.

While MobileMe was supposed to mark Apple's entrance in the cloud computing business, the service now plays its part at tainting the very good image that Apple had until recently.

The last entry on the MobileMe status blog says that Apple has managed to repair about 70 bugs and that the e-mail problem has been repaired for about 40 percent of the people that were affected by the situation. However, the blog says that the e-mails that the users were supposed to receive during the time when the service went faulty are gone for good.

Despite the large number of complaints that appeared on the Internet, Apple still says that only 1 percent of the MobileMe users have been affected by the situation. The company said that the e-mail problem will be solved for the remaining 60 percent of these users in the next few days.
iPhone to Finally Get Copy and Paste Function

While since the smartphone's launch, only certain iPhone users have requested the Copy and Paste feature, all of them were expecting it to appear sooner or later. As it turned out, the function did arrive, but later is a bit of an understatement.

The new application, called MagicPad, was delivered by Proximi and is now waiting to be approved in Apple's App Store. MagicPad is basically a more advanced edition of Notes; it includes rich text editing, providing users with the possibility to change font type, size and color, and most importantly, the aforementioned Copy and Paste feature.

The way it works is very easy, as users can select portions of text by simply dragging their fingers over them.

There is some bad news as well with regard to the upcoming application: the Copy and Paste feature will only work inside MagicPad and will not enable users to move text between any other applications. It will still be quite useful and hopefully, its implementation will represent the first step towards developing the real Copy and Paste function.

Apple's Greg Joswiak approached the issue earlier this month; he said that although included on the company's to-do list, the Copy and Paste hasn't been considered to be a priority.

Besides the upcoming MagicPad, the App Store currently includes around 500 applications; about 25 percent of them are being made available for free. Most of the remaining 75 percent are priced below $10.
PHP Openings in Arcus Infotech Pvt Ltd

PHP Openings

Company Name:Arcus Infotech Pvt Ltd

#17,Venkatesan Street,
T.Nagar, Chennai-17,
Near Chennai Silks,
044-4212 9797
4269 6363


Executive Name:Iswarya

Email Address:

Openings in AS400 - Fresh Graduates - Arcus Infotech Pvt Ltd

Contact Details


Company Name:Srinsoft Technologies Pvt. Ltd.


Executive Name:Preethi R

Address:Srinsoft Technologies Pvt Ltd
512-A, East Coast Road,
Natesan Colony,Kottivakkam,
Chennai - Tamilnadu,
INDIA 600041

Email Address:

Reference ID:SSAS400
2007 Anna University B.Tech Textile Technology - Engineering Questions


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ? 2 = 20 marks)

1. What is a gas singeing method?

2. Mention the impurities present in natural cotton fibres.

3. What are the advantages of enzymatic desizing?

4. State the objectives of mercerisation.

5. Write about the mechanism of scouring.

6. How do you carry out scouring of coloured goods?

7. State the importance of whiteness in textile materials.

8. What are blueing agents?

9. What is solvent scouring technique?

10. Write about enzymatic bleaching briefly.

PART B — (5 ? 16 = 80 marks)

11. Explain about the advances in chemical preparatory processes in detail.

12. (a) Explain about the textile chemical processing of textiles using a flow chart.


(b) Explain the singeing of tubular knitted fabrics.

13. (a) Describe the working of chainless padless mercerising machine with a neat sketch.


(b) Give an account of washing machines used in textile chemical processing industry.

14. (a) Write about scouring of wool, silk, jute and synthetic textiles in detail.


(b) Explain about vapourloc machine's working with a neat sketch.

15. (a) With chemical reactions, explain the bleaching mechanism of hydrogen peroxide.


(b) Describe the continuous bleaching process with a neat sketch.
Hi  Ram..

I too Heard about it...
Thanks for Sharing the Information and photos...

Very Good Post...
2007 Anna University B.E Marine engineering Question Paper


Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks
Answer ALL questions.
PART A — (10 ? 2 = 20 marks)

1. What are the conditions that must be fulfilled for the machine to self excite?

2. Draw a three point starter and indicate its important components.

3. A slip ring induction motor runs at 285 rpm on full load when fed from a 50 Hz supply. Calculate number of poles and slip.

4. What are the advantages of stationary armature and rotating field in synchrous generator?

5. What type of motor is preferred for traction? Why?

6. Mention the characteristics of motor required for mining application.

7. Name the types of insulators and where they can be used?

8. Draw the layout of transmission and distribution system.

9. Briefly discuss the procedure for determining the size of wire for an internal installation.

10. State any four important Indian electricity rules.

PART B — (5 ? 16 = 80 marks)

11. (i) Explain the torque-speed characteristics of a three phase slip ring induction motor. (8 )

(ii) Three loads , and ohm are connected in delta across a 200 V, 3 phase supply. Find the phase currents, line currents and power. (8 )
12. (a) (i) Describe the construction of armature, field and commutator of a d.c. machine. (8 )

(ii) Describe Swinburne test on a shunt motor and give the steps for calculating the efficiency of a motor from the results of the test. (8 )


(b) (i) Bring out the analogy between electric and magnetic circuits. (6)

