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Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know

Started by Sudhakar, Jun 27, 2009, 07:35 AM

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Sudhakar

Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


ISO:
A file that is created from an image of a CD. You can make an iso yourself with a program such as Adaptec Easy CD Creator, or you can burn an *.ISO file to a CD-R to create a copy of a CD.


Bin/cue files:
These are also used to create an image of a CD. Most people burn these with CdrWin or Fireburner. The .bin file contains all the data for the cd, the .cue file is just a small file in text format telling the software exactly how to burn the data onto the CD.


MP3:
Don't know what these are? What cave have you been you living in? This is a format used to compress music files. You can create your own by encoding .wav files ripped from audio CDs. There are many free players that will play MP3s for you.


Ace files:
These are used to compress/archive data. Use WinAce to decompress them, or to make your own. The normal format for ace files is to have *.ace, *.c01, *.c01, etc.


Rar files:
Another compression/archive format. This is most commonly used on *.iso or *.bin files in order to split them up into smaller files (15 MB is the norm). Winrar and many other utilities can decompress these. Rar files are usually in the format *.rar, *.r01, *.r02, etc. But don't be surprised if you don't see a *.rar file. Just open up winrar and point it to *.r01. You also may see them packed as *.001, *.002, etc. (maybe with a *.rar, sometimes not).


Pub:
This is an FTP that has left on anonymous access. Many are owned by large companies, so they have a lot of bandwidth. This makes it possible for one person to send files there and many people can download them at once These are found by scanning ranges of ips (see the FTP tutorial). Just remember, like the name says, these are public. Just because you upload something there or make directories with your name does not make it 'your pub'. At the same time, realize that if you come across a pub with another person/groups stuff on it that it may be in use to build other pubs from - so don't ruin it for many people by deleting stuff you find there.


Pub Scanner:
Someone who scours the net for anonymous access FTP sites which permit the creation and deletion of files. These are then exploited by uploading software for others to share.


Pub Stealer:
Someone who posts the IP address of a public FTP site which they themselves have not built. Some pub stealers justify this by claiming that the elitism of private FXP groups discriminates against those people who do not have access, yet others simply post other people's work to try to claim the credit for themselves. Either way though, pub stealers are despised by the FXP groups and praised by those who would otherwise not have access to them.


Undeletable Pub:
An anonymous access, public FTP site where the permission attributes are set to allow uploads and downloads, but do not permit deletion.


Proxy:
A system that is set up to forward packets... There are many different kinds, check out the proxy tutorial for more info. Basically, a proxy server helps cover up your tracks because you connect to remote computers through the proxy.


SFV Files/ CRC Checks:
SFV files contain information about files that they accompany. You can preform a CRC check on the files using a program such as WinSFV. This compares the information in the SFV file to the file itself. If the information doesn't match, then the file was probably messed up in transfer somehow.. try downloading it again, from a different source if possible.


0-Day:
Latest software releases.

Sudhakar

#1
Jun 27, 2009, 07:37 AM Last Edit: Jun 27, 2009, 07:49 AM by The_Big_S
Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


Ace File:
The first file in a series of compressed archives (the one you double click on to decompress all the files at once).


Active List:
Similar to a mailing list, but uses ICQ to send instant messages to subscribers.


Alpha:
Software receives this label when it is in the very early stages of development. Usually full of bugs, so don't touch it with a barge pole.


Anti-Leech:
A system which uses cgi scripts to prevent people stealing links and then taking the credit for uploading the files.


Appz:
Short for applications.


ASF File:
The worst quality movie file format (still pretty good though), much smaller in size than .dat or .mpg.


Banner Site:
Password and username restricted FTP site. To get the correct login details you must click on several banners.


Beta:
An acronym for Business Software Alliance, an organisation who are responsible for enforcing anti-piracy litigation. Similar groups in charge of controlling software "theft" include the SIIA, SPA and ELSPA.