(ii) Derive the EMF equation of a d.c. generator. (6)

(iii) A motor develops a torque of 150 N-m. A 10% reduction in the field flux causes a 50% increase in armature current. Find the new value of torque. (4)

13. (a) (i) How will you determine power rating of electric motor for continuous duty and constant load? (8 )

(ii) Discuss the requirements of paper machine drive. (8 )


(b) (i) Discuss the various classes of duty. (10)

(ii) Determine the one hour rating of a 15 h.p. motor having a heating time constant of 2 hours. The motor attains the temperature of 40?C on continuous run at full load. Assume that the losses are proportional to the square of the load and the motor is allowed to cool down to the ambient temperature before being loaded again. (6)

14. (a) (i) Draw the schematic diagram of a modern steam power station and explain its operation. (8)

(ii) Explain Kelvin's law for size of conductor for transmission and its limitations. (8)


(b) (i) How will you determine the economic transmission voltage? (8 )

(ii) Compare the volume of conductor material required in 2-wire d.c. system with one conductor earthed and three phase a.c. three wire system. (8)
15. (a) (i) Discuss any one type of motor control circuit. (8 )

(ii) A lamp has a uniform luminous intensity of 860 candelas in all directions. It is mounted 7 m above ground. Find the illumination at a point on the ground 12 m from the lamp post. (4)

(iii) Mention the general specifications of a generator and a transformer. (4)


(b) (i) Explain laws of illumination. (8 )
(ii) Give signs and symbols for ten electrical accessories. (8 )
Nanolets Software Private Ltd Looking For Trainee Engineers

Job Description      Nanolets Software Private Ltd

Nanolets is a learning organization that bridges the gap between the fresh graduates from colleges and universities and the requirements of the industry. Nanolets uses vast opportunities in Free and Open Source projects and provides free training to qualified candidates. Nanolets experiential learning style is specifically designed to enhance the quality and bring out the real potential of the candidate through intense interactive problem solving sessions. This ensures that the skill levels of trainees meet industry standards and increases their job & career prospects. Candidates with passion for Programming, hunger to succeed & the desire to excel in the software industry can walk-in on the scheduled dates.

Centiti and Wisdom Tap are high tech startups. They require freshers with potential to solve very tough problems. Nanolets has tied up with these companies to identify and train talent for their recruitment. Nanolets is starting a free one month Algorithm intensive course and top performers of the training will be eligible for recruitment by participating companies.

    * 8 Openings in Two Companies
    * BE/MCA/MSC/MTech from Premier Institutions
    * C, Algorithms and DataStructures, Excellent Problem Solving Skills

Walk-in :

You are invited to attend a selection test we are conducting on behalf of our clients.
Written test is an aptitude and Programming test based on Sample Test Papers Posted in our website.

The chosen candidates will undergo a training and induction program at Nanolets and upon successful completion, will be offered employment opportunities by our clients who recurit from this pool every month.

Walk-In Date : [blink]6 & 7 August-2008[/blink]

Walk-In Time : [blink]10.30 AM to 16:30 PM[/blink]


    * Candidates can register themselves by sending a mail to with the subject line "for reg no:"to    generate their registration number.
    * Candidates can register on the spot by walking in on the 6th & 7th of August at our Campus.

Induction program starts on: 11 August-2008.

Walk-In Venue :

Nanolets FOSS Campus,
3/A, JP Road ( Above Canara Bank )
Opp. Radhakrishna Hospital
Bangalore 560085.
Ph: 64507070

* A Hard copy of your last up-dated resume would be required for the Walk-in.

Job Function    Trainee

Education    BE/MCA/MSC/MTech from Premier Institutions

Company Details

Company Name    Nanolets Software Private Ltd

Company Profile    Nanolets is a learning organization that bridges the gap between the fresh graduates from colleges and universities and the requirements of the industry. Nanolets uses vast opportunities in Free and Open Source projects and provides free training to qualified candidates. Nanolets experiential learning style is specifically designed to enhance the quality and bring out the real potential of the candidate through intense interactive problem solving sessions. This ensures that the skill levels of trainees meet industry standards and increases their job & career prospects. Candidates with passion for Programming, hunger to succeed & the desire to excel in the software industry can walk-in on the scheduled dates.

Candidate Details

Experience    Fresher -1 Yr

Location    Across India

Contact Information

Contact Name    Rakesh.S.Sampat
Address:    Nanolets FOSS Campus,
3/A, JP Road ( Above Canara Bank )
Opp. Radhakrishna Hospital
Bangalore 560085.

Ph: 64507070

Apply Details    You are invited to attend a selection test we are conducting on behalf of our clients.
Written test is an aptitude and Programming test based on Sample Test Papers Posted in our website.

The chosen candidates will undergo a training and induction program at Nanolets and upon successful completion, will be offered employment opportunities by our clients who recurit from this pool every month.

#Candidates can register themselves by sending a mail to with the subject line "for reg no:"to    generate their registration number.
#Candidates can register on the spot by walking in on the 6th & 7th of August at our Campus.

(Freshers) AI Soft Technologie Ltd Looking For Software Developer

Job Description :  Freshers may apply. 0-1 years experience; Prior knowledge of .NET

Job Function : .NET Trainees

Education : B.Tech/B.E., Bachelor of Computer Applications (B.C.A.), Master of Computer Applications (M.C.A.)

Company Details

Company Name : AI Soft Technologies Pvt Ltd

Company Profile    

Candidate Details

Experience    Fresher - 1 Year

Location    Bangalore

Contact Information

Apply Details :    Interested candidates may send their resumes to

Apply Email :
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) Question Paper

[blink]Code-DC17 Subject: MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS[/blink]

Time: 3Hr. Max Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. A command that lets you change one of more fields in a record is

(A) Insert (B) Modify

(C) Look-up (D) None of the above

b. A Database Management system

(A) allows simultaneous access to multiple files.

(B) can do more than a record management system.

(C) is a collection of programs for managing data in a single file.

(D) Both (A) and (B) above.

c. Data security threats include

(A) privacy invasion. (B) hardware failure.

(C) fraudulent manipulation of data. (D) All the above.

d. A decision table is

(A) a way to get an accurate picture of the system.

(B) a way of representing the information flow.

(C) a way of representing multiple conditions.

(D) all of the above.

e. The starting point for development of an MIS is

(A) identification of business processes that are the essence of business.

(B) a distributed database management.

(C) the system has large number of PC's and a LAN.

(D) purchase of mini computers.

f. Which of the following tools is not used in modeling the new system

(A) decision tables (B) data dictionary

(C) data flow diagrams (D) all of the above

g. Data integrity refers to the

(A) simplicity of data (B) privacy of data

(C) validity of data (D) security of data

h. Quantitative techniques used to solve business problems are called

(A) operations management. (B) operations science.

(C) operations research. (D) management operations.

i. Benefits from a computerized MIS include

(A) higher returns on short term investments.

(B) less frequent and smaller short term loans.

(C) lower rates of interest.

(D) all of the above.

j. The major responsibilities of the database administrator are all of the following except

(A) analyzing application system. (B) advising programmers.

(C) designing database. (D) developing data dictionaries.

Answer any FIVE questions out of EIGHT questions

Each question carries 16 marks

Q.2 a. Discuss the three primary levels of decisions in business list the examples of functional areas in business where in such decision are required to be taken. (8 )

b. What is the purpose of re-engineering? (4)

c. List the basic advantages of specialization and division of labor in manufacturing. (4)

Q.3 a. Differentiate DBMS and RDBMS and explain advantages of DBMS. (8 )

b. How do you perform computations with SQL and QBE? (8 )

Q.4 a. What is meant by work group integration? Explain key components of groupware. (6)

b. What are the limitations of GDSS? (6)

c. Discuss the limitations of data warehouse. (4)

Q.5 a. List the major steps involved in building or using a model to solve a problem. (8 )

b. Explain the limitations of expert systems. (8 )

Q.6 a. What are switching costs? Explain how can they give a company a competitive advantage. (8 )

b. What are enternal agents? (8 )

Q.7 a. What is the need of system development life cycle? (8 )

b. Write strengths and weakness of SDLC? (8 )

Q.8 a. Write about Event-Driven systems? (8 )

b. Explain potential advantages of outsourcing computer facilities? (8 )

Q.9 a. Define centralization and decentralization? Explain what are the advantages of centralizing computer software. (8 )

b. Write about computer security controls? (4)

c. Discuss the various objects that are used to create data flow diagrams. (4)
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) University Question Paper

[blink]Code: DC16 Subject: VISUAL BASIC & APPLICATIONS[/blink]

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. What is the correct HTML for making a hyperlink?

(A) homepage
(C) homepage
(D) homepage

b. Which property of the form changes the forms title?

(A) Name (B) Heading
(C) Title (D) Caption

c. What is the correct HTML for adding a background color?

(A) (B)
(C) yellow (D)

d. Name the only property supported by a collection?

(A) Name (B) Index
(C) Add (D) Count

e. _________ function returns the current date and time

(A) Date() (B) Now()
(C) DTime() (D) Time()

f. What is the correct HTML for inserting an image

(A) (B)
(C) image.gif<\img> (D)

g. Visual Basic does not allow the following concepts of OOPs.

(A) Data Abstraction (B) Inheritance
(C) Polymorphism (D) Encapsulation

h. Every data item written to a sequential file is always the same size.