BSOD:
Many people read about BSODs on bulletin boards and think that they're being insulted, but there is no need to get paranoid. It is actually an acronym for "Blue Screen Of Death". These can occur for a multitude of reasons (old Bill likes to keep us guessing!) and are the bane of PC user's lives.


Bulletin Board:
A virtual meeting place on the web similar to a chat room except that it isn't in real time. One person leaves a message then others come along, read it and add a reply. Each new discussion is called a new topic or thread and has it's own link. Whenever a new topic is created the older topics are pushed one place downwards in the list. When someone replies to an older topic it is brought back to the top of the list.


C?? File:
File extension that indicates that a file is part of an .ace or .rar series of compressed files.


Cgi Scripts:
These are referrers which are used in urls. When you click on a link with a cgi reference you are directed to a sponsors website or an anti-leech protected file.


Cookie:
A tiny text file (usually less than 1kb), which is stored on your hard drive when you visit a web site. These are used to remember who you are so that you can access members only areas on the site without having to type in a password every time or to retain your personalised settings so that they are available the next time you visit.


Courier:
Someone who is involved in the logistics of delivering new releases directly from the release groups themselves to FTP sites.


fix:
A tiny executable file that is used to transform a shareware program into the full version. Also used to remove any copy protection from the main executable of games (this is already been done in "ripped" games).


CRC Error:
These can occur when you try to decompress a file that has become corrupt during the downloading process, usually as a result of too much resuming.


Credits:
The amount of data you are permitted to download from a ratio site. The more credits you have the more software you are allowed to download.


DAP:
A quick way of referring to "Download Accelerator Plus", a free download manager that claims to speed up file transfers by up to three hundred per cent. It works by making multiple connections to the same file and is paid for by revolving advertising banners. Also supports resume.


DAT File:
File format used for movies, identical in quality and size to *.mpg as far as I can tell.


DC:
The lazy way of referring to the Dreamcast, Sega's latest console incarnation.

Sudhakar

Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


Decompression:
Unpacking many files that have been stored in a single archive.


Distro:
A concise means of referring to a distribution FTP site. These are huge storage areas which act as a springboard for the transfer of new releases. Their whereabouts are never public disclosed to aid their survival rate.


Direct Downloads:
Links to actual files rather than other sites or pages. These are usually gathered together from many different sites and put on one page for your convenience.


DivX:
Movies ripped from a DVD using the DivX video codecs. Can be played back using DivX player or Windows Media Player (with the rigt codecs installed!).


DIZ File:
Short for description. Very brief text file found in archives stating the title of the software, the number of files that makes up the set and the group who released it.


Download (or DL):
Copying files from a web server or FTP site to your computer using a modem.


Emulator:
An application that simulates another computer system or console using your PC.


FAQ:
Stands for Frequently Asked Questions.


FAW:
Code:
Abbreviation for "Files Anywhere", a popular, free web storage service.


File Transfer Protocol (FTP):
The method used to transfer files from one computer to another using a modem.


Flaming:
A general net term for "verbally" attacking someone. This can be done via email, bulletin board, chat room or any medium which involves communication across the web.


Freedrive:
Virtual hard drive storage area on the web. Free to join and anything and everything can be uploaded or downloaded.


Freeware:
Unrestricted software that is downloaded from the net and is completely free to use. Often paid for using advertising.


FTP Client / Browser:
A program used to access, upload and download data from FTP sites.


Fxp:
The art of transferring data from one Ftp site to another using the connection speed of the slower of the two computers.


Gamez:
Pretty self-explanatory this one: stands for games!


Getright:
One of the best download managers available.


Gold:
A piece of software (or a game) is said to have gone gold when the final version is complete and it is ready to ship to the public.


Gozilla:
Another excellent download manager.

Sudhakar

Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


Hacking:
Gaining access to a remote computer without the authorisation to do so. Usually for the purposes of stealing confidential information or the malicious destruction of data.


Hammering:
Repeatedly trying to access an FTP site using an FTP client or download manager.