(A) True (B) False

i. The __________ data type is designed to store all the different possible visual basic data received in one place

(A) Byte (B) Boolean
(C) Variant (D) Precision

j. The Exit For statement is required in the For/Next repetition structure

(A) True (B) False

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Give the output of the following codes

(i) for i=1 to 2
for j=2 to 1 step –1
print i+j
next j
next i

(ii) dim s
dim x as boolean
s="Welcome to Visual Basic"
x=s like "*e*"
print x (4)

b. What is event driven programming? (4)

c. What is the difference between passing by value & passing arguments by reference in Visual Basic Procedures? Explain with suitable example for each? (8 )

Q.3 a. Discuss various data types used in VB. (8 )

b. Explain with example the following functions

(i) Special format functions.
(ii) String functions. (8 )

Q.4 a. Give the steps to create control arrays in VB. (4)

b. Write a function to implement insertion sort? (7)

c. How split function is used in arrays? (5)

Q.5 a. Discuss OOP in VB. (4)

b. Write a simple program to create a class. (8 )

c. Discuss the two types of arrays in VB. (4)

Q.6 a. Briefly explain any 4 methods of file system object. (8 )

b. What is OLE server and OLE container? (8 )

Q.7 a. Explain the use of Timer control. (8 )

b. Differentiate between MDI & SDI form. (8 )

Q.8 a. Explain the features of VB Script that are not present in VB. (6)

b. What are ActiveX controls? How to use ActiveX controls on a web page? (10)

Q.9 Write short notes on any TWO :-

(i) IIS.
(ii) DLL servers.
(iii) Flex grid control. (8 + 8 )
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) University Question Paper

[blink]Code: DC15 Subject: SOFTWARE ENGINEERING[/blink]

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks.

• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. When software should not make wasteful use of system resources such as memory and processor cycles, this is known as

(A) Software validation (B) Software testing
(C) Efficiency (D) Software maintenance

b. In developing an S/W system, the most expensive key attribute to obtain a well engineered S/W is

(A) Appropriate user interface (B) Efficiency
(C) Reliability (D) None of the above

c. A type of evolutionary development where the objective of the process is to understand the customer's requirements is known as

(A) Throw-away prototyping (B) Software reuse
(C) Exploratory programming (D) Software process

d. When the S/W process evolves to reflect changed organizational requirements or identified process improvements, this is known as

(A) Robustness (B) Maintainability
(C) Error recovering (D) None of the above

e. A timing constraint placed on the system or the use of a specific language during development, this is example of

(A) Functional requirements (B) Requirements definition
(C) Non functional requirements (D) Functional decomposition

f. The process of establishing the services the system should provide and the constraints under which it must operate is called

(A) Requirements definition. (B) Non functional requirements.
(C) Requirements engineering. (D) None of the above.

g. State transition diagrams may be used to show how the system reacts to internal and external events, this occurs at

(A) A composition model. (B) A data-processing model.
(C) A stimulus-response model. (D) A entity relationship model.
h. Models which are used to represent both system data and its processing are known as

(A) Inheritance models (B) Relational models
(C) Object models (D) None of the above

i. The design model, which is based on information hiding, is

(A) ERD model. (B) Client-Server model.
(C) DFD model. (D) Network model.

j. The longest software life-cycle phase is

(A) Implementation and testing. (B) Operation and maintenance.
(C) Software design. (D) None of the above.

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. What do you mean by software crisis? What are the factors that contributed to the changes in trend in software engineering? (10)

b. What are the reasons for increasing of software cost? (3)

c. Discuss the concept and approach of software engineering. (3)

Q.3 a. Define prototyping model. List and explain the advantages and disadvantages of prototyping. (10)

b. Discuss the project management activities in details. (6)

Q.4 a. Explain the goal of configuration management. (6)

b. Explain software requirement specification and how it can be established between developer and user? (8 )

c. A software project required 236 person-months of development effort and it was estimated that 15% of the code would be modified in a typical year. Calculate the basic maintenance effort estimation. (2)

Q.5 a. Explain the Characteristics & Components of SRS. (8 )

b. Give the technical ideas of Bottom-Up design and Top-Down design. (8 )

Q.6 a. How software metrics is involved in software development and management? (10)

b. What is object oriented programming? Explain in terms of software engineering. (6)

Q.7 a. What do you mean by Testing? Discuss the level of testing and role of Verification and Validation. (8 )

b. What do you mean by symbolic execution and advantages of it? (6)

c. Discuss the use of Earned Value's in Estimating Cost and Schedule. (2)

Q.8 Write short notes on any TWO of the following:

(i) Inspection and review.
(ii) Software Quality Assurance.
(iii) Robustness & correctness. (2 x 8 )

Q.9 a. List and describe the different type of software maintenance. (8 )

b. Discuss the technical factors involved during the cost estimation of maintenance. (8 )

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.

· Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q.1 must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.

· Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.

· Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. If a = 5 and b = 7 then the statement p = (a > b) : a ? b

(A) assigns a value 5 to p (B) assigns a value 7 to p

(C) assigns a value 8 to p (D) gives an error message

b. The expression P >> 6 shifts all bits of P six places to right. What is the value of P >> 6 if ?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

c. If an integer occupies 4 bytes and a character occupies 1 bytes of memory, each element of the following structure would occupy how many bytes?

struct name


int age;

char name [20];


(A) 5 (B) 24

(C) 21 (D) 22

d. If an array is used as function argument, the array is passed

(A) by value. (B) by reference

(C) by name. (D) the array cannot be used as a

function argument.

e. To access a structure element using a pointer, ___________ operator is used

(A) dot (.) (B) pointer (&)

(C) pointer (*) (D) arrow ()

f. The library function sqrt( ) operates on a double precision argument. If, i is an integer variable, which one of the following calls would correctly compute sqrt(i)?

(A) sqrt((double)i) (B) (double) sqrt(i)

(C) (double) (sqrt(i)) (D) sqrt(i)

g. What will happen if the following loop is executed?

int num = 0;




printf("%d", num);


}while (num >= 0);


(A) The loop will run infinite number of times.

(B) The program will not enter the loop.

(C) There will be a compilation error.

(D) There will be runtime error.

h. The break statement causes an exit

(A) Only from the innermost loop.

(B) Only from the innermost switch.

(C) From the innermost loop or switch.

(D) From the program.

i. It is necessary to declare the type of function in the calling program if

(A) Function returns an integer.

(B) Function returns a non-integer value.

(C) Function is not defined in the same file.

(D) Function is called number of times.

j. The function fprintf is used in a program

(A) When too many printf calls have been already used in the program.

(B) In place of printf, since printf uses more memory.

(C) When the output is to be printed on to a file.

(D) When the type of variables to be printed are not known before.

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.

Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Differentiate between a compiler and an interpreter. (4)

b. Explain the main factors that should be kept in mind for the implementation of an algorithm that is designed in a top down fashion. (8 )

c. Name and explain the primitive or fundamental data types that Compilers support. (4)

Q.3 a. Write an algorithm to find the sum of the squares of the first n positive integers.(8 )

b. Write an algorithm to find the value of where n is a positive integer greater than 1. (8 )

Q.4 a. Write an algorithm to find the highest common factor of two positive numbers. (8 )

b. Name two types of program testing and explain them in detail. (8 )

Q.5 a. Explain the following operators with the help of examples

(i) Conditional operator. (ii) sizeof operator.

(iii) Increment operator. (iv) Cast operator. (4 3)

b. Write a program to convert the given temperature in Fahrenheit to temperature in Celsius where cel = ((fah – 32) * 5/9); and Fahrenheit is denoted by fah. (4)

Q.6 a. Write a program to display the real, imaginary and equal roots of a quadratic equation . (8 )

b. What do you mean by a loop? Explain the difference between the do loop, while loop, and for loop with the help of an example. (8 )

Q.7 a. How are values initialized in one – dimensional array? Should the entire array be initialised in the definition? (4)

b. Write a program to find the average of 10 real numbers in an array. (4)

c. Write a C program to read two matrices and display their sum. (8 )

Q.8 a. Name and explain two ways of passing arguments to a function. (4)

b. Write a function "power" that computes x raised to the power y, where x and y are integers and the function returns a double-type value. (4)

c. Write a program to find the maximum of 10 numbers stored in an array with the help of user defined functions. (8 )

Q.9 a. Define a structure for a student having name, roll number and marks obtained in six subjects. Write a program to input the details for 20 students and print the details of the students who have scored more than 70% marks overall. (12)

b. If p is a pointer to an address and j is a numeric value, than what does the expression like p + j mean. (2)

c. List the four stages involved in program design. (2)
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) University Question Paper


Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. A business analyst focuses on only the

(A) Technical aspects (B) Non-technical aspects
(C) Informational aspects (D) Security aspects

b. Resource leveling is a strategy for correcting

(A) Overuse of resources
(B) Resource under allocation
(C) Resource over allocation.
(D) Delay in availability of resources

c. Which of these is not a fact-finding technique

(A) Joint requirements planning
(B) Programming
(C) Prototyping
(D) Observation of the work environment

d. Which of the following is not a synonym for a Data flow diagram (DFD)

(A) Operational graph
(B) Transformation graph
(C) Bubble chart
(D) Process Model

e. Which of the following techniques is not used in Economic Feasibility
(A) Whether the proposed system is cost effective
(B) Whether the proposed system will generate larger profits or not
(C) How much will the system cost
(D) What benefits will the system provide

f. A project scheduling approach that establishes a project start date and then schedules forward from that date is called

(A) Forward scheduling (B) Time scheduling
(C) Reverse scheduling (D) Front scheduling

g. An entity whose attribute have no-more than one value for a single instance of that entity is known as

(A) First normal form (B) Second normal form
(C) Third normal form (D) None of the above

h. A bar chart used to depict project tasks against a calendar is known as

(A) CPM (B) PERT chart
(C) GANTT chart (D) None of the above

i. A data model utilizing several notation to depict data in terms of the entities and relationships described by that data is known as

(A) Data modeling (B) Decomposition diagram
(C) Entity relationship diagram (D) All of the above

j. Which one of the following is a tangible benefit?

(A) Improved customer goodwill.
(B) Improved service to community.
(C) Increased throughput.
(D) Better decision making.