HTTP:
Stands for "Hypertext Transfer Protocol". The method you use to view a web page. Always comes before the address of a website in your Url bar.


ICQ:
Derives from the term "I Seek You" and is used for real time chat and transferring files over the internet.


IP Address:
A series of numbers separated by dots used to identify your computer on the Internet.


IRC:
Stands for "Instant Relay Chat". Used for real time chat and transferring files over the Internet.


ISO:
An exact copy of an original CD, all the multimedia bits and pieces are uncut and therefore they are extremely large and awkward to download.


Java:
Html scripts used to add functionality to or bring web pages alive. These include animation, menus, chat rooms, buttons, pop ups and so on.


Key Generator:
A tiny executable program that is capable of creating a $erial number from a specified username. These are specific to particular applications or utilities, so a $erial number created with one key generator will only work for the program for which the key generator was developed.


Lamer:
An annoying and overused general derogatory term used to insult/put down anyone and everything.


Leeching:
Downloading files without giving anything back in return or copying other peoples links.


Mirror:
An exact copy of a web site that is stored on a different server. Using multiple locations for sites allows the site to be accessed using a different address if the main site is deleted.


Modchip:
Very common website sponsor found on sites, not this one! Modchips are small pieces of electronic circuitry which allow copied games to be played on your console. If a Playstation or XBox has been fitted with a Modchip it is said to have been "chipped".


MP3 File:
Compressed music file format. Average track size is between 3 and 4 MB compared to 40-ish meg in *.wav format.


MPG File:
The best quality and largest movie file format.


Multi Web Space Faker:
A tool used to create lots of free web space accounts simultaneously.


Name Zero:
An organisation that offers free website domain names. The main drawbacks are that you have to put up with a very bulky banner residing at the bottom of your page and the fact that you never actually own your chosen address.


NFO File:
Short for info or information. Basic text file containing all the important details relating to a particular release, such as number of files, release date, copy protection system, installation instructions, etc.


Nuked:
A release is said to be nuked if it is completely unplayable. Usually when this happens another group re-releases the particular game, although fixes do sometimes follow on to rescue the game from trash can.


OEM:
An acronym for Original Equipment Manufacturer. OEM software products are repackaged versions of the full retail product. They are often re-branded to suit the needs of the particular vender and are much more reasonable priced because they lack excessive packaging and a hard copy of the manual.


OST:
Not strictly a term this one, but one that you are likely to come across while searching for MP3 music. It stands for original soundtrack (movie music).
  :confused

Sudhakar

#4
Jun 27, 2009, 07:45 AM Last Edit: Jun 27, 2009, 07:50 AM by The_Big_S
Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


Patch:
We all know games and applications aren't perfect. When they are released we would hope that they have been thoroughly tested for bugs and incompatibility problems, but you can guarantee that many of these will still slip through the quality control net. Once the program is released to the general public, the bug reports start to flood in. A patch is a downloadable executive file which takes these reports into account and attempts to incorporate all the fixes for these known problems. A patch can resolve incompatibility problems, prevent crashes or improve the performance of a piece of software.


Piracy:
The replication and distribution of videos or computer software.


Pop-ups:
Irritating browser windows that open automatically when you visit a site. Usually contain voting portals or porn sites.


Port:
A port is a term used when referring to FTP sites and is an essential extension of the address used to access them. If the port number of an FTP site isn't specified the default setting of 21 will automatically be used.


Pron or pr0n:
A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away someone posted a request for porn on a bulletin board, only, because of a typing error what he ended up asking for was "pron". Since then this has become a bit of a running joke and so it is now deliberately misspelled.


Psx:
A quick way of referring to the Sony Playstation.


Release Groups:
A group of people who are involved in cracking and/or ripping software and then repackaging it into easily downloadable segments.


Ratio:
Two numbers separated by a semi-colon. Indicates how much data you must upload to an FTP site before you are permitted to download anything.


Reg File:
Tiny file that adds essential configuration details into the registry.