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. What is a system development process? Identify and explain the four phases of the simplified system development process. (6)

b. Differentiate between business functions and business processes. (4)

c. Define the following:
(i) System Owner
(ii) System User
(iii) System Designer (6)

Q.3 a. What is the Capability Maturity Model (CMM)? Describe its five levels and state which level is dependent on the establishment of a system development process? (6)

b. What is the rapid application development strategy? List advantages and disadvantages of RAD. (6)

c. Differentiate between component & deployment diagram. (4)

Q.4 a. What is System Analysis? List and describe the purpose of each phase of system Analysis. (6)

b. What is cause and effect analysis? What is the risk of not performing it? (4)

c. What is time boxing? How is it related to requirement prioritizations? (6)
Q.5 a. Discuss the stages of developing a logical data model. (6)

b. What is transitive dependency? During which normal form are transitive dependencies resolved? Give an example of transitive dependency. (4)

c. Define: (6)
(i) Data flows
(ii) Data stores
(iii) External entities (6)

Q.6 a. What is the difference between fixed and variable costs? Give several examples of each. (4)

b. Define class diagram model. Draw a class diagram model to communicate the following : ABC corporation has several employees. The company keeps track of each employee's FIRST NAME, MIDDLE NAME, LAST NAME, GENDER, ADDRESS, BIRTHDATE. Some are permanent employees and the company is interested in each one's ANNUAL SALARY. Others are hourly employees and for them the company is interested in knowing each one's HOURLY PAY RATE. (6)

c. Differentiate between
(i) System Analysis & System Design.
(ii) Coupling & Cohesion.
(iii) Partitioned & Replicated Data. (6)

Q.7 a. Explain the relationship between prototyping, JAD and RAD. (6)

b. Differentiate between logical and physical data flow diagrams. (4)

c. Define Software metrics. Give two examples of Software metrics. How are software metrics used in systems reengineering? (6)

Q.8 a. What are the four tests for project feasibility? How is test for feasibility measured. (8)

b. Define sequence and collaboration diagrams? What are the three additional design and implementation diagrams offered by UML? Define them. (4)

c. What is a statechart diagram used for? What activities are to be performed for its construction. (4)

Q.9 a. Discuss the various aspects of designing input screens for an application that will contain a GUI appearance. Give examples to show the usage of control objects and justify why any other control object could not have been used. (6)

b. Write a short note on various types of testing techniques used before the implementation of the software. (6)

c. Define the term object responsibility. Give an example. (4)
2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) University Question Paper

[blink]Code: DC02 Subject: FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONICS[/blink]

Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. MUST BE WRITTEN IN THE SPACE PROVIDED FOR IT in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. A resistor has a colour band sequence: yellow, violet, orange, and gold. Its value is

(A) 5% (B) 5%
(C) 5%. (D) 5%

b. The resistance of a voltage source is of strength 20V is 100 . Its equivalent current source is

(A) a source of strength 20A in shunt with a resistance of 100
(B) a source of strength 0.3A in shunt with a resistance of 100
(C) a source of strength 0.2A in shunt with a resistance of 100
(D) a source of strength 2A in shunt with a resistance of 100

c. In almost all applications, vaccum tubes have been replaced by solid-state devices. But the vaccum tubes are still in use where

(A) very long life of the device is a necessary requirement
(B) very low-frequency signals are involved
(C) very high power is to be handled
(D) portability of the electronic system is an important factor

d. If in the forward characteristic of a PN-junction diode, a voltage change of 0.07V around the operating point results in a current change of 7.5mA, then the dynamic resistance of the diode is

(A) 8.52 K (B) 8.92
(C) 5.3 K (D) 9.46

e. A LED emits visible light when its

(A) PN-junction is reversebiased (B) holes and electrons recombine
(C) depletion region widens (D) PN-junction becomes hot

f. In the logic circuit shown, the Boolean expression for the output X is

(C) AB+D
g. CMOS circuits are extensively used for on-chip computers mainly because of their extremely

(A) low power consumption (B) large packing density
(C) high noise immunity (D) low cost

h. The foundation on which an IC is built is called a/an

(A) insulator (B) wafer
(C) base (D) plate

i. Monolithic IC construction uses

(A) Discrete components (B) high value resistors
(C) connecting wires (D) extensive number of components

j A sinusoidal voltage of peak value 5 mV and frequency one kilohertz is applied to an OPAMP differentiator circuit. If the values of the resistor and the capacitor used in the circuit are 1000K and 1µF, respectively, then the peak value of the output voltage will be around

(A) 2200mV (B) 3140mV
(C) 225mV (D) 1032mV

Answer any FIVE Questions out of EIGHT Questions.
Each question carries 16 marks.

Q.2 a. Which are the basic components used in all electronic circuits? (5)

b. Write a brief notes on the following
(i) Filter chokes, (ii) Audio-frequency chokes (7)

c. A 600 , 2V a.c. source is connected to a variable load, ZL. The load can vary from 50K to 500K . Find the variation in the terminal voltage of the source (4)

Q.3 a. Distinguish between an intrinsic semiconductor and an extrinsic semi-conductor. Explain briefly the effect of temperature on the conductivity of intrinsic semiconductors. (7)

b. What is the most important characteristic of a PN-junction? Give the meaning of the following as applied to a P-N junction:
(i) Forward bias & reverse bias
(ii) Depletion region
(iii) Cut-in voltage
(iv) Breakdown voltage (9)

Q.4 a. Distinguish between power diodes and zener diodes. (11)

b. What is a Schottky diode? Where is it mainly used? Illustrate the scheme and circuit symbol of a Schottky diode by figures. (5)
Q.5 a. What is a junction transistor? Briefly explain the structure of a junction transistor. (8 )

b. A transistor has a dc alpha of 0.98 and collector leakage current of one microampere. For an emitter current of 2mA, evaluate the collector current and the base current for the transmitter. (4)

c. For an N-channel JFET,IDSS=8.7mA, VP= –3V, VGS= –1V. Calculate the values of ID and gmo. (4)

Q.6 a. Draw the circuit of a voltage divider bias for a BJT and mention its features.
A voltage divider bias circuit uses a PNP transistor with ß=60. The collector resistance and the emitter resistance are 5K and 1K respectively. If the voltage-divider is comprised of 40K and 5K resistors, calculate the dc bias voltages and the currents for the circuit if
VCC = 12V. Take VBE = 0.3V. (12)

b. A Hartley oscillator uses two inductors of value 0.1mH and 10µH, respectively. If the mutual inductance between the coils used is 20µH, calculate the value of the capacitor required for the oscillator circuit to obtain an output frequency of 4110 KHz. (4)

Q.7 a. Prove the following using the basic laws and postulates of Boolean algebra: (i)
(ii) X + XY = X
Indicate the postulates used in each step of your proof. (6)

b. For the given Karnaugh map, write the decimal representation of the maxterm canonical expression. (3)

X 1 0 0 1
1 1 0 0

c. Using a Karnaugh map, determine the minimal sum for the Boolean function given below

Q.8 a. Comment on the flexibilities available in different IC logic families, which must be considered while selecting a logic family for a particular job. (5)

b. Draw the circuit of a TTL gate with totem-pole output driver and briefly explain. Why are clamping diodes commonly used in all TTL gates? (11)

Q.9 a. What is a feedback amplifier? In the feedback amplifier scheme shown in figure determine the gain of the feedback circuit and the gain
of the amplifier with feed back. (6)

b. For the circuit measurements shown in the figure, calculate CMRR is decibels. (6)

c. Write a note on "capacitor in monolithic circuits". (4)

SAP Consultants ( Fresh/Exp ) -9810745032

Experience:0 - 2 Years

Location:Bengaluru/Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi/NCR, Hyderabad / Secunderabad,
United Kingdom (U.K), United States (U.S)

Education:UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization

Industry Type:IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area:ERP, CRM

Job Description

SAP CRM , SAP NETWEAVER ( EP, BI, XI) , ABAP, BW, Basis, MM, PP, HR , FICO, SD are all dying modules in the market. Almost all major Industries have already implemented SAP R/3 and new projects or implementations have dried up.So if you are seeking a job in SAP then minimum requirement is 3+ in all MNCâs.So shift to SAP CRM.The market is extremely hot for SAP CRM & SAP NETWEAVER ( BI, EP, XI)

SAP Market is little down MNCâs have slowed down on recruitment drive on SAP R/3 modules like ABAP, Basis, FICO, HR, SD, MM, PP , reason is SAP is already been implemented in 90 % Industries in US , UK, Gulf, India, Asia , etc and new projects have dried up.You can get a job as support consultants / end users in Industry segment.

SAP CRM which fetches a package of Rs.7 Lakhs to Rs10 Lakhs P.A in India and SAP CRM consultants get 1.5 LakhUS$ and 1 Lakh Euros / Pounds.You can travel abroad with in 1 month in CRM Module.Skills required are Any Graduate / BE / MBA with or without exp in BPO / Mktng / Sales / KPO / Operations /Admin / Client Servicing

SAP CRM is for the people who are willing to go abroad asap and looking for a huge package close to Rs.10 Lakhs or above.

BE / MBA / MCA / CA / ICWA / / M.Sc / PGDBA / Any Graduate / PG and are willing to migrate to SAP by undergoing a brief induction programme in SAP on self support basis

You are Fresh or Experienced or pursuing. You are seeking a career in SAP with a package of Rs.4.8 Lakhs to 18 Lakhs P.A in India and above 70,000 US $ abroad. You are not formally trained on SAP but have lot of domain experience. You are an enduser / superuser of SAP or worked for a support project.You are not having business blueprints for a SAP Project. Willing to go for onsite implementation in US / UK is required.

You can work for MNC Giants like IBM, Capgeminii, Deloitte & Touche , Accenture, Satyam ,Infosys, TCS, British Petroleum, Arcelor Mittal, GE, GM, Dialmer Chrysler, BMW, Mclaren , Ferrari where SAP is implemented.

SAP CRM is the hottest module and all other SAP R/3 modules are getting saturated with lakhs of people flooding in the market and competing to get jobs.

You are trained on ABAP / HR/FICO/MM/PP/SD and not getting a job
because market is saturated.

Desired Candidate Profile

SAP CRM , SAP NETWEAVER ( EP, BI, XI) , ABAP, BW, Basis, MM, PP, HR , FICO, SD are all dying modules in the market. Almost all major Industries have already implemented SAP R/3 and new projects or implementations have dried up.So if you are seeking a job in SAP then minimum requirement is 3+ in all MNCâs.So shift to SAP CRM.The market is extremely hot for SAP CRM & SAP NETWEAVER ( BI, EP, XI)

SAP Market is little down MNCâs have slowed down on recruitment drive on SAP R/3 modules like ABAP, Basis, FICO, HR, SD, MM, PP , reason is SAP is already been implemented in 90 % Industries in US , UK, Gulf, India, Asia , etc and new projects have dried up.You can get a job as support consultants / end users in Industry segment.