Resume:
The ability to stop and start downloading/uploading a file whenever you choose without having to start from the beginning again.


RiP:
Software that has had all the non-essential gubbins removed to reduce its size. Videos and music are always the first casualties.


Raped:
A release is branded with this term if it has been damaged beyond repair during the ripping process.


RM File:
Shorthand for Real Media, a file format used to encode video sequences, which can only be played back using the "Real Player". Video clips produced using this format are not of the highest quality, but do have the advantage of a small file size.


ROM:
Games which are designed for other platforms, but are played on the PC using an emulator.


$erial:
A valid username and password that is saved as a basic text file or in a key-generator and is used to register a shareware program and therefore remove all the restrictions.


Shareware:
Try before you buy software downloaded from the net. Usually like you can try this software for 30 days, 10 times, etc.


Spam:
Unsolicited junk e-mail. Supposedly stands for "Stupid Person's Annoying Message". Most of the time porn!


Sponsor:
To make some money webmasters can place adverts on their sites. Each time you click on these adverts or banners they get paid a few cents for bringing potential customers to the sponsors website.


Surfer Friendly (SF):
Surfer friendly sites supposedly have no blind links, pop-ups or porn banners. Don't be fooled by this label though as some sites will tell you fibs to get you to visit them.


Sys Op:
The person who has the responsibility for running the computer from which an FTP site has been established. When files is uploaded to public FTP sites and then suddenly goes "Missing In Action" you can often lay the blame at the door of the Sys Op who has an obligation to make sure his/her server stays within the boundaries of the law.

Sudhakar

#5
Jun 27, 2009, 07:48 AM Last Edit: Jun 27, 2009, 07:50 AM by The_Big_S
Computer Glossary / Acronyms - Some Tech Terms you have to know


Top List:
Chart which lists in rank order the best sites. Worked out on the basis of votes.


Trading:
Swapping sites, file for file via FTP, ICQ etc. Not usually approved of by the real forum community who believe that everything should be freely distributed.


Trainer:
A small, executable program which sits in your taskbar while you play a game. Hotkeys are associated with cheat commands so that when they are pressed you are given extra ammo, weapons, lives or the ability to toggle between invincible/mortal modes, etc.


Trojans:
Nasty virus like attachments which can be merged with executable files. These are tiny so are unlikely to arouse suspicion. They are setting ports open so hackers come in, like the legend: 'The horse of Tojan'. Can occasionally be found in infected  files.


UBB:
Shorthand for Ultimate Bulletin Board, currently the most popular script used for creating forum bulletin boards.


UBB Hacks:
This term falsely gives the impression that something destructive or malicious is involved, but when you hear people talking about a hack in the context of bulletin boards they are simply referring to code which helps to improve the functionality of a board. For example a "thread hack" would effect the way in which individual threads look and operate.


Unzip:
Unpacking or decompressing many files that have been stored in a single archive. Technically only used when talking about zip files.


Unrar:
Unpacking *.rar files, see above!


Upload:
Copying files from your computer to a web server or FTP site using a modem.


URL:
Stands for "Uniform Resource Locator". The web site address you type into your browser.


Voting:
Members of the every website are very keen to reach the number one slot of top lists such as Voodoo, Top 60 etc. and will therefore encourage you to vote for their site to improve their position and get the credit they deserve (or not as the case may be!).


Forum Board:
Bulletin board used by the Forum community to share links and discuss anything related to latest happenings.


Winace:
Another utility used for decompressing all the common archive formats. Not great in my opinion. See below for a better one.


Winrar:
Utility used for decompressing *.rar files and much more.


Winzip:
An essential tool used to decompress files.


Zip:
A common compression format used to store compressed.
  :educated

villertac

 you provided good information on "  Computer Glossary / Acronyms" and word wise description include huge stuff related this and provide great guide to those who have no knowledge about it and who are new to this Computer.

pradeep prem

this information very useful to get Computer Glossary / Acronyms of tech terms is easy
to have more update with easy

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