SAP CRM which fetches a package of Rs.7 Lakhs to Rs10 Lakhs P.A in India and SAP CRM consultants get 1.5 LakhUS$ and 1 Lakh Euros / Pounds.You can travel abroad with in 1 month in CRM Module.Skills required are Any Graduate / BE / MBA with or without exp in BPO / Mktng / Sales / KPO / Operations /Admin / Client Servicing

SAP CRM is for the people who are willing to go abroad asap and looking for a huge package close to Rs.10 Lakhs or above.

BE / MBA / MCA / CA / ICWA / / M.Sc / PGDBA / Any Graduate / PG and are willing to migrate to SAP by undergoing a brief induction programme in SAP on self support basis

You are Fresh or Experienced or pursuing. You are seeking a career in SAP with a package of Rs.4.8 Lakhs to 18 Lakhs P.A in India and above 70,000 US $ abroad. You are not formally trained on SAP but have lot of domain experience. You are an enduser / superuser of SAP or worked for a support project.You are not having business blueprints for a SAP Project. Willing to go for onsite implementation in US / UK is required.

You can work for MNC Giants like IBM, Capgeminii, Deloitte & Touche , Accenture, Satyam ,Infosys, TCS, British Petroleum, Arcelor Mittal, GE, GM, Dialmer Chrysler, BMW, Mclaren , Ferrari where SAP is implemented.

SAP CRM is the hottest module and all other SAP R/3 modules are getting saturated with lakhs of people flooding in the market and competing to get jobs.

You are trained on ABAP / HR/FICO/MM/PP/SD and not getting a job because market is saturated.

Company Profile

Infosat Corp : The Company's principal activity is to provide business and information technology services. The Company operates through five segments: Company Services segment provides software and hardware and global outsourcing services. Hardware Product segment comprises of Systems and Technology Group which provides business solutions requiring advanced computing power and storage capabilities. Software segment consists of middleware and operating systems software. The Consulting Group provides Enterprise applications and solutions to Industries and Companies of Repute.

H-60,South Ex Part-1,
New Delhi-110049,
Ph- 011-46046761 / 62 / 52
Cell : 9810745032,

Contact Details



Executive Name:Priya

Email Address:

Telephone: 9810745032
Markiv Medical & Scientific Animation Looking for Architectural 3D Visualiser

Experience:0 - 2 Years


Education:UG - Any Graduate - Any Specialization PG - Post Graduation Not Required

Industry Type:IT-Software/ Software Services

Functional Area:Web, Graphic Design, Visualiser

Job Description

The candidate should be proficient in 3DS MAX, AUTO CAD, PHOTO SHOP Candidates proficient in Autocad/3DS Max/Mental-ray,V-ray with excellent Co lour sense with aptitude for creativity and should have minimum experience of Two years. Candidates having experience in handling Walk-through will be given preference. Experience in Mapping techniques, Walk-through/rendering and optimizing the sequences will be an added advantage.

Desired Candidate Profile

The candidate should be proficient in 3DS MAX, AUTO CAD, PHOTO SHOP Candidates proficient in Autocad/3DS Max/Mental-ray,V-ray with excellent Co lour sense with aptitude for creativity and should have minimum experience of Two years. Candidates having experience in handling Walk-through will be given preference. Experience in Mapping techniques, Walk-through/rendering and optimizing the sequences will be an added advantage

Company Profile

MARK IV ANIMATION STUDIOS is basically a content provider for medical animation.It has created a seperate arm namely ARCH IV which is an end to end architectural design and visualization services consortium. It is a collective of people with diverse talents, skills, backgrounds and interests serving a community whose work and vision challenge us.
ARCH IV is the architectural design and visualization wing of MARK IV animation studios, providing flawless design & rendering solutions to its clients. Its Services span from basic to detailed CAD drawings & illustrations to high end rendering, visualization & animation.

Contact Details

Company Name:Markiv Medical & Scientific Animation


Executive Name:A.N.kutty


Markiv Medical & Scientific Animation
20, Bharathi Park 8th cross
Saibaba Mission Post
Coimbatore,Tamil Nadu,
INDIA 641011
Email Address:

2007 The Institution of Engineers (India) University Question Paper


Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100

NOTE: There are 9 Questions in all.
• Question 1 is compulsory and carries 20 marks. Answer to Q. 1. must be written in the space provided for it in the answer book supplied and nowhere else.
• Out of the remaining EIGHT Questions answer any FIVE Questions. Each question carries 16 marks.
• Any required data not explicitly given, may be suitably assumed and stated.

Q.1 Choose the correct or best alternative in the following: (2x10)

a. An instance of relational schema R(A,B,C) has distinct values of A including NULL values. Which one of the following is true?

(A) A is a candidate key (B) A is not a candidate key
(C) A is a primary Key (